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Popular Bridge News and Current Events, Bridge News Articles.
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Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge
Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together. (2016-10-14)

Risk aversion as a survival strategy in ants
Ants are excellent navigators and always find their way back to the nest. But how do they react when an obstacle or a predator blocks their path? An international team including Antoine Wystrach, a CNRS researcher has shown that ants are capable of changing their familiar route to avoid traps thanks to an aversive learning mechanism: by associating visual cues with negative experiences, they can memorize potentially dangerous routes. (2020-04-09)

Mirror-like photovoltaics get more electricity out of heat
New heat-harnessing 'solar' cells that reflect 99% of the energy they can't convert to electricity could help bring down the price of storing renewable energy as heat, as well as harvesting waste heat from exhaust pipes and chimneys. (2020-09-21)

Development of local food systems help bridge gap among people with different views
Work by a University of Kansas researcher shows that the development of local food systems in Kansas and Missouri could help bridge ideological gaps, especially as the process of sharing sustainable farming knowledge. (2017-08-15)

Age-related racial disparities in suicide rates among youth ages 5 to 17 years
The study shows racial disparities in suicide rates are age-related. Specifically, suicide rates for black children aged 5-12 were roughly two times higher than those of similarly-aged white children. For older children, the trend reverses back to the national average. For youth aged 13-17 years, suicide was roughly 50 percent lower in black children than in white children. (2018-05-21)

Cell 'anchors' required to prevent muscular dystrophy
A protein that was first identified for playing a key role in regulating normal heart rhythms also appears to be significant in helping muscle cells survive the forces of muscle contraction. The clue was a laboratory mouse that seemed to have a form of muscular dystrophy. (2009-01-13)

Skoltech scientists found a way to control the electrical characteristics of optical memory devices
A group of researchers from Skoltech, the Institute for Problems of Chemical Physics of RAS, and N.D. Zelinsky Institute of Organic Chemistry of RAS, led by Skoltech Professor P.A. Troshin, discovered a relationship between the structure of photochromic molecules and electrical characteristics of memory devices built using these compounds. Their findings open new opportunities for rational design of new functional materials for organic electronics. The results of their study were published in the Journal of Materials Chemistry C and featured on its cover page. (2019-06-28)

A malformation illustrates the incredible plasticity of the brain
One in 4,000 people is born without a corpus callosum, a brain structure consisting of neural fibres that are used to transfer information between hemisphere. 25% of them do not have any symptoms. Neuroscientists from the University of Geneva discovered that when the neuronal fibres that act as a bridge between the hemispheres are missing, the brain reorganises itself and creates an impressive number of connections inside each hemisphere, recreating connections using alternative neural pathways. (2020-10-30)

Biomechanical model could reduce wobbling of pedestrian bridges
The dangerous wobbling of pedestrian bridges could be reduced by using biomechanically inspired models of pedestrian response to bridge motion and a mathematical formula to estimate the critical crowd size at which bridge wobbling begins, according to a study led by Georgia State University. (2017-11-21)

Putting gas under pressure
Understanding gas flames' response to acoustic perturbations at high pressure should make next-generation turbines safer and more efficient. (2018-07-12)

Study: Tau does not stabilize microtubules, challenges approach to treating Alzheimer's
Though it is widely believed that tau protein stabilizes microtubules in neurons of the brain, new research suggests just the opposite: tau lengthens microtubules and keeps them dynamic. (2018-06-28)

A bridge to breathing
To safely bridge the time between diagnosis and transplant for pediatric patients with lung disease, a research team led by the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering is developing a compact respiratory assist device for children. (2017-02-06)

Engineers help with water under the bridge and other tough environmental decisions
From energy to water to food, civil engineering projects greatly impact natural resources. One engineer hopes that other engineers can step up to the challenge to help make decisions clearer, if not easier. Using a sustainability-based optimization algorithm, a Michigan Tech team examines biofuels, sea level rise, and other challenges. (2019-11-12)

Building bridges with water molecules
A team based at TU Wien has now managed to uncover the mystery behind the structure of water molecules on iron oxide surfaces, and their work has revealed that water molecules can form of complex structures reminiscent of bridges, which play a significant role when it comes to chemical reactions on the surface. (2018-06-28)

Immune cells could hold key to therapies for spinal cord injuries
Fresh insights into how zebrafish repair their damaged nerve connections could aid the development of therapies for people with spinal cord injuries. Scientists at the University of Edinburgh have found the immune system plays a key role in helping zebrafish nerve cells to regenerate after injury. (2018-11-07)

Solving the efficiency of Gram-negative bacteria
Superbugs, also known as Gram-negative bacteria, are causing a global health crisis. To combat antibiotic-resistant infections, researchers are pursuing clever new ways to thwart the bacteria's tough defense system. Now, they have uncovered some of the previously unknown machinery that builds the bacterial outer membrane, information that could lead to new treatments for untreatable infections. (2019-03-21)

Synchrony of waves
Researchers from Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore, report that endocytosis, which was previously thought to be a random process, actually occurs in a coordinated manner through collective dynamics. The work showed how a major endocytic pathway mediated by the protein clathrin, was found to commence with periodic traveling waves of clathrin, which were coupled temporally and spatially to downstream cortical actin waves. Clathrin endocytic waves were identified as the upstream initiator of cortical actin waves. (2017-12-13)

Bridge Bedside Scanning System, patient safety--focus of HIMSS book award, educational session, etc.
Attendees at the 2003 HIMSS (Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society) meeting -- scheduled for Feb. 9-13 -- will have ample opportunity to learn more about MedPoint(tm), Bridge Medical's award-winning barcode-enabled point-of-care (BPOC) patient safety software. (2003-01-24)

High levels of mercury found in Cataraqui River: Queen's study
The Inner Harbour on the Cataraqui River in Kingston, Ont., has mercury levels in sediment more than two times the Canadian government's most severe effect limits, according to a Queen's University study. (2010-03-17)

Book makes case for using evolution in everyday life
Evolution is not just about human origins, dinosaurs and fossils, says Binghamton University evolutionist David Sloan Wilson. It can also be applied to almost every aspect of human life, as he demonstrates in his first book for a general audience, (2007-06-14)

Global Liver Cancer Conference
This event brings international scientists together to fight liver cancer. It will be hosted over a span of two days. The first full day will be researchers sharing their knowledge, followed by a poster session. On the second day, a panel of physicians will share and learn the optimal medical and surgical management of liver cancer. (2015-03-02)

New options for breast cancer drug development found in estrogen receptors
Many breast cancer drugs block estrogen receptors inside cancer cells. Blocking the receptors early in disease progression staves off metastasis. But most patients with advanced disease eventually develop drug resistance, leaving doctors desperate for alternatives. Now, researchers from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine have uncovered a previously uncharacterized, bridge-like structure within the human estrogen receptor that could serve as a valuable new drug target. (2018-10-09)

'Flamingo:' High-powered microscopy coming to a scientist near you
The Morgridge Institute for Research has developed a portable, shareable light sheet microscope. The project can be mailed to a lab anywhere in the world, configured remotely by Morgridge engineers, and run one to three months of experiments. (2018-06-21)

Pre-operative liquid feeding reduces complications following Crohn's disease surgery
Despite improvements in medical care, about two-thirds of patients with Crohn's disease develop complications requiring intestinal surgery at some time, and post-operative healing can be complicated. Clinicians now report that pre-operative optimisation of patients with Crohn's disease with exclusive enteral nutrition (liquid nutrition formula) is associated with reduced rates of post-operative abscess or intestinal leakage by nine-fold. (2017-01-20)

Predicting the impact of climate change on bridge safety
Climate change will increase the frequency and intensity of natural hazards like flooding. In turn, floodwaters erode a bridge's foundation, creating scour holes that compromise the integrity of the structure. But to date, it's been possible to quantify that scour risk. A new model developed by civil engineering researchers at Lehigh University takes a holistic approach combining climatology, hydrology, structural engineering, and risk assessment to determine the effects of climate change on bridges. (2019-10-09)

Electron transfer discovery is a step toward viable grid-scale batteries
The way to boost electron transfer in grid-scale batteries is different than researchers had believed, a new study from the University of Michigan has shown. (2021-01-21)

Novel sensor system would flag structural weaknesses before bridges and stadiums collapse
NJIT will be part of an international team of engineers from universities in the US, Canada, and Qatar developing a novel system to detect the onset of structural damage on bridges, stadiums and other large public infrastructure. (2014-02-18)

Spinal cord processes information just like areas of the brain
Patrick Stroman's work mapping the function and information processing of the spinal cord could improve treatment for spinal cord injuries. (2011-03-22)

New Cas9 variant makes genome editing even more precise
Researchers develop more specific CRISPR-Cas9 gene scissors. (2020-03-03)

Breakthrough nanoscience discovery made on flight from New York to Jerusalem
Magic-size nanoclusters are the missing link that bridges the divide between how matter rearranges itself in small-scale molecular isomerization and in large, solid bulk matter phase transitions. (2019-02-18)

RNA key in helping stem cells know what to become
If every cell has the same genetic blueprint, why does an eye cell look and act so differently than a brain cell or skin cell? In a new study published this week, researchers come one step closer to solving this mystery, showing RNA plays a critical role. (2020-07-07)

Corals survive to tell the tale of Earth's newest island eruption
Coral reefs on a tiny island in the South Pacific have shown incredible resilience and recovery from a recent but very severe disturbance: a volcanic eruption that created a new island. (2019-12-08)

New use of artificial lung device pioneered at University of Kentucky
Surgeons at the University of Kentucky on Aug. 3 announced that they were among the first to use artificial‑lung technology to demonstrate the feasibility of a lung transplant, using a device invented by two university faculty members, Dr. Joseph Zwischenberger and Dr. Dongfang Wang. (2011-08-04)

Pinpointing the extragalactic origin of a single fast radio burst
The origin of a single, transient radio pulse has been pinpointed to a distant galaxy several billion light years away, representing the first localization of a non-repeating fast radio burst (FRB). (2019-06-27)

Tiny 'bridges' help particles stick together
Understanding how particles bind together has implications for everything from the likelihood a riverbank will erode to the mechanism by which a drug works in the body. A team from the University of Pennsylvania found that particle size matters more than other properties in determining how strongly they stick together. (2020-02-04)

Researchers find better way to 'herd' electrons in solar fuel devices
Researchers at the University of British Columbia and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have discovered a new way to optimize electron transfer in semi-conductors used in solar fuel solutions. (2016-06-20)

Scientists reveal close connections between the Northern Hemisphere mid-high latitudes and East Asia
In recent years, increasingly more observational and simulation evidence shows that the mid-high latitude climate variability has an important impact on the East Asian monsoon climate, and its impact is as significant as the tropical climate variability, which has been of more concern in previous studies. Among the evidence, Chinese scientists have produced systematic research results and played a crucial role in promoting the development of climate research in East Asia. (2019-07-09)

New technique has earthquake resistance all wrapped up
A University of Toronto Department of Civil Engineering team has devised a strong, cost-effective method of structural reinforcement that is already proving its worth on highways and other concrete structures around the Greater Toronto Area. (2002-08-12)

UMass geologist leads team probing Bering Land Bridge
A University of Massachusetts Amherst geoscientist is part of a team of researchers sailing the Bering and Chukchi seas this summer, searching for clues about the sea floor history and the land bridge that once existed between what is now Alaska and Russia. The team will also explore how the disappearance of the land bridge may have affected that region's climate. (2002-08-15)

Climate change could hasten deterioration of US bridge infrastructure
Hussam Mahmoud is studying the toll climate change may take on aging US infrastructure, which includes over 600,000 bridges. Now, he is co-author of a new study linking the potential impacts of climate change with the structural integrity of thousands of bridges transecting America's highways and towns. Mahmoud's analysis demonstrates a need to rethink the nation's priority order of bridge repair, as climate change looms and infrastructure funding remains limited. (2019-10-23)

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