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Realistic training for extreme flight conditions
Missions at sea, in mountainous regions or close to skyscrapers are extremely risky for helicopter pilots. The turbulent air flows near oil rigs, ships, cliffs and tall buildings can throw a helicopter off balance and cause a crash. To provide pilots with optimal preparation for these challenging conditions, engineers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are developing new simulation software. (2016-12-27)

Putting hybrid-electric aircraft performance to the test
Although hybrid-electric cars are becoming commonplace, similar technology applied to airplanes comes with significantly different challenges. University of Illinois aerospace engineers are addressing some of them toward the development of a more sustainable alternative to fossil fuels to power airplanes. (2018-11-27)

UTA aerospace engineering graduate first to flight test UAV with mass-actuated controls
A recently graduated University of Texas at Arlington student is the first person to successfully flight test an unmanned aerial vehicle that uses moving weights in its wings instead of traditional control surfaces or ailerons to turn. (2016-08-02)

Bees and cuckoos will bring savings to airlines
The flight routes of passenger aircraft are generally well established. In practice, unforeseen factors, mainly related to the weather, often force pilots to cover more kilometers than anticipated. A Polish-Colombian team of scientists and engineers, inspired by the behavior of insects and birds, has developed software that allows real-time rational modification of flight routes. As a result, it was possible to achieve measurable savings, both financial and with regard to environmental protection. (2018-04-18)

Wing shape helps swifts glide through storms, study suggests
They are among nature's best fliers, spending most of their time in flight ... now scientists have shed new light on how swifts can glide with ease, whatever the weather. (2017-08-23)

Airplanes make clouds brighter
Clouds may have a net warming or cooling effect on climate. In a cloudless sky the thin clouds formed due to aircraft effluent are thought to have minimal effect on climate. But what happens when the sky is cloudy? In a study published in Nature Communications, scientists show that contrails formed within existing high clouds increase the clouds ability to reflect light. This discovery may offer insights into the influence of aviation on climate. (2016-06-22)

Montana State laser technology could help Yellowstone battle invasive trout
A laser-based sensor developed by electrical engineering professor Joe Shaw has been shown to be effective at locating non-native lake trout, which Yellowstone National Park managers remove in an attempt to reverse the decline of native cutthroat trout. (2018-05-21)

University of Florida professor designs plasma-propelled flying saucer
Flying saucers may soon be more fact than mere science fiction. (2008-06-11)

Aluminum is the new steel: NUST MISIS scientists made it stronger than ever before
Aluminum is one of the most promising materials for aeronautics and automobile industry. Scientists from the National University of Science and Technology 'MISIS' found a simple and efficient way of strengthening aluminum-based composite materials. Doping aluminum melt with nickel and lanthanum, scientists managed to create a material combining benefits of both composite materials and standard alloys: flexibility, strength, lightness. The article on the research is published in Materials Letters. (2019-05-24)

New Delft material concept for aircraft wings could save billions
Building aircraft wings with a special aluminium fiber combination makes them nearly immune to metal fatigue. The application of this technology, partly developed at Delft University of Technology, will lead to substantial savings. The unusual qualities of this special material can make a significant contribution to the development of truly energy-efficient, 'green' aircraft. Lower fuel consumption and reduction of maintenance costs could lead to worldwide savings as high as $100 billion. (2007-09-26)

Fitter frames: Nanotubes boost structural integrity of composites
Professor Nikhil Koratkar of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has demonstrated that incorporating chemically treated carbon nanotubes into an epoxy composite can significantly improve the overall toughness, fatigue resistance and durability of a composite frame. The discovery could lead to tougher, more durable composite frames for aircraft, watercraft and automobiles. (2009-03-26)

ACR statement on airport full-body scanners and radiation
Amid concerns regarding terrorists targeting airliners using weapons less detectable by traditional means, the Transportation Security Administration is ramping up deployment of whole body scanners at security checkpoints in US airports. These systems produce anatomically accurate images of the body and can detect objects and substances concealed by clothing. (2010-01-06)

White-knuckle atmospheric science takes flight
University of Toronto Mississauga physicist Kent Moore flies head-on into hurricane-force winds off the southern tip of Greenland. (2007-02-19)

NASA's Aqua satellite sees Hurricane Michael strengthening
Hurricane Michael continued strengthening while moving north-northwestward over the southeastern Gulf of Mexico as NASA's Aqua satellite provided infrared and visible imagery of the storm. (2018-10-09)

Novel technique expands industrial use of advanced high-strength steel alloys
Brazilian researcher develops innovative method of laser welding at high temperatures that enhances properties of AHS steel for applications in automotive and aerospace industries (2017-12-18)

New polymer manufacturing process saves 10 orders of magnitude of energy
Makers of cars, planes, buses -- anything that needs strong, lightweight and heat resistant parts -- are poised to benefit from a new manufacturing process that requires only a quick touch from a small heat source to send a cascading hardening wave through a polymer. Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed a new polymer-curing process that could reduce the cost, time and energy needed, compared with the current manufacturing process. (2018-05-09)

Mainz scientists identify enzyme responsible for vascular damage caused by aircraft noise
In a recent study, scientists at the Department of Cardiology at the University Medical Center of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) have identified an enzyme responsible for aircraft-related vascular damage. The researchers were also able to show that night-time noise has a particularly harmful effect and thus demand that night-time sleep be protected from noise. (2018-06-14)

The cause of low-level turbulence around Hong Kong International Airport
The occurrence of low-level turbulence around Hong Kong International Airport, which can influence the landing and departure of aircraft and is closely related to aviation safety, is an important topic of study. By utilizing the Doppler Light Detection and Range (LIDAR) system at HKIA and radiosonde data at King's Park Meteorological Station, it was found that the possibility of turbulence occurrence is related to the strength of southerly winds. (2018-03-12)

Mini antimatter accelerator could rival the likes of the Large Hadron Collider
Researchers have found a way to accelerate antimatter in a 1000x smaller space than current accelerators, boosting the science of exotic particles. (2018-08-09)

Research tests speed of drones in responding to medical emergency scenarios
Could drones be used someday to deliver life-saving medications or interventions in the case of a child's emergency, a drug overdose or in response to a mass casualty scene? According to new research presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2019 National Conference & Exhibition, it's an idea worth exploring. (2019-10-25)

Carbon fiber can store energy in the body of a vehicle
A study led by Chalmers University of Technology, Sweden, has shown that carbon fibers can work as battery electrodes, storing energy directly. This opens up new opportunities for structural batteries, where the carbon fiber becomes part of the energy system. The use of this type of multifunctional material can contribute to a significant weight-reduction in the aircraft and vehicles of the future -- a key challenge for electrification. (2018-10-18)

UAV aircrafts provide new insights into the formation of the smallest particles in Arctic
Investigations of the atmosphere by means of unmanned mini-airplanes can contribute significantly to the investigation of the causes of Arctic climate change, as they provide an insight into ground-level air layers that are not monitored by other measuring stations. This is the conclusion drawn by a German research team from current measurements that have just taken place on Spitsbergen. (2018-06-01)

New study shows animals may get used to drones
A new study in Conservation Physiology shows that over time, bears get used to drones. Previous work indicated that animals behave fearfully or show a stress response near drone flights. Using heart monitors to gauge stress, however, researchers here found that bears habituated to drones over a 3 to 4-week period and remained habituated. (2019-01-15)

UAV performs first ever perched landing using machine learning algorithms
The very first unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) to perform a perched landing using machine learning algorithms has been developed in partnership with the University of Bristol and BMT Defence Services. The revolutionary development of a fixed wing aircraft that can land in a small or confined space has the potential to significantly impact intelligence-gathering and the delivery of aid in a humanitarian disaster. (2017-01-11)

New mathematical tool can select the best sensors for the job
In the 2019 Boeing 737 Max crash, the recovered black box from the aftermath hinted that a failed pressure sensor may have caused the ill-fated aircraft to nose dive. This incident and others have fueled a larger debate on sensor selection, number and placement to prevent the reoccurrence of such tragedies. Texas A&M University researchers have now developed a comprehensive mathematical framework that can help engineers make informed decisions about which sensors to use. (2020-09-17)

Better regional monitoring of CO2 needed as global levels continue rising
Monitoring Earth's rising greenhouse gas levels will require a global data collection network 10 times larger than the one currently in place in order to quantify regional progress in emission reductions, according to a new research commentary by University of Colorado and NOAA researchers appearing in the April 25 issue of Science. (2008-04-24)

Eye-in-the-sky to save olive trees
A devastating and fast-spreading infection killing olive trees and grapevines around the world can now be detected from the air, long before symptoms are visible to the human eye. (2018-06-25)

New electrodes could increase efficiency of electric vehicles and aircraft
The rise in popularity of electric vehicles and aircraft presents the possibility of moving away from fossil fuels toward a more sustainable future. While significant technological advancements have dramatically increased the efficiency of these vehicles, there are still several issues standing in the way of widespread adoption. (2019-11-22)

New satellite image of volcanic ash cloud
This image, acquired today by ESA's Envisat satellite, shows the vast cloud of volcanic ash sweeping across the UK from the eruption in Iceland, more than 1,000 km away. (2010-04-15)

Fabric the reinforcer
Scientists from NUST MISIS have tested experimental composite materials for aircraft brakes. New materials, reinforced by carbon 'fabric', have turned out to be far more durable than the current analogues. As a result of testing, the scientists developed recommendations to improve the fracture toughness of both existing and developed composite materials for braking systems, which in the long term can improve the reliability and safety of aircraft operation and reduce maintenance costs. (2019-02-19)

Structures near airports increase risk of airplane-goose collisions
From mid-November 2015 through February 2016, scientists used GPS transmitters to track the movements of Canada geese near Midway International Airport in Chicago. They discovered that -- in the colder months, at least -- some geese are hanging out on rooftops, in a rail yard and in a canal close to Midway's runways. This behavior increases the danger of collisions between geese and airplanes, the researchers say. (2019-11-21)

Spinning plant waste into carbon fiber for cars, planes
Using plants and trees to make products such as paper or ethanol leaves behind a residue called lignin. That leftover lignin isn't good for much and often gets burned or tossed into landfills. Now, researchers report transforming lignin into carbon fiber to produce a lower-cost material strong enough to build car or aircraft parts. The researchers are presenting their results at the 254th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society. (2017-08-23)

Aircraft microbiome much like that of homes and offices, study finds
What does flying in a commercial airliner have in common with working at the office or relaxing at home? According to a new study, the answer is the microbiome -- the community of bacteria found in homes, offices and aircraft cabins. (2018-06-06)

How to ice-proof the next generation of aircraft
To prevent ice formation on aircraft during flight, current systems utilize the heat generated by burning fuel, but these high-temperature, fuel-dependent systems cannot be used on the proposed all-electric, temperature-sensitive materials of next-generation aircraft. As some scientists search for new anti-icing methods, some have taken a different approach. They've published evidence in Physics of Fluids showing that equipment important in controlling landing and takeoff can double-up as icing control. It depends on plasma actuators. (2019-04-01)

Unclassified version of new report predicts small drone threats to infantry units
The emergence of inexpensive small unmanned aircraft systems (sUASs) that operate without a human pilot, commonly known as drones, has led to adversarial groups threatening deployed U.S. forces, especially infantry units. (2018-03-06)

US military consumes more hydrocarbons than most countries -- massive hidden impact on climate
Research by social scientists from Durham University and Lancaster University shows the US military is one of the largest climate polluters in history, consuming more liquid fuels and emitting more CO2e (carbon-dioxide equivalent) than most countries. (2019-06-19)

Noise throws the heart out of rhythm
With an increasing level of noise, the incidence of atrial fibrillation also increases dramatically. Scientists at the Mainz University Medical Center found that the incidence of atrial fibrillation in subjects with extreme noise annoyance reactions increases to 23 percent, compared to just 15 percent without this environmental impact. Looking at the proportion of sources of extreme noise pollution, aircraft noise came first with 84 percent during the day and 69 percent during sleep. (2018-05-03)

UW scientist to lead upcoming NASA field study of East Coast snowstorms
To better understand large, disruptive snowstorms, a University of Washington atmospheric scientist will lead a NASA field campaign studying major East Coast snowstorms beginning Jan. 15. She will present the field campaign this week at the AGU Fall Meeting in San Francisco. (2019-12-10)

Reading the minds of pilots on the fly
Wearable brain monitoring sensors allowed researchers to measure cognitive workload while aircraft pilots completed memory tasks. (2018-05-21)

FIST2FAC: The future of Navy combat training?
The Office of Naval Research recently demonstrated new and improved training technology at the Fleet Integrated Synthetic Training/Testing Facility (FIST2FAC) on Ford Island, Hawaii. (2016-04-11)

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