Popular Circumcision News and Current Events

Popular Circumcision News and Current Events, Circumcision News Articles.
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Delaying child's tonsillectomy does not lower risk of developmental disorder
Children under age 5 who underwent minor surgery requiring anesthesia had a 26 percent increased risk of later diagnosis with a mental disorder. However, the timing of the procedure did not affect this risk, according to a new study. Based on these findings, there is little support for delaying a minor procedure to reduce the potential neurodevelopmental risks of anesthesia in children. (2017-09-14)

Most HIV transmission for men and women in Africa is within marriage or cohabitation
Since most heterosexual HIV transmission for both men and women in urban Zambia and Rwanda takes place within marriage or cohabitation, counseling and testing for couples should be promoted, as should other evidence-based interventions that target heterosexual couples. These are the conclusions of authors of an article in this week's edition of the Lancet. (2008-06-26)

Male circumcision and antiviral drugs appear to sharply reduce HIV infection rate
A steep drop in the local incidence of new HIV infections accompanied the rollout of a US-funded anti-HIV program in a large East-African population, according to a study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. (2017-11-29)

Peer influence, better HIV counseling could encourage boys in Africa to be circumcised
With research showing that male circumcision reduces the odds of getting HIV through heterosexual sex by 60 percent, more boys and young men -- primarily those between the ages of 10 and 19 -- are having the procedure done, largely in eastern and southern African nations where circumcision is rarely performed at birth. (2018-04-03)

Combination HIV prevention reduces new infections by 42 percent in Ugandan district
A study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine provides real-world evidence that implementing a combination of proven HIV prevention measures across communities can substantially reduce new HIV infections in a population. (2017-11-29)

Circumcision could prevent prostate cancer... if it's performed after the age of 35
Researchers at the University of Montreal and the Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique-Institut-Armand-Frappier have shown that men circumcised after the age of 35 were 45 percent less at risk of later developing prostate cancer than uncircumcised men. (2014-04-06)

Grave consequences
Female genital mutilation (FGM) increases the risk of developing mental illness and changes the body's reactions to stress. (2018-06-13)

Circumcising newborn males is a cost effective strategy for HIV prevention in Rwanda
Circumcising newborn boys as a way to prevent HIV infection in later life is more cost-effective than circumcising adult males, finds a new Rwandan study in this week's PLoS Medicine. (2010-01-19)

Circumcision: A proven strategy to prevent HIV
Male circumcision significantly reduces the risk of acquiring HIV in young African men, according to a UIC study published in the Feb. 24 issue of the Lancet. (2007-02-22)

Should Muslims have faith-based health services?
At a time when many government and public bodies are recognizing the importance of engaging with faith communities, in this week's BMJ two experts consider the case for faith-based health services for Muslims. (2007-01-11)

Adult circumcision reduces risk of HIV transmission without reducing sexual pleasure
Two studies presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association show that adult circumcision reduces the risk of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus and the risk of coital injury -- without reducing pleasure or causing sexual dysfunction. (2009-04-26)

Voluntary medical male circumcision may cost-effectively prevent HIV in Zimbabwe
Voluntary medical male circumcision could impact Zimbabwe's HIV epidemic in the coming years, and this investment may save costs in the longer term. These findings were reported by Jessica McGillen of Imperial College London and colleagues on July 18 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. (2018-07-18)

Improvement in the quality of VMMC made possible through the continuous quality improvement approach
The continuous quality improvement (CQI) approach was introduced on a pilot basis to 30 sites across Uganda. This approach identified barriers in achieving national standards for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), identified possible solutions to overcome these barriers, and carried out improvement plans to test these changes while collecting performance data to objectively measure whether they had bridged gaps. (2015-07-28)

Circumcision rates lower in states where Medicaid does not cover procedure
Hospitals in states where Medicaid does not pay for routine male circumcision are only about half as likely to perform the procedure, and this disparity could lead to an increased risk of HIV infection among lower-income children later in life (2009-01-27)

Circumcision associated with significant changes in bacteria
Circumcision, which substantially lowers HIV risk in men, also dramatically changes the bacterial communities of the penis, according to a study led by scientists at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and Johns Hopkins University, and published Jan. 6 in the scientific journal PLoS ONE. (2010-01-05)

Link between ritual circumcision procedure and herpes infection in infants examined
A rare procedure occasionally performed during Jewish circumcisions that involves direct oral suction is a likely source of herpes simplex virus type 1 transmissions documented in infants between 1988 and 2012, a literature review conducted by Penn Medicine researchers and published online in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society found. (2014-07-24)

The Lancet: Religious leaders could help improve uptake of male circumcision in HIV-prevention effort
Educating religious leaders about how circumcision helps to prevent HIV infection increased the number of men being circumcised in Tanzania, according to a study published in The Lancet. (2017-02-14)

Male circumcision reduces HIV risk, study stopped early
A University of Illinois at Chicago study has been stopped early due to dramatic preliminary results indicating that medical circumcision reduces the risk of acquiring HIV during heterosexual intercourse by 53 percent. (2006-12-13)

Male circumcision campaigns in Africa to fight HIV are a form of cultural imperialism
World Health Organization-recommended campaigns to circumcise millions of African boys and men to reduce HIV transmission are based more on systemic racism and 'neocolonialism' than sound scientific research, according to a critical appraisal published in Developing World Bioethics. (2020-09-10)

New HIV program increased viral suppression, decreased new infections in Botswana
In a randomized trial in Botswana, an HIV prevention intervention that included increased testing and counseling, assistance with accessing care, and expanded ART coverage increased population viral suppression to among the highest levels reported globally. (2019-07-17)

A brief history of syphilis points to a neglected disease in sub-Saharan Africa
It is known that syphilis rates have varied much between different countries and populations over the past 100 years. A study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases collates a history of the disease and finds that while rates dropped world-wide in the post-penicillin era after 1945, they remained, up until recently, much higher in Sub-Saharan Africa compared with other regions. (2016-05-11)

Study suggests need for better pain management in newborns
During nursing and medical procedures in the hospital, premature infants respond to pain and can tell the difference between more and less painful procedures. They also react more to pain as they grow older, a new study finds. The researchers recommend universal pain management in newborns to reduce the acute and long-term impact of early procedural pain. (1999-07-07)

Permit female genital 'nicks' that respect culture/religion but don't harm, say experts
A small surgical 'nick' or minimalist procedures that slightly change the look, but not the function or sensory capacity of a young woman's external genitalia, should be legally permitted as a compromise solution to FGM, argue gynaecologists in the Journal of Medical Ethics. (2016-02-22)

First large-scale HIV vaccine trial in South Africa opens
A large-scale clinical trial of a candidate HIV vaccine -- which previously showed promise in smaller studies in the United States and elsewhere -- has now opened in South Africa. The study plans to enroll up to 3,000 HIV-negative men and women, making it the largest African HIV vaccine trial to date. (2007-02-08)

Experts cite multiple contacts for hepatitis C virus exposure in Ghana
West African residents have frequent opportunities for exposure to the hepatitis C virus, according to a comprehensive review in the journal PLOS ONE co-authored by infectious disease specialist Jennifer Layden, M.D., Ph.D., of Loyola University Medical Center and Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. (2016-02-01)

Major grant awarded for HIV prevention study in Africa
A grant of $37 million has been awarded to researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine to test new strategies to prevent HIV in African countries. (2011-09-16)

Female Genital Mutilation/Female Circumcision: Who Is At Risk In The United States?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 168,000 girls and women living in the United States in 1990 were at risk for or had been subject to FGM/FC. (1997-08-18)

West African HIV-2 prevalence associated with lower historical male circumcision rates
In West African cities, male circumcision rates in 1950 were negatively correlated with HIV-2 prevalence from 1985, according to a study published Dec. 7, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by João Sousa from the University of Leuven, Belgium, and colleagues. (2016-12-07)

New report provides women's perspectives on medical male circumcision for HIV prevention
A new report, Making Medical Male Circumcision Work for Women, from the Women's HIV Prevention Tracking Project (WHiPT), a collaborative initiative of AVAC and the ATHENA Network, features an unprecedented collection of voices from Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Uganda reflecting on what male circumcision for HIV prevention means for women. It highlights women's perspectives, advocacy priorities and recommendations on this new prevention strategy. (2010-12-13)

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, Jan. 17, 2012
Below is information about articles being published in the Jan. 17 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. The information is not intended to substitute for the full articles as sources of information. Annals of Internal Medicine attribution is required for all coverage. (2012-01-16)

The Lancet publishes details on two studies of adult male circumcision to prevent HIV
Two papers in the February 24 issue of The Lancet provide detailed analyses of two NIAID-funded clinical trials of adult male circumcision in Kenya and Uganda. In the trial of 2,784 HIV-negative men in Kisumu, Kenya, the investigators found the rate of HIV acquisition in circumcised men to be 53 percent lower than in uncircumcised men. Investigators in the trial of 4,996 HIV-negative men in Rakai, Uganda, report that HIV acquisition was reduced by 51 percent in circumcised men. (2007-02-22)

UCSF symposium considers biomedical approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention
Use of antiretrovirals for HIV prevention in uninfected individuals at high risk for infection, herpes suppression, male circumcision and the successful treatment of HIV-infected individuals with antiretrovirals are some of the approaches that will be under discussion at the symposium. (2009-02-12)

Ritual circumcision linked to increased risk of autism in young boys
Research published today by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine suggests that circumcised boys are more likely than intact boys to develop autism spectrum disorder before the age of 10. (2015-01-08)

Circumcision can help prevent transmission of human papillomavirus from HIV-negative men to HIV-negative women
When HIV-negative men are circumcised, it provides protection against transmission of human papillomavirus to HIV-negative women. However, the protection is only partial and the study authors note that it is also important to observe safe sex practices. The study is by the Rakai Health Sciences Program in Uganda, and reported by Drs. Aaron Tobian and Maria Wawer, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., USA. (2011-01-06)

Circumcision doesn't reduce sexual satisfaction and performance, says study of 4,500 men
A study of nearly 4,500 men finds that circumcision does not adversely affect sexual performance and satisfaction. Adult studies have been problematic and contradictory because of highly selective study participants, small sample sizes and short follow-up periods. Satisfaction rates in this study -- which compared circumcised and noncircumcised men -- topped 98 percent. (2008-01-07)

Music played to premature babies may lessen pain and improve feeding habits
Music played to premature babies may help to reduce their pain and encourage better oral feeding, suggests research published ahead of print in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. (2009-05-27)

Model for roll-out of comprehensive adult male circumcision services in South Africa
In research published this week in PLoS Medicine. Bertran Auvert and colleagues describe the large-scale roll-out of adult male circumcision in Orange Farm, South Africa. (2010-07-20)

Announcing the Human Microbiome Project Collection
The new PLoS Human Microbiome Project Collection encompasses genome sequencing research that shows, for the first time, reference data for microbes living with healthy adults. The studies were conducted by individual groups that make up the Human Microbiome Consortium and include publications from PLoS ONE, PLoS Computational Biology and PLoS Genetics. (2012-06-13)

Is infant male circumcision an abuse of the rights of the child?
Circumcision is one of the most common surgical procedures performed on males. Opponents argue that infant circumcision can cause both physical and psychological harm, while recent evidence shows that circumcision is medically beneficial. Two doctors debate the issue in this week's BMJ. (2007-12-07)

HIV infection and tuberculosis in South Africa -- an urgent need to escalate the public health response
The third paper documents SA's struggle with HIV/AIDS, with the chilling statistic that despite having just 0.7 percent of the world's population, the country has 17 percent of the global HIV burden. The paper is written by Professor Salim S. Abdool Karim, CAPRISA, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and colleagues. (2009-08-24)

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