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Study finds 84 highly endangered Amur leopards remain in China and Russia
Scientists estimate there are only 84 remaining highly endangered Amur leopards (Panthera pardus orientalis) remaining in the wild across its current range along the southernmost border of Primorskii Province in Russia and Jilin Province of China. (2018-07-13)

Forest fires as an opportunity for ecosystem recovery
It is estimated that globally there are more than two million hectares of land in need of restoration. The fires that occurred in those places provided the people who manage them with an opportunity to change, via a suitable process of ecological restoration, the previous bad forestry practices. (2019-02-19)

Pitt researcher uses video games to unlock new levels of A.I.
Dr. Jiang designs algorithms that learn decision strategies in complex and uncertain environments like video games. By testing algorithms in simulated environments, they can learn from their mistakes while discovering and reinforcing strategies for success. To perfect this process, Dr. Jiang and many researchers in his field require simulations that mirror the real world. (2018-11-05)

University of Guelph researchers create tool to manage urban cat population crisis
Guelph researchers have developed a unique model that accurately calculates urban cat populations. It's the first to account for overall cat population dynamics and include calculations for the three subpopulations -- owned cats, stray cats, and cats in the shelter system. There are about 10 million to 120 million free-roaming and feral cats in North America. This model will give cities the accurate numbers needed to effectively manage the current cat population crisis. (2018-02-28)

Latino parents report high levels of psychological distress due to US immigration policies
A new study says frequent worries/changes in behavior associated with a 300 percent increase in the odds of severe psychological distress including symptoms of clinical anxiety and depression. (2018-03-01)

Quantum mechanics are complex enough, for now...
Physicists have searched for deviations from standard quantum mechanics, testing whether quantum mechanics requires a more complex set of mathematical rules. To do so a research team designed a new photonic experiment using exotic metamaterials, which were fabricated at the University of California Berkeley. Their experiment supports standard quantum mechanics and allows the scientists to place bounds on alternative quantum theories. The results could help to guide theoretical work in a search for a more general version of quantum mechanics. (2017-04-21)

How companies can restore trust after CEO misconduct
A new study published today in the Journal of Trust Research reveals how boards of directors can proactively address CEO misconduct to increase public trust towards an organization. (2018-02-19)

New mathematical model can help save endangered species
One of the greatest challenges in saving endangered species is to predict if an animal population will die out. Accurate and reliable models are crucial for conservationists. (2019-01-11)

New tool increases adaptability, autonomy of 'Skyrim' nonplayer characters
Computer science researchers at North Carolina State University and Universidade de Lisboa have developed a tool for use with the game Skyrim that can be used to create nonplayer characters that allow for more variability and flexibility in game play. The tool, called CIF-CK, is an artificial intelligence architecture program that uses social behavior models to make individual NPCs more reactive and adaptable to player behavior. (2017-08-02)

Mimicking biological process, hydrogel signals and releases proteins
An artificial system using a DNA-laced hydrogel can receive a chemical signal and release the appropriate protein, according to Penn State researchers. Further stimulation by the chemical signal continues to trigger a response. (2017-10-25)

Study offers strategies to prevent death by suicide in patients with cancer
In addition to focusing on curing or prolonging the life of patients with cancer, it is important to also address mental health aspects of cancer care, especially because there is an elevated incidence of death by suicide in this patient population. A new Psycho-Oncology analysis uncovers opportunities to mitigate the risk of death by suicide among patients with cancer. (2018-07-18)

Scientists uncover isotopic fingerprint of N2O emissions from Arctic tundra
A new study from the University of Eastern Finland presents, for the first time, the isotopic fingerprint of nitrous oxide produced by Arctic soils. The finding opens new avenues for predicting future trends in atmospheric nitrous oxide as well as in identifying climate change mitigation actions in the Arctic, a region that is particularly sensitive to climate change. (2017-04-07)

Why it doesn't pay to be just nice -- you also need to be intelligent
New research has revealed how people's intelligence, rather than their personality traits, leads to success. (2018-03-20)

Scientists identify mechanism that helps us inhibit unwanted thoughts
Scientists have identified a key chemical within the 'memory' region of the brain that allows us to suppress unwanted thoughts, helping explain why people who suffer from disorders such as anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, and schizophrenia often experience persistent intrusive thoughts when these circuits go awry. (2017-11-03)

Train the brain to form good habits through repetition
You can hack your brain to form good habits -- like going to the gym and eating healthily -- simply by repeating actions until they stick, according to new psychological research involving the University of Warwick. (2019-01-28)

Speeding up the drug discovery process to help patients
An international research team is perfecting a method to predict the potential clinical implications of new drugs before clinical trials even start. (2019-09-13)

Why the boss always gets the blame
An employee receives significantly more praise if his actions result in positive consequences than his superior. An experiment conducted by a team of researchers from Bochum and Cologne has demonstrated that, unlike previously assumed, the acting person's social status plays an important role when it comes to the distribution of praise and blame -- rather than the extent to which an individual has influenced a given situation. (2018-02-20)

Training in mental ill-health a determinant of managers' preventive actions
Managers who have received training in mental health issues, and whose workplaces run general information campaigns on mental health, are significantly more likely to work preventively in this area vis-à-vis their subordinates, a study shows. This applies irrespective of organization size and managers' own experiences of mental ill-health. (2019-10-31)

Sequestering blue carbon through better management of coastal ecosystems
Focusing on the management of carbon stores within vegetated coastal habitats provides an opportunity to mitigate some aspects of global warming. (2017-05-19)

Paper: Don't rely on mixed messages to change health behaviors
Self-improvement messages to lose weight, quit smoking or eat more fruits and vegetables can fall on deaf ears if the intervention message is mixed, says new research from U. of I. psychology professor Dolores Albarracin. (2017-09-28)

The language of facial expressions
University of Miami Psychology Professor Daniel Messinger collaborated with researchers at Western University in Canada to show that our brains are pre-wired to perceive wrinkles around the eyes as conveying more intense and sincere emotions. (2018-06-11)

People can learn motor skills by watching
It's widely accepted that people watching an expert golfer or carpenter can learn the procedural steps to a better golf swing or building a deck. However, researchers Andrew A.G. Mattar (presently at McGill University) and Paul L. Gribble of the University of Western Ontario have developed startling evidence that people can unconsciously learn complex motor behaviors by watching such performances. (2005-04-06)

Researchers call for comprehensive transformation of food systems
Agriculture and food systems policies should ensure more than just the supply of food. Decision-makers must make a paradigm shift to align policies about climate, agriculture and food with the United Nation's 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. This is according to a group of international researchers in a review article in the journal Agronomy for Sustainable Development, which is published under the Springer imprint. (2018-08-09)

Scientists find first evidence for necessary role of the human hippocampus in planning
A team of scientists reports finding the first evidence that the human hippocampus is necessary for future planning. The findings link its long-established role in memory with our ability to use our knowledge to map out the future effects of our actions. (2019-03-12)

Wake Forest University Wins $7M Grant To Study The Causes Of Alcohol Addiction
The National Institute on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse of the National Institutes of Health has awarded a $7 million grant to Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center to study alcohol addiction. The studies will provide insights into brain processes that lead to alcoholism. (1999-01-04)

It's go time for Hawaiian bird conservation, and luckily there's a playbook
A new study in The Condor: Ornithological Applications presents some of the best guidance to date on the priorities and actions that can be taken to help Hawaii's endemic birds. This new paper lays out a plan to better guide and empower conservation efforts for Hawaiian birds. (2018-06-27)

Stiffness of connection influences exchange of physical cues during coordinated movements
When two people coordinate their movements, such as by holding hands or moving furniture, they exchange physical cues through the objects that connect them. New research published in PLOS Computational Biology suggests that stiffer connections allow for better communication but require more effort to achieve coordination. (2018-03-22)

Improve your information security by giving employees more options
A recent study published in the Journal of Management Information Systems suggests information security managers and supervisors could have greater success in motivating employees to act more securely by avoiding cold, authoritative commands, and instead create security messages that are relatable and provide options for how employees can better protect information and respond to threats. (2018-03-26)

Greater job satisfaction for transgender employees
Transgender individuals in the workplace can sometimes feel stigmatized, either through the actions and attitudes of their coworkers, or through their own fears of being treated as an 'other.' But recent research from Larry Martinez at Portland State University shows that the experiences of employees who transition genders is highly dependent on the interactions they have with their coworkers. (2016-11-23)

Intentions attributed to other people change how we see their actions
Academics in the School of Psychology at the University of Plymouth have suggested our apparent ability to see the intent in other's behaviour leads us to cling to our false judgements. (2019-04-18)

Interpreting hurricane forecast displays can be difficult for general public
The 2017 hurricane season has highlighted the critical need to communicate a storm's impact path and intensity accurately, but new research from the University of Utah shows significant misunderstandings of the two most commonly used storm forecast visualization methods. (2017-10-05)

Robots working as a group are able to determine the optimal order of their tasks
Could robots soon help rescue crews save the survivors of a natural disaster? Such a mission would require that the robots be able to determine, on their own, which tasks to perform and in what order to perform them. Researchers at ULB's IRIDIA laboratory have shown, for the first time, that this ability can emerge from a group of robots. (2018-07-19)

Little known theory could hold key to sporting success
An established but little known psychological theory is likely to improve performances across a range of activities, including sport, according to new research published today. (2017-08-31)

Teenagers can thank their parents' positive attitude for avoiding obesity
Teenagers are less likely to be overweight if their mum or dad had a positive attitude during pregnancy, a new study by the University of Bristol and Emory University revealed today (Monday 9 July). (2018-07-09)

Racial bias associated with disparities in disciplinary action across US schools
Across US counties, black students experience higher rates of suspension, expulsion, in-school arrests and law enforcement referrals than whites, according to a new study led by Princeton University researchers. (2019-04-03)

Study Finds Characteristics That Identify Bullies And Victims
Bullies are controlling, hot tempered and lack empathy for others. Victims lack social skills, blame themselves for their problems and are afraid to go to school. These traits are among the most common indicators of bullying and victim behaviors in children, according to a new study at Ohio University (1997-05-19)

Chimpanzees are 'indifferent' when it comes to altruism
New research into chimpanzees suggests that, when it comes to altruistically helping a fellow chimpanzee, they are 'indifferent.' (2016-12-20)

Increasing effective decision-making for coastal marine ecosystems
Marine restoration, rather than protection, might be the most cost-effective solution for coastal marine ecosystems suffering from human activities, a new study has found. The University of Queensland and the Australian Research Council Centre for Excellence in Environmental Decisions study examined how to best benefit coastal marine ecosystems on limited conservation budgets, to help managers better understand the trade-offs. (2017-09-06)

Silence is golden when it comes to how our brains work
It's the comparative silence between the firing spikes of neurons that tells what they are really up to, scientists report. (2018-06-18)

To boost customer satisfaction, owners should pay attention to employee job satisfaction
A new study from the University of Missouri has found that CEOs who pay attention to employees' job satisfaction are able to boost both customer satisfaction and (2011-06-01)

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