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NY State Department of Health AIDS Institute funds HIV/AIDS prevention in high-risk youth
NewYork-Presbyterian's Comprehensive Health Program and Project STAY, an initiative of the Harlem Heath Promotion Center (HHPC) at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health has received two grants totaling more than $3.75 million from the New York State Department of Health AIDS Institute for their continued efforts to prevent HIV/AIDS in at-risk youth. The funds will be disbursed over five years, starting July 1, for comprehensive health programs targeting at-risk populations in New York City. (2016-07-06)

New study shows HIV-infected women not using statins as recommended
A new study has shown that HIV-infected women do not use statins as recommended by the most recent guidelines. (2017-12-08)

Researchers date 'hibernating' HIV strains, advancing BC's leadership in HIV cure research
Researchers have developed a novel way for dating 'hibernating' HIV strains, in an advancement for HIV cure research. Published in the prestigious journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS' first major scientific contribution to the area of HIV cure research confirms that dormant HIV strains can persist in the body for decades. (2018-09-05)

Racial disparities in HIV control persist despite equal access to care
Researchers report that racial disparities in HIV control (viral load) exist even when patients have equal access to care, as shown in a study of black and white HIV-infected patients treated in the Veterans Administration (VA) health system. (2018-03-21)

Cost, coverage and more drive hearing aid inequality
A new study reveals gaps in whether older Americans get help for hearing loss -- gaps that vary greatly with age, race, education and income. In all, just over a third of those who said they have hearing loss use a hearing aid to correct it. But those who are non-Hispanic white, college-educated or have higher incomes were about twice as likely as those of other races, education levels or income ranges to have hearing aids. (2018-06-25)

Johns Hopkins AIDS expert says global strategy needed to combat 'feminization' of HIV/AIDS
A Johns Hopkins physician and scientist who has spent a quarter-century leading major efforts to combat HIV and AIDS worldwide has issued an urgent call for global strategies and resources to confront the rapid (2005-06-09)

Duke-led team develops more accurate tool to track new HIV infections
Researchers at the Duke Human Vaccine Institute have led an effort to develop a more accurate way to gauge the incidence of HIV infections in large populations, which will improve research and prevention strategies worldwide. (2017-12-21)

Decision-making tool fails to ease anxiety for families of life-support patients
Using a computer-based decision guide to plan treatment for a loved one on life support can help families feel less conflicted, but did not ease symptoms of depression, anxiety or post-traumatic stress, according to new research led by Duke Health. (2019-01-28)

Index that tracks impact of pharmaceuticals worldwide to relaunch, focus on more diseases
The Global Health Impact Index, developed by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York to rank pharmaceutical companies based on their drugs' impact on global health, is launching a new, more-robust model that addresses even more diseases worldwide. (2019-05-06)

The invisible US Hispanic/Latino HIV crisis: Addressing gaps in the national response
Vincent Guilamo-Ramos of New York University's Silver School of Social Work unpacks the alarming rate of HIV infections among Hispanics/Latinos, in American Journal of Public Health. (2019-11-14)

Developing a new vaccination strategy against AIDS
Infection researchers from the German Primate Center (DPZ) -- Leibniz Institute for Primate Research have in cooperation with international colleagues tested a new vaccination strategy against the HIV-related simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) in rhesus monkeys. For this, the researchers used a vaccine that consisted of two components. (2017-11-15)

Risks to babies of mothers with HIV from three antiretroviral regimens appear to be low
The risk for preterm birth and early infant death is similar for three antiretroviral drug regimens taken by pregnant women with HIV according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. (2018-04-25)

How AIDS conquered North America
A new technique that allowed researchers to analyze genetic material from serum samples of HIV patients taken before AIDS was known provides a glimpse of unprecedented detail into the beginnings of the AIDS epidemic in North America. The findings may lead to a better understanding of how pathogens move through populations and lead to more effective strategies against pathogens. (2016-10-26)

UM researcher finds link between crystal methamphetamine and immune changes in HIV
A researcher at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine has found that the use of stimulants, such as methamphetamine, can negatively affect the health of HIV-positive persons even when they are adhering to medical treatment. This study indicates that stimulants affect pathways in the immune system that allow HIV to become more active and could expand the reservoir. (2018-05-04)

New internet resource facilitates international HIV/AIDS healthcare provider training
A major barrier to access to care for HIV/AIDS patients in resource limited settings -- the lack of trained healthcare providers -- is now eased with the launch of an internet-based clinical training resource database. (2004-10-18)

Researchers Suggest New Disease Model May Some Day Lead To Effective Drugs ForHIV-Associated Dementia
Researchers have long believed that macrophages, the scavenger cells of the immune system, do not divide. (1998-06-05)

New bacterium discovered -- related to cause of trench fever
A close cousin of the bacterium that debilitated thousands of World War I soldiers has been isolated at UCSF from a patient who had been on an international vacation. The woman, who has since recovered, suffered from symptoms similar to malaria or typhoid fever, two infections that can occur in returning travelers. (2007-06-06)

Shared decision-making between patients and clinicians can result in better choices
As more and more older patients are offered advanced treatments for chronic diseases, including surgeries and implantable devices, new questions have arisen over how these decision are made. (2018-02-27)

Progress toward an HIV cure highlighted in special issue of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
A cure for HIV/AIDS is the ultimate goal of rapidly advancing research involving diverse and innovative approaches. A comprehensive collection of articles describing the broad scope and current status of this global effort is published in a special issue of AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses. (2016-02-17)

Durable end to the HIV/AIDS pandemic likely will require an HIV vaccine
Despite remarkable gains in the treatment and prevention of HIV infection, development of an effective HIV vaccine likely will be necessary to achieve a durable end to the HIV/AIDS pandemic, according to a new commentary from Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health. (2017-10-09)

Blindness, Kaposi's Sarcoma And Extraocular Complications Of CMV Are Delayed In AIDS Patients Given Antiviral Pill And Eye Implant
Simultaneously giving AIDS patients the antiviral ganciclovir via pill as well as in a tiny pellet implanted in the eye delays or prevents complications of cytomegalovirus say Daniel F. Martin, MD, during his presentation at the Sixth European Conference on Clinical Aspects and Treatment of HIV Infection. (1997-10-14)

HIV infection stems from few viruses
A new study reveals in unprecedented detail the genetic identity of versions of HIV responsible for sexual transmission. In 80 percent of the study's newly infected patients, a single HIV variant caused transmission, according to researchers at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. The detail provides important clues in the ongoing search for an effective HIV/AIDS vaccine. (2008-05-15)

Best tactical approach to handling patients with simultaneous parasitic and HIV infection
Cryptosporidiosis, a parasitic disease affecting the small intestine and possibly our airways, is a common cause of diarrhea in HIV-positive patients. Now Kazeem Oare Okosun from Vaal University of Technology in South Africa, together with colleagues from Pakistan and Nigeria, has developed a new model and numerical simulations to determine the optimal combination of prevention and treatment strategies for controlling both diseases in patients who have been co-infected. It is published in EPJ Plus. (2017-09-13)

HIV/AIDS research yields dividends across medical fields
Since the first cases of AIDS were reported in the United States 37 years ago, the National Institutes of Health has invested more than $69 billion in the understanding, treatment and prevention of HIV/AIDS. Beyond the development of life-saving medications and innovative prevention modalities, such research has led to numerous advances outside the HIV field, according to a new commentary from experts at NIH's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID). (2018-08-28)

HIV Infected Adults In UCSF Study Show Evidence Of Thymus Activity
Contrary to the widely held belief that the thymus -- an organ essential for producing competent immune cells -- is not functional in adulthood, researchers at the Gladstone Institute of Virology and Immunology have shown that half of the HIV-infected patients in a recent study appear to have substantial thymus function. (1998-06-03)

Managing the complexities and risks of HIV and tuberculosis coinfection
A new study identified a significant association between HIV infection and complexities of treating patients with tuberculosis coinfection. (2018-10-18)

NIAID Announces Funding For 12 Centers For AIDS Research
NIAID, along with five other NIH Institutes, has awarded more than $13 million for first-year funding for 12 Centers for AIDS Research across the United States. The grants will provide three to five years of continued support for the Centers, which are based at leading AIDS research institutions around the country. (1998-09-01)

Older people who use hearing aids still report hearing challenges
A high proportion of older people with hearing aids, especially those with lower incomes, report having trouble hearing and difficulty accessing hearing care services, according to a study from researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (2019-01-07)

Benefits of early antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected children
The initial findings of the ANRS CLEAC study coordinated by Pierre Frange (Hôpital Necker -- AP-HP), help define the immunological and virological benefits of early antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected children living in France. The results of this study will be presented by Florence Buseyne (Oncogenic Virus Epidemiology & Pathophysiology Team -- Institut Pasteur) this Wednesday, July 25 at the 22nd International AIDS Conference (AIDS 2018) being held in Amsterdam from July 23 to 26, 2018. (2018-07-25)

Yerkes researchers find clues to AIDS resistance in sooty mangabey genome
Peaceful co-existence, rather than war: that's how sooty mangabeys, a monkey species found in West Africa, handle infection by SIV, a relative of HIV, and avoid developing AIDS-like disease. (2018-01-03)

What is the real link between bacterial vaginosis and HIV risk in women?
An international team of researchers presents a comprehensive and renewed focus on the common, yet poorly understood condition of bacterial vaginosis (BV) and how the microbial make-up of the vagina can affect a woman's risk of acquiring HIV and AIDS. (2019-03-15)

E-cigarette regulations may affect their effectiveness for smoking cessation
A study published today in the journal Nicotine & Tobacco Research, reveals that regulations on electronic cigarettes (ECs) may impact their effectiveness as a cessation tool. This study might help explain some of the mixed results on the effectiveness of ECs that has been published in the literature. (2017-04-05)

New research could help build better hearing aids
Scientists at Binghamton University, State University of New York want to improve sensor technology critical to billions of devices made every year. With a three-year, $359,958 grant from the National Science Foundation, they will start by making a high-performance sensor and applying it to hearing aids. (2016-10-19)

People trying quit smoking don't always focus on tobacco cessation
Fifty percent of statements made by smokers during counseling sessions designed to help them stop have nothing to do with quitting, a UBC study has found. The study, which focused on conversations smoking cessation counselors in the United Kingdom had with their clients, also found the 50 percent of statements that did relate to quitting mostly focused on medical aids such as smoking cessation drugs, nicotine patches or inhalers. (2016-10-25)

New HIV diagnoses at high levels in the European Region but progress in EU
With nearly 160,000 new HIV diagnoses, 2017 marked another year of alarming numbers of HIV diagnoses in the WHO European Region. Encouragingly, the overall increasing trend is not as steep as before. The eastern part of the Region recorded over 130,000 new HIV diagnoses, the highest number ever. In contrast, the EU/EEA countries reported a decline in rates, mainly driven by a 20 percent decrease since 2015 among men who have sex with men. (2018-11-28)

Researchers may have discovered where HIV takes refuge during antiretroviral treatment
An international team led by Professor Jerome Estaquier from Universite Laval's Faculty of Medicine may have discovered where in the body HIV takes refuge during antiretroviral treatment. Research conducted using an animal model indicates that the virus may hide in lymph nodes in the spleen and gut. The researchers believe those lymph nodes are the staging ground from which the virus prepares to relaunch the infection after treatment has stopped. (2019-12-02)

New antibody analysis accelerates rational vaccine design
''We can now watch antibody responses evolve almost in real time,'' says Lars Hangartner, Ph.D., a Scripps Research associate professor. (2018-08-08)

T cells alone are sufficient to establish and maintain HIV infection in the brain
A new study by University of North Carolina School of Medicine researchers has found that T cells, a type of white blood cell and an essential part of the immune system, are sufficient by themselves to establish and maintain an HIV infection in the brain. (2018-06-04)

Hearing aid use associated with lower likelihood of hospitalization, emergency department visit
Older adults with hearing loss who used hearing aids were less likely to be hospitalized or have an emergency department visit and they had lower total Medicare costs, although their out-of-pocket health care expenses were higher. (2018-04-26)

Administration budget proposal undermined by concurrent cuts
The White House budget proposal for 2020 recommends increases to the domestic HIV programs at the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Health Resources and Services Administration and Indian Health Services that will be essential to keeping the administration's promise of ending our nation's HIV epidemic in the next decade. (2019-03-12)

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