Popular Catalyst News and Current Events | Page 23

Popular Catalyst News and Current Events, Catalyst News Articles.
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Web knowledge empowers patients, researcher says
The Internet is having a profound effect on physician-patient relationships by giving patients greater control of their own health care decisions, says a University of Toronto researcher. (2003-02-18)

Snatched from the air
Researchers from Singapore have developed a novel reaction scheme by which CO2 can be efficiently converted into methanol under very mild conditions. (2009-04-20)

New ORNL catalyst features unsurpassed selectivity
Catalysts that power chemical reactions to produce the nylon used in clothing, cookware, machinery and electronics could get a lift with a new formulation that saves time, energy and natural resources. (2015-10-29)

Boston College and MIT chemists report E-selective macrocyclic ring-closing metathesis
Using ring-closing metathesis to exploit the properties of carbon-carbon double bonds, researchers from Boston College and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology have developed a new catalytic approach for the preparation of compounds essential to drug discovery, the team reported today in the advance online publication of the journal Nature. (2017-01-09)

New In-Situ Combustion advancements researched by Kazan University
New results in in-situ combustion technologies have been achieved at the In-Situ Combustion Lab of Kazan Federal University. (2016-11-09)

UD catalyst can convert CO2 to CO with 92 percent efficiency
A team of researchers at the University of Delaware has developed a highly selective catalyst capable of electrochemically converting carbon dioxide -- a greenhouse gas -- to carbon monoxide with 92 percent efficiency. The carbon monoxide then can be used to develop useful chemicals. (2014-01-30)

Neatness Pays
Weizmann Institute scientists have found that a catalyst's efficiency jumps by a factor of 140 if its molecules are arranged in 'tidy' rows. With at least 20% of the United State's GNP dependent on industrial processes involving catalysts, this research may have important implications. (1998-01-19)

New fuel cell drives around hydrogen economy roadblocks
As gasoline prices climb ever higher, the possibility of a hydrogen economy gleams more brightly. But two Northwestern University engineers argue the importance of getting more out of the fuel we are already using. They have developed a new solid oxide fuel cell that converts a liquid transportation fuel into hydrogen which is then used by the fuel cell to produce energy. The cells could lead to cost-effective, clean and efficient electrical-power sources. (2005-03-31)

The Real X-Files: the Inside Story of the MoD's UFO Project
Nick Pope, who ran the MoD'S UFO project in the early '90s, will be giving a talk on the subject. Entry is free. (2007-09-28)

Gasification goes green
Rice University engineers have created a light-powered nanoparticle that could shrink the carbon footprint of syngas producers. (2020-01-10)

An innovative catalyst with Pt, Re and SnO2 nanoparticles as anode material in ethanol fuel cells
Scientists working at the Department for Functional Nanomaterials at the Institute of Nuclear Physics of the Polish Academy of Sciences designed and synthesized a functional ternary Pt/Re/SnO2/C catalyst as an anode material in a direct ethanol fuel cell. It was possible by synthesizing platinum, rhenium and tin oxide nanoparticles of a spherical shape and ensuring physical contact between them. This finding will lead to the production of more efficient, greener and cheaper fuel cell catalysts. (2020-06-24)

Platinum meets its match in quantum dots from coal
Rice University scientists combine graphene quantum dots drawn from common coal with graphene oxide, nitrogen and boron into a catalyst for fuel cells that outperforms platinum. (2014-10-01)

Faster design -- better catalysts
While the cleaning of car exhausts is among the best known applications of catalytic processes, it is only the tip of the iceberg. Practically the entire chemical industry relies on catalytic reactions. Therefore, catalyst design plays a key role in improving these processes. An international team of scientists has now developed a concept, that elegantly correlates geometric and adsorption properties. They validated their approach by designing a new platinum-based catalyst for fuel cell applications. (2015-10-08)

Improving the cost and efficiency of renewable energy storage
Scientists at EPFL have developed a method for improving the catalysis of water-splitting reactions used for storing wind and solar energy. The method chemically peels off the outermost surface of a catalyst, thereby maximizing its active surface for the reaction. (2014-07-17)

Cheap catalyst made easy
Catalysts made of carbon nanotubes dipped in a polymer solution equal the energy output and otherwise outperform platinum catalysts in fuel cells, a team of Case Western Reserve University engineers has found. (2011-03-22)

'Artificial leaf' gains the ability to self-heal damage and produce energy from dirty water
Another innovative feature has been added to the world's first practical (2013-04-08)

Synthetic molecules emulate enzyme behavior for the first time
When chemists want to produce a lot of a substance -- such as a newly designed drug -- they often turn to catalysts, molecules that speed chemical reactions. Many jobs require highly specialized catalysts, and finding one in just the right shape to connect with certain molecules can be difficult. Natural catalysts, such as enzymes in the human body that help us digest food, get around this problem by shape-shifting to suit the task at hand. (2008-07-02)

How the newest diesel engines emit very little greenhouse gas nitrous oxide
The newest catalytic converters in diesel engines blast away a pollutant from combustion with the help of ammonia. Common in European cars, the engines exhaust harmless nitrogen and water. How they do this hasn't been entirely clear. Now, new research shows that the catalyst attacks its target pollutant in an unusual way, providing insight into how to make the best catalytic converters. (2013-09-10)

ONR sponsors award-winning nanotechnology researchers
Two nanotechnology researchers whose work is sponsored by the US Office of Naval Research are among Scientific American's SA-50, a list of 50 American technology and policy leaders for 2006. A third ONR-funded nanotechnology investigator has earned a 2006 TR35 Young Innovator award from MIT's Technology Review. Each year, this publication's editors honor 35 researchers under the age of 35 whose work they deem (2007-01-12)

Dancing 'adatoms' help chemists understand how water molecules split
Single oxygen atoms dancing on metal oxide have helped chemists better understand how water splits into oxygen and hydrogen. In the process, the scientists have visualized a chemical reaction that had previously only been talked about. The scientists made the discovery while studying the basics of how titanium dioxide -- a compound sometimes found in sunscreen -- breaks down water, reactions that are central to processes such as hydrogen production, decomposing pollutants and solar energy. (2009-03-16)

Solar fuels: A refined protective layer for the 'artificial leaf'
A team at the HZB Institute for Solar Fuels has developed a process for providing sensitive semiconductors for solar water splitting ('artificial leaves') with an organic, transparent protective layer. The extremely thin protective layer made of carbon chains is stable, conductive, and covered with catalyzing nanoparticles of metal oxides. These accelerate the splitting of water when irradiated by light. (2016-03-21)

Fuel cells gearing up to power auto industry
The average price for all types of gasoline is holding steady around $2.95 per gallon nationwide, but the pain at the pump might be short-lived as research from the University of Houston may eliminate one of the biggest hurdles to the wide-scale production of fuel cell-powered vehicles. (2007-10-30)

Photocatalyst makes hydrogen production 10 times more efficient
Hydrogen is an alternative source of energy that can be produced from renewable sources of sunlight and water. A group of Japanese researchers has developed a photocatalyst that increases hydrogen production tenfold. (2017-05-18)

New catalyst could improve biofuels production
Washington State University researchers have developed a new catalyst that could lead to making biofuels cheaply and more efficiently. Led by Voiland Distinguished Professor Yong Wang, the researchers mixed inexpensive iron with a tiny amount of rare palladium to make the catalyst. (2014-10-16)

Joint European strategy for industrial biotechnology
Sixteen research organisations from twelve European countries have joined forces in the area of industrial biotechnology. The recent award made by the European Union to the network ERA Industrial Biotechnology (ERA-IB), is an essential contribution to improving Europe's competitive position. ERA-IB was launched in Brussels on May 30 and 31, 2006. (2006-06-09)

Targeted synthesis of natural products with light
Photoreactions are essential for the syntheses of many natural substances. Since many of these substances are also useful as active medical agents, chemists try to produce them synthetically. But in most cases only one of the possible products has the right spatial structure to make it effective. Researchers at the Technische Universitaet Muenchen have now developed a methodology for one of these photoreactions that allows them to produce only the specific molecular variant desired. (2013-12-17)

New Jersey researcher receives award for petroleum research
Chemist Shun C. Fung, Ph.D., of ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Company in Annandale, N.J., will be honored May 29 by the American Chemical Society for petroleum research that has improved our understanding of catalysts -- substances widely used by the petroleum industry to produce high-octane gasoline and basic chemicals. He will receive one of three 2002 Industrial Innovation Awards at the Society's Middle Atlantic regional meeting in Fairfax, Va. (2002-05-20)

UTSA and Microsoft establish sustainable energy research and development pact
The University of Texas at San Antonio and Microsoft Corporation announced today a three-year agreement to research and develop sustainable technologies to make data centers more energy efficient and economically viable. (2014-04-16)

RUB chemists develop novel catalyst with 2 functions
Chemists at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum have made a decisive step towards more cost-efficient regenerative fuel cells and rechargeable metal-air batteries. They developed a new type of catalyst on the basis of carbon, which can facilitate two opposite reactions: electrolysis of water and combustion of hydrogen with oxygen. A catalyst of this kind might make the storage of wind and solar energy and the manufacture of cost-efficient batteries, for example for electric cars, possible. (2014-07-09)

Rutgers chemists develop technology to produce clean-burning hydrogen fuel
Rutgers researchers have developed a technology that could overcome a major cost barrier to make clean-burning hydrogen fuel -- a fuel that could replace expensive and environmentally harmful fossil fuels. The new technology is a novel catalyst that performs almost as well as cost-prohibitive platinum for so-called electrolysis reactions, which use electric currents to split water molecules into hydrogen and oxygen. The Rutgers technology is also far more efficient than less-expensive catalysts investigated to-date. (2014-07-14)

Sequestration on shaky ground
A study finds a natural impediment to the long-term sequestration of carbon dioxide. (2015-01-21)

Halting methane squanderlust
The pipes that rise from oil fields, topped with burning flames of natural gas, waste fossil fuels and dump carbon dioxide into the air. In new work, researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and China's Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics have identified the structure of a catalytic material that can turn methane into a safe and easy-to-transport liquid. The insight lays the foundation for converting excess methane into a variety of useful fuels and chemicals. (2008-05-21)

Greener process for key ingredient for everything from paint to diapers
Scientists are reporting discovery of an environmentally friendly way to make a key industrial material -- used in products ranging from paints to diapers -- from a renewable raw material without touching the traditional pricey and increasingly scarce petroleum-based starting material. Their report on a new catalyst for making acrylic acid appears in ACS Catalysis, the newest in the American Chemical Society's suite of 39 peer-reviewed scientific journals. (2011-02-09)

UCR chemists use 'green chemistry' to produce amines, chemical compounds used widely in industry
Chemists at UC Riverside have discovered an inexpensive, clean and quick way to prepare amines -- nitrogen-containing organic compounds derived from ammonia that have wide industrial applications such as solvents, additives, anti-foam agents, corrosion inhibitors, detergents, dyes and bactericides. (2008-06-12)

Introducing the next generation of chemical reactors
Unique nanostructures which respond to stimuli, such as pH, heat and light will pave the way for safer, greener and more efficient chemical reactors. Being developed by a consortium of UK universities, the nanostructures can regulate reactions, momentum, and heat and mass transfer inside chemical reactors. This technology will provide a step change in reactor technology for the chemical, pharmaceutical and agrochemical industries. (2008-09-19)

Catalytic protocells get zingy
Artificial cells capable of oxygen gas production and chemical signalling have been prepared using a combination of synthetic and biological catalysts through an international collaboration between the University of Bristol and the University of Padua in Italy. (2020-01-08)

Steel-strength plastics -- and green, too!
Chemists have been working hard to develop a more biodegradable plastic to reduce pollution and protect the environment. Now a Tel Aviv University researcher is taking a different approach -- creating plastics as strong and durable as steel. (2012-06-07)

New analytical methodology can guide electrode optimization
Using a new analytical methodology -- a coupled micro-computed X-ray tomography and microfluidic-based electrochemical analysis -- researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign are gaining new insights into electrode structure-performance relationships for energy conversion and storage devices. This will benefit the development of new materials and improved processing methodologies for catalyst layer deposition and electrode preparation. (2013-07-09)

Breakthrough solar cell captures CO2 and sunlight, produces burnable fuel
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have engineered a potentially game-changing solar cell that cheaply and efficiently converts atmospheric carbon dioxide directly into usable hydrocarbon fuel, using only sunlight for energy. (2016-07-28)

Dirt-cheap catalyst may lower fuel costs for hydrogen-powered cars
Bringing closer a mass market for hydrogen-powered cars, Sandia researchers are upgrading $0.37/gram molybdenum disulfide, 'molly' for short, to take the place of $1,500/gram catalyst platinum. Unlike gasoline, hydrogen as fuel releases water, not carbon, into the air. (2015-10-07)

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