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Popular Bgu News and Current Events, Bgu News Articles.
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New cyberattacks against urban water services possible warn Ben-Gurion University researchers
The researchers analyzed and found vulnerabilities in a number of commercial smart irrigation systems, which enable attackers to remotely turn watering systems on and off at will. The researchers tested three of the most widely sold smart irrigation systems: GreenIQ, BlueSpray, and RainMachine smart irrigation systems. (2018-08-09)

There's a better way to think about being kept waiting at work
Generally, abstract thinking leads to better outcomes, such as more creativity, wider vision and feeling more powerful. However, in the paper published in the Journal of Organizational Behavior (2020), Efrat-Triester, and UBC researchers Michael Daniels and Sandra Robinson demonstrate that abstract thinking can also lead to undesired outcomes in stressful situations, such as waiting. (2020-02-24)

Moms report mild to high levels of COVID-19 anxiety and insomnia in study by Ben-Gurion University
The results indicated that maternal clinical insomnia (Insomnia Severity Score > 15) during the COVID?19 pandemic more than doubled to 23% during the pandemic, compared with only 11% before the pandemic. Approximately 80% of mothers also reported mild?to?high levels of current COVID?19 anxiety. (2020-10-12)

Medical schools must not accept dishonest behaviour among students
Academic misconduct does exist amongst medical students and needs to be taken seriously by medical schools, finds a study in this week's BMJ. (2001-02-01)

Ben-Gurion U. researchers determine that a first medical opinion can influence the second
When the orthopedic surgeons knew that the first doctor had recommended a more interventional treatment, the doctor giving the second opinion was more likely to recommend one too. However, when those same doctors were informed that their patients would seek another opinion, the orthopedic surgeons were more likely to recommend more conservative treatment instead, such as physiotherapy. (2011-01-27)

Personalizing human-robot interaction may increase patient use - Ben-Gurion U.
'Determining the elements in the interaction that make users more motivated to continue is important in designing future robots that will interact with humans on a daily basis.' (2017-10-23)

Ben-Gurion University researchers discover that AAT drug may prevent deadly infections
In the study, mice were directly infected with highly lethal live bacteria, sepsis and peritonitis. The initial aim was to exclude the possibility that AAT, might worsen infections in patients who are being treated with the drug. AAT is currently being used to treat new clinical indications like type 1 diabetes, emphysema and graft versus host disease. Instead, the BGU research group unexpectedly discovered that the treated mice combatted these lethal infections better than the untreated mice. (2015-01-06)

Summer heat increases risk of amniotic fluid level deficiency, Ben-Gurion University study reveals
Pregnant women have a higher incidence of insufficient amniotic fluid levels (oligohydramnios) in the summer months due to dehydration, according to a study conducted by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. During the study period, there were 191,558 deliveries of which 4,335 were diagnosed with idiopathic oligohydramnios. Of these, a proportionally higher number, 1,553 deliveries (36 percent), occurred during these four summer months, while 2,782 deliveries occurred during the other eight months of the year (64 percent). (2009-07-30)

Ben-Gurion U researchers find that low levels of a specific protein cause Alzheimer's
According to the study, published last month in Cell Reports, one of the key components in this DNA repair process is the protein SIRT6. BGU researchers have determined in mouse models that high levels of SIRT6 facilitate DNA repair while low levels enable DNA damage accumulation. (2017-05-08)

Greater market liquidity actually increases risk, according to Ben-Gurion University researchers
'The model we developed is richer than the classic theory because, among other reasons, it takes into account a more realistic treatment of financial markets in which various investors have different investment strategies,' the researchers say. 'Investors differ in the amount of risk they are willing to assume, and therefore choose different proportions of investments in risky assets, such as equities.' (2018-07-25)

New smartwatch application for accurate signature verification developed by Ben-Gurion U
The research team developed software that uses motion data gathered from the movements of a person's wrist to identify the writer during the signing process. This information, compiled from accelerometer and gyroscope sensors, senses changes in rotational motion and orientation, and trains a machine learning algorithm to distinguish between genuine or forged signatures. (2017-01-19)

Ben-Gurion University researchers develop new realtime soil nitrate sensor
The new optical nitrate sensor is based on absorption spectroscopy. It enables continuous, real-time measurement of nitrate and can detect nitrate concentrations in the range of tens to hundreds of parts per million (ppm), which is the range relevant to growing crops. Its ability to continuously monitor soil nitrate levels produces a highly detailed portrayal of the rapidly changing concentrations of nitrate in the soil solution. The new sensor is also highly resistant to harsh chemical and physical soil conditions. (2020-01-14)

Green med diet cuts non-alcoholic fatty liver disease by half - Ben-Gurion U. study
Overall, the green MED diet produced dramatic reductions in fatty liver. NAFLD prevalence dropped from 62% at baseline to 31.5% in the green Mediterranean group, down to 47.9% in the Mediterranean group and 54.8% in the healthy dietary regimen group. Addressing this common liver disease by targeted lifestyle intervention might promote a more effective nutritional strategy. This Ben-Gurion University of the Negev clinical trial demonstrates an effective nutritional tool for NAFLD beyond weight loss (2021-01-18)

Ben-Gurion U. part of expert consortium to create Israeli Renewable Energy Center
The group of 27 senior researchers will include nine researchers from Ben-Gurion University who are leaders in production of biomass; photo-catalysis of CO2 and water to fuels; gasification of biomass; and production of liquid fuels from biomass and mixtures of CO2 and water. (2011-07-07)

Ben-Gurion U. researchers develop membranes that remove viruses from drinking water
The 'zwitterionic polymer hydrogel' repels the viruses from approaching and passing through the membrane. It contains both positive and negative charges and improves efficiency by weakening virus accumulation on the modified filter surface. The result was a significantly higher rate of removal of waterborne viruses, including human norovirus and adenovirus. (2017-04-19)

Ben-Gurion U. researcher reveals that self-criticism can be lethal in new book
Throughout the book, Professor Shahar identifies the mechanisms through which self-criticism confers vulnerability to psychopathology. Self-criticism propels people to involve themselves in stressful events such as rejection by others, relationship breakups and professional failures to avoid engaging in the positive life experiences they feel they do not deserve. This form of dangerous self-criticism is psychologically different from the transient 'fish for compliments' type, which he argues is not pathological, unlike its more harmful counterpart. (2016-01-04)

Significantly improved COVID-19 outcomes in countries with higher TB vaccination coverage
The researchers discovered that BCG regimes are associated with better COVID-19 outcomes, both in reducing infection rates and death rates per million, especially for ages 24 or younger who had received the vaccination in the last 15 years. There was no effect among older adults who had received the BCG vaccine. Many countries have stopped inoculating their entire population, but some still use BCG widely. (2020-08-12)

New method to defend against smart home cyber attacks developed by Ben-Gurion University researchers
According to their new study published in Computers & Security, the ability to launch massive distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks via a botnet of compromised devices is an exponentially growing risk in the Internet of Things (IoT). Such massive attacks, possibly emerging from IoT devices in home networks, impact the attack target, as well as the infrastructure of telecommunication service providers (telcos). (2020-08-03)

Social support buffers adolescent depression after terrorist attacks: Ben-Gurion University
Researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev have conducted a (2009-07-20)

Home births are three times more dangerous than hospital deliveries
When accounting for variables including the mother's existing health, age, health habits such as smoking, and ethnic background, the occurrence of a still-born infant was significant, with a risk 2.6 times higher for infant mortality compared with patients who delivered in hospitals. (2019-03-02)

Heartburn drugs deemed safe for fetuses according to Ben-Gurion University researchers
H2 blocker drugs, such as Famotidine, Cimetidine and Ranitidine, approved in the US for acid reflux, pose no significant risks for the fetus according to a large collaborative cohort study by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev. (2009-10-07)

Ben-Gurion U and Cincinnati Children's Hospital to develop new pediatric medical devices
This collaboration is managed by CCHMC's Center for Technology Commercialization and BGU's technology commercialization company, BGN Technologies, Ltd. Cincinnati-based seed-stage investor CincyTech and Israel-based Ridgeback Business Development, Ltd. helped evaluate the projects. The CCHMC-BGU collaborative will seek new ideas and solutions for pediatric-specific medical devices from experts at both institutions for its next round of funding starting in January 2013. (2012-12-27)

Humiliation from stares are worse than tiny seats for obese air travelers -- new study
'Most participants agreed that the way people stare at them during boarding and deplaning is humiliating, and at times even shameful,' says Professor Yaniv Poria. 'Obese people think that others regard them as individuals who intentionally decided to be disabled. Moreover, obese people feel that they are perceived as thieves, since their 'chosen' disability increases costs for other people. Obesity is a social disability as it prevents obese people from feeling safe in public.' (2016-05-25)

Are market bubbles caused by traders' testosterone levels?
Such an effect may lead male traders, driven by an increase in testosterone due to a successful investment, to take exaggerated risks, which, in turn, create price bubbles. By increasing the number of women in financial markets, it may be possible to stabilize these markets since women have less dramatic shifts in testosterone levels, which can make them less prone to the momentum effect. (2017-03-01)

Diabetics with foot complications have impaired cognitive function -- Ben-Gurion University study
According to the research, those with diabetic foot remember less, have decreased concentration, difficulty with learning, decreased inhibition, slower cognitive and psychomotor responses, and decreased verbal fluency. This implies that diabetic patients with diabetic foot complication suffer cognitive difficulties above and beyond those known in the general diabetic population. (2015-12-07)

New technique to prevent imaging cyberthreats proposed by Ben-Gurion University researchers
As part of his Ph.D. research, Ben-Gurion University researcher Tom Mahler has developed a technique using artificial intelligence that analyzes the instructions sent from the PC to the physical components using a new architecture for the detection of anomalous instructions. (2020-08-25)

Ben-Gurion U. and PTT Chemical sign R&D agreement to commercialize green algae strain
The agreement is for the production of dihomo gamma-linolenic acid (DGLA- Omega 6) using BGU's mutant strain of the green microalgae Parietochloris incise. The joint research will focus on optimizing DGLA production through advanced algae cultivation methods and large-scale processing in a commercially viable setting. (2011-01-28)

Red wine with dinner can improve cardiovascular health of people with type 2 diabetes
In this first two year long alcohol study, just published in the prestigious Annals of Internal Medicine, the researchers aimed to assess the effects and safety of initiating moderate alcohol consumption in diabetics, and sought to determine whether the type of wine matters. They gradually initiated moderate wine consumption, as part of a healthy diet platform, and not before driving. The trial completed with unprecedented adherence rate of 87 percent after two years. (2015-10-12)

Bacteria in Chinese pickles can prevent cavities -- Ben-Gurion University study
Prof. Ariel Kushmaro of the BGU Avram and Stella Goldstein-Goren Department of Biotechnology Engineering and the Chinese research team evaluated 14 different types of Sichuan pickles from southwest China. They extracted 54 different strains of Lactobacilli and found that one, L. plantarum K41, significantly reduced the incidence and severity of cavities. K41 was also highly tolerant of acids and salts, an additional benefit as a probiotic for harsh oral conditions. It also could have potential commercial value when added to dairy products. (2020-06-11)

Ben-Gurion University study examines the 'gray divide' regarding mobile phone use
'While tutorial training and peer support, specially-designed senior phones and software add-ons are available, older adults still face formidable impediments and often find themselves excluded from cutting-edge technology user circles,' he says. 'This problem, commonly called the age or gray divide, is reflected in seniors' use of information and communication technology in general and of mobile phones in particular.' (2016-05-25)

Physicians' moods affect quality of care, according to Ben-Gurion University study
The findings show that a good or bad mood affected all five physician behaviors. On days the doctors felt positive moods, they spoke more to patients, wrote fewer prescriptions, ordered fewer tests and issued fewer referrals. However, when doctors were in a bad mood, they did the opposite. Additionally, if the physicians' burnout level was higher, their moods more strongly impacted their behaviors. (2010-01-11)

Birth weight affected by warm temperatures during pregnancy
'We found that exposure to high air temperature during pregnancy increases the risk of lower birth weight and can cause preterm birth,' according to Dr. Itai Kloog, a senior lecturer in BGU's Department of Geography and Environmental Development. 'An increase of 8.5 °C in the last trimester of average exposure was associated with a 17g decrease in birth weight of babies born full term after adjusting for other potential risk factors.' (2015-06-09)

Ben-Gurion U. researchers have discovered multiple botnets
Led by BGU Prof. Bracha Shapira and Prof. Lior Roach, the team analyzed data captured by a 'honeypot' network run by Deutsche Telekom, the worldwide telecommunications company. The team developed and implemented advanced algorithms to identify the botnet by finding similar attack patterns that can then be traced back to its administrator. They were able to identify six distinct botnets, each capable of inflicting serious criminal and monetary damage. (2016-01-27)

Desktop scanners can be hijacked to perpetrate cyberattacks
The researchers conducted several demonstrations to transmit a message into computers connected to a flatbed scanner. Using direct laser light sources up to a half-mile (900 meters) away, as well as on a drone outside their office building, the researchers successfully sent a message to trigger malware through the scanner. (2017-03-28)

Trump's election didn't cause a large increase in depression among US Democrats
''Broadly speaking, our data suggest that America did not get more depressed because of Trump, at least in the first year after his election,'' says Prof. Michael Gilead, who heads the Ben-Gurion University of the Negev Symbolic Cognition and Interaction Lab. (2020-05-06)

Top in US Chamber of Commerce's BusinessH2O Summit, Dec. 12, in Las Vegas
The summit will bring together policy experts, entrepreneurs, business leaders, and investors to discuss best practices in water policy. Water experts from BGU's Zuckerberg Institute for Water Research will discuss proven practices for promoting corporate water stewardship and public policies in Israel and the US that address the growing demand for water. (2016-12-06)

Arachnophobes overestimate spider sizes, according to Ben-Gurion University researchers
'We found that although individuals with both high and low arachnophobia rated spiders as highly unpleasant, only the highly fearful participants overestimated the spider size,' explains Dr. Tali Leibovich, a Ph.D. researcher at the BGU Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences and the Zlotowski Center for Neuroscience. (2016-02-16)

Driving with the wrong music genre can be deadly, according to new book
Brodsky maintains that choice of music can have a major influence on driving, and, in some circumstances, lead to serious and even fatal outcomes. In fact, the National Higway Traffic Safety Administration estimates that driver inattention, including music distraction, is a contributing factor in 25 to 30 percent of the 1.2 million crashes per year in the US. (2015-06-23)

New Parkinson's disease therapeutics discovered by Ben-Gurion U researchers
Dr. Claude Brodski, M.D., head of the BGU's Laboratory for Molecular Neuroscience, discovered that BMP5/7 signaling in neurons was significantly reduced in dopamine-producing brain cells, which could contribute to Parkinson's disease advancement. (2021-01-20)

New flying/driving robot developed at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev
Possible commercial uses are package deliveries since it can quickly fly to a target zone and then drive using its wheels safely and quietly to reach the recipient's doorstep. FSTAR can also be used for search and rescue applications as it can fly over various obstacles and crawl between or underneath cracks where a regular drone cannot fly. The robot can also be used in agriculture, maintenance, cleaning, filming, and entertainment, as well as law enforcement and anti-terrorist applications. (2019-05-20)

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