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Novel material backed by NFL to protect against brain injuries

December 16, 2015

Funding has been awarded to world-leading, US-based helmet designer and manufacturer, Roy Burek of Charles Owen Inc., to develop a novel material created by researchers from Cardiff University's School of Engineering that can improve the safety of athletes, members of the military and others from brain injuries by better absorbing and dissipating impact.

The funding has been awarded by a partnership of the National Football League (NFL), Under Armour, GE, and the U.S. Department of Commerce's National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), to support the discovery, design and deployment of advanced materials.

Charles Owen Inc. and Cardiff University will use the prize money to fund a 12-month project that will use state-of-the-art 3D printing and high-performance computing technology to develop the unique, energy-absorbing material further.

The team is among four winners to secure an initial $250,000 (£165,000) as part of Head Health Challenge III, an open innovation competition to advance their work in developing these materials.

The multi-layered, elastic material, called C3, has been developed in collaboration with the University of Cambridge. It can be precisely designed using mathematical modelling and tested using high-performance computers to enable it to be ultimately tailored for specific impact scenarios.

This allows the team to test various designs before building the material with a 3D printer, which is a much more efficient and cost-effective method compared to traditional techniques. During the 3D printing process a polymer-based powder is fused into a specific shape by a laser, which solidifies the material to form a strong, flexible structure.

Structures can be designed in such a way that impact energy can be dissipated relatively easily, making it an ideal material to use in protective clothing and accessories.

The Head Health Initiative, launched in March 2013, includes a four-year, $40 million research and development program from the NFL and GE to evaluate and develop next-generation imaging technologies to improve diagnosis, which would allow for targeting treatment therapy for patients with mild traumatic brain injury.

The initiative includes three open innovation challenges from NFL, Under Armour and GE to provide as much as $20 million in research and technology development to better understand, identify and protect against brain injury, aiming to improve the safety of athletes, members of the military and society overall.

The most recent data released by Headway, the British brain injury charity, report that accidents accounted for nearly half of the 350,000 UK hospital admissions for acquired brain injury.

The Head Health Challenge includes three separate challenges as part of its program of funding: Challenge I - Methods for Diagnosis and Prognosis of Mild Traumatic Brain Injuries; Challenge II - Innovative Approaches for Preventing and Identifying Brain Injuries; and Challenge III - Advanced Materials for Impact Mitigation.

The various prizewinners from Challenge III will have their efforts judged in a year's time by a review panel, with the most promising technology receiving another $500,000 to develop the material further.

Throughout the year, researchers from the School of Engineering will work closely with Charles Owen, Inc., to fine tune the material and test its robustness against a number of different impact scenarios.

Roy Burek, President & CEO of Charles Owen, Inc. said: "My grandfather, Charles Owen, started making helmets to protect the British soldiers in 1911 before moving onto motorcycle helmets in 1925, and then equestrian helmets (particularly jockey helmets) in 1938.

"This long and illustrious record in manufacturing innovative products that increase head safety has kept the brand at the center of helmet development for over 100 years. It has only been in the past 15 years that our knowledge of how the brain is injured and how to best protect it has dramatically changed along with the design and manufacture of helmets. I am thrilled to be part of a project that pushes the development of totally new protective technologies and materials so that we can better prevent brain injuries in multiple areas."

Dr Peter Theobald, a Senior Lecturer at Cardiff University who leads on the project, said: "Head injury prevention strategies have remained relatively stagnant versus the evolution of other technologies. Our trans-Atlantic collaboration with Charles Owen Inc. has enabled us to pool our highly relevant skills and expertise in injury prevention, mechanics, manufacturing and commercialisation.

"This approach has already enabled us to develop C3 which shows great promise to better absorb the vertical and horizontal components of an oblique impact. This highly prestigious award provides us with a platform to continue developing C3 towards our ultimate goal of achieving a material that provides a step-change in head health and protection, whilst achieving metrics that ensure commercial viability."
-end-
Notes to editors

1. For further information contact:
Michael Bishop
Communications & Marketing
Cardiff University
Tel: 02920 874499
Email: BishopM1@cardiff.ac.uk

2. Cardiff University is recognised in independent government assessments as one of Britain's leading teaching and research universities and is a member of the Russell Group of the UK's most research intensive universities. The 2014 Research Excellence Framework ranked the University 5th in the UK for research excellence. Among its academic staff are two Nobel Laureates, including the winner of the 2007 Nobel Prize for Medicine, University Chancellor Professor Sir Martin Evans. Founded by Royal Charter in 1883, today the University combines impressive modern facilities and a dynamic approach to teaching and research. The University's breadth of expertise encompasses: the College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences; the College of Biomedical and Life Sciences; and the College of Physical Sciences and Engineering, along with a longstanding commitment to lifelong learning. Cardiff's flagship Research Institutes are offering radical new approaches to pressing global problems. http://www.cardiff.ac.uk

3. Charles Owen, Inc. was set up in 2001 by Roy Burek to supply and develop superior head protection for equestrian sport in North America. Often different expertise remains on each side of the Atlantic and part of the company's mission is to harness the best from both Europe & North America. This is just one example and another was incorporating the Simbex's Head Impact Telemetry System (HIT) in a jockey helmet for research of real time forces on a jockey's head on the racetrack during a fall in conjunction with the University College Dublin. In 2005, Roy Burek was presented by ASTM (the American Society for Testing of Materials) with an Award of Appreciation for his work on ASTM standards.

4. Head Health Challenge III, part of the larger Head Health Initiative, a four-year, $60 million collaboration between GE and the NFL, is one of three open innovation challenges to invest up to $20 million in research and technology development to better understand, identify and protect against brain injury. Challenge I focused on discovering imaging and methods for diagnosis and prognosis of mild traumatic brain injuries, and in July 2015, six grand prize winners were awarded $500,000 to further their revolutionary research. Challenge II focused on new technologies to monitor, identify and protect against mild traumatic brain injury, and in December 2015, three grand prize winners were awarded up to $1 million to continue to advance their innovations. The Head Health Challenge III collaboration helps implement a pledge by NIST and the Department of Commerce to invest resources to accelerate the development of materials that can protect against concussions, made at the White House's Healthy Kids and Safe Sports Concussion Summit in May 2014.

Cardiff University

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