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Interfering with interferon boosts antiretroviral efficacy in HIV-infected mice

December 12, 2016

Although combined anti-retroviral therapy (cART) can help HIV-1-positive patients effectively manage their infection, some individuals experience ongoing activation of the immune system that can exacerbate disease progression. This chronic activation has been attributed to persistent signaling by type I interferons (IFN-I), proteins that bind to IFN receptors to regulate the immune system. Two studies published this week in the JCI have demonstrated that antibodies targeting IFN-I signaling can enhance the effectiveness of cART in humanized mouse models of HIV-1 infection. In work led by Scott Kitchen at UCLA, researchers treated HIV-1-infected mice with an antibody to block human IFN receptor 2. They observed reduced signs of T cell exhaustion and viral load, indicating a decrease in chronic immune activation and improved infection management, respectively. Lishan Su's lab at the University of North Carolina developed a different antibody targeting the human IFNα/β receptor and observed that it, too, reversed immune hyperactivation in the mouse model. In both studies, blockade of IFN-I signaling synergized with cART treatment, leading to better outcomes compared to HIV-1-infected mice treated with cART alone. The results of these two studies provide strong support for further evaluation of IFN-I blockade as a supplement to cART.
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TITLE: Targeting type I interferon-mediated activation restores immune function in chronic HIV infection
AUTHOR CONTACT: Scott Kitchen
UCLA
skitchen@ucla.edu
View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/89488?key=31fcd8bace14c113ed91

TITLE: Blocking type I interferon signaling enhances T cell recovery and reduces HIV-1 reservoirs
AUTHOR CONTACT: Lishan Su
The University of North Carolina
lsu@med.unc.edu
View this article at: http://www.jci.org/articles/view/90745?key=dbe584e12b0d764eb202

COMMENTARY: The interferon paradox: can inhibiting an antiviral mechanism advance an HIV cure?
AUTHOR CONTACT: Steven G. Deeks
University of California, San Francisco
Steven.Deeks@ucsf.edu
View this article at:http://www.jci.org/articles/view/91916?key=1d3abb819a13734402a6

JCI Journals

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