Popular Dark Matter News and Current Events

Popular Dark Matter News and Current Events, Dark Matter News Articles.
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Glory from gloom
A dark cloud of cosmic dust snakes across this spectacular wide field image, illuminated by the brilliant light of new stars. This dense cloud is a star-forming region called Lupus 3, where dazzlingly hot stars are born from collapsing masses of gas and dust. This image was created from images taken using the VLT Survey Telescope and the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope and is the most detailed image taken so far of this region. (2018-01-31)

Storage wars
One answer to our greenhouse gas challenges may be right under our feet: Soil scientists Oliver Chadwick of UC Santa Barbara and Marc Kramer of Washington State University have found that minerals in soil can hold on to a significant amount of carbon pulled from the atmosphere. It's a mechanism that could potentially be exploited as the world tries to shift its carbon economy. (2019-01-02)

The search for dark matter: Axions have ever fewer places to hide
If they existed, axions -- one of the candidates for particles of the mysterious dark matter -- could interact with the matter forming our world, but they would have to do this to a much, much weaker extent than it has seemed up to now. New, rigorous constraints on the properties of axions have been imposed by an international team of scientists responsible for the nEDM experiment. (2018-02-14)

Not just images
Hebrew University scientists have successfully transformed an MRI from a diagnostic camera into a device that can record changes in the biological makeup of brain tissue. The development will help doctors understand whether a patient is merely aging or developing a neurodegenerative disease, such as Alzheimer's or Parkinson's. (2019-09-05)

Researchers use MRI to predict Alzheimer's disease
MRI brain scans perform better than common clinical tests at predicting which people will go on to develop Alzheimer's disease, according to a new study. (2018-11-20)

X-ray technology reveals never-before-seen matter around black hole
In an international collaboration between Japan and Sweden, scientists clarified how gravity affects the shape of matter near the black hole in binary system Cygnus X-1. Their findings, which were published in Nature Astronomy this month, may help scientists further understand the physics of strong gravity and the evolution of black holes and galaxies. (2018-07-27)

Twilight observations reveal huge storm on Neptune
Striking images of a storm system nearly the size of Earth have astronomers doing a double-take after pinpointing its location near Neptune's equator, a region where no bright cloud has been seen before. The discovery was made at dawn on June 26 as UC Berkeley graduate student Ned Molter was testing the Keck telescope to see whether it could make useful observations during twilight, a time most astronomers consider unusable because it's not dark enough. (2017-08-03)

Site of asteroid impact changed the history of life
The impact of the asteroid heated organic matter in rocks and ejected it into the atmosphere, forming soot in the stratosphere. (2017-11-10)

Primordial black holes may have helped to forge heavy elements
Astronomers like to say we are the byproducts of stars, stellar furnaces that long ago fused hydrogen and helium into the elements needed for life through the process of stellar nucleosynthesis. (2017-08-04)

Hello DARKNESS
UCSB physicists team up with Caltech astronomers to commission the most advanced camera in the world. (2018-04-16)

Does dark matter annihilate quicker in the Milky Way?
Researchers at the Tata Institute of Fundamental Research in Mumbai have proposed a theory that predicts how dark matter may be annihilating much more rapidly in the Milky Way, than in smaller or larger galaxies and the early Universe. (2017-06-23)

On the origins of star stuff: HAWC collaboration sheds light on origin of anti-matter
Michigan Tech team and others use a high-altitude observatory in Mexico to better understand where gamma rays come from. (2017-11-16)

First observation of the hyperfine splitting in antihydrogen
Swansea University scientists are one step closer to answering the question of why matter exists and illuminating the mysteries of the Big Bang and the birth of the universe. (2017-08-03)

Electron behavior under extreme conditions described for the first time
Researchers have modeled the actions of electrons under extreme temperatures and densities, such as those found within planets and stars. (2017-10-06)

The evolution of Dark-fly
On Nov. 11, 1954, Syuiti Mori turned out the lights on a small group of fruit flies. More than 60 years later, the descendants of those flies have adapted to life without light. These flies -- a variety known as 'Dark-fly' -- outcompete their light-loving cousins when they live together in constant darkness, according to research reported in G3: Genes|Genomes|Genetics. Re-playing the evolution of Dark-fly identified the genomic regions that contribute to its success in the dark. (2016-02-04)

Novel thermal phases of topological quantum matter in the lab
A quantum simulation of topological phases of matter at finite temperature has be realized for the first time by a group of researchers from Universidad Complutense, IBM, ETH Zurich, MIT and Harvard University. These findings open the door to unexpected applications in robust quantum technologies against thermal fluctuations such as quantum computers or memories. (2018-04-17)

Hunting for dark matter in the smallest galaxies in the Universe
Astrophysicists from the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh have created a new method to measure the amount of dark matter at the center of tiny 'dwarf' galaxies. (2018-04-06)

Did gravitational wave detector find dark matter?
When an astronomical observatory detected two black holes colliding in deep space, scientists celebrated confirmation of Einstein's prediction of gravitational waves. A team of astrophysicists wondered something else: Had the experiment found the (2016-06-15)

Temperature may affect pollen color
While studies on flowers' petal-color variation abound, new research looks at differences in the performance of pollen under varied environmental conditions based on its color. (2018-01-05)

Activating genes on demand
A new approach developed by Harvard geneticist George Church, Ph.D., can help uncover how tandem gene circuits dictate life processes, such as the healthy development of tissue or the triggering of a particular disease, and can also be used for directing precision stem cell differentiation for regenerative medicine and growing organ transplants. (2015-03-04)

The critical importance of mangroves to ocean life
Mangrove plants, whose finger-like roots are known to protect coastal wetlands against the ocean and as important fish habitats, cover less than 0.1 percent of the global land surface yet account for a tenth of the dissolved organic carbon (DOC) that flows from land to the ocean. The plants are one of the main sources of dissolved organic matter in the ocean. (2006-02-27)

Dark matter and dark energy: Do they really exist?
Researchers have hypothesized that the universe contains a 'dark matter.' They have also posited the existence of a 'dark energy.' These two hypotheses account for the movement of stars in galaxies and for the accelerating expansion of the universe. But -- according to a researcher at UNIGE -- these concepts may be no longer valid: the phenomena can be demonstrated without them. This research exploits a new theoretical model based on the scale invariance of the empty space. (2017-11-22)

Unraveling a major cause of sea ice retreat in the Arctic Ocean
Quantitative analysis has evidenced the acceleration system of melting ice: dark water surfaces absorb more heat than white ice surfaces, thus melting ice and making more water surfaces in the Arctic Ocean. (2017-09-06)

A new look at the nature of dark matter
A new study suggests that the gravitational waves detected by the LIGO experiment must have come from black holes generated during the collapse of stars, and not in the earliest phases of the Universe. (2017-03-06)

The brains of children with a better physical fitness possess a greater volume of gray matter
Researchers from the University of Granada lead a worldwide pioneering study that confirms that physical fitness in children may affect their brain structure, which in turn may have an influence on their academic performance. (2017-11-22)

The S-stroke or I-stroke?
The year 2016 is an Olympic year. Developments in high-performance swimwear for swimming continue to advance, along with other areas of scientific research. One area of research has focused on which type of crawl stroke is more effective -- when the arm draws a curve in the water (S-stroke) or moves straight (I-stroke) -- long a matter of debate in the world of competitive swimming. (2016-01-14)

MSU-based scientists described the collision of a shock wave and a 'star cradle'
A mathematician from MSU together with a Russian colleague modeled the formation of filaments (thread-like matter conglomerates) after the collision of a shock wave with molecular clouds in the interstellar space. The work will help the scientists better understand the birth of stars and star systems. The results of the study were published in Computers and Fluids magazine. (2018-03-26)

Dark matter may be smoother than expected
Analysis of a giant new galaxy survey, made with ESO's VLT Survey Telescope in Chile, suggests that dark matter may be less dense and more smoothly distributed throughout space than previously thought. An international team used data from the Kilo Degree Survey (KiDS) to study how the light from about 15 million distant galaxies was affected by the gravitational influence of matter on the largest scales in the universe. The results appear to be in disagreement with earlier results from the Planck satellite. (2016-12-07)

It's not how you play the game, but how the dice were made
Over time, dice used in playing games have changed in shape and size and evolved with considerations about fairness, chance and probability. (2018-01-30)

Measuring the Milky Way: 1 massive problem, 1 new solution
It is a galactic challenge, to be sure, but Gwendolyn Eadie is getting closer to an accurate answer to a question that has defined her early career in astrophysics: what is the mass of the Milky Way? (2016-05-31)

Astronomers reveal evidence of dynamical dark energy
An international research team, including astronomers from the University of Portsmouth, has revealed evidence of dynamical dark energy. (2017-10-03)

New tool predicts eye, hair and skin color from a DNA sample of an unidentified individual
An international team has developed a novel tool to accurately predict eye, hair and skin color from human biological material -- even a small DNA sample -- left, for example, at a crime scene or obtained from archeological remains. This all-in-one pigmentation profile tool provides a physical description of the person in a way that has not previously been possible by generating all three pigment traits together using a freely available webtool. (2018-05-14)

Exotic state of matter: An atom full of atoms
If the electron orbits the nucleus at a great distance, there is plenty of space in between for other atoms. A 'giant atom' can be created, filled with ordinary atoms. All these atoms form a weak bond, creating a new, exotic state of matter at cold temperatures, referred to as 'Rydberg polarons'. (2018-02-26)

Deep-sea fish choose habitat according to genotype, new research says
Scientists have found evidence of natural selection in a deep-sea fish species adapting to the depth of ocean that it inhabits. (2018-03-05)

Microscopy: A space-time sensor for light-matter interactions
Physicists from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have developed an attosecond electron microscope that allows them to visualize the dispersion of light in time and space, and observe the motions of electrons in atoms. (2017-11-30)

Greenhouse gas 'feedback loop' discovered in freshwater lakes
Latest research finds plant debris in lake sediment affects methane emissions. The flourishing reed beds created by changing climates could threaten to double the already significant methane production of the world's northern lakes. (2018-05-04)

Lack of vegetable choices in infant and toddler food is widespread
The inability to foster children's taste for dark green vegetables is related to a lack of commercially prepared single-vegetable products, according to a new study led by researchers from the University of Colorado School of Medicine on the Anschutz Medical Campus. (2018-04-10)

Farthest star ever seen in the universe detected
An international team of researchers including the Kavli IPMU have observed the most distant individual star, 9 billion light years from Earth. (2018-04-02)

Cosmic x-rays may provide clues to the nature of dark matter
Researchers at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany have presented a novel theory of dark matter, which implies that dark matter particles may be very different from what is normally assumed. In particular, their theory involves dark matter particles which are extremely light -- almost one hundred times lighter than electrons, in stark contrast to many conventional models that involve very heavy dark matter particles instead. (2018-02-08)

Shedding light on arctic zooplankton in the dark
We know that tiny marine creatures in the Arctic respond to weak light from the Moon or the Northern Lights during the polar night. Now researchers have learned that artificial light from research vessels can also have a negative effect. (2018-02-01)

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