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Popular Ballot Structure News and Current Events, Ballot Structure News Articles.
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Incentive to move
A researcher from the University of Freiburg demonstrates how single-cell archaea determine what direction to swim. (2018-01-23)

Are early childhood educators undervalued?
No one is looking at how we perceive and value those who provide the education and care to young children. Concordia researcher Sandra Chang-Kredl wants that to change. In a paper recently published in the Journal of Media & Cultural Studies, she writes that (2015-09-15)

Automatically periodical
Physicists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have proven that random packings of disks of the same size between parallel walls always form a periodic structure, regardless of the width of the container. The results, which should help scientists to better understand the packing properties of microparticles, have now been published in the renowned journal Physical Review Letters. (2018-05-04)

RUDN chemists identified the structure of the agent causing mutations in lionfish embryos
Researchers from the People's Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University) have refined our understanding of the structure of synthetic toxins which impede the development of red lionfish embryos, but in their modified form can be used for studying embryos of vertebrata. The results are published in the Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry journal. (2017-10-05)

New study resolves the structure of the human protein that causes cystic fibrosis
In order to better understand how genetic mutations give rise to cystic fibrosis, researchers need to map the protein responsible for the disorder. The new structure has led to new insights on how this molecular channel functions. (2017-03-23)

The Deccan Traps: Double, double magma trouble
A new study suggests that roughly 65 million years ago, not just one plume of magma, but two, fueled the mass eruption along the Deccan Traps, an event that contributed to one of the greatest extinction events on Earth. (2017-02-09)

Russian scientists obtain new results in the study of inorganic pigments with apatite structure
Compounds with the apatite structure differ from most classes by the variety of their chemical compositions: to create such substances, most chemical elements of the Periodic System can be used, while the characteristics of the crystalline structure of apatite will be preserved. The resulting variety of chemical compositions also determines a wide range of physico-chemical properties and performance characteristics of the materials created on the basis of substances of this structural type. (2018-10-30)

Blindness study shows how gene causes middle-age sight loss
Chemical changes in the eye that can lead to blindness have been identified by scientists, a conference has heard. (2017-09-06)

New enzyme-mapping advance could help drug development
Scientists at MIT and the University of São Paulo in Brazil have identified the structure of an enzyme that could be a good target for drugs combatting three diseases common in the developing world. (2016-08-15)

Intense tests reveal elusive, complex form of common element
Scientists have used high pressure and high temperature experiments to recreate an unusually complex form of nitrogen in the lab for the first time. (2018-11-09)

Physicists found a correlation between the structure and magnetic properties of ceramics
The international scientific group studied a correlation between the structure of ceramic materials based on bismuth ferrite (BiFeO3) and their magnetic properties. In their work the scientists theoretically justified the obtained results and determined the factors that affect structural evolution of materials and changes in their magnetic behavior. The work will help create new ceramic materials with given properties. The article of the scientists was published in the Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids (2018-12-18)

Nagoya physicists resolve long-standing mystery of structure-less transition
Nagoya University researchers probe a mysterious phase transition in an organic molecular conductor using synchrotron X-ray radiation. (2017-08-21)

Russian scientists create new system of concrete building structures
Professor of the Institute of Civil Engineering of Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) Andrey Ponomarev and a graduate student Alexander Rassokhin developed a new construction technology. Scientists created several types of building blocks based on nanostructured high-strength lightweight concrete, reinforced with skew-angular composite coarse grids. (2017-04-24)

Researchers discover multilayer band gap using its own technology
Korean researchers have proved the existence of the second band gap in a 2D structure. The result is expected to be used in various fields such as the development of emerging materials, solar cells, and catalysts. (2019-01-07)

Glucagon receptor structure offers new opportunities for type 2 diabetes drug discovery
Recently, scientists at SIMM determined the crystal structure of GCGR in complex with a glucagon analogue and partial agonist NNC1702. This structure reveals, for the first time, the molecular details of a class B GPCR binding to its peptide ligand at high resolution and unexpectedly discloses the structural complexity that governs receptor activation, thereby greatly expanding the understanding of class B GPCR signal transduction. (2018-01-03)

Architecture of a bacterial power plant decrypted
Scientists from the Universities of Würzburg and Freiburg determined the structure of the bacterial enzyme cytochrome bd oxidase. Since humans do not have this type of oxidase, this enzyme could be an target for novel antibiotics. (2019-11-14)

Protein structure could unlock new treatments for cystic fibrosis
Biochemists at the University of Zurich have used cryo-electron microscopy to determine the detailed architecture of the chloride channel TMEM16A. This protein is a promising target for the development of effective drugs to treat cystic fibrosis. (2017-12-13)

Can the causal order between events change in quantum mechanics?
Researchers at the University of Vienna and the Austrian Academy of Sciences develop a new theoretical framework to describe how causal structures in quantum mechanics transform. They analyze under which conditions quantum mechanics allows the causal structure of the world to become 'fuzzy.' In this case, a fixed order of events is not possible. The results are published in the renowned journal Physical Review X. (2018-03-28)

Building blocks of all life gain new understanding
New research on an enzyme that is essential for photosynthesis and all life on earth has uncovered a key finding in its structure which reveals how light can interact with matter to make an essential pigment for life. (2019-10-23)

New hydronium-ion battery presents opportunity for more sustainable energy storage
A new type of battery shows promise for sustainable, high-power energy storage.It's the world's first battery to use only hydronium ions as the charge carrier. (2017-02-20)

Chemical 'caryatids' improve the stability of metal-organic frameworks
Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are porous materials that can change the way we capture carbon, filter water, and an array of other applications. EPFL chemists have now found the link between mechanical stability and structure, thus overcoming a significant obstacle in optimizing MOFs. (2018-06-20)

Nagoya-led team flips the switch on ferroelectrics
Nagoya University-led team controls the configuration of domains in nanorod- and thin-film ferroelectric systems. (2017-08-28)

New 'Twist' In Proteins Offers Possible Route To Improved Antibiotics
Biochemists using X-ray crystallography to figure out the structure of an enzyme critical to th growth of many bacteria have discovered an extremely unusual (1996-04-29)

Graphene on the way to superconductivity
Scientists at HZB have found evidence that double layers of graphene have a property that may let them conduct current completely without resistance. They probed the band structure at BESSY II with extremely high resolution ARPES and could identify a flat area at a surprising location. (2018-11-09)

Discovery of single atom structure leads to more efficient catalyst
The discovery shows an efficiency rate that is up to 25 times higher than traditional catalysts made from larger iridium structures or nanoparticles. (2019-01-14)

Solution of the high-resolution crystal structure of stress proteins from Staphylococcus
One of the main factors favoring a microorganism's survival in extreme conditions is preserving ribosomes -- a macromolecular complex comprising RNA and proteins (2019-11-06)

More recycling on the farm could reduce environmental problems
An analysis argues that semiclosed agricultural systems could enhance global sustainability of biological resources, curtail greenhouse gas emissions and groundwater contamination, and reduce farming's reliance on oil imports and water. (2007-05-01)

Tooth decay -- drilling down to the nanoscale
With one in two Australian children reported to have tooth decay in their permanent teeth by age 12, researchers from the University of Sydney believe they have identified some nanoscale elements that govern the behavior of our teeth. Material and structures engineers worked with dentists and bioengineers to map the exact composition and structure of tooth enamel at the atomic scale. (2016-09-07)

Voters make choices based on looks -- but this doesn't help them pick the best politicians
New research, thought to be the the first of its kind, measures the impact of appearance and personality on voting and political performance. (2018-04-30)

Discovery of graphene switch
Researchers at Japan Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (JAIST) successfully developed the special in-situ transmission electron microscope technique to measure the current-voltage curve of graphene nanoribbon (GNR) with observing the edge structure and found that the electrical conductance of narrow GNRs with a zigzag edge structure abruptly increased above the critical bias voltage, indicating that which they are expected to be applied to switching devices, which are the smallest in the world. (2020-06-15)

New cathode material creates possibilities for sodium-ion batteries
John Goodenough, the inventor of the lithium-ion battery, and his team have identified a new cathode material made of the nontoxic and inexpensive mineral eldfellite for sodium-ion batteries. (2015-09-23)

Golden ball in a golden cage
Researchers have synthesized a tiny structure from 32 gold atoms. This nanocluster has a core of 12 gold atoms surrounded by a shell of 20 additional gold atoms. As the scientists report in the journal Angewandte Chemie, the unusual stability of this cluster results from electronic interactions with amido and phosphine ligands bound to its surface. (2019-03-21)

How the olfactory brain affects memory
How sensory perception in the brain affects learning and memory processes is far from fully understood. Two neuroscientists of Ruhr-Universität Bochum have discovered a new aspect of how the processing of odours impacts memory centres. They showed that the piriform cortex -- a part of the olfactory brain -- has a direct influence on information storage in our most important memory structure, the hippocampus. (2019-04-29)

NYU Researchers Find Infants Understand How To Put Words Together Into Simple Language-Like Sentences
A team of researchers led by NYU psychologist Gary Marcus has discovered that seven-month-old infants have a previously undiscovered ability for learning about the world and attacking the problem of language acquisition. Marcus found that infants can recognize and generalize simple language- like rules. (1998-12-31)

Physicists shed X-ray light on melting polymers
Physicists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and Lomonosov Moscow State University have combined thermal analysis and X-ray scattering -- two techniques for studying crystal structure -- in one experimental setup to investigate semicrystalline polymers. (2018-12-03)

New anisotropic conductive film for ultra-fine pitch assembly applications
Researchers have moved to one step closer to realizing ultra-fine resolution for displays with a novel thermoplastic anchoring polymer layer structure. This new structure can significantly improve the ultra-fine pitch interconnection by effectively suppressing the movement of conductive particles. This film is expected to be applied to various mobile devices, large-sized OLED panels, and VR, among others. (2018-11-13)

Searching for the surface of water through a single molecule
By observing the spectroscopic behavior of single water molecules embedded in a super-cold, cage-like molecular structure, researchers have revealed key features that underlie the diffuse vibrational spectra of hydrogen-oxygen bonds that make studying the two-dimensional surface structure of water a challenge. (2019-04-18)

Scientists found and studied complex types of defects in the droplets of liquid crystals
A team of scientists from Kirensky Institute of Physics of the Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Science and Siberian Federal University (SFU) together with Russian and foreign colleagues studied the droplets of a cholesteric liquid crystal that contained a twisted defect loop. The results of the study were published in Scientific Reports journal. (2018-02-02)

Revealing the remarkable nanostructure of human bone
Using advanced 3D nanoscale imaging of the mineral in human bone, research teams from the University of York and Imperial College London have shown that the mineral crystals of bone have a hierarchical structure integrated into the larger-scale make-up of the skeleton. (2018-05-03)

Researchers locate the body's largest cell receptor
A giant toadstool that swallow up vitamins and nutrients in the intestines and kidneys. This is how the receptor, which e.g. absorbs B12 vitamin in the small intestine, looks. For the first time, researchers from Aarhus University, Denmark, have an insight into an as yet unknown biology which has survived hundreds of millions of years during the evolution of life. (2019-01-03)

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