Popular Bgu News and Current Events

Popular Bgu News and Current Events, Bgu News Articles.
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Off-the-shelf smart devices found easy to hack
'It only took 30 minutes to find passwords for most of the devices and some of them were found only through a Google search of the brand,' says Omer Shwartz, a Ph.D. student and member of Dr. Oren's lab. 'Once hackers can access an IoT device, like a camera, they can create an entire network of these camera models controlled remotely.' (2018-03-13)

Worried about holiday weight gain? your scale isn't giving you the whole picture
'Weighing patients or using blood tests to detect changes, hasn't, until now, given us accurate pictures, literally, of how different fat deposits are impacted disproportionately by diet and exercise,' says Prof. Iris Shai, the primary investigator of the CENTRAL MRI trial. 'These findings suggest that moderate exercise combined with a Mediterranean/low carb diet may help reduce the amount of some fat deposits even if you don't lose significant weight as part of the effort.' (2017-11-27)

Medical equipment hacking and defensive solutions presentation by Ben-Gurion U. researcher
The Ben Gurion University proposed system learns to recognize typical imaging scan protocols and to predict if a new, unseen command is legitimate or not. If an attacker sends a malicious command to the device, the system will detect it and alert the operator before the command is executed. Mahler notes that the system is not yet finished, but that the results are a significant milestone on the path to securing medical imaging devices. (2018-11-27)

More bad news for artificial sweetener users according to Ben-Gurion University researchers
The collaborative study indicated relative toxicity of six artificial sweeteners (aspartame, sucralose, saccharine, neotame, advantame, and acesulfame potassium-k) and 10 sport supplements containing these artificial sweeteners. The bacteria found in the digestive system became toxic when exposed to concentrations of only one mg./ml. of the artificial sweeteners. (2018-10-01)

Myth Debunked that OCD Is Associated With Superior Intelligence
The researchers conducted a meta-analysis of all the available literature on IQ in OCD samples versus non-psychiatric controls (98 studies), and found that contrary to the prevailing myth, OCD is not associated with superior IQ, but with normative IQ that is slightly lower compared to control samples. The authors suggested that the small reduction in IQ scores in OCD sufferers may be largely attributed to OCD-related slowness and not to intellectual ability. (2017-09-18)

NBA teams that come from behind don't garner more overtime wins -- Ben-Gurion U. Research
'People talk about momentum as an indicator for success in business, sports and politics,' says Dr. Elia Morgulev from the BGU Department of Management, Guilford Glazer Faculty of Business and Management. 'However, after studying close to 900 tied games with fourth quarter comebacks over 11 National Basketball Association seasons, we found that regardless of momentum, teams with the home advantage and more season wins were more likely to succeed in the five-minute overtime.' (2019-01-02)

Conception during IUD use increases risks to mother and infant -- Ben-Gurion University study
;We believe this is the first report tracking children born to mothers using an IUD over a long timeframe,; says Dr. Gali Pariente, a faculty member of the BGU Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology, BGU Faculty of Health Sciences and a clinical instructor at Soroka. 'Working with a large sample over 23 years allowed us to investigate obstetric parameters that hadn't been examined previously in large groups.' (2018-01-08)

New study by Ben-Gurion Univerisity researchers shows female physician bias in ICU admissions
According to the findings, female physicians admitted approximately 20 percent fewer of their female patients to the ICU than did male physicians, and 12 percent fewer female patients than male patients to the intensive cardiac care unit. (2018-02-07)

First robotic system plays tic tac toe to improve task performance
The researchers tested the system on 62 healthy right-handed people from two age groups: 40 young adults around 25 years old (23 women and 17 men) and 22 older adults around 75 years old (10 women and 12 men). Both groups preferred the robotic system over the LED lights system. The older adults said it was more human-like, while the young adults reported the robot 'was more interesting, fun and appealing.' (2018-05-04)

The latest poop from the turkey coop
Treated excrement from turkeys, chickens and other poultry, when converted to combustible solid biomass fuel, could replace approximately 10 percent of coal used in electricity generation, reducing greenhouse gases and providing an alternative energy source, according to a new study by Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) researchers. (2017-11-20)

New study debunks Dale Carnegie advice to 'put yourself in their shoes'
The researchers debunk the theories canonized in Dale Carnegie's How to Win Friends and Influence People that assuming you understand someone else's thoughts, feelings, attitude, or mental state is a correct approach to interpersonal insight. (2018-06-21)

New malicious email detection method that outperforms 60 antivirus engines -- Ben-Gurion
They compared their detection model to 60 industry-leading antivirus engines as well as previous research, and found their system outperformed the next best antivirus engine by 13 percent -- significantly better than such products including Kaspersky, MacAfee and Avast. (2018-07-19)

Could internet activity provide accurate in plant and animal conservation?
More than a quarter of the species in their dataset showed seasonal interest. For these seasonal species, the researchers found that the timing and amount of internet activity is a highly accurate measure of when and how the species is present. The team thinks it might be possible to measure changes in the presence and abundance of species simply by measuring internet activity. (2019-03-13)

Ben-Gurion U. researchers camouflage an optical chip rendering it invisible
The researachers showed that it is possible to bend the light around an object located on the cloak on an optical chip. The light does not interact with the object, thus resulting in the object's invisibility. (2017-11-13)

Ben-Gurion University researchers achieve breakthrough in process to produce hydrogen fuel
''This discovery could have a significant impact on efforts to replace carbon-based fuels with more environmentally friendly hydrogen fuels. Auto manufacturers seek to develop hydrogen-powered vehicles that are considered efficient and environmentally friendly and unlike electric vehicles, allow for fast refueling and extended mileage.'' (2018-10-29)

Fish and humans are alike in visual stimuli perception -- Ben-Gurion U.
'The experiments tested archerfish performance in visual-search tasks where a target was defined by color, size, orientation, or motion,' says Professor Ronen Segev, head of the BGU Neural Code Lab, and a member of the Department of Life Sciences and Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience. 'We found, for the first time, that archerfish process these four features in much the same way humans identify a target amidst distracting shapes and colors.' (2019-02-04)

Man-made reefs: A compelling diving alternative -- Ben-Gurion U. study
The researchers examined diving habits and behavior around Eilat's natural and artificial reefs. According to study, the average diver density at the artificial reef was higher than at the two nearby natural knolls, and the Tamar reef effectively diverts divers from natural knolls. Secondly, the study found that regarding attitudes toward natural versus artificial reefs, divers consider the artificial reefs more appropriate for training, but they feel less relaxed around them. (2017-09-05)

Medical cannabis significantly safer for elderly with chronic pain than Opioids
The new study, published in The European Journal of Internal Medicine, found cannabis therapy is safe and efficacious for elderly patients who are seeking to address cancer symptoms, Parkinson's disease, post-traumatic stress disorder, ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease, multiple sclerosis, and other medical issues. After six months, more than 18 percent of patients surveyed had stopped using opioid analgesics or had reduced their dosage. (2018-02-13)

Brain waves may predict and potentially prevent epilepsy -- Ben-Gurion U. researchers
Published in The Journal of Neuroscience, the findings demonstrate how using EEGs to identify changes in brain wave patterns over time can predict which post-injury patients will develop epilepsy. (2017-12-21)

New nanosatellite system captures better imagery at lower cost
'This is an invention that completely changes the costs of space exploration, astronomy, aerial photography, and more,' says Angika Bulbul, a BGU Ph.D. candidate under the supervision of Prof. Joseph Rosen in the BGU Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering. (2019-01-04)

Ben-Gurion University researchers improve diabetes remission predictors in bariatric surgery
'We know weight-loss surgery has the potential to put diabetes in remission,' says Dr. Rachel Golan, a lecturer in the BGU School of Public Health, Faculty of Health Sciences. 'The previous DiaRem model was limited to projecting outcomes for only one year after only one type of procedure. Our 'Advanced-DiaRem' was able to predict the longer-term probability of achieving remission from diabetes out to five years following three different surgical procedures.' (2018-12-10)

Cellphones can steal data from 'air-gapped computers' according to Ben Gurion University researchers
Led by BGU Ph.D. student Mordechai Guri, the research team discovered how to turn an ordinary air-gapped computer into a cellular transmitting antenna using software that modifies the CPU firmware. GSMem malicious software uses the electromagnetic waves from phones to receive and exfiltrate small bits of data, such as security keys and passwords. (2015-07-28)

NASA Sending solar power generator developed at Ben-Gurion U to space station
'These results lay the groundwork for future space microconcentrator photovoltaic systems and establish a realistic path to exceed 350 w/kg specific power at more than 33% power conversion efficiency by scaling down to even smaller microcells,' the researchers say. 'These could serve as a drop-in replacement for existing space solar cells at a substantially lower cost.' (2019-11-14)

New diet study using MRI to map internal fat conducted by Ben-Gurion U researchers
The study showed that a low-carb Mediterranean diet had a greater effect on reducing fat around the liver, heart and the pancreas, compared to low-fat diets with similar calorie counts, although the weight loss was similar. The team also found that moderate physical exercise reduced the amount of visceral fat stored around the stomach. (2019-06-13)

A majority of medical professionals improperly share log-in credentials to EMRs
Nearly three-quarters (73 percent) of the 299 participants claimed to have used another medical staff member's password to access an EMR at work. More than 57 percent of participants (171 out of 299) estimated they have used someone else's password an average of 4.75 times. (2017-09-26)

Ben-Gurion U. researcher indicates nicotine replacement is safer for pregnant women than smoking
Smoking during pregnancy is the most significant, preventable risk factor for poor maternal and infant health outcomes. However, clinicians worldwide, including in the United States, report that they prescribe NRT at low levels due to lack of confidence and safety concerns. However, behavioral counseling combined with medication is the most effective smoking cessation strategy. (2017-12-11)

Ben-Gurion University researchers develop algorithm to locate fake users on many social networks
Overall, the results demonstrated that in a real-life friendship scenario we can detect people who have the strongest friendship ties as well as malicious users, even on Twitter,' the researchers say. 'Our method outperforms other anomaly detection methods and we believe that it has considerable potential for a wide range of applications particularly in the cyber-security arena.' (2018-04-17)

Super shrimp designed at Ben-Gurion University could increase yield and prevent disease
''We were able to achieve the monosex population without the use of hormones or genetic modifications and thus address two major agricultural considerations: monosex populations and ecological concerns,'' says Levy. ''Prawns serve as efficient biocontrol agents against parasite-carrying snails. And since we can now use monosex prawns, which do not reproduce, it reduces the hazard of prawns becoming an invasive species.'' (2019-09-04)

Biomass fuels can significantly mitigate global warming
'Every crop we tested had a very significant mitigation capacity despite being grown on very different soils and under natural climate variability,' says Dr. Ilya Gelfand, of the BGU French Associates Institute for Agriculture and Biotechnology of Drylands, The Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research. 'These crops could provide a very significant portion of the decarbonization of US light-duty vehicle transport to curb CO2 emissions and slow global warming.' Decarbonization of transportation is critical to limit rising temperatures.' (2020-03-10)

New computer attack mimics user's keystroke characteristics and evades detection, according to Ben-Gurion University cyber researchers
'Our proposed detection modules are trusted and secured, based on information that can be measured from side-channel resources, in addition to data transmission,' Farhi says. 'These include (1) the keyboard's power consumption; (2) the keystrokes' sound; and (3) the user's behavior associated with his or her ability to respond to typographical errors.' (2019-06-06)

US cancer drug costs increasing despite competition, new research shows
After a follow-up period of 12 years, the mean cumulative cost increase was 37 percent, including all the injectable anticancer drugs. Annual changes in pricing did not appear to be affected by new supplemental FDA approvals, new off-label indications or new competition. (2017-10-31)

If you believe it, it's truer
According to Dr. Gilead, 'In order to make informed decisions, people need to be able to consider the merits and weaknesses of different opinions and adapt to new information. This involuntary, 'reflex-like' tendency to consider things we already believe in as being true, might dampen our ability to think things through in a rational way. Future studies could explore how other factors, such as acute stress or liberal or conservative viewpoints, affect this tendency to accept or reject opinions in a 'knee-jerk' manner.' (2018-05-07)

Ben-Gurion U. announces new School of Public Health and U. Michigan partnership
The new BGU School of Public Health aims to promote and enhance the quality of life in the Negev, Israel and around the world, and will focus on excellence in public health education, research and service. The BGU-UM public health partnership was originally established in 2013 to bring two institutions with strong public health track records together to advance public health. (2017-10-11)

Artificial intelligence could predict spread of melanoma
The BGU/ UTSW group demonstrated that their representation of the functional state of individual cells can predict the likelihood that a stage III melanoma, with malignancies limited to the lymphatic system, will progress to stage IV, in which the cancer has spread from the principal area to the rest of the patient's body. (2019-02-26)

Prolonged stress can impact quality of sperm, according to Ben-Gurion U. researchers
'Mental stress is known to have an adverse effect on fertility, but there is little research on the impact of stress on sperm quality,' says Dr. Eliahu Levitas, a member of the Ben-Gurion University Faculty of Health Sciences and director of the IVF Unit at Soroka. 'This study shows that prolonged stress can have an effect on sperm quality.' (2018-06-06)

Cell phone conversations hinder child pedestrian crossing abilities -- Ben Gurion U. study
The study was conducted at the BGU Virtual Environment Simulation Laboratory, one of the world's most sophisticated traffic research facilities, which enables researchers to measure pedestrian reactions to virtual reality scenarios. The pedestrian dome simulator consists of a 180-degree spherical screen aligned with a highly accurate three-projector system large enough to immerse a participant within its circumference. (2016-08-30)

Pesticides likely caused 'Havana syndrome' that affected Cuba-based diplomats
The study details the nature of the injury, specifies the brain regions involved, including the blood-brain barrier and suggests a possible cause in the form of 'cholinesterase inhibitors,' with 'organophosphorus insecticides' being a likely source. Cholinesterase (ChE) is one of the key enzymes required for the proper functioning of the nervous systems of humans, invertebrates and insects. (2019-10-03)

'Smiley' emojis in formal workplace e-mails could create frowns, says Ben-gurion University study
'People tend to assume that a smiley is a virtual smile, but the findings of this study show that in the case of the workplace, at least as far as initial 'encounters' are concerned, this is incorrect,' Dr. Glikson says. 'For now, at least, a smiley can only replace a smile when you already know the other person. In initial interactions, it is better to avoid using smileys, regardless of age or gender.' (2017-08-14)

50 is the new 40 for safe childbirth, according to Ben-Gurion U. researchers
'It turns out that 50 is the new 40 when it comes to childbirth,' according to Dr. Sheiner. 'There is no doubt that medical teams will need to handle increasing numbers of birth for women over age 50.' (2019-03-07)

Ben-Gurion U researchers isolate microalgal strain that could reduce cholesterol
A research team at BGU's Landau Family Microalgal Biotechnology Lab in the Jacob Blaustein Institutes for Desert Research headed by Prof. Zvi HaCohen, is studying an algal mutant that is capable of accumulating up to 15 percent (of dry weight) of a polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) called DGLA (Dihomo-╬│-Linolenic Acid). The new strain, IKG-1, is a freshwater microalga that the researchers believe is the only known plant source capable of producing such significant amounts of DGLA. (2010-05-03)

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