Popular Anterior Cruciate Ligament News and Current Events

Popular Anterior Cruciate Ligament News and Current Events, Anterior Cruciate Ligament News Articles.
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Provide stroke patients with palliative care support minus the label
When caring for stroke patients, health care providers should focus on the social and emotional issues facing patients, rather than only physical rehabilitation, according to a new study published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2018-03-05)

Grandmother, what bad eyes you have!
Senior citizens living in retirement homes often lack adequate ophthalmological care, according to a study by Luisa Thederan and co-authors published in the current issue of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. Almost 21 percent of the surveyed residents were last seen by an ophthalmologist more than five years ago, while 39.9 percent were unable to provide any information about past ophthalmological examinations. (2016-05-31)

Neural connectivity dictates altruistic behavior
A new study suggests that the specific alignment of neural networks in the brain dictates whether a person's altruism was motivated by selfish or altruistic behavior. (2016-03-03)

Ibuprofen better choice over oral morphine for pain relief in children after minor surgery
Widely available ibuprofen is a better choice for pain relief in children who have undergone minor orthopedic outpatient surgery, as it has fewer adverse effects compared with oral morphine, according to results from a clinical trial published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2017-10-10)

Could handheld electronic devices contribute to carpal tunnel syndrome?
In a study of 48 university students, intensive users of electronic devices reported more wrist/hand pain than non-intensive users. (2017-06-21)

Researchers identify technique that improves ACL surgery
Surgeons from Hospital for Special Surgery have identified a drilling technique that improves the outcome of surgery to reconstruct the anterior cruciate ligament. The news will be presented during the annual meeting of the American Orthopedic Society for Sports Medicine, June 9-12, in Keystone. Colo. (2009-07-09)

The memory part of the brain may also hold clues for anxiety and depression
New research finds that the hippocampus may yield important clues for a range of mental health illnesses including addition, anxiety and depression. (2018-04-13)

When we sign, we build phrases with similar neural mechanisms as when we speak
Differences between signed and spoken languages are significant, yet the underlying neural processes we use to create complex expressions are quite similar for both, a team of researchers has found. (2018-04-03)

ADHD drugs increase brain glutamate, predict positive emotion in healthy people
The findings by Brown University scientists offer clues about how misused drugs affect healthy brains and hint at an undiscovered link between glutamate and mood. (2018-03-14)

The anatomy of pain
Emotions consist of general components that are also elicited by similar impressions and specific components. (2016-03-23)

Study links fox domestication to gene activity in the pituitary gland
A study of foxes offers new insights into the brain changes that occur in wild canids as they become more tame, researchers report. The study links fox domestication to changes in gene activity in the pituitary gland, a brain center that kicks out hormones to regulate various bodily functions, including the stress response. (2018-02-14)

Callous and unemotional traits show in brain structure of boys only
Callous-unemotional traits are linked to differences in brain structure in boys, but not girls. This reports a European research team led by the University of Basel and University of Basel Psychiatric Hospital in a study on brain development in 189 adolescents. The journal Neuroimage: Clinical has published the results. (2017-12-27)

Heavy alcohol use changes adolescents' brain
Heavy alcohol use during adolescence alters the development of brain, according to a recent study from the University of Eastern Finland and Kuopio University Hospital. Cortical thinning was observable in young people who had been heavy drinkers throughout their adolescence. (2016-12-08)

Metastatic movements in 3-D
Caswell et al. report in the Journal of Cell Biology how the altered behavior of integrins can prompt metastatic movement in tumor cells. (2008-10-06)

Do differences in anatomy matter for achieving orgasm?
A recent review of the medical literature reveals that differences in anatomy may help explain why some individuals experience orgasms more successfully than others. (2016-04-07)

Why are women more prone to knee injuries than men?
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have found that women who take the birth control pill, which lessen and stabilize estrogen levels, were less likely to suffer serious knee injuries. The findings are currently available in Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, the official journal of the American College of Sports Medicine. (2016-03-18)

Brain circuit helps us learn by watching others
MIT researchers have identified a brain circuit required to learn by watching others. This circuit, which is distinct from the brain network used to learn from firsthand experiences, relies on input from a part of the brain responsible for interpreting social cues. (2018-05-03)

Polio-like disease in children
In Germany in the summer and autumn of 2016, several cases of illness in children were observed that were accompanied by acute flaccid paralysis. In an article in the current issue of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International, Johannes Hübner et al. describe this disease on the basis of two case reports. (2017-09-08)

High school athletes with shoulder instability benefit from nonoperative treatment
Nonoperative treatment of high school athletes with shoulder instability is an effective approach, according to research presented today at the American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine's Specialty Day in New Orleans. Researchers also noted that using the Non-Operative Instability Severity Score (NSIS) tool can help identify higher-risk patients who may require other forms of treatment. (2018-03-10)

Patients with Medicaid have limited access to physical therapy in Massachusetts
Patients with Medicaid in Massachusetts have limited access to reimbursable physical therapy (PT) after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction surgery, according to a new study. (2018-04-05)

How education may stave off cognitive decline
Prefrontal brain regions linked to higher educational attainment are characterized by increased expression of genes involved in neurotransmission and immunity, finds a study of healthy older adults published in JNeurosci. The identified genes and molecular pathways could provide insight into factors that help keep the brain sharp in old age. (2019-04-08)

Blood flow altered in brains of preterm newborns vs. full-term infants
Cerebral blood flow of key regions of newborns' brains is altered in very premature infants and may provide an early warning sign of disturbed brain maturation well before such injury is visible on conventional imaging, according to a prospective, observational study published Dec. 4, 2017 in The Journal of Pediatrics. (2017-12-04)

The high price of the nocebo effect
People receiving an inert treatment believed they experienced more severe adverse side effects when the dummy drug was labeled as expensive, scientists report. (2017-10-05)

Bone marrow edema in lower spine is common in young athletes
New research indicates that young recreational and elite athletes commonly accumulate excess fluid in the bone marrow around the joint that connects the spine with the pelvis. (2018-03-13)

Low-intensity ultrasound can change decision-making process in the brain, research shows
This is a peer-reviewed empirical study conducted in animals (macaque monkeys) The study shows how low-intensity ultrasonic waves can be used to generate or suppress electrical signals in the brain, modulating normal brain function. The process is reversible. This study applies to counterfactual thinking, and does not suggest you can directly change someone's personality (2019-04-15)

Youth soccer coaches can prevent injuries with just 90 minutes of training
Professional preventive training programs can be expensive and difficult to implement. A new study shows that when coaches receive even a small amount of education about preventive training, they can be as effective as professional athletic trainers at mitigating poor movement behavior and preventing injury in young soccer athletes. (2017-02-08)

Though most prolapse surgeries regress over time, symptoms remain improved
A Duke-led study publishing April 17 in the Journal of the American Medical Association followed women for five years after two common prolapse surgeries and found failure rates for both procedures were equally high, at over 60 percent. (2018-04-17)

Reorganization of brain outputs in deaf cats
Cats deaf from an early age have increased outgoing connections from the auditory cortex to a midbrain region responsible for directing the animal to a particular location in its environment. The study, published in JNeurosci, is the first to examine the reorganization of outputs from the sensory cortex following hearing loss. (2018-04-02)

Brain activity can predict success of depression treatment
McLean Hospital and Harvard Medical School researchers believe they have uncovered a method that could be useful in predicting a depressed patient's treatment prognosis, prior to starting treatment. (2018-04-11)

Studying altruism through virtual reality
This new study -- published in the journal Neuropsychologia -- immersed participants in a virtual environment that reproduced a building on fire which they had to evacuate in a hurry, deciding whether to save their lives or help rescue an injured person. The results showed that altruistic individuals self-reported to have greater concern for others' well being and had larger right anterior insula (a brain area involved in processing social emotions) compared to non-altruists. (2017-03-08)

Study finds 2.6 percent mortality rate among children hospitalized for stroke
A major international study has found that 2.6 percent of infants and children hospitalized for stroke die in the hospital. (2018-06-04)

Brain activity cautions against buying stocks
Despite long-term profit expectations, many Germans shy away from investing their money in supposedly riskier forms of investment. Why? Together with colleagues from the USA and Switzerland, scientists at the University of Bonn have now developed a model that makes real-life stock buying behavior comprehensible for the first time. The researchers combined socioeconomic, psychological and neuroscientific data in an innovative way. The results will now be presented in the journal ''Scientific Reports''. (2018-07-25)

Improvements in ACL surgery may help prevent knee osteoarthritis
Injury to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) in the knee frequently leads to early-onset osteoarthritis, a painful condition that can occur even if the patient has undergone ACL reconstruction to prevent its onset. (2017-02-21)

Thank brain for gratitude
A brain network that gives rise to feelings of gratitude has been uncovered in new research published in JNeurosci. The study could spur future investigations into how these 'building blocks' transform social information into complex emotions. (2018-05-07)

Some radiation okay for expectant mother and fetus
During pregnancy, approximately 5 to 8 percent of women sustain traumatic injuries, including fractures and muscle tears. To help evaluate and manage these injuries, orthopedic surgeons often recommend radiographs and other imaging studies. 'While care should be taken to protect the fetus from exposure, most diagnostic studies are generally safe, and the radiation doses from these studies are well below thresholds considered risky,' says lead study author and orthopedic surgeon Jonas L. Matzon, M.D. (2015-08-06)

Link between hallucinations and dopamine not such a mystery, finds study
Researchers at Columbia University Irving Medical Center (CUIMC) and New York State Psychiatric Institute (NYSPI) found that people with schizophrenia who experience auditory hallucinations tend to hear what they expect, an exaggerated version of a perceptual distortion that is common among other people without hallucinations. The researchers found that elevated dopamine could make some patients rely more on expectations, which could then result in hallucinations. (2018-02-16)

How you respond to drama depends on if you are a holistic or analytical thinker
Aalto University researchers showed volunteers the film My Sister's Keeper on a screen while the research subjects were lying down in an MRI scanner. The study compared the volunteers' brain activity, and concluded that holistic thinkers saw the film more similarly with each other than analytical thinkers. In addition, holistic thinkers processed the film's moral issues and factual connections within the film more similarly with each other than the analytical thinkers. (2018-11-30)

Air pollution in Mexico City is associated with the development of Alzheimer disease
A new study by researchers at the Universities of Montana, Valle de México, Boise State, Universidad Veracruzana, Instituto Nacional de Pediatría and Paul-Flechsig-Institute for Brain Research heightens together with German company Analytik Jena concerns over the evolving and relentless Alzheimer's pathology observed in young Metropolitan Mexico City (MMC) urbanites. These findings are published in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease. (2018-12-21)

Kessler Foundation scientists find link between cognitive fatigue and effort and reward
Injury and disease of the brain increase the likelihood of cognitive fatigue, which can be disabling. Researchers are studying the mechanisms of cognitive fatigue, toward the goal of developing effective interventions. (2017-09-05)

Rats exchange information about danger in a reciprocal fashion
Rats exchange information about danger in a reciprocal fashion, and this information transfer is at least partially mediated by a brain region called the anterior cingulate cortex, according to a study published Dec. 5 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology by Christian Keysers of the Netherlands Institute for Neuroscience and the University of Amsterdam, and colleagues. (2019-12-05)

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