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BAT study shows new vaping technology significantly reduces exposure to toxicants
A vapor product that contains new-to-world technology has significantly fewer and lower levels of certain toxicants compared to cigarette smoke, a study has shown. (2020-03-03)

Additive-free cigarettes may pack a more toxic tobacco punch
Despite perceptions that additive-free cigarettes and the hand-rolled cigarettes from India called bidis may provide a less-toxic smoke than conventional cigarettes, new research suggests the opposite may be true. (2002-12-03)

Helping ex-smokers resist the urge
A new inhibitor helps previously nicotine-addicted rats stay on the wagon, according to a study in the Journal of Experimental Medicine. (2012-10-22)

New NIST 'standard cigarette' available for fire-resistance testing
An unusual new industrial testing product from NIST -- a cigarette deliberately designed to burn stronger than others -- will be used by manufacturers of home furnishings to test the fire resistance of their products. (2010-09-29)

Major 'third-hand smoke' compound causes DNA damage -- and potentially cancer
Leftover cigarette smoke that clings to walls and furniture is a smelly nuisance, but now research suggests that it could pose a far more serious threat, especially to young children who put toys and other smoke-affected items into their mouths. Scientists reported today at the 247th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society that one of the tobacco-specific nitrosamines newly formed in 'third-hand smoke' damages DNA and could potentially cause cancer. (2014-03-16)

NIST SRM aids efforts to reduce cigarette fire risk
To combat the loss of property and lives caused by cigarette-ignited fires, several states, as well as Canada, are requiring that all cigarettes sold meet a new standard for low risk of igniting household furnishings. This month, NIST released Standard Reference Material (SRM) 1082 -- consisting of 10 packs of cigarettes produced with the required low risk of ignition -- to help testing laboratories and cigarette manufacturers make accurate measurements required by the new regulations. (2006-02-16)

Vaping changes oral microbiome, increasing risk for infection
Using e-cigarettes alters the mouth's microbiome -- the community of bacteria and other microorganisms -- and makes users more prone to inflammation and infection, finds a new study led by researchers at NYU College of Dentistry. (2020-02-26)

Study shows need for new focus in anti-vaping efforts for older teens and young adults
They know it's addictive. They know it's linked to dangerous lung diseases. And they know it delivers more nicotine than the cigarettes it's supposed to replace. But the social aspects of vaping drives young people to use Juul and other e-cigarettes, according to nearly two-thirds of teens and young adults in a new study. Less than 5% say the availability of fruity flavors drives use of e-cigarettes by members of their generation, and only 10% say addiction does. (2020-05-04)

Smokers more likely to express ACE2 protein that SARS-COV-2 uses to enter human cells
Previous data from COVID-19 patients suggests that cigarette smokers are more likely to have health complications. One possible reason, researchers report May 15 in the journal Developmental Cell, is that smoking increases the gene expression of ACE2--the protein that binds SARS-CoV-2--which may promote COVID-19 infection. The study suggests that prolonged smoking could cause an increase of the ACE2 protein in the lungs, possibly resulting in a higher rate of morbidity in patients. (2020-05-18)

Up to 60% of students in some schools vaped in past month
Vaping is most heavily concentrated in US schools with a higher proportion of white students, schools in the South and West, and schools where more students smoke cigarettes, a new University of Michigan study shows. (2020-05-26)

Social interactions after isolation may counteract cravings
Social interaction may help reverse food and cigarette cravings triggered by being in social isolation, a UNSW study in rats has found. The study, published in Scientific Reports, used an animal model of drug addiction to show that a return to social interaction gives the same result as living in a rich, stimulating environment in reducing cravings for both sugar and nicotine rewards. (2021-02-02)

Teen habitual smokers more receptive to cigarette ads, think they can quit anytime
Cigarette advertising has more influence on some adolescents than others, helping to predict which teens who try smoking will become habitual smokers, according to a new study. Also, teenagers who say they can quit anytime are more likely to develop the habit than those who don't believe quitting is so easy, shows the study published in the May issue of the American Journal of Preventive Medicine. (2002-04-24)

Secondhand marijuana smoke may damage blood vessels as much as tobacco smoke
Secondhand marijuana smoke may have similar cardiovascular effects as tobacco smoke. Lab rats exposed to secondhand marijuana smoke had a 70 percent drop in blood vessel function. (2014-11-16)

Dr. Avrum Spira receives award for advancing research on tobacco smoke's effect on lungs
Avrum Spira, M.D., M.Sc., the Alexander Graham Bell professor of medicine and chief of the division of computational biomedicine at Boston University School of Medicine, is the recipient of the Alton Ochsner Award Relating Smoking and Disease. (2013-10-28)

Tobacco-company-sponsored parties with free cigarettes may encourage students to start smoking
A widespread tobacco industry marketing strategy - sponsoring social events and giving out free cigarettes at bars, clubs, and college parties - is reaching students and may be encouraging them to take up smoking. (2004-12-28)

Carnegie Mellon researcher leads team working to create methanol fuel cell
Carnegie Mellon's Prashant Kumta and his group are developing nanostructural catalyst compositions using novel chemistry methods that exhibit excellent catalyticactivity compared to conventional standards catalysts. (2006-02-18)

What happens to your genes when you smoke a cigarette?
The effects of smoking cigarettes on gene activity have been investigated in the largest study of its kind. Researchers writing in the open access journal BMC Medical Genomics studied white blood cells taken from 1,240 people to identify 323 unique genes whose expression levels were significantly correlated with smoking behavior. (2010-07-14)

Study links teen smoking to symptoms of depression
It's commonly thought that teen depression can lead to cigarette smoking, but a new study, published in the October edition of Pediatrics, shows it's the smoking that increases the risk of depression. The study was conducted by a physician at Children's Hospital Medical Center of Cincinnati. (2000-10-01)

New report shows electronic cigarettes are beneficial to UK public health
Electronic cigarettes have the potential to contribute to reducing death and disability caused by Britain's biggest killer, say experts in The BMJ today. (2016-04-27)

Reducing smoking -- mixed messages and poor markers
Some people are unwilling or unable to stop smoking, but are prepared to try and reduce the numbers of cigarettes they smoke each day. After studying healthcare literature, a team of Cochrane Researchers could find only a few reports that assessed methods aimed at helping people reduce use. It is also unclear whether cutting down the number of cigarettes delivers clear health benefits. (2007-07-17)

E-cigarette users are exposed to potentially harmful levels of metal linked to DNA damage
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside, have completed a cross-sectional human study that compares biomarkers and metal concentrations in the urine of e-cigarette users, nonsmokers, and cigarette smokers. They found that the biomarkers, which reflect exposure, effect, and potential harm, are both elevated in e-cigarette users compared to the other groups and linked to metal exposure and oxidative DNA damage. (2020-02-20)

Smoking during pregnancy results in an increased risk of asthma even in adulthood
A recently completed study indicates that smoking by pregnant mothers caused roughly an 1.5-fold asthma risk in their offspring at the ages between 31 and 46. (2020-04-30)

CHEST 2011: Embargoed studies highlight new tobacco cessation research
This release contains new tobacco cessation research presented at CHEST 2011, the 77th annual meeting of the American College of Chest Physicians, in Honolulu, Hawaii. (2011-10-24)

Graduate student awarded NIH fellowship to study electronic cigarettes
Rachel Behar, a University of California, Riverside graduate student, has received a National Institutes of Health fellowship of more than $90,000 to study the cytotoxic effects -- effects that are toxic to the body's cells -- of e-cigarette use. The three-year competitive award will cover tuition and living expenses for the remainder of the student's tenure in graduate school. (2013-07-29)

'Reduced exposure' tobacco products lessen carcinogen exposure, but medicinal nicotine better
Smokers and other tobacco users who switch to (2004-06-01)

Genes in women who smoke linked to prematurity, low birthweight in their babies
Why do some women who smoke cigarettes during pregnancy have low birthweight babies while others do not? Until now the answer has largely been a medical mystery. Now, for the first time, a team of scientists funded by the March of Dimes has found part of the answer in how certain key genes interact with cigarette smoke. The research was published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association. (2002-01-08)

Wake Forest Research Group Find Brain Infarcts Common In General Public
A surprise may be lurking in the brains of many people - evidence of silent cerebral infarcts, or dead spots within their brains. Cigarette smoking and uncontrolled high blood pressure may be to blame (1998-05-08)

Women smokers have higher risk of lung cancer than men smokers, though lower lung cancer death rate
Women who smoke appear to be more susceptible to lung cancer than men who smoke, though women smokers have a lower rate of lung cancer-related death, according to a study in the July 12 issue of JAMA. (2006-07-11)

ADHD stimulant treatment may decrease risk of substance abuse in adolescent girls
Massachusetts General Hospital researchers have found that treatment with stimulant drugs does not increase and appears to significantly decrease the risk that girls with ADHD will begin smoking cigarettes or using alcohol or drugs. (2008-10-06)

A new effective strategy for treating tobacco addiction was developed by researchers from the CAS
Smoking-related disease is one of the world's largest public human health problems and difficult to be solved. In the May 2010 issue of Science China Life Sciences, Professor Zhao Baolu and his group from Chinese Academy of Sciences published a paper entitled (2010-05-11)

First-ever study shows e-cigarettes cause damage to gum tissue
A University of Rochester Medical Center study suggests that electronic cigarettes are as equally damaging to gums and teeth as conventional cigarettes. (2016-11-16)

Marijuana use among college students on rise following Oregon legalization, study finds
College students attending an Oregon university are using more marijuana now that the drug is legal for recreational use, but the increase is largely among students who also report recent heavy use of alcohol, a new study has found. (2017-06-14)

E-cigarettes increase risk of cigarette smoking in youth
A new collaborative Dartmouth study finds strong and consistent evidence of greater risk between initial e-cigarette use and subsequent cigarette smoking initiation, regardless of how initiation was defined and net other factors that predict cigarette smoking. (2017-06-28)

Study finds vaping prevention program significantly reduces use in middle school students
In response to the youth vaping crisis, experts at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) developed CATCH My Breath, a program to prevent electronic cigarette use among fifth - 12th grade students. Research published in Public Health Reports reveals the program significantly reduces the likelihood of e-cigarette use among students who complete the curriculum. (2020-01-30)

New study finds largest population increase among US adult electronic cigarette users is in younger adults that have never smoked combustible cigarettes
A new study from the American Cancer Society assessed trends between 2014 and 2018 in the prevalence of e-cigarette use and population count of e-cigarette users, according to combustible cigarette smoking histories, in younger (18-29 years), middle-aged (30-49 years), and older (?50 years.) U.S. adults. (2020-10-05)

Anti-Smoking Programs Should Start In Elementary School
Programs to keep children from starting to smoke should begin (1998-07-06)

Blood pressure drug limits cigarette smoke-induced lung injury in mice
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is among the most common causes of death in the US. It is a smoking-related disease for which there are currently no disease-altering therapies. However, hope that one could be developed is now provided by new research using in a mouse model of lung disease caused by exposure to cigarette smoke. (2011-12-19)

E-cigarettes are estimated to have helped 16,000-22,000 smokers in England to quit in 2014
Researchers from University College London estimate that use of e-cigarettes produced 16K-22K additional long-term quitters in England in 2014. (2016-02-29)

Patients unaware of link between smoking and bladder cancer
Even though cigarette smoking accounts for up to half of all bladder cancer cases, few people are aware of the connection -- including more than three-quarters of patients who have bladder cancer, according to a new study from the University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center. (2008-07-08)

Smoking from hookah not a harmless alternative to cigarettes
Smoking tobacco through a hookah is a pastime gaining popularity among the college crowd, but many of them mistakenly believe that using the fragrant water pipe is less harmful than smoking cigarettes. (2013-04-18)

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