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New class of anti-arthritis drugs effectively treats multiple inflammatory diseases
Inflammatory diseases can occur simultaneously in distinct sites in the same patient, complicating treatment because a medication effective for one disorder may exacerbate the other. One such example is the anti-arthritic medication dexamethasone, which alleviates joint disease but can worsen periodontal bone disease. A study in The American Journal of Pathology highlights the effects of a new class of anti-arthritic drugs. (2014-07-10)

Insulin signaling and amphetamines
After the striatum is exposed to amphetamines, insulin signaling regulates dopamine via downstream phosphotidylinositol 3-kinase and protein kinase B targets. This in vivo evidence points toward a mechanism for drug abuse. (2007-10-15)

Could vitamin D save us from radiation?
A form of vitamin D could protect us against damage from low levels of radiation according to new research to be published in the International Journal of Low Radiation. (2008-11-07)

Why consumers make conflicting choices
There's method to our madness, say researchers. In an important new study forthcoming in the December 2005 issue of the Journal of Consumer Research, researchers from the University of Chicago and Yale University seek to explain the presence of simultaneous, conflicting goals and how they affect consumer behavior. (2005-11-14)

New penguin book features beloved birds and conservation threats
A new book on the world's penguins highlights both the diversity of these endearing, flightless birds as well as the many threats faced by these species, according to the Wildlife Conservation Society and the University of Washington. (2013-05-21)

Helping hands
How two people unconsciously cooperate on complex physical tasks. (2006-05-16)

Mirrors in the mind: New studies elucidate how the brain reflects onto itself the actions of others
In three new independent studies, researchers have deepened our understanding of the remarkable ability of some specialized areas of the brain to activate both in response to one's own actions and in response to sensory cues, such as sight, of the same actions perpetrated by another individual. This ability is thought to be based in the activity of so-called mirror neurons, which have been hypothesized to contribute to skills such as empathy, socialized behavior and language acquisition. (2006-09-18)

Who gets the blame? Study sheds light on how people assign blame to organizations
Researchers from Boston College and Northwestern University show that the more cohesive a group appears -- be it a corporation, political party, governmental entity, pro sports team or other organization -- the more likely it is that people will hold its members less responsible for their own individual actions. The study area raises questions about decision-making, blame, moral judgment and the effects of a strong brand image. (2011-12-08)

Does the brain control muscles or movements?
One of the major scientific questions about the brain is how it can translate the simple intent to perform an action -- say, reach for a glass -- into the dynamic, coordinated symphony of muscle movements required for that action. (2008-05-07)

Growing up amid war affects children's moral development
Research among 96 war-affected children and adolescents in Colombia examined how war affects children's moral development. Though all participants said it was wrong to steal or hurt others because of justice or welfare or even to ensure one's survival, many said that it was acceptable to steal or hurt others for revenge. This was one of the first studies to examine moral development in children growing up in a war zone. (2008-07-15)

Future diabetes treatment may use resveratrol to target the brain
A new study accepted for publication in Endocrinology, a journal of the Endocrine Society, shows that the brain plays a key role in mediating resveratrol's anti-diabetic actions, potentially paving the way for future orally delivered diabetes medications that target the brain. (2009-10-06)

Everyone is entitled to a good doctor, says former GMC president
Everyone is entitled to a good doctor and the public will no longer tolerate substandard practice, says Donald Irvine, former president of the General Medical Council in this week's BMJ. (2005-05-26)

MCA applauds council action to protect Northern Bering Sea habitat
Action to close over 130,000 square miles of the Northern Bering Sea to bottom trawling is an important step for the health of Alaska's oceans ecosystem and the seafood industry, MCA executive director David Benton said today. The North Pacific Fishery Management Council took the action during a meeting today in Sitka to protect waters that are important for fish stocks, crab, and other species like gray whales, walrus and eiders. (2007-06-12)

Brain can plan actions toward things the eye doesn't see
People can plan strategic movements to several different targets at the same time, even when they see far fewer targets than are actually present, according to a new study published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (2013-06-19)

Psychologists show experience may be the best teacher for infants
There's a lot of truth in the old proverb (2008-09-30)

CWRU dental researchers discover how an oral bacterium can trigger colorectal cancer
Researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Dental Medicine have discovered how a common oral bacterium can contribute to colorectal cancer, a finding that opens promising new research avenues for the development of approaches to prevent and treat the disease. (2013-08-14)

Population, wealth boost cost of U.S. flood damage
Societal changes, much more than increased precipitation, spurred a steep rise in the nation's flood-damage costs over the past century, says a new study. (2000-10-18)

Mind over matter: Monkey feeds itself using its brain
A monkey has fed itself with fluid, well-controlled movements of a human-like robotic arm by using only signals from its brain, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine report. Use of the robotic arm, complete with working joints, is directly controlled by the monkey, a significant advance that could benefit prosthetics for people with paralysis and spinal cord injuries, particularly those with (2008-05-28)

Can companies, political groups or organizations have a single mind?
News of employee misconduct always creates a whirlwind for the companies involved -- think of Enron, Goldman Sachs and UBS, for example. But are these firms responsible for the actions of their employees? Or do individual members have distinct and independent responsibility separate from a group's actions? (2011-12-05)

Human see, human do
Scientists have discovered that a system in our brain which responds to actions we are watching, such as a dancer's delicate pirouette or a masterful martial arts move, reacts differently if we are also skilled at doing the move. The University College London (UCL) study, published in the latest online edition of Cerebral Cortex, may help in the rehabilitation of people whose motor skills are damaged by stroke, and suggests that athletes and dancers could continue to mentally train while they are physically injured. (2004-12-21)

Children under 3 can't learn action words from TV -- unless an adult helps
Using modified clips from the program (2009-09-15)

Canada-wide promotions encourage energy efficiency in the home
This fall, retailers, utilities, suppliers and manufacturers are making it easier than ever for Canadians to take action around the home to help meet the One-Tonne Challenge and reduce the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions that lead to climate change. (2005-09-19)

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