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Plants grow less in hotter temperatures
Researchers at the Nara Institute of Science and Technology (NAIST) report how two transcription factors, ANAC044 and ANAC085, pause the cell cycle when cells experience stress. Mutations in ANAC044 and ANAC085 allowed cells to grow despite DNA damage or oppressive heat. The discovery provides new molecular targets for modulating the growth of plants and other agricultural products. (2019-04-04)

Lithium-oxygen battery technology charges ahead
A new report overcomes hurdles related to the electrochemistry underlying the lithium-oxygen battery, making it a little more likely this high-powered battery could be broadly adopted in years ahead. (2018-08-23)

East meets West: The Science Bridge
Under the leadership of neuroscientists from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin, more than 200 researchers from across the globe have joined forces to strengthen intercultural collaboration and exchange. 'The Science Bridge' project counts 29 Nobel Prize-winners among its supporters. The aim of the initiative is to speed up scientific advances in understanding basic brain functions and finding novel strategies to treat and cure human brain diseases, while also promoting relationships and understanding between different cultures. (2017-12-20)

Nanotubes enable travel of Huntington's protein
Nanotube tunnels extend like bridges for the toxic Huntington's disease protein, and spring back after delivery, a new study finds. (2019-05-10)

Embracing bioinformatics in gene banks
Scientists from the IPK have explored, within a perspective paper, the upcoming challenges and possibilities of the future of gene banks. They emphasise that the advancement of gene banks into bio-digital resource centres, which collate the germplasm as well as the molecular data of the samples, would be beneficial to scientists, plant breeders and society alike. (2019-06-28)

Fussy fish can have their coral, and eat it too
Fussy fish seeking refuge from climate change on deeper reefs can still keep their specialised diets. The corals they prey upon change their own diets to survive the different environment at depth. This ensures their fussy predators are still well-fed! (2019-07-23)

Environment turns molecule into a switch
For the first time, physicists from the University of Würzburg have successfully positioned an organic molecule on a substrate realizing two stable configurations. This may have application potential in molecular spintronics. (2018-11-26)

2.7 billion tweets confirm: Echo chambers on Twitter are very real
A recent study of more than 2.7 billion tweets between 2009 and 2016 confirms that Twitter users are exposed mainly to political opinions that agree with their own. It is the largest study to characterize echo chambers by both the content in them and the networks they comprise. The findings indicate a strong correlation between biases in the content people both produce and consume. In other words, echo chambers are very real on Twitter. (2018-04-24)

Bridging the nanoscale gap: A deep look inside atomic switches
A team of researchers from Tokyo Institute of Technology has gained unprecedented insight into the inner workings of an atomic switch. By investigating the composition of the tiny metal 'bridge' that forms inside the switch, their findings may spur the design of atomic switches with improved performance. (2019-07-19)

Double-bridged peptides bind any disease target
EPFL scientists have developed a new type of 'double-bridged peptide' that can be tailored to bind tightly to disease targets of interest. The peptides' highly efficient binding, combined with their small size and high stability make them ideal for drug therapies. The work is published in Nature Chemistry. (2018-04-30)

Captured on video: DNA nanotubes build a bridge between 2 molecular posts
Researchers have coaxed DNA nanotubes to assemble themselves into bridge-like structures arched between two molecular landmarks on the surface of a lab dish. (2017-01-05)

Fitter frames: Nanotubes boost structural integrity of composites
Professor Nikhil Koratkar of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute has demonstrated that incorporating chemically treated carbon nanotubes into an epoxy composite can significantly improve the overall toughness, fatigue resistance and durability of a composite frame. The discovery could lead to tougher, more durable composite frames for aircraft, watercraft and automobiles. (2009-03-26)

Youth football changes nerve fibers in brain
MRI scans show that repetitive blows to the head result in brain changes among youth football players, according to a new study. (2018-11-29)

To forecast winter rainfall in Los Angeles, look to New Zealand in the summer
Variability in El Niño cycles was long considered a reliable tool for predicting winter precipitation in the Southwest United States, but its forecasting power has diminished in recent years. (2018-06-15)

Texas A&M team's pic of crack in the act could prevent engineering failures
In work that could help prevent the failure of everything from bridges to dental implants, a team led by a researcher at Texas A&M University has taken the first 3D image of a microscopic crack propagating through a metal damaged by hydrogen. (2018-08-23)

Fossil teeth of browsing horse found in Panama Canal earthworks
Rushing to salvage fossils from the Panama Canal earthworks, Aldo Rincon, paleontology intern at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, unearthed a set of fossil teeth. Bruce J. MacFadden, curator of vertebrate paleontology at the Florida Museum of Natural History, University of Florida in Gainesville, describes the fossil as Anchitherium clarencei, a three-toed browsing horse, in the May 2009 issue of the Journal of Paleontology. (2009-06-08)

Researchers developed sustainable 'nano-raspberry' to neutralize poisonous carbon monoxide
Sustainable method to neutralize poisonous carbon monoxide named 'nano-raspberry' was developed by the NITech scientists, which is a raspberry-shaped nanoparticle capable of losing the most potent toxicity of carbon monoxide. (2018-11-20)

Religiosity plays a role in educational success of immigrant children
A new study focuses on the role religion plays for the educational success of immigrant children. In the past, such studies have focused more on ethnicity, educational level and status of these children's parents. The result: in some circumstances religious attachment can have a conducive, in others a destructive effect on these children's school achievements. (2018-06-05)

Artificial intelligence can predict your personality ... simply by tracking your eyes
It's often been said that the eyes are the window to the soul, revealing what we think and how we feel. Now, new research reveals that your eyes may also be an indicator of your personality type, simply by the way they move. (2018-07-27)

Unlocking 'the shape of water' in mechanisms of antibiotic resistance
Researchers captured and comparted hi-res images of ribosome structures from sensitive and resistant bacteria and report that a water molecule needed for antibiotic binding was not present in the ribosomes from the drug-resistant bugs. (2021-01-19)

Using social media to weaken the wrath of terror attacks
Governments and police forces around the world need to beware of the harm caused by mass and social media following terror events. In a new report, leading counter-terrorism experts from around the world offer guidance to authorities to better manage the impacts of terror attacks by harnessing media communication. (2018-11-14)

'Protect your eyes while on the slopes,' scientists warn
Snow fanatics are no doubt aware of the risk of getting sunburnt on the slopes, but a new study published in PLOS ONE shows that it is more than a red face that skiers and snowboarders should be concerned about. (2017-10-31)

Study finds narrowing gender gap in youth suicides
New research from Nationwide Children's Hospital finds a disproportionate increase in youth suicide rates for females relative to males, particularly in younger youth aged 10-14 years. The report, which describes youth suicide trends in the United States from 1975 to 2016, appears this week in JAMA Network Open. (2019-05-17)

Research shows key function of specialized cells in peripheral nerve repair
New research led by the University of Plymouth has shed light on the science behind peripheral nerve repair, by highlighting the novel function of a large cell called a macrophage. (2019-02-05)

Anions and cations in dual-ion batteries act like cowherd and weaver girl
A research team led by Prof. TANG Yongbing and Dr. ZHOU Xiaolong at the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences along with other collaborators jointly published an invited review article entitled 'Beyond Conventional Batteries: Strategies towards Low-Cost Dual-Ion Batteries with High Performance' on Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2019-03-28)

Researchers uncover hidden deicer risks affecting bridge health
Common magnesium chloride deicers used on roadways and bridges around the U.S. may be doing more damage than previously thought, researchers have found. (2019-04-04)

Founder of adaptive sports organization speaks about impact of sports on people with disabilities
Ashley Thomas was born with spina bifida and uses a wheelchair. She also holds a position on the US national para-kayak team, and founded and runs a successful nonprofit organization called (2012-10-19)

Researchers rebuild the bridge between neuroscience and artificial intelligence
In an article in the journal Scientific Reports, researchers reveal that they have successfully rebuilt the bridge between experimental neuroscience and advanced artificial intelligence learning algorithms. Conducting new types of experiments on neuronal cultures, the researchers were able to demonstrate a new accelerated brain-inspired learning mechanism. When the mechanism was utilized on the artificial task of handwritten digit recognition, for instance, its success rates substantially outperformed commonly-used machine learning algorithms. (2020-04-23)

Hand-knitted molecules
Molecules are usually formed in reaction vessels or laboratory flasks. An Empa research team has now succeeded in producing molecules between two microscopically small, movable gold tips -- in a sense as a 'hand-knitted' unique specimen. The properties of the molecules can be monitored in real time while they are being produced. The research results have just been published in Nature Communications. (2019-01-18)

How political parties influence our beliefs, and what we can do about it
Fake news is everywhere, but why we believe it is still unclear. Drawing on neuroeconomics research in an Opinion published in Trends in Cognitive Sciences, psychologists suggest that valuing our identity more than our accuracy is what leads us to accept incorrect information that aligns with our political party's beliefs. This value discrepancy can explain why high-quality news sources are no longer enough--and understanding it can help us find strategies to bridge the political divide. (2018-02-20)

Living bridges
Dense, humid broadleaf forests, monsoon-swollen rivers and deep ravines -- in the Indian state of Meghalaya wooden bridges easily decay or are washed away in floodwaters. Bridges made from steel and concrete are pushed to their limits here as well. But bridges made of living tree roots can survive here for centuries. Prof. Ferdinand Ludwig of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has investigated these special structures and proposes integrating this extraordinary building technique in modern architecture. (2019-11-18)

Bridge protection in catastrophic earthquakes
Bridges are the most vulnerable parts of a transport network when earthquakes occur, obstructing emergency response, search and rescue missions and aid delivery, increasing potential fatalities. (2019-12-09)

Monitoring the tremble -- and potential fall -- of natural rock arches
Scientists monitoring the vibrations of natural rock arches have found that the resonant frequencies of arches undergo dynamic changes from day to day, according to research presented at the 2018 SSA Annual Meeting. (2018-05-15)

Researchers discover mechanism that allows rapid signal transmission between nerve cells
Researchers at Charité's NeuroCure Cluster of Excellence have successfully identified the mechanism behind rapid signal transmission. Their work, which has been published in the current issue of Nature Neuroscience*, shows that bridging by a specific protein is responsible for this high speed of transmission. (2017-12-13)

In the face of climate change can our engineers keep the trains running on time?
An unprecedented study titled, 'Lifecycle Assessments of Railway Bridge Transitions Exposed to Extreme Events,' published in Frontiers in Built Environment, benchmarks the costs and carbon emissions for the life cycle of eight mitigation measures for maintaining the railroad bridges in the face of climate change and reviews these methods for their effectiveness in three types of extreme environmental conditions. (2017-08-29)

The dawn of a new era for genebanks
One important aspect of biodiversity is genetic variation within species. A notable example is the variety of cultivars of crop plants. An international research consortium led by the of the Leibniz Institute of Plant Genetics and Crop Plant Research (IPK Gatersleben) and supported by the iDiv research centre has now characterised at the molecular level a world collection of barley, comprising seed samples from more than 22,000 varieties. The study was published in Nature Genetics. (2018-11-13)

FIST2FAC: The future of Navy combat training?
The Office of Naval Research recently demonstrated new and improved training technology at the Fleet Integrated Synthetic Training/Testing Facility (FIST2FAC) on Ford Island, Hawaii. (2016-04-11)

Chitinase as 'burnt-bridge' Brownian monorail efficiently hydrolyzing recalcitrant biomass
Serratia marcescens Chitinase A (SmChiA) is a molecular motor efficiently hydrolyzing recalcitrant crystalline chitin by moving on the surface processively. By using gold-nanoparticle probe, researchers revealed 1-nm stepping motion of SmChiA rectified forward by fast catalysis. X-ray crystallography and molecular dynamics simulation also revealed that motion of SmChiA is driven by the Brownian motion. The results show SmChiA is 'burnt-bridge' Brownian ratchet monorail, and give an insight to design engineered and artificial molecular motors. (2018-09-19)

Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge
Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together. (2016-10-14)

Study shakes up sloth family tree
A pair of studies published June 6, 2019 have shaken up the sloth family tree, overturning a longstanding consensus on how the major groups of sloths are related. According to the results, the three-toed sloth is more closely related to a large family that included ancient elephant-sized ground sloths; meanwhile, the two-toed sloth appears to be the last survivor of an ancient lineage previously thought extinct. (2019-06-06)

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