Popular Colonoscopy News and Current Events | Page 2

Popular Colonoscopy News and Current Events, Colonoscopy News Articles.
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Breakthrough optical technology to assess colon cancer risk, accuracy
Researchers at NorthShore University HealthSystem and Northwestern University have discovered that fiber optic technology can for the very first time effectively measure blood levels in the colonic lining (mucosa) in humans, thus having potential applications for analyzing risk of colon cancer. The study used fiber optic technology to map microvascular blood content in patients during colonoscopy. The results provide the first indication that the early increase in blood supply is detectable in humans. (2008-10-01)

ASGE initiative examines real-time endoscopic assessment of the histology of diminutive colorectal polyps
March's GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy includes the first statement from a new ASGE initiative called the Preservation and Incorporation of Valuable Endoscopic Innovations (PIVI). The first PIVI examines real-time endoscopic assessment of the histology of diminutive (≤ 5 mm in size) colorectal polyps and is one in a series of statements defining the diagnostic or therapeutic threshold that must be met for a technique or device to become considered appropriate for incorporation into clinical practice. (2011-03-08)

CTC screening for colorectal cancer not cost-effective when reimbursed at same rate as colonoscopy
Computed tomographic colonography, also known as virtual colonoscopy, is not cost-effective if reimbursed at the same rate as colonoscopy, according to a study published online July 27 in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2010-07-27)

First states to expand Medicaid saw larger screening rate increases
The five states and District of Columbia that first adopted Medicaid expansion saw larger increases in cancer screening than those states that did not. (2019-05-22)

New guidelines recommend earlier colorectal cancer screening
New guidelines developed by the American Cancer Society (ACS) recommend that screening for colorectal cancer for average-risk adults begin at age 45, five years earlier than the previous recommendation. (2018-05-31)

Screening for colorectal cancer in under-55-year-olds with family history: Benefit unclear
An update of the 2013 assessment shows that, due to a lack of suitable studies, data are missing for people with a family history of colorectal cancer. (2018-05-30)

As colorectal cancer rises in young people, new guidelines recommend screening start at 45
Study published today the journal Cancer recommends colorectal cancer screening start at age 45, five years younger than currently recommended for both men and women of all races and ethnicities. (2018-05-30)

AGA supports new guidelines favoring tests that prevent colorectal cancer
New consensus colorectal cancer guidelines released today state for the first time that the primary goal of colorectal cancer screening is cancer prevention. Previous guidelines have given equal weight to tests for detecting cancer and preventing cancer. By removing polyps from the large bowel, colonoscopy is the only screening test that also prevents colorectal cancer. (2008-03-05)

Outreach interventions improve colorectal cancer screening
Outreach and notification to patients and physicians improved colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among patients who were not up-to-date or nonadherent with CRC screening, according to two studies published by JAMA. (2017-09-05)

Sah: Medical guidelines may be biased, overly aggressive
Dr. Sunita Sah practiced general medicine for several years in the United Kingdom's National Health Service. When she came to the United States, she noticed something strange. The U.K. guidelines for tests such as mammograms and colon cancer screenings drastically differed from those in the U.S. - even though they were based on the same medical evidence. (2019-04-05)

Patients with positive fecal screening test, sooner is better for colonoscopy
The risk of colorectal cancer increased significantly when colonoscopy was delayed by more than nine months following a positive fecal screening test, according to a large Kaiser Permanente study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association. (2017-04-25)

First colonoscopy with removal of polyps linked to reduction in colon cancer death
Using a model from the National Polyp Study data, researchers found a dramatic reduction in expected colorectal cancer deaths with screening colonoscopy that cleared the colon of precancerous polyps -- whether or not there were follow-up exams -- suggesting the initial screening with (2007-10-15)

Capsule research paves way for simpler C. difficile treatment
An Alberta-led clinical trial has shown Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) is as effective in treating clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections whether delivered by colonoscopy or by swallowing capsules. (2017-11-28)

Virtual colonoscopy an alternative to FOB test & colonoscopy for colorectal cancer?
Colorectal cancer is the third most diagnosed cancer in the world, with population screening being recommended for early disease detection, however, the most optimal method to screen for the disease remains unknown. (2015-12-30)

MRI stronger predictor of major adverse cardiovascular events than standard scan
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a stronger predictor of risk for major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) than single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) at 5 years follow-up. The findings are published in Annals of Internal Medicine. (2016-05-09)

Annals colonoscopy study underscores importance of quality standards
A study released this week concluded that while screening colonoscopy is associated with fewer deaths from colorectal cancer, the association is primarily limited to deaths from cancer developing in the left side of the colon. This study confirms the value of colonoscopy as a screening test and clarifies a possible weakness: detecting polyps on the right side of the colon. During the past decade, there have been significant advances in how colonoscopies are performed. (2008-12-17)

The largest colonic lipoma to date
Colonic lipoma is an uncommon tumor of the gastrointestinal tract. Most cases are asymptomatic, with a small tumor size, and do not need any special treatment. However, Dr. Li-Sheng Jiang and Dr. Li Jiang in China have encountered one patient with a giant colonic lipoma, with a maximum diameter of 8.5 cm, which exhibited significant symptoms. To the best of their knowledge, this colonic lipoma is the largest one so far. (2007-10-26)

How to increase colonoscopy attendance?
The low attendance rate for colonoscopy screening for colorectal cancer is associated with unsatisfactory screening efficacy. A research group in China has established a barrier-focused intervention program and evaluated its effects on colonoscopy attendance among nonadherent high-risk populations. The attendance rate significantly increased during the intervention compared with the first 12 months without intervention. The intervention effect was also associated with some population characteristics and high-risk factors. (2009-08-26)

Innovative efforts to reduce colorectal cancer disparities in Alaska Native population
A study in GIE: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy's March issue describes innovative efforts to increase colorectal cancer screening rates in the Alaska Native population, who experience twice the incidence and death rates from colorectal cancer as does the US white population. As a result of ongoing efforts, statewide Alaska Native colorectal cancer screening rates increased from 29 percent in 2000 to 41 percent in 2005 before the initiation of these efforts and increased to 55 percent in 2010. (2012-03-06)

Rise in early onset colorectal cancer not aligned with screening trends
A new study finds that trends in colonoscopy rates did not fully align with the increase in colorectal cancer (CRC) in younger adults, adding to evidence that the rise in early onset CRC is not solely a result of more detection. (2019-07-12)

New Canadian recommendation against colonoscopy for routine screening of colorectal cancer
Physicians should screen for colorectal cancer in asymptomatic, low-risk adults aged 50 to 74 years every two years using fecal occult blood testing (FOBT), or flexible sigmoidoscopy every 10 years, rather than colonoscopy, according to a new Canadian guideline from the Canadian Task Force on Preventive Health Care in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2016-02-22)

Fecal microbiota transplant found safe and effective in children with C. difficile
Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT), or the transfer of stool from a healthy donor to a patient, has been found effective in reversing severe, recurring diarrheal infections from Clostridiodes difficile in adults by restoring a normal microbiome. Now, the largest study to date of FMT in children finds the procedure to be safe and effective in eradicating an infection that is on the rise among children, even those without known risk factors. (2019-05-16)

Can Facebook advertising prevent cancer?
Results from Colorado Cancer Screening Program study shows that text and social media can help to reach hard-to-reach populations with information about colorectal cancer screening (2018-12-19)

Many opioid-dosage combinations have no prescribing restrictions under Medicare formulary
Medicare Part D formularies allowed unrestrictive coverage for many opioids over the past decade, especially at high doses, including drugs commonly associated with overdose. Because formulary coverage directly affects prescribing, these findings suggest that formularies present on underused opportunity to restrict opioid prescribing. (2017-10-09)

CT colonography offers 1-stop screening for cancer and osteoporosis
New research reveals that computed tomography colonography, also known as virtual colonoscopy, has the potential to screen for two diseases at once -- colorectal cancer and osteoporosis, both of which commonly affect adults over age 50. (2008-12-02)

Study compares colonoscopy polyp detection rates and endoscopist characteristics
Previous research has suggested that specific factors about the doctor performing colonoscopy -- for example, a gastroenterologist versus a surgeon, female versus male -- were associated with different rates of detection of precancerous polyps. However, a Cleveland Clinic-led research team found that those previously described differences among endoscopists are not true. (2019-04-17)

Has the Affordable Care Act reduced socioeconomic disparities in cancer screening?
Out-of-pocket expenditures are thought to be a significant barrier to receiving cancer preventive services, especially for individuals of lower socioeconomic status. A new study looks at how the Affordable Care Act (ACA), which eliminated such out-of-pocket expenditures, has affected the use of mammography and colonoscopy. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study found that use of mammography, but not colonoscopy, increased after the ACA. (2017-01-09)

Blood-based colon cancer screen shows promise in UW-Madison study
In a study published April 8, 2019, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a group of University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists has identified four blood-based fingerprints -- human protein markers -- associated with the pre-cancerous forms of colon cancer that are most likely to develop into disease. The scientists expect their findings will ultimately lead to a blood test for the cancer, adding a method to help increase screening rates while reducing overtreatment. (2019-04-08)

ASCO 2019: Delays lead to late-stage diagosis of young people with colorectal cancer
Median 294 days passed between the first time patients noticed rectal bleeding and the time they were diagnosed. By the time of diagnosis, 37.8 percent of the patients were Stage IV. (2019-05-29)

AGA offers new recommendations for CRC surveillance for certain patients with IBD
Certain patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), both ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease of the colon, have an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer compared to individuals without IBD. A number of factors contribute to the increase in risk, which necessitates an individualized and sensible approach to surveillance in patients, according to a new medical position statement and technical review published by the American Gastroenterological Association in its official journal, Gastroenterology. (2010-02-16)

An inside look at probiotics
In two back-to-back reports published in Cell, researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science show -- in both mice and in humans -- that a probiotic preparation of 11 strains of the most widely used probiotic families may sometimes be less-than-beneficial for user and their microbiome. (2018-09-06)

Dietary quality influences microbiome composition in human colonic mucosa
Studying the association between diet quality and microbiome composition in human colonic mucosa revealed that a high-quality diet is linked to more potentially beneficial bacteria, while a low-quality diet is associated with an increase in potentially harmful bacteria. (2019-07-15)

Colonoscopy screening markedly reduces colorectal cancer incidence and death
A new study found that colonoscopy with polypectomy significantly reduces colorectal cancer (CRC) incidence and CRC-related death in the general population. 12 CRC cases were identified in the screening group of 1,912 patients and 213 cases of CRC were found in the non-screened group of 20,774 patients. One of the 12 persons of the screened individuals with CRC and 51 of the 213 persons of the non-screened individuals with CRC died because of their cancers. (2012-07-24)

Individual intervention with low-income and minority patients increases colonoscopy rates
Patient interventions are necessary to achieve higher rates of colorectal cancer screening in low-income and minority patients, according to two studies in the current issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. (2008-04-01)

Blood test for colitis screening using infrared technology could reduce dependence on colonoscopy
A fast, simple blood test for ulcerative colitis using infrared spectroscopy could provide a cheaper, less invasive alternative for screening compared to colonoscopy, which is now the predominant test, according to a study between the Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University. (2017-08-23)

Screening for colorectal cancer at 45 would avert deaths, but testing older adults would do more
Starting routine colorectal cancer screening at age 45 rather than 50 would decrease U.S. cancer deaths, but screening a greater number of older and high-risk adults would avert nearly three times as many diagnoses and deaths at a lower cost. (2019-03-28)

10-year follow-up after negative colonoscopies linked to lower colorectal cancer risk
Ten years after a negative colonoscopy, Kaiser Permanente members had 46 percent lower risk of being diagnosed with and were 88 percent less likely to die from colorectal cancer compared with those who did not undergo colorectal cancer screening, according to a study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine. (2018-12-17)

Knowledge of positive Cologuard test improves colonoscopy performance
An endoscopist's knowledge of a positive Cologuard test improves colonoscopy performance, according to a poster presentation at last week's Digestive Disease Week conference. (2016-05-23)

More precise colon cancer screening?
A clinical scoring system for colon cancer risk could help physicians identify which average-risk patients could potentially skip a colonoscopy and instead be screened with a less-invasive method. The researchers suggest that this approach could increase the uptake and efficiency of colorectal cancer screening. The cross-sectional study is published in Annals of Internal Medicine. (2015-08-10)

Here's proof that bowel cancer screening reduces deaths
New research led by the University of South Australia shows just how effective bowel cancer screening is in helping to reduce the number of bowel cancer deaths by up to 45%. (2019-09-19)

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