Nav: Home

Review of Chinese atmospheric science research over the past 70 years: Climate and climate change

December 17, 2019

Over the past 70 years since the foundation of the People's Republic of China, Chinese scientists have made great contributions to various fields in the research of atmospheric sciences, which attracted worldwide attention. In the field of climate and climate change, we have witnessed multiple remarkable achievements by Chinese scientists.

The review covers and summarizes the contributions of the Chinese scientists from the six aspects. First, important progress in general climate studies is introduced. Chinese scientists made statistical analyses of climate changes in temperature and precipitation (drought and flood) based on data of large time-scale. They systematically studied the formation mechanisms of climate disasters and extreme climate events, which laid the physical foundation for climate disaster prediction in China.

The Tibetan Plateau has important influences on the evolution of the global atmospheric circulation and plays an important role in climate change and climatic anomalies in China dynamically and thermodynamically. Chinese scientists have made pioneering and original scientific achievements in this field. Monsoon is an important circulation system in the global climate system.

The interannual and interdecadal variations of the East Asian monsoon have a major impact on climate disasters. The research in this field is dominated by Chinese scientists in the world. China is the first country to study the impact of teleconnection oscillation and westerlies on the climate and has made remarkable achievements.

The developments of climate dynamics and climate system models constitute the theoretical basis and numerical tools for modern climatology research. The development and application of the climate system model is an important direction of modern climatology. Chinese scientists have established a theoretical framework for climate dynamics. Since the late 1970s, China has begun to develop climate models and apply them to simulation studies of climate processes.

One of the most important progress in atmospheric sciences in the 20th century is that scientists and governments all around the world have realized the human-induced global warming and its influence on the global environment. Additionally, they have realized that climate change is a result of the interactions among multi-spheres in the Earth's system. The research on climate and environmental evolution in China conducted by Chinese scientists have promoted the continuous progress of domestic and international research on climate change and contributed to the progress of global change research. In the field of climate change, Chinese scientists have reaped numerous world-leading fruits. Thus, the right to speak internationally is becoming more and more powerful.

Recent decades have witnessed the increasingly profound impact of climate change on people's lives. Looking ahead, there still remain many unresolved problems that will lead the way in the future research on the climate and the climate change. (1) Based on existing results, a scientific and reasonable complete physical image needs to be constituted by questions of how the dynamic and thermodynamic effects of the land-atmosphere coupled process on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau affect Asian monsoons and multi-scale disaster weather systems, etc. (2) The impact of the interaction of different "spheres" on the anomalies of the East Asian monsoon climate and the feedback effects of East Asian monsoon on global climate change deserves in-depth studies. (3) There is still a big gap between the current climate model in China and the international leading model. It is necessary to develop high-resolution land-atmosphere coupled climate system models, making Chinese comprehensive level of climate model development and simulation rank among the top in the world. (4) How much global warming caused by greenhouse gas generated by human activities will be produced is still a problem that has not been clarified. What are the different responses of global warming to climate variability in different regions of China? The warming of different regions of China, the attribution analysis of climate change in different regions, and the differences between these factors and the global climate change factors are all urgent scientific questions to answer. (5) In the context of global warming, how to study the causes and changes of extreme weather and climate events from the perspective of multi-factor synergy is a difficult and important point in international climate research.
-end-
The reviewer paper is highly recommended for graduate students in atmospheric science. The article can also provide a reference for graduate students in related disciplines as well as the researchers in the field of atmospheric sciences and climate change.

See the article:

Huang J, Chen W, Wen Z, Zhang G, Li Z, Zuo Z, Zhao Q. 2019. Review of Chinese atmospheric science research over the past 70 years: Climate and climate change. Science China Earth Sciences, 62: 1514-1550, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-019-9483-5

Science China Press

Related Climate Change Articles:

Mapping the path of climate change
Predicting a major transition, such as climate change, is extremely difficult, but the probabilistic framework developed by the authors is the first step in identifying the path between a shift in two environmental states.
Small change for climate change: Time to increase research funding to save the world
A new study shows that there is a huge disproportion in the level of funding for social science research into the greatest challenge in combating global warming -- how to get individuals and societies to overcome ingrained human habits to make the changes necessary to mitigate climate change.
Sub-national 'climate clubs' could offer key to combating climate change
'Climate clubs' offering membership for sub-national states, in addition to just countries, could speed up progress towards a globally harmonized climate change policy, which in turn offers a way to achieve stronger climate policies in all countries.
Review of Chinese atmospheric science research over the past 70 years: Climate and climate change
Over the past 70 years since the foundation of the People's Republic of China, Chinese scientists have made great contributions to various fields in the research of atmospheric sciences, which attracted worldwide attention.
A CERN for climate change
In a Perspective article appearing in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Tim Palmer (Oxford University), and Bjorn Stevens (Max Planck Society), critically reflect on the present state of Earth system modelling.
Fairy-wrens change breeding habits to cope with climate change
Warmer temperatures linked to climate change are having a big impact on the breeding habits of one of Australia's most recognisable bird species, according to researchers at The Australian National University (ANU).
Believing in climate change doesn't mean you are preparing for climate change, study finds
Notre Dame researchers found that although coastal homeowners may perceive a worsening of climate change-related hazards, these attitudes are largely unrelated to a homeowner's expectations of actual home damage.
Older forests resist change -- climate change, that is
Older forests in eastern North America are less vulnerable to climate change than younger forests, particularly for carbon storage, timber production, and biodiversity, new research finds.
Could climate change cause infertility?
A number of plant and animal species could find it increasingly difficult to reproduce if climate change worsens and global temperatures become more extreme -- a stark warning highlighted by new scientific research.
Predicting climate change
Thomas Crowther, ETH Zurich identifies long-disappeared forests available for restoration across the world.
More Climate Change News and Climate Change Current Events

Trending Science News

Current Coronavirus (COVID-19) News

Top Science Podcasts

We have hand picked the top science podcasts of 2020.
Now Playing: TED Radio Hour

Climate Mindset
In the past few months, human beings have come together to fight a global threat. This hour, TED speakers explore how our response can be the catalyst to fight another global crisis: climate change. Guests include political strategist Tom Rivett-Carnac, diplomat Christiana Figueres, climate justice activist Xiye Bastida, and writer, illustrator, and artist Oliver Jeffers.
Now Playing: Science for the People

#562 Superbug to Bedside
By now we're all good and scared about antibiotic resistance, one of the many things coming to get us all. But there's good news, sort of. News antibiotics are coming out! How do they get tested? What does that kind of a trial look like and how does it happen? Host Bethany Brookeshire talks with Matt McCarthy, author of "Superbugs: The Race to Stop an Epidemic", about the ins and outs of testing a new antibiotic in the hospital.
Now Playing: Radiolab

Speedy Beet
There are few musical moments more well-worn than the first four notes of Beethoven's Fifth Symphony. But in this short, we find out that Beethoven might have made a last-ditch effort to keep his music from ever feeling familiar, to keep pushing his listeners to a kind of psychological limit. Big thanks to our Brooklyn Philharmonic musicians: Deborah Buck and Suzy Perelman on violin, Arash Amini on cello, and Ah Ling Neu on viola. And check out The First Four Notes, Matthew Guerrieri's book on Beethoven's Fifth. Support Radiolab today at Radiolab.org/donate.