New study shows gender differences among adolescents participating in date violence

December 06, 1999

WINSTON-SALEM, N.C. - Both females and males participate in date violence, according to a new study published in the December issue of Pediatrics. Females who reported date fighting were more likely than nonfighters to have attempted suicide, to engage in sexual risk behaviors, to have been pregnant, to have experienced forced sex and to have ridden in a car with a drinking driver.

Sexual behaviors, including same sex partners, forced sex and having been threatened with physical violence were associated with date fighting among males, according to the study.

"These data illustrate that risk behaviors often cluster in relation to date violence," said the report's senior author, Robert H. DuRant, Ph.D., vice-chair for Health Services Research for the Department of Pediatrics at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and director of the Brenner Center for Child and Adolescent Health.

The study involved data collected from 21,297 Vermont students in grades 8 through 12 who participated in the Vermont 1995 Youth Risk Behavior Study. Students were asked if they had been involved in a physical fight during the last 12 months and if they had, whether they had fought with a boyfriend, girlfriend or dating partner. About 1.8 percent of males and 4.2 percent of females reported they had participated in date violence.

"This data shows that patients who are involved in date violence increase the chances that they will be linked to other risk behaviors," said Shelley R. Kreiter, M.D., assistant professor of Pediatrics at Wake Forest University School of Medicine and first author of the study. "We must address these patterns to help stop the cycle."

The study also showed that males who participated in sex with other males were more likely to be involved in date violence. However, this was not the case with females who reported participating in sex with other females, according to Kreiter.

"There is a great deal of sexual experimentation, including same gender sex, among adolescents," Kreiter said. "These experiences place adolescents at significant risk for victimization and assault. Hopefully, by identifying these adolescents, we can intervene and provide appropriate counseling, thus stopping these violent behaviors, such as forced sex."

"Violence is a learned behavior," DuRant said. "Once you cross the line in a relationship then the expectations change and both the perpetrator and the victim become more likely to accept the violent situation."

Although dating violence frequently begins in adolescence, few studies have focused on date fighting in middle and high school students, Kreiter added.

"These findings are significant in that they indicate that adolescents should undergo screening to determine if they are at risk for date violence," she said.

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center

Related Violence Articles from Brightsurf:

Combined intimate partner violence that includes sexual violence is common & more damaging
Women who experience sexual violence combined with other forms of intimate partner violence suffer greater damage to their health and are much more likely to attempt suicide, according to a study led by researchers at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care published in the International Journal of Epidemiology today [12 November 2020].

As farming developed, so did cooperation -- and violence
The growth of agriculture led to unprecedented cooperation in human societies, a team of researchers, has found, but it also led to a spike in violence, an insight that offers lessons for the present.

The front line of environmental violence
Environmental defenders on the front line of natural resource conflict are being killed at an alarming rate, according to a University of Queensland study.

What can trigger violence in postcolonial Africa?
Why do civil wars and coups d'├ętat occur more frequently in some sub-Saharan African countries than others.

Another victim of violence: Trust in those who mean no harm
Exposure to violence does not change the ability to learn who is likely to do harm, but it does damage the ability to place trust in 'good people,' psychologists at Yale and University of Oxford report April 26 in the journal Nature Communications

Victims of gun violence tell their stories: Everyday violence, 'feelings of hopelessness'
Invited to share their personal stories, victims of urban gun violence describe living with violence as a 'common everyday experience' and feeling abandoned by police and other societal institutions, reports a study in the November/December Journal of Trauma Nursing, official publication of the Society of Trauma Nurses.

Does more education stem political violence?
In a study released online today in Review of Educational Research, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Educational Research Association, three Norwegian researchers attempt to bring clarity to this question by undertaking the first systematic examination of quantitative research on this topic.

Teen dating violence is down, but boys still report more violence than girls
When it comes to teen dating violence, boys are more likely to report being the victim of violence -- being hit, slapped, or pushed--than girls.

Preventing murder by addressing domestic violence
Victims of domestic violence are at a high risk to be murdered -- or a victim of attempted murder -- according to a Cuyahoga County task force of criminal-justice professionals, victim advocates and researchers working to prevent domestic violence and homicides.

'Love displaces violence'
Art historian Eva-Bettina Krems on persistent motifs of peace in art from antiquity to the present day -- dove, rainbow or victory of love: artists draw on recurring motifs.

Read More: Violence News and Violence Current Events is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to