Popular Autism Spectrum Disorders News and Current Events | Page 24

Popular Autism Spectrum Disorders News and Current Events, Autism Spectrum Disorders News Articles.
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Music therapy for children with autism does not improve symptoms
Among children with autism spectrum disorder, improvisational music therapy resulted in no significant difference in symptom severity compared to children who received enhanced standard care alone, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-08-08)

Hunting molecules to find new planets
It's impossible to obtain images of an exoplanet, so dazzling is the light of its star. However, astronomers led by UNIGE have the idea of detecting molecules that are present in the planet's atmosphere in order to make it visible, provided that these same molecules are absent from its star. Thanks to this innovative technique, the device is sensitive to the selected molecules, making the star invisible and allowing the astronomers to observe the planet. (2018-06-18)

Mechanism leading to cortical malformation from brain-only mutations identified
A Korean research team led by Professor Jeong Ho Lee at the Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology has recently investigated the molecular mechanism of defective neuronal migration in FMCDs. (2018-07-02)

Processed foods may hold key to rise in autism
University of Central Florida researchers are now a step closer to showing the link between the food pregnant women consume and the effects on a fetus' developing brain. (2019-06-20)

Big brains and white matter: New clues about autism subtypes
Researchers found that a long-accepted theory about brain size in some children with autism may not be true. In a separate study, they linked development of white matter with changes in autism symptom severity. (2020-12-17)

New realm of personalized medicine with brain stimulation
Millions of patients suffering from neurological and mental disorders such as depression, addiction, and chronic pain are treatment-resistant. New research paves the way for a promising alternative: personalized deep brain stimulation. Researchers have found a way to predict what effect electrical stimulation will have on an individual's brain activity across multiple brain regions. The work represents a major step forward in achieving new therapies for a whole host of neurological and mental disorders. (2021-02-01)

ACMG Foundation/PerkinElmer Diagnostics Travel Award winner is Sureni V. Mullegama, Ph.D.
Sureni V. Mullegama, Ph.D., was honored as the 2017 recipient of the ACMG Foundation/PerkinElmer Diagnostics Travel Award at the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics (ACMG) 2017 Annual Clinical Genetics Meeting in Phoenix, Ariz. Dr. Mullegama was selected to receive the award for her platform presentation, 'Diagnostic Utility of Clinical Exome Sequencing in Autism Spectrum Disorder.' (2017-03-23)

UCLA scientists identify new genetic link to autism
UCLA scientists used language onset -- the age when a child speaks his first word -- as a tool for identifying a new gene linked to autism. The team also discovered that the gene is most active in developing brain regions involved with language and thought. Interestingly, evidence for the genetic link came from the DNA of families with autistic boys, not those with autistic girls. (2008-01-10)

Gut microbiota regulates antioxidant metabolism
A recently published study shows that gut microbiota regulates the glutathione and amino acid metabolism of the host. Glutathione is a key antioxidant, found in every cell in our body. Deficiency of glutathione contributes to oxidative stress, which plays a major role in several lifestyle diseases. (2015-11-06)

Treatments for asthma and pre-term labor may increase risk of autism in developing fetus
Commonly prescribed beta 2 adrenergic agonist drugs for the treatment of asthma in pregnant women as well as pre-term labor may increase the incidence of autism-spectrum disorders, psychiatric pathology, cognitive problems and poor school performance in their children, according to a new study published in the December 2009 issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. (2009-12-02)

Silicon nanoparticles enhance performance of solar cells
Placing a film of silicon nanoparticles onto a silicon solar cell can boost power, reduce heat and prolong the cell's life, researchers now report. (2007-08-20)

Teaching autistic teens to make friends
A special class designed at UCLA for teens with autism spectrum disorders a range of developmental disorders that consist of problems with communication and socialization helped the teens' overall social skills and interactions with their peers. (2009-04-07)

Laugh tracks make 'dad jokes' funnier
Many people complain about television shows that use recorded laugh tracks. But researchers reporting in the journal Current Biology on July 22 have found that laugh tracks really do work. (2019-07-22)

UC Davis MIND Institute study shows that fever during pregnancy more than doubles the risk of autism or developmental delay in children
A team of UC Davis researchers has found that mothers who had fevers during their pregnancies were more than twice as likely to have a child with autism or developmental delay than were mothers who did not have a fever or who took medication to counter its effect. (2012-05-23)

Magic solar milestone reached
The University of New South Wales has again asserted its leadership in solar cell technology by reporting the first silicon solar cell to achieve 25 percent efficiency following a revision of the international standard. (2008-10-23)

Depression: the symptoms in children are not like in adults
Depression is not always manifested in children as dejection and anhedonia. Depending on the age of the child, the dominant features may be weeping, irritability or defiance, as explained by Professor Claudia Mehler-Wex and Dr. Michael Kölch of Ulm University in the new edition of Deutsches Ärzteblatt International. (2008-03-14)

Experts launch pioneering autism and mental health research
Leading researchers from Birmingham are today launching a major, new UK study into autism and mental health problems -- and are calling for autistic people and their families to get involved. (2017-10-24)

Research shows if your eyes wrinkle when you smile or frown, you appear more sincere
Researchers at Western University have shown that our brains are pre-wired to perceive wrinkles around the eyes as conveying more intense and more sincere emotions. This eye-wrinkle feature, called the Duchenne marker, occurs across multiple facial expressions, including smiles, expressions associated with pain, and -- as found by these researchers -- expressions of sadness. (2018-06-11)

Structural fluctuation evaluation in substances from measurement data
Microstructure analysis of materials is a key technology for new material research. Using an information extraction technique called sparse modeling, a collaboration of Japanese researchers has developed the world's first method of analyzing a material's atomic structure using only measured data. This method needs no prior assumptions of atomic structure, which are required in conventional microstructure analysis methods. This new approach is expected to improve the functionality of and give longer life to batteries. (2018-08-21)

Difference in brain connectivity may explain autism spectrum disorder
Researchers have identified a possible mechanism of human cognition that underlies autism spectrum disorders, or ASD. They found there was brain overconnectivity in the unimodal-subcortical connections and brain underconnectivity in the supramodal-subcortical connections for ASD individuals, as compared to the typically developing control group, suggesting a relationship between connectivity and the expression of ASD. (2019-01-30)

Big data approach shown to be effective for evaluating autism treatments
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute who developed a blood test to help diagnose autism spectrum disorder have now successfully applied their distinctive big data-based approach to evaluating possible treatments. (2019-02-07)

New technology allows cameras to capture colors invisible to the human eye
New research from Tel Aviv University will allow cameras to recognize colors that the human eye and even ordinary cameras are unable to perceive. The technology makes it possible to image gases and substances such as hydrogen, carbon and sodium, each of which has a unique color in the infrared spectrum, as well as biological compounds that are found in nature but are 'invisible' to the naked eye or ordinary cameras. (2020-11-05)

New filter could advance terahertz data transmission
For wireless communication in the long-sought terahertz range, University of Utah engineers have devised a frequency filter that can be fabricated with an inkjet printer. (2015-02-27)

New TSRI study shows early brain changes in Fragile X syndrome
A new study led by scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) is giving researchers a first look at the early stages of brain development in patients with Fragile X syndrome, a disorder that causes mild to severe intellectual disability and is the most common genetic cause of autism spectrum disorder. (2017-01-30)

Real or crocodile tears? Psychopaths may not know the difference
New research has found people with high levels of psychopathic traits have difficulty telling when someone is genuinely afraid or upset, based on people's facial expressions. (2018-08-01)

Discovery of a new drug target could lead to novel treatment for severe autism
A novel drug target has been used to rescue functional deficits in human nerve cells derived from patients with Rett syndrome, a severe form of autism-spectrum disorder. The research could lead to a new treatment for Rett syndrome and other forms of autism-spectrum disorders. (2016-01-04)

Gene mutation is linked to autism-like symptoms in mice, UT Southwestern researchers find
When a gene implicated in human autism is disabled in mice, the rodents show learning problems and obsessive, repetitive behaviors, researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center have found. (2010-02-23)

Study examines link between incarceration and psychiatric disorders
Psychiatric disorders are prevalent among current and former inmates of correctional institutions, but what has been less clear is whether incarceration causes these disorders or, alternatively, whether inmates have these problems before they enter prison. A new study provides answers. (2013-01-16)

Recorded penicillin allergy linked to increased risk of 'superbug' infections
Patients who have a penicillin allergy recorded in their medical records are at an increased risk of developing the drug resistant 'superbug' infection MRSA and healthcare-associated infection C difficile, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2018-06-27)

Mutation that causes autism and intellectual disability makes brain less flexible
About 1 percent of patients diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder and intellectual disability have a mutation in a gene called SETD5. Scientists have now discovered what happens on a molecular level when the gene is mutated in mice, and how this changes the mice's behavior. The results suggest that the brains of mice with a SETD5 mutation may be less flexible (2018-11-19)

Calculating genetic links between diseases, without the genetic data
In a new study, data scientists from the University of Chicago estimated heritability and mapped out relationships among thousands of diseases using data from electronic health records. (2019-12-09)

Link found between time perception, risk for developmental coordination disorder
Neuroscientists at McMaster University have found a link between children who are at risk for developmental coordination disorder (DCD), a common condition that can cause clumsiness, and difficulties with time perception such as interpreting changes in rhythmic beats. (2021-02-05)

Group therapy helps autistic children to cope better with everyday life
In the framework of group therapy developed at Goethe University Frankfurt, children and adolescents with high functioning ASD can learn how to cope better in the social world and also achieve a lasting effect. (2016-01-25)

Scientists move closer to a personalized treatment solution for intellectual disability
Scientists from the Florida campus of The Scripps Research Institute have produced an approach that protects animal models against a type of genetic disruption that causes intellectual disability, including serious memory impairments and altered anxiety levels. (2015-01-21)

Study reveals subtle brain differences in men with autism
Research at King's College London has revealed subtle brain differences in adult males with autism spectrum disorder, which may go some way towards explaining why symptoms persist into adulthood in some people with the disorder. (2016-01-29)

Mice provide insight into genetics of autism spectrum disorders
The CHD8 gene is associated with some cases of human autism. A new study shows that mice with mutated CHD8 show defects in brain development and behavioral changes, and may give insight into genetic causes of autism spectrum disorders. (2017-06-27)

Inattentive kids show worse grades in later life
Researchers found that inattentiveness in childhood was linked to worse academic performance up to 10 years later in children with and without ADHD, even when they accounted for the children's intellectual ability. The results highlight the long-term effects that childhood inattention can have on academic performance, and suggest that parents and teachers should address inattentiveness in childhood. (2017-08-29)

Hidden deep in the brain, a map that guides animals' movements
New research has revealed that deep in the brain, in a structure called striatum, all possible movements that an animal can do are represented in a map of neural activity. If we think of neural activity as the coordinates of this map, then similar movements have similar coordinates, being represented closer in the map, while actions that are more different have more distant coordinates and are further away. (2017-08-30)

Study points to path for better diagnosis of eating disorders, the deadliest of mental illnesses
A 'radical' new method for diagnosing eating disorders predicts 68 percent of people's problems in psychological and social functioning due to eating-disorder features. By contrast, the DSM-5 traditionally used by clinicians predicts slightly less than 10 percent. (2017-09-06)

Nearly 5 percent of the US population suffers from persistent depression or anxiety
In a first-of-its-kind study, researchers have developed estimates for both the prevalence of chronic psychiatric illness in the general population and how often individuals suffering from such illnesses receive appropriate treatment. They found that approximately 4.7 percent of the nation's population suffers from persistent depression or anxiety disorders, with a minority of those afflicted receiving adequate medication or counseling. (2008-12-02)

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