Modelling the short term consequences of smoking cessation in England

December 04, 2000

Modelling the short term consequences of smoking cessation in England on the hospitalisation rates for acute myocardial infarction and stroke 2000; 9:397-400

The UK government may be taking the soft option on cutting smoking rates, suggests a study in Tobacco Control. A more aggressive policy, such as that deployed in California, could more than double the cost savings to the NHS and almost triple the reductions in the number of hospital admissions for heart attacks and stroke, finds the research.

Coronary artery disease currently costs the NHS around £1000 million, much of which is attributable to smoking.

Using published data from health surveys and national statistics on death rates and population growth, the authors worked out the likely cost savings and health benefits for the NHS in England from achieving the target set out in the government's white paper on smoking cessation, published in 1998. This aims for a reduction in smoking rates among adults from 28 per cent in 1996 to 26 per cent by 2005, and then to 24 per cent in 2010.

They applied the same data to the more ambitious targets set for California. These specify that smoking rates among adults be reduced from 28 per cent in 1996 to 22 per cent in 2005, and then to 17 per cent in 2010-a 1 per cent reduction every year.

The results show that the UK targets would mean over 6,000 fewer hospital admissions for heart attacks and almost 5,000 fewer for strokes by 2010, saving the NHS £524 million. Adopting the Californian targets would avoid more than 14,500 admissions for heart attack and over 11,000 for stroke, saving the NHS £1.14 billion.
-end-
Contact:


Dr Bhash Naidoo, Department of Public Health and Policy, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London. bhash.naidoo@lshtm.ac.uk

BMJ Specialty Journals

Related Smoking Articles from Brightsurf:

Smoking rates falling in adults, but stroke survivors' smoking rates remain steady
While the rate of Americans who smoke tobacco has fallen steadily over the last two decades, the rate of stroke survivors who smoke has not changed significantly.

What is your risk from smoking? Your network knows!
A new study from researchers at Penn's Annenberg School for Communication found that most people, smokers and non-smokers alike, were nowhere near accurate in their answers to questions about smoking's health effects.

Want to quit smoking? Partner up
Kicking the habit works best in pairs. That's the main message of a study presented today at EuroPrevent 2019, a scientific congress of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

Smoking and mortality in Asia
In this analysis of data from 20 studies conducted in China, Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Taiwan and India with more than 1 million participants, deaths associated with smoking continued to increase among men in Asia grouped by the years in which they were born.

Predictors of successfully quitting smoking among smokers registered at the quit smoking clinic at a public hospital in northeastern Malaysia
In the current issue of Family Medicine and Community Health, Nur Izzati Mohammad et al. consider how cigarette smoking is one of the risk factors leading to noncommunicable diseases such as cardiovascular and respiratory system diseases and cancer.

Restaurant and bar smoking bans do reduce smoking, especially among the highly educated
Smoking risk drops significantly in college graduates when they live near areas that have completely banned smoking in bars and restaurants, according to a new study in the American Journal of Epidemiology.

How the UK smoking ban increased wellbeing
Married women with children reported the largest increase in well-being following the smoking bans in the UK in 2006 and 2007 but there was no comparable increase for married men with children.

Smoking study personalizes treatment
A simple blood test is allowing Vanderbilt University Medical Center (VUMC) researchers to determine which patients should be prescribed varenicline (Chantix) to stop smoking and which patients could do just as well, and avoid side effects, by using a nicotine patch.

A biophysical smoking gun
While much about Alzheimer's disease remains a mystery, scientists do know that part of the disease's progression involves a normal protein called tau, aggregating to form ropelike inclusions within brain cells that eventually strangle the neurons.

A case where smoking helped
A mutation in the hemoglobin of a young woman in Germany was found to cause her mild anemia.

Read More: Smoking News and Smoking Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.