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Neuronal research: The brain needs to feel the beat
How do the eyes (2000-07-19)

Antenatal HIV
South Africa's Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission Program has severe shortcomings that could be doing more harm than good. HIV patients are missing out on opportunities to receive a key intervention -- namely the nevirapine tablet -- according to a study published in the online open access journal AIDS Research and Therapy. (2007-11-21)

Noted UCSF researcher to argue innate immune system plays vital role in fighting HIV
A debate between leading AIDS researchers on the role of the immune system in HIV infection will highlight the plenary sessions at the upcoming XIII International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa (July 9-14). (2000-07-06)

Study: Directly observed HIV therapy for children is promising
The first study in the developing world of directly observed antiretroviral therapy for HIV-infected children shows this form of treatment is an inexpensive, effective way to ensure that children take life-saving medications. Researchers at the Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, together with Maryknoll, the international Catholic charity, conducted the study. Results are published in the June issue of the American Journal of Public Health. (2007-05-31)

Global theme issue on poverty and human development
Four Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. journals are participating in the Global Theme Issue on Poverty and Human Development, a special worldwide publishing event on Oct. 22, 2007, to raise awareness and stimulate dialogue to address poverty and human development. The Council of Science Editors has organized this unique simultaneous publication event with the participation of key journals throughout the world, including those published by Mary Ann Liebert, Inc. (2007-10-22)

HIV/AIDS impact on education intensifies economic downfall
The economic decline caused by the HIV/AIDS epidemic in one of Africa's hardest hit sub-Saharan countries, Mozambique, may translate into even more dramatic losses as the disease takes a toll on education, according to a World Bank report by a Purdue University agricultural economist. (2002-02-05)

End AIDS drug waiting lists, HIV care providers tell policymakers
The nation's frontline HIV medical providers are calling for an end to waiting lists for essential anti-AIDS drugs that patients need in order to live. (2005-03-08)

Fly gut's 'sticky spot' for leishmaniasis parasite
Insect-borne parasites usually like to (2004-10-28)

Study offers insights about development of the human immune system
A UCSF study has found that a surprisingly high number of maternal cells enters the fetus during pregnancy, prompting the generation of special immune cells in the fetus that suppress a response against the mother. (2008-12-04)

Study: Infected people need not carry AIDS virus long before passing it on
People who contract HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, can pass that virus on to others within a week or two of picking it up themselves, a new study conducted at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and in Switzerland shows. (2001-10-16)

The Lancet: Causes of death shifting in people with HIV
HIV-positive adults in high income countries face a substantially reduced risk of death from AIDS-related causes, cardiovascular disease, and liver disease compared with a decade ago, according to a large international study published in The Lancet. (2014-07-17)

UCSF researchers call for shift in HIV prevention priorities
HIV prevention resources are not allocated in the most cost- effective fashion say UCSF researchers. Funding is disproportionately allocated towards preventing heterosexual transmission although HIV infection among heterosexuals appears to be falling, and rates of HIV infection for men who have sex with men have remain stable and may be increasing. (2000-10-26)

News Backgrounder: Rebuilding The Immune System Through Thymus Transplants"
In an experimental treatment, doctors at Duke University Medical Center will implant thin slices of thymus tissue into eight AIDS patient volunteers, in an effort to rev up their floundering immune systems (1996-04-29)

Substantial survival increase after highly active antiretroviral therapy for HIV-1 infection
Research published in this week's issue of The Lancet highlights the substantial increased survival for people with HIV-1 since the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in 1997. However the study also shows a shift in risk profiles compared with earlier data-people over 45 years no longer appear to have reduced survival compared with younger people, and individuals who acquire HIV-1 infection from injecting drug use have mortality rates four times greater than infection acquired from homosexual contact. (2003-10-16)

$9M NIH grant renewal awarded to Case Western Reserve/UHCMC Center for AIDS Research
The Case Western Reserve University/University Hospitals Case Medical Center Center for AIDS Research (CFAR) announced today it has received a five-year renewal grant from the National Institutes of Health for $9 million. The CFAR provides clinical and technological support to researchers working on HIV-related projects at Case Western Reserve, University Hospital Case Medical Center, MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland Clinic and several international sites. (2010-07-21)

Project aims to improve HIV/AIDS prevention materials for African-American women
African-American women make up a disproportionate number of HIV/AIDS cases in the United States. Researchers from North Carolina State University are trying to change that, leading a National Science Foundation project aimed at developing HIV/AIDS prevention materials that resonate with African-American female college students. (2012-02-23)

Young gay men experience high rates of anti-gay violence and harassment
A UCSF study of gay and bisexual young men in Phoenix, Austin, and Albuquerque found that during a six-month period, over a third reported experiencing anti-gay harassment, 5 percent reported anti-gay violence and 11 percent reported anti-gay discrimination. (2004-06-29)

Dendritic cell-based vaccination to prevent opportunistic fungal infections
Because HIV depletes the population of CD4+ T cells, AIDS patients and others with immunosuppressive conditions are in a poor position to mount a protective response to vaccines. The absence of T cell help is particularly troublesome because of the opportunistic infections that are common among these patients. (2001-11-14)

Lack of political will and the subordination of women are major barriers to tackling AIDS
Denial, myths, complacency, lack of political will and the subordination of women are major obstacles in the fight against HIV and AIDS. Paper by leading expert Professor Lars Kallings provides a detailed and often controversial analysis of the last 25 years, including political and religious barriers, conspiracy theories and key medical advances. (2008-02-21)

2020 vision of vaccines for malaria, TB and HIV/AIDS
Seattle BioMed Director Alan Aderem, Ph.D., along with Rino Rappuoli, Ph.D., Global Head of Vaccines Research for Novartis Vaccines & Diagnostics, discuss recent advances in vaccine development. New tools including systems biology and structure-based antigen design could lead to a deeper understanding of mechanisms of protection and illuminate the path to rational vaccine development to lift the burden of the world's most devastating infectious diseases. (2011-05-25)

UC Davis to develop center for AIDS research to address emerging aids epidemic in north-central California
With a $2.25 million grant from the National Institutes of Health, Evans is leading the effort to develop the North-Central California Center for AIDS Research to address all aspects of HIV infection, from the laboratory bench to community outreach. (2001-11-13)

Reduction in HIV-1 incidence among rural Ugandans gives hope to other African countries
A study in this week's issue of THE LANCET highlights a reduction in both HIV-1 incidence (the number of new cases) and prevalence (the number of cases in the population) from the beginning to the end of the past decade among a rural Ugandan population. Authors of the study conclude that the results could offer hope for other sub-Saharan countries where the HIV-1 infection rate remains high. (2002-07-04)

Indiana University scientist works to detach protein that HIV uses as protective shield
One of the frustrations for scientists working on HIV/AIDS treatments has been the human immunodeficiency virus' ability to evade the body's immune system. Now an Indiana University researcher has discovered a compound that could help put the immune system back in the hunt. (2012-02-13)

Progressor chimpanzees could reveal mechanism for resisting AIDS
Three HIV-positive chimpanzees that are progressing to AIDS could provide insight into how the disease develops and might be averted, according to research conducted at the Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center of Emory University and published in the October issue (Vol. 182, No. 4) of The Journal of Infectious Diseases. (2000-09-12)

Hearing the words beneath the noise
Professor Miriam Furst-Yust of TAU's School of Electrical Engineering has developed a new software application to improve the noise-filtering abilities of hearing aids and cochlear implants. (2009-08-05)

Fine-tuning lasers to destroy blood-borne diseases like AIDS
Physicists in Arizona State University have designed a revolutionary laser technique which can destroy viruses and bacteria such as AIDS without damaging human cells and may also help reduce the spread of hospital infections such as MRSA. (2007-11-01)

Structure of HIV-neutralizing antibody solved
A team of researchers whose leaders are funded by the National Institutes of Health has solved the structure of an antibody that is able to neutralize HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. (2003-06-26)

Sopcawind, a multidisciplinary tool for designing wind farms
The SOPCAWIND tool is a piece of software that facilitates the design of wind farms, bearing in mind not only the aspects of energy productivity but also the possible impact the wind farm. The EWEA 2014 Annual Event, the most important trade fair in Europe in the area of wind energy, was the framework in which the SOPCAWIND software tool was presented recently, and in which the UPV/EHU's Signal Processing and Radiocommunications Group participated. (2014-06-10)

SFU Molecular Biologist Pursues 'Promising' New Way To Fight Disease
Simon Fraser University molecular biologist Jamie Scott's quest for a new way to vaccinate against disease, including AIDS, has won her a $96,000 (Cdn) grant from the Medical Research Council of Canada and, more recently, a $150,000 (U.S.) grant from the National Institutes of Health's AIDS Innovation Grant program for approaches in HIV vaccine research. (1998-11-19)

Discovery may shed light on why some HIV-positive patients have more virus
Biologists at UC San Diego have unraveled the anti-viral mechanism of a human gene that may explain why some people infected with HIV have much higher amounts of virus in their bloodstreams than others. (2012-09-23)

Investigational drug may protect cancer and AIDS patients from side effects of pain relief therapy
A drug developed to relieve one of the major side effects of pain therapy for cancer patients may offer an added benefit for AIDS patients. Methylnaltrexone (MNTX) was invented to reverse the constipation caused by opioid-based pain relievers taken by patients with cancer or AIDS. This laboratory study found that MNTX blocked increases in HIV entry and replication that occur when immune cells are exposed to therapeutic doses of morphine. (2003-10-14)

UCSF Researchers Investigate Mystery Of People Who Remain Uninfected With HIV Despite Multiple Exposures To The Virus
People repeatedly exposed to HIV but not infected may have some kind of immune protection that allows their cells to resist invasion by the virus. (1998-07-01)

Garlic supplements can impede HIV medication
Researchers have found garlic supplements can cause a potentially harmful side effect when combined with a type of medication used to treat HIV/AIDS. Investigators from the National Institutes of Health (NIH) observed that garlic supplements sharply reduced blood levels of the anti-HIV drug saquinavir. The study results appear this week in an on-line edition of Clinical Infectious Diseases. (2001-12-05)

World AIDS Day program shows how AIDS affects its smallest victims in AIDS Orphans: Lost Childhood
AIDS Orphans: Lost Childhood documents the lives of South African children who are either preparing to lose or have already lost their parents to AIDS. The program focuses on the stories of young children from two separate families who are left to survive alone in horrible living conditions with hardly any food. These children are forced to forego their childhood and become adults overnight with little time to grieve the loss of their parents. (2003-11-18)

Magnetic Hearing Aid Could Open New "Window" For Hearing Impaired
Imagine an invisible hearing aid that never squeals with feedback and digitally enhances speech while silencing background noise. Such a device is under development and has been tested in animals with encouraging results. (1998-09-11)

Chronic depression hastens disease progression and mortality among women with HIV
Women who are HIV-positive and depressed are twice as likely to die as women who are HIV-positive but experiencing limited or no depressive symptoms. Despite depression being more prevalent among women than men, the Yale study is believed to be the first to report an association between depression and morbidity and mortality for women with HIV. The study also showed women with more advanced HIV disease were particularly vulnerable to the effects of depression. (2001-03-20)

Study details strategy for boosting ranks of black HIV/AIDS researchers
African Americans comprise 13 percent of the US population, but 49 percent of the newly diagnosed HIV/AIDS cases. Yet there are very few black AIDS researchers. A new UCLA study outlines a strategy to bring more African-Americans into the field. (2009-03-31)

India continues to progress in AIDS vaccine development efforts
A second Phase I AIDS vaccine clinical trial in India was successfully completed, the Indian Council of Medical Research, the National AIDS Control Organization and the International AIDS Vaccine Initiative announced. The results of the trial of an MVA-based AIDS vaccine candidate (TBC-M4), which was conducted in Chennai, indicated that the vaccine candidate had acceptable levels of safety and was well-tolerated. (2008-08-16)

'Overcoming inequality: women and HIV-an international imperative' is focus for international women's day symposium on March 8th
The UCSF AIDS Research Institute will sponsor a symposium addressing the need to consider gender inequality and to incorporate both economic and educational initiatives for women into efforts to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS. (2001-03-01)

Researchers and clinicians unite to answer what will it take to achieve an AIDS-free world?
Since the onset of the AIDS pandemic more than three decades ago, researchers from the lab and physicians in the clinic have been working toward one shared goal: an AIDS-free world. This week, a conference hosted by the journals Cell and The Lancet brought leading researchers and clinicians together to discuss recent findings that could bring hope to the estimated 35 million people world-wide who live with HIV. (2013-11-06)

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