Highlights of the December Journal of the American Dietetic Association

November 30, 2004

The December 2004 issue of the Journal of the American Dietetic Association contains articles and research studies you may find of interest. Below is a summary of some of this month's articles. For more information or to receive a faxed copy of a Journal article, e-mail media@eatright.org.

Physical Activity and Obesity among Premenopausal Women

Women who are approaching or at menopause and are at risk for obesity and heart disease can benefit from increasing their levels of physical activity, according to researchers at Kansas State University. The researchers looked at relationships between physical activity and obesity in 1,004 premenopausal white women. They found that body mass index, percent of body fat and other weight-related measurements were significantly lower among women who engaged in moderate to vigorous regular physical activity. The researchers note that abdominal obesity is strongly associated with development of cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death among American women, especially in late premenopausal and early postmenopausal periods. "The ability of physical activity to minimize abdominal obesity could be a strong incentive for women approaching menopause to become more physically active," the researchers write.

Possible Dietary Causes of Central and Eastern European "Coronary Disease Epidemic"

Diets low in foods containing folate and carotenoids may be "a major contributing factor" to the high rate of heart disease among both men and women in Central and Eastern Europe, especially compared with people in Western Europe, the United States, Mediterranean nations and Asian countries, according to researchers at Oregon Health and Science University. Folate is found in foods such as orange juice, avocados, spinach and fortified grain products, while apricots, broccoli, carrots, spinach and sweet potatoes are among the sources of carotenoids. The researchers studied "coronary mortality" and diets of people in nearly 20 countries. Among other findings, they discovered substantially higher death rates from cardiac disease among both men and women - especially compared with their folate intakes - in Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania and the Russian Federation than in Greece, Japan, France and Spain. The researchers note that "the terrible toll from sudden death that is particularly striking in men aged 30 to 50 years [in Central and Eastern Europe] is likely the result of a combination of factors. Still, the diets in these countries that are high in pathogenic dietary factors and low in protective dietary factors, especially folate and carotenoids, may help explain the very high death rate from coronary disease in both men and women in Central and Eastern Europe."
The Journal of the American Dietetic Association is the official research publication of the American Dietetic Association and is the premier peer-reviewed journal in the field of nutrition and dietetics.

With nearly 70,000 members, the American Dietetic Association is the nation's largest organization of food and nutrition professionals. Based in Chicago, ADA serves the public by promoting optimal nutrition, health and well-being. Visit ADA at www.eatright.org.

American Dietetic Association

Related American Dietetic Association Articles from Brightsurf:

American Animal Hospital Association and American Association of Feline Practitioners release new Feline Vaccination Guidelines
The American Animal Hospital Association (AAHA) and the American Association of Feline Practitioners (AAFP) convened a panel of experts to update the 2013 AAFP Feline Vaccination Advisory Panel Report.

The American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology publish new joint 2019 Clinical Performance and Quality Measures for Adults with High Blood Pressure
Outlines 22, 2019 new measures for the diagnosis and treatment of high blood pressure (HBP), including 6 performance measures, 6 process quality measures and 10 structural quality measures.

Loyola stroke specialist honored by American Heart Association/American Stroke Association
Loyola University Medical Center stroke specialist Jose Biller, M.D. is among four Hispanic leaders being recognized by the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association for their contributions to improving the health and well-being of multicultural communities.

New standards of care from the American Diabetes Association
The American Diabetes Association is recommending a less stringent diastolic blood pressure target for people with diabetes and that all people with diabetes take either moderate or high doses of statins, in keeping with recent changes to guidelines for cardiovascular risk management enacted by the American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association.

American Diabetes Association releases position statement
The American Diabetes Association is lowering the Body Mass Index (BMI) cut point at which it recommends screening Asian Americans for type 2 diabetes, aligning its guidelines with evidence that many Asian Americans develop the disease at lower BMI levels than the population at large, according to a position statement being published in the January issue of Diabetes Care.

American Thoracic Society and the American Lung Association to co-fund research into lung disease
The American Thoracic Society Foundation and the American Lung Association announced today that they are co-funding an $80,000 grant that will support important research into the mechanisms underlying Hermansky-Pudlak syndrome, a rare inherited disease which affects a number of organs including the lungs.

American Heart Association/American College of Cardiology joint clinical practice guideline
Eating an overall heart-healthy diet and being physically active is critical for preventing heart attacks, strokes and other cardiovascular diseases according to a new lifestyle guideline.

American Heart Association, American College of Cardiology and the Obesity Society Clinical Practice Guideline offers roadmap to treat adults affected by obesity, overweight
Healthcare providers are on the front line of the obesity epidemic -- poised to identify who needs to lose weight for health reasons and in a prime position to direct successful weight loss efforts.

Buckley receives American Psychiatric Association commendation
Dr. Peter F. Buckley, a psychiatrist and Dean of the Medical College of Georgia at Georgia Regents University, has received the American Psychiatric Association Special Presidential Commendation in recognition of his exemplary leadership and substantial contributions to psychiatry and US academic medicine.

American Psychiatric Association releases DSM-5
The American Psychiatric Association today announced the release of the fifth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders.

Read More: American Dietetic Association News and American Dietetic Association Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.