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Trapping T-rays for better security scanners
Medical diagnostic and security scanners with higher sensitivity could result from University of Adelaide research into detecting T-rays (terahertz waves). (2013-07-10)

Brookhaven Lab scientist helps revise guidelines for voting systems
A scientist from the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory has been helping the Federal Election Commission (FEC) to review and revise federal guidelines on voting systems. Specifically, the FEC invited Brookhaven's John O'Hara to review and make recommendations for revising the human-factors aspects of federal voting guidelines. (2002-04-08)

CIRM awards $3.79 million to Burnham Institute
The California Institute for Regenerative Medicine announced today the award of $3.79 million to the Burnham Institute for Medical Research for development of a collaborative shared laboratory and expansion of the Institute's training courses in stem cell research. Burnham was one of 17 institutions receiving grants from CIRM for a total of more than $50 million. (2007-06-05)

Structure of RNAi complex now crystal clear
Whitehead Institute researchers have determined and analyzed the crystal structure of a yeast Argonaute protein bound to RNA, which plays a key role in the RNA interference (RNAi) pathway that silences genes. (2012-06-20)

Framework materials yield to pressure
High pressure has become an indispensable research tool in the quest for novel functional materials. High-pressure crystallographic studies on non-porous framework materials based on coordination compounds are markedly on the rise, enabling the unraveling of structural phenomena and taking us a step closer to the derivation of structure-property relationships. (2015-06-11)

Blacksmith's secret revealed
In an international study into the fine structure of steel, Technology Foundation STW researchers have revealed how strong steel is formed. By analysing red-hot steel with an x-ray microscope, the researchers discovered how at a temperature of 900 oC, numerous microscopic crystals suddenly developed in the steel. The findings were published in the journal Science on 1 November 2002. (2002-11-15)

Watching the birth and death of exotic molecules
Researchers from Korea, Italy, France and the ESRF have just observed how a molecule changes structure after being hit with a short flash of laser light. Thanks to very intense pulses of X-rays from the synchrotron and novel data analysis, they were able to confirm a long standing hypothesis regarding the evolution of this molecule. The results are published in Science Express of 14 July. (2005-07-15)

No such thing as ghosts?
Crystallographers are always pushing boundaries when it comes to determining complex structures with less than optimal experimental data. (2015-09-16)

Where will they go when the sea rises?
Over the next century millions of people living in coastal areas and small islands in the developing world are likely to become (2005-05-04)

Structure of a protein related to heart and nervous system health revealed
University of Michigan researchers have solved the structure of a protein that is integral to processes responsible for maintaining a healthy heart and nervous system. The protein -- cystathionine beta-synthase, known as CBS -- uses vitamin B6 to make hydrogen sulfide, a gaseous signaling molecule. (2010-11-16)

Nonbiological Molecule May Hold Clues To Protein Folding
University of Illinois chemists have synthesized a nonbiological molecule that self-assembles into a structure similar to that found in living matter. The discovery may offer new insights into the biological folding process. (1997-09-18)

Same pieces, different picture
Scientists at EMBL Heidelberg have obtained the first structure of the immature form of HIV at a high enough resolution to pinpoint exactly where each building block sits in the virus. The study reveals that the building blocks of the immature form of HIV are arranged in a surprising way. (2014-11-03)

Voting causes stress according to Ben-Gurion University of the Negev study
According to Prof. Hagit Cohen from the Anxiety and Stress Research Unit at BGU's Faculty of Health Sciences, 'We understand that emotional changes are related and affect various physiological processes, but we were surprised that voting in democratic elections causes emotional reactions accompanied by such physical and psychological stress that can easily influence our decision making.' (2011-09-14)

Living metals
Using Synchrotron x-ray microbeams, a research team from the Max Planck Institute for Metals Research in Stuttgart and the ESRF has been able to observe for the first time that the microscopic structure of a crystalline material fluctuates in time. The results are published today in Science Express with the title: Scaling in the Time Domain: Universal Dynamics of Order Fluctuations in Fe3Al. (2005-04-22)

Researchers solve structure of key drug target
A 12-year effort has paid off as Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers are now unveiling the first detailed structural images of a type of protein that functions in a manner generally similar to the target of Prozac™ and Prilosec™, two of the world's most widely prescribed drugs. (2003-07-31)

Caribbean coral reefs flattened
Coral reefs throughout the Caribbean have been comprehensively (2009-06-09)

Voting in elections is stressful -- emotionally and physiologically
A new study, conducted has found that the level of cortisol -- the (2011-07-04)

Rutgers researchers unveil 3-D structure of 'molecular machine' that initiates DNA transcription
Rutgers University scientists have determined the three-dimensional structure of the transcription initiation complex, the key intermediate in the process by which cells read out genetic information in DNA. The (2012-10-18)

Groovy giraffes...distinct bone structures keep these animals upright
Researchers at the Royal Veterinary College have identified a highly specialised ligament structure that is thought to prevent giraffes' legs from collapsing under the immense weight of these animals. (2014-07-03)

Researchers determine structure of 'batteries' of the biological clock
HHMI scientists have determined the three-dimensional structure of two proteins that help keep the body's clocks in sync. The proteins, CLOCK and BMAL1, bind to each other to regulate the activity of thousands of genes whose expression fluctuates throughout the course of a day. (2012-05-31)

Prediction of RNA pseudoknots using heuristic modeling with mapping and sequential folding
An algorithm utilizing structure mapping and thermodynamics is introduced for RNA pseudoknot prediction. The model will be published in the online, open-access journal PLoS ONE on Sept. 19. (2007-09-18)

Taxi driver training changes brain structure
As London taxi drivers in training are busy learning how to navigate the city's thousands of streets and places of interest over a period of years, the experience actually changes the very structure of their brains, according to a report published online on Dec. 8 in Current Biology, a Cell Press publication. (2011-12-08)

Spatial structure, dispersal, and management of a recovering raptor population
In this study, researchers from the University of California Santa Cruz show that the spatial structure of Peregrine Falcons in California has profoundly influenced the management and recovery of this species. (2004-11-09)

Inspired by nature, researchers create tougher metal materials
Drawing inspiration from the structure of bones and bamboo, researchers have found that by gradually changing the internal structure of metals they can make stronger, tougher materials that can be customized for a wide variety of applications -- from body armor to automobile parts. (2014-07-02)

Shedding light on luminescence: Scientists visualize structure of the photoprotein aequorin
In this week's issue of the journal Nature, Shimomura and his colleagues James Head from Boston University, Katsunori Teranishi from Mei University (Japan), and Satoshi Inouye from Chisso Corporation (Japan), describe the three- dimensional crystal structure of aequorin, the photoprotein that illuminates jellyfish, centophores and many other luminescing organisms. The study was supported by the National Science Foundation. (2000-05-17)

Cows as unravellers
Long-term conservation of biodiversity may depend on the maintenance of its component parts and on their interactions. Human-aided species introductions denote major anthropogenic modification of ecological systems raising concerns that this can modify interactions among species in the invaded community. In Ecology Letters, December, Vázquez and Simberloff provide evidence that domestic cattle introduced in native forests of the Argentine Andes have modified the structure of the web of interactions between plants and pollinators. (2003-11-24)

Extreme appeal: voters trust extreme positions more than moderate ones, study finds
Trying to appear moderate is not always the best strategy for capturing votes during an election, reveals a new study. Extreme positions can build trust among an electorate, who value ideological commitment in times of uncertainty. (2008-08-07)

Many receptor models used in drug design may not be useful after all
It may very well be that models used for the design of new drugs have to be regarded as impractical. Scientists from Leiden University and Scripps Institute elucidated the structure of the adenosine A2A receptor, one of caffeine's main targets in the body and a key player in Parkinson's. (2008-10-02)

New research shows candidate name order will matter in California recall election
The ordering of candidates' names on ballots in the upcoming California recall election will likely affect the outcome, if the state's presidential election is a guide. In the 2000 presidential race, George W. Bush received 9 percent more votes among Californians when he was listed first on the ballot than when he was listed later, a new study found. (2003-08-18)

O'Neill Institute, WOLA to examine public health approaches to legalizing marijuana
The O'Neill Institute for National and Global Health Law at Georgetown Law, in collaboration with the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA), has received a grant from Open Philanthropy Project to help develop guidelines on how states, countries, and other jurisdictions that opt to legalize cannabis for medical or recreational purposes can create regulatory frameworks, consistent with the goals of legalization, that will work effectively to protect and promote the public health. (2015-11-04)

'Altered state' may be responsible for creating important brain chemicals
Twenty years after visualizing a surprising left-handed form of the DNA double helix, Massachusetts Institute of Technology researcher Alexander Rich has found that this altered form of genetic material is involved in some important biological activities. (1999-06-10)

Structural biology scores with protein snapshot
In a landmark technical achievement, investigators in the Vanderbilt Center for Structural Biology have used nuclear magnetic resonance methods to determine the structure of the largest membrane-spanning protein to date. The group's ability to determine the NMR structure of the bacterial protein diacylglycerol kinase, reported in the June 26 issue of Science, suggests that similar methods can now be used to study the structures of other membrane proteins. (2009-06-25)

Right first time: Pioneering new methods of drug manufacture
Engineers at the University of Leeds, UK, have developed a simple technology which can be used in existing chemical reactors to ensure (2009-11-11)

NIST lab experiments simulate house-to-house fire spread
A recent series of full-scale laboratory fire experiments at NIST examined how fast flames can spread from one house to another, as well as evaluating whether or not a layer of flame-resistant material could prevent ignition of the second structure. The tests are part of a program to develop computer models for predicting the spread of fire in residential communities. (2004-07-30)

MU law professor advocates full restoration of rights to ex-felons
Felon exclusion laws impact not only individuals, but also communities, according to a University of Missouri-Columbia law professor. By their suppressive nature, the legal statutes, which vary from state to state, have devastating socioeconomic, political and legal effects on African-American communities nationwide, he contends. (2007-09-04)

Spiders help scientists discover how muscles relax
Using muscle tissue from tarantulas, a HHMI international research scholar and colleagues have figured out the detailed structure and arrangement of the miniature molecular motors that control movement. Their work, which takes advantage of a new technique for visualizing tissues in their natural state, provides new insights into the molecular basis of muscle relaxation, and perhaps its activation too. (2005-08-24)

Bake, bake, bake a bone
Individual bone implants whose structure resembles that of the natural bone can now be produced quite easily. First, a simulation program calculates the bone's internal structure and porosity, then a rapid prototyping machine (2008-07-08)

Researchers reveal 'extremely serious' vulnerabilities in e-voting machines
In a paper published on the Web today, a group of Princeton computer scientists said they created demonstration vote-stealing software that can be installed within a minute on a common electronic voting machine. The software can fraudulently change vote counts without being detected. (2006-09-13)

Brown-led research divines structure for class of proteins
A research team led by Brown University has determined the structure for three proteins in a class known as intrinsically disordered proteins. The findings, reported in Structure, are important because they show how these proteins fold with the regulator protein phosphatase-1, which must happen for biological instructions to be passed along. (2010-09-08)

University of Basque Country research proposes improvements for electronic voting by Internet
What are known as Information and Communication Technologies can enhance the concept of democracy, boosting public participation. The most widespread manner of gathering the opinions of the public is through the electoral process. Over recent decades, thanks to ICTs, new systems for improving these election processes have been put forward. (2009-11-09)

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