German federal government bolsters neutron research in Garching

December 17, 2010

The German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF) will fund the scientific use of the neutron source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz (FRM II) by German and international researchers to the tune of 198 million euros over the next ten years. The Helmholtz Research Centers Juelich, Berlin, and Geesthacht are contributing a further 105.2 million euros from their budgets. The basis for these grants is the cooperation between the Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) as operator of the FRM II and the Helmholtz Centers leading to joint scientific use of the neutron source.

The framework for this cooperation is set out in an administrative agreement between the German Federal Government and the State of Bavaria. The head of the Bavarian State Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts, Dr. Friedrich Wilhelm Rothenpieler, and the head of the Department for Basic Research at the BMBF, Dr. Karl Eugen Huthmacher, signed the agreement today in Garching. The cooperation contract itself was also signed today by TUM President Professor Wolfgang A. Herrmann, Member of the Board of the Forschungszentrum Juelich Professor Ulrich Krafft, Scientific Director of the Helmholtz Center Geesthacht Professor Wolfgang Kaysser, and Scientific Director of the Helmholtz Center Berlin Professor Anke Pyzalla-Kaysser.

The contract stipulates that the German Federal Government will finance the scientific use of the FRM II via the Helmholtz Centers with 19.8 million euros per year. In addition, the three Helmholtz Centers under the auspices of the Forschungszentrum Juelich (FZ Juelich) will invest 10.52 million euros annually for neutron research. The contract will run over a period of ten years.

Neutrons are used to conduct research on the functions of complex materials such as proteins, superconductors, and materials for energy storage. "The multifaceted capabilities of the Garching neutron source will attain a new quality through the cooperation between the TUM, as the responsible operator, and the three Helmholz Centers," says TUM President Professor Wolfgang A. Hermann. "The foundation for this cooperation is the unrivaled performance spectrum of our neutron source, which attracts researchers from across the globe. A joint chair with the Forschungszentrum Juelich in the field of neutron research would round things off perfectly."

Pursuant to this agreement, the TU Muenchen and the three Helmholtz Centers will operate the FRM II jointly for scientific uses in the future. The Technische Universitaet Muenchen remains the sole operator of the neutron source itself. That is why the State of Bavaria will continue to fund reactor operation and research with 25 million euros annually.

FRM II Scientific Director Professor Winfried Petry is proud of the awarded grant: "The involvement of the Helmholtz Centers and the BMBF is the best evidence that we are already performing exceptionally well. The FRM II provides researchers with neutron beams of the utmost brilliance and its instruments lead the pack. This grant will provide us with the opportunity to exploit the potential of the neutron source even better in supporting top level German and international research."

Concretely, the grant will be used to build new instruments, to upgrade existing instruments, and to increase technical and scientific staff. New office and laboratory space will also need to be created for the additional personnel. Currently, 24 instruments at the FRM II are already at the disposal of guest scientists from around the world. The number of large-scale instruments will rise to over 30 in the near future. Measurement slots at the FRM II are in high demand. They are overbooked at more than twice the available capacity and are awarded via an application system based on scientific excellence and run by independent experts.

The cooperation contract is an extension to a cooperation agreement from 2004 with the FZ Juelich, which has set up its own branch at the FRM II. The Helmholtz Centers Juelich, Geesthacht and Berlin have been involved in the development and operation of large-scale scientific instruments at the neutron source in Garching. Juelich is leading the way with five instruments in operation at the FRM II, and five more to follow. The Centers Geestacht and Berlin have two instruments and one instrument respectively. The Max Planck Society also has two instruments. The TUM will operate 14 instruments, with a further instrument run jointly with the FZ Juelich. Furthermore, groups from seven other German universities are participating in the instrumentation. Their commitment will also be funded by the BMBF in the context of collective research.
-end-
Pictures: http://mediatum2.ub.tum.de/node?cfold=1006391&dir=1006391&id=1006391

Contact:

Professor Winfried Petry
Technische Universitaet Muenchen
Neutron Source Heinz Maier-Leibnitz
85748 Garching, Germany
Tel.: +49 89 289 14704
Fax: +49 89 289 14995
E-mail: winfried.petry@frm2.tum.de
Internet: http://www.frm2.tum.de

Technische Universitaet Muenchen (TUM) is one of Europe's leading universities. It has roughly 460 professors, 7,500 academic and non-academic staff (including those at the university hospital "Rechts der Isar"), and 26,000 students. It focuses on the engineering sciences, natural sciences, life sciences, medicine, and economic sciences. After winning numerous awards, it was selected as an "Elite University" in 2006 by the Science Council (Wissenschaftsrat) and the German Research Foundation (DFG). The university's global network includes an outpost in Singapore. TUM is dedicated to the ideal of a top-level research based entrepreneurial university. http://www.tum.de

Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Related Cooperation Articles from Brightsurf:

Betrayal or cooperation? Analytical investigation of behavior drivers
At the macroscopic level, there are numerous examples of people cooperating to form groupings.

How does cooperation evolve?
In nature, organisms often support each other in order to gain an advantage.

Simulating cooperation in local communities
In new research published in EPJ B, a new simulation-based approach is introduced which could help to reduce the proportion of people who misuse welfare payoffs, through a cost-effective system which rewards individuals who use them responsibly.

Cooperation can be contagious particularly when people see the benefit for others
Seeing someone do something good for someone else motivates witnesses to perform their own helpful acts, an insight that could help drive cooperative behavior in communities navigating through the health crisis.

Cultivating cooperation through kinship
Extensive cooperation among biologically unrelated individuals is uniquely human. It would be surprising if this uniqueness were not related to other uniquely human characteristics, yet current theories of human cooperation tend to ignore the human aspects of human behavior.

As farming developed, so did cooperation -- and violence
The growth of agriculture led to unprecedented cooperation in human societies, a team of researchers, has found, but it also led to a spike in violence, an insight that offers lessons for the present.

Cooperation after eye contact: Gender matters
Researchers from the UB published an article in the journal Scientific Reports which analyses, through the prisoner's dilemma game, the willingness of people to cooperate when in pairs.

How employees' rankings disrupt cooperation and how managers can restore it
First prize is a Cadillac Eldorado, second prize a set of steak knives, third prize you're firedĀ».

Sex for cooperation
To understand the origins of human sociality studying the social dynamics of our closest relatives, chimpanzees and bonobos, is important.

Migration can promote or inhibit cooperation between individuals
A new mathematical analysis suggests that migration can generate patterns in the spatial distribution of individuals that promote cooperation and allow populations to thrive, in spite of the threat of exploitation.

Read More: Cooperation News and Cooperation Current Events
Brightsurf.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com.