Popular Achieved News and Current Events

Popular Achieved News and Current Events, Achieved News Articles.
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OptiNose presents data on highly effective migraine treatment
OptiNose AS will present new Phase II data at the American Headache Society meeting in Boston on June 28. The Phase II clinical trial studied the safety and efficacy of sumatriptan, a migraine drug, when delivered to the nose by the OptiNose powder delivery device. The OptiNose and sumatriptan combination produced efficacy results comparable to previously published results on sumatriptan injections, the fastest (and also most painful) migraine treatment currently available. (2008-06-28)

Genetic analysis can improve depression therapy
The failure of SSRI antidepressants can be a result of genetic variations in patients. Variations within the gene that encodes the CYP2C19 enzyme results in extreme differences in the levels of escitalopram achieved in patients, according to a new study from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Diakonhjemmet Hospital in Norway published in The American Journal of Psychiatry. Prescribing the dose of escitalopram based on a patient's specific genetic constitution would greatly improve therapeutic outcomes. (2018-01-12)

Ditch plan to disregard all athletic world records before 2005, urge experts
The proposal by the European Athletics Council to disregard all athletic world records set before 2005 should be abandoned, insist experts in an editorial published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. (2017-12-07)

Learning a second alphabet for a first language
A part of the brain that maps letters to sounds can acquire a second, visually distinct alphabet for the same language, according to a study of English speakers published in eNeuro. The research challenges theoretical constraints on the range of visual forms available to represent written language. (2019-02-11)

Booze and pot use in teens lessens life success
Young adults dependent on marijuana and alcohol are less likely to achieve adult life goals, according to new research by UConn Health scientists presented November 5 at the American Public Health Association 2017 Annual Meeting & Expo. (2017-11-05)

California's water saving brings bonus effects
Water-saving measures in California have also led to substantial reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and electricity consumption in the state. That is the conclusion of new research from the University of California, Davis, published today in the journal Environmental Research Letters. (2018-01-11)

Green material for refrigeration identified
Researchers from the UK and Spain have identified an eco-friendly solid that could replace the inefficient and polluting gases used in most refrigerators and air conditioners. (2019-04-18)

Abatacept and infliximab improve clinical response over time in methotrexate-refractory RA patients
New data presented today at EULAR 2008, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism in Paris, France, show that over half of rheumatoid arthritis patients resistant to methotrexate monotherapy improved when either abatacept or infliximab were added to their methotrexate treatment regimen, with positive results sustained up to one year later. (2008-06-13)

Can pursuing happiness make you unhappy?
Researchers have found that people who pursue happiness often feel like they do not have enough time in the day, and this paradoxically makes them feel unhappy. Aekyoung Kim of Rutgers University in the US and Sam Maglio of the University of Toronto Scarborough in Canada have investigated this effect in a study in the journal Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, which is published by Springer and is an official journal of the Psychonomic Society. (2018-03-12)

Active older adults less likely to experience psychological distress
In a study examining the relationship between physical activity and physical function, researchers from Australia discovered that older adults who experienced any level of psychological distress were more than four times more likely to experience functional limitation than those who did not. This study is published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. (2012-04-05)

Basel researchers succeed in cultivating cartilage from stem cells
Stable joint cartilage can be produced from adult stem cells originating from bone marrow. This is made possible by inducing specific molecular processes occurring during embryonic cartilage formation, as researchers from the University and University Hospital of Basel report in the scientific journal PNAS. (2018-04-16)

Surprising spin behavior at room temperature
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have observed almost purely circularly polarized electroluminescence from GaAs-based spin-polarized light-emitting diodes at room temperature, with no external magnetic field. This behavior indicates the presence of spin-dependent nonlinear processes, which may allow the development of semiconductor-based spin-photonic devices in the future. (2017-02-07)

Physicists observe amplification of an optical signal within cubic nonlinear nanostructures
The coherent amplification of a localized optical signal within a planar titanium nitride nanoantenna has been achieved by scientists of Kazan Federal University (under the leadership of Sergey Kharintsev) and physicists from Harvard University, Nazarbayev University, and Imperial College London. The results have been recently published in Nano Letters. (2017-09-12)

Strong interactions produce a dance between light and sound
Light and high-frequency acoustic sound waves in a tiny glass structure can strongly couple to one another and perform a dance in step. (2018-12-21)

A new approach to automation of chemical synthesis
Researchers have used a robotic platform to produce -- with no physical intervention -- three pharmaceutical compounds with yields and purities comparable to those achieved by manual efforts, they say. (2018-11-29)

Next step on the path towards an efficient biofuel cell
Fuel cells that work with the enzyme hydrogenase are, in principle, just as efficient as those that contain the expensive precious metal platinum as a catalyst. However, the enzymes need an aqueous environment, which makes it difficult for the starting material for the reaction -- hydrogen -- to reach the enzyme-loaded electrode. Researchers solved this problem by combining previously developed concepts for packaging the enzymes with gas diffusion electrode technology. (2018-11-14)

Chemists make playdough/Lego-like hybrid to create tiny building blocks
Playdough and Legos are among the most popular childhood building blocks. But what could you use if you wanted to create something really small -- a structure less than the width of a human hair? It turns out, a team of chemists has found, this can be achieved by creating particles that have both playdough and Lego traits. (2017-09-18)

Method stabilizes, enhances phosphorene
A Northwestern University research team used organic chemistry to covalently react a single-molecule-thick layer onto phosphorene to stabilize its reactivity to open air. (2016-05-02)

Tetris: It could be the salve for a worried mind
The venerable video game Tetris was used in a recent experiment to create a state of 'flow' -- the term psychologists use to describe a state of mind so engaged it makes the rest of the world fall away, and time pass more quickly. UCR researcher Kate Sweeny and her team have found that state of perfect disengagement may improve the otherwise-emotionally unpleasant experience of awaiting uncertain news. The participants who achieved flow - those in the adaptive group - experienced less negative emotion. (2018-10-25)

Robots find regular teeth brushing helps them munch through 50,000 aluminium spot welds
A new automated polishing process produces 50,000 high quality resistance spot aluminium welds on just one set of electrodes. (2006-09-11)

Researchers identify new therapy for patients with Crohn's disease
A study led by Mayo Clinic found that adalimumab (HUMIRA) is an effective treatment for adults with Crohn's disease who do not respond to infliximab (REMICADE) therapy. These findings were published online today by Annals of Internal Medicine. (2007-05-01)

Complete response with oblimersen combination improves survival of CLL patients
Relapsed chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) patients who had a complete response to combination therapy that included the drug oblimersen survived significantly longer than patients treated with chemotherapy alone, a team led by researchers at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center reports at the 49th Annual Meeting of the American Society of Hematology. (2007-12-09)

Should we screen people for depression?
Screening for depression is unlikely to be an effective way to improve the mental wellbeing of the population, say researchers in this week's BMJ. (2006-04-27)

Nanodiamond turns into controllable light source
A research group from ITMO University first time in the world developed a controlled light source based on nanodiamond. Experiments have shown that diamond shell doubles the emission speed light sources and helps to control them without any additional nano- and microstructures. This was achieved due to artificially created defects in a diamond crystal lattice. Obtained results are important for the development of quantum computers and optical networks. The work is published in the Nanoscale. (2018-05-02)

3-D solutions to energy savings in silicon power transistors
Tokyo Tech researchers demonstrate operation energy-savings in a low price silicon power transistor structure by scaling down in all three dimensions. (2016-12-05)

Oral bacteria may help forensic scientists estimate time since death
Accurately determining the time since death is an important aspect of forensic sciences and casework. (2017-08-01)

Avoidance or responsible moral choices -- what is your supervisor like?
It is important to understand and prevent unethical behavior in working life. Leaders should be able to take responsibility for challenging situations and show commitment to moral values. A recent study at the University of Jyvaskyla charted the different moral identity statuses among Finnish leaders. (2019-03-21)

China meets ultra-low emissions in advance of the 2020 goal
Scientists from the Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science (AMSS) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), along with other collaborators, recently revealed that China's coal-fired power plants met ultra-low emission (ULE) standards ahead of schedule and also achieved substantial emission reductions between 2014 and 2017. (2019-11-05)

Generic direct acting antivirals in treatment of chronic hepatitis C patients
There has been published results of the study 'ORIGINAL VERSUS GENERIC DIRECT ACTING ANTIVIRALS IN TREATMENT OF CHRONIC HEPATITIS C PATIENTS: REAL LIFE DATA FROM LATVIA' authored by Tolmane I, Rozentale B, Arutjunana S et al., recently. (2018-07-19)

Groundbreaking new reusable adhesive works underwater
Illinois researchers have introduced a new cutting-edge reusable adhesive that activates in seconds, works underwater, and is strong enough to deadlift 11 pounds: shape memory polymers (SMPs). (2019-01-28)

Physicists circumvent centuries-old theory to cancel magnetic fields
A team of scientists including two physicists at the University of Sussex has found a way to circumvent a 178-year old theory which means they can effectively cancel magnetic fields at a distance. They are the first to be able to do so in a way which has practical benefits. (2020-10-28)

Early Phase II results show bosutinib safe, effective for CML
A new drug for chronic myelogenous leukemia works for patients who have developed resistance to frontline therapy and causes fewer side effects than other medications in its class, a research team led by scientists at the University of Texas M. D. Anderson Cancer Center reports at the 49th annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology. (2007-12-11)

Findings suggest reducing target SBP to below recommended levels could significantly reduce risk
Reducing systolic blood pressure (SBP) to levels below currently recommended targets may significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause death, according to a study published by JAMA Cardiology. (2017-05-31)

Gold nanoparticle microsecond tracking with atomic-level localization precision achieved
Gold nanoparticles have been used as an optical probe of high-localization precision, high-speed single-molecule tracking of protein molecular motors. With newly developed dark-field microscopy, researchers in Institute for Molecular Science, Japan, have achieved gold nanoparticle tracking with atomic-level angstrom localization precision and microsecond time resolution. Detailed motion of kinesin, a dimeric linear molecular motor, has been precisely captured at 10 microsecond time resolution, consistent with unidirectional 'rotation' of two heads of kinesin during linear motion. (2018-11-28)

Application of nanosized LiFePO4 modified electrode to electrochemical sensor & biosensor
The aim of this paper was to construct nanosized LFP modified electrodes, which could be applied as working electrode for rutin analysis and as an electrochemical biosensor for direct electrochemistry of Hemoglobin (Hb). (2019-01-10)

UK Government plans for mentally ill prisoners are unrealistic, research suggests
Government plans to divert more mentally ill people out of the criminal justice system and into mental health services are unlikely to be achieved, according to new research from Queen Mary, University of London. (2011-06-07)

Type 2 diabetes remission possible with 'achievable' weight loss, say researchers
People who achieve weight loss of 10% or more in the first five years following diagnosis with type 2 diabetes have the greatest chance of seeing their disease go into remission, according to a study led by the University of Cambridge. (2019-09-30)

A better fix for torn ACLs
According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, a torn anterior cruciate ligament, or ACL, is one of the most common knee injuries. Approximately 200,000 Americans experience a torn ACL each year, and more than half undergo surgical repairs. Now, researchers at the University of Missouri School of Medicine have developed a model to show that a newer surgical technique results in a stronger, more natural ACL repair. (2016-04-05)

Monthly interpersonal psychotherapy prevents relapse of depression in many women
Most women with recurrent depression may be able to prevent subsequent depressive episodes with monthly maintenance interpersonal psychotherapy, say researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine in a study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Psychiatry. (2007-05-01)

'Future Trends for Top Materials' by Mario J.F. Calvete
In the last four decades materials science has evolved and developed into a very diverse range of highly specialized family of compounds -- from what were once essentially esoteric, often topical, basic research specialties -- into what one would clearly class today as one of the most significant and important industrial fields and specializations of our modern era. (2017-02-17)

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