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Popular Decision Making News and Current Events

Popular Decision Making News and Current Events, Decision Making News Articles.
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Does MRI plus mammography improve detection of new breast cancer after breast conservation therapy?
A new article published by JAMA Oncology compares outcomes for combined mammography and MRI or ultrasonography screenings for new breast cancers in women who have previously undergone breast conservation surgery and radiotherapy for breast cancer initially diagnosed at 50 or younger. (2017-06-22)
Climate change label leads to climate science acceptance
A new Cornell University study finds that labels matter when it comes to acceptance of climate science. (2017-06-21)
How neurons use crowdsourcing to make decisions
When many individual neurons collect data, how do they reach a unanimous decision? (2017-06-06)
Communicating in a foreign language takes emotion out of decision-making
If you could save the lives of five people by pushing another bystander in front of a train to his death, would you do it? (2017-08-17)
Many women report not feeling completely informed about breast cancer treatment options
Results from two separate studies in the Journal of the American College of Surgeons showed a decision aid tool may help mitigate the sense of urgency patients feel about making treatment decisions. (2017-12-15)
Themed issue lays foundation for emerging field of collective movement ecology
Collective movement is one of the great natural wonders on Earth and has long captured our imaginations. (2018-03-26)
Impact of misunderstanding genetic tests for heart conditions
Patients who undergo genetic testing for inherited heart disease need to be better informed to know how to interpret the results and understand the impact the results will have on their life, a University of Sydney study has found. (2018-02-23)
Poor outlook for biodiversity in Antarctica
The popular view that Antarctica and the Southern Ocean are in a much better environmental shape than the rest of the world has been brought into question in a study publishing on March 28 in the open access journal PLOS Biology, by an international team lead by Steven L. (2017-03-28)
Hard choices? Ask your brain's dopamine
Salk researchers learn how dopamine governs ongoing decisions, yielding insights into Parkinson's, drug addiction. (2017-03-09)
This is your brain on alcohol (video)
It's almost time to ring in 2017. And since most New Year's celebrations include alcohol, Reactions' latest episode explains the chemistry behind its effects -- drunkenness, frequent bathroom breaks and occasionally poor decision-making. (2016-12-27)
Use of Prostate Health Index test reduces unnecessary biopsies
The Prostate Health Index (phi) is a cost-effective tool used by urologists to detect prostate cancer. (2017-11-20)
Assessing carbon capture technology
Carbon capture and storage could be used to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions and thus ameliorate their impact on climate change. (2016-02-17)
Will people eat relish made from 'waste' ingredients? Drexel study finds they may even prefer it
A new Drexel University study found strong potential for consumer acceptance of a new category of foods created from discarded ingredients. (2017-12-12)
End-of-life decision-making for people with intellectual disabilities
There has been little research on end-of-life decision-making for the growing population of older Americans with intellectual disabilities. (2017-10-06)
Obama and Trump administrations get opposite environmental assessment results
Using vast discrepancies between environmental assessments by the Obama and Trump administrations related to the Clean Water Act (CWA) as a key example, authors of this Policy Forum highlight the need for a systematic protocol for government cost-benefits analyses of proposed regulations. (2017-10-05)
Pea plants demonstrate ability to 'gamble' -- a first in plants
An international team of scientists from Oxford University, UK, and Tel-Hai College, Israel, has shown that pea plants can demonstrate sensitivity to risk -- namely, that they can make adaptive choices that take into account environmental variance, an ability previously unknown outside the animal kingdom. (2016-06-30)
Consumers care about carbon footprint
How much do consumers care about the carbon footprint of the products they buy? (2016-02-26)
What's in a name? For young Chinese consumers, it's about culture mixing
Younger, more cosmopolitan Chinese consumers tend to favor brand translations that keep both the sound and the meaning of the original name, says U. of I. business professor and branding expert Carlos J. (2016-10-03)
Core outcomes established for multimorbidity research
According to a panel of international experts, clinical trials of multimorbidity should measure and report, at minimum, quality of life, mortality, and mental health outcomes. (2018-03-13)
When are consumers more likely to rely on feelings to make decisions?
Why do some consumers make choices based on their feelings instead of rational assessments? (2015-03-31)
Hunger guides mountain lions' actions to enter residential areas
In a new study, researchers found that while big cats like mountain lions are generally fearful of and avoid humans, hunger can dampen that fear. (2018-03-13)
New studies aim to boost social science methods in conservation research
Scientists have produced a series of papers designed to improve research on conservation and the environment. (2018-01-11)
Pride tops guilt as a motivator for environmental decisions
A lot of pro-environmental messages suggest that people will feel guilty if they don't make an effort to live more sustainably or takes steps to ameliorate climate change. (2018-02-13)
Countries most affected by weather disasters do not spend more on weather services
Countries hit hardest by weather-related disasters do not necessarily spend more on commercial weather and climate information services that assist in preparing for these events, a new study finds. (2017-05-24)
Researchers to predict cognitive dissonance according to brain activity
A new study by HSE researchers has uncovered a new brain mechanism that generates cognitive dissonance -- a mental discomfort experienced by a person who simultaneously holds two or more contradictory beliefs or values, or experiences difficulties in making decisions. (2017-05-16)
A missing influence in keeping diversity within the academy?
A new study of science Ph.D.s who embarked on careers between 2004 and 2014 showed that while nearly two-thirds chose employment outside academic science, their reasons for doing so had little to do with the advice they received from faculty advisors, other scientific mentors, family, or even graduate school peers. (2016-09-01)
Decision support systems may improve quality of patient surgical care
New research published in the February issue of Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), illustrates how physician anesthesiologists are investigating the challenges and opportunities of integrating patient data, to aid clinicians in patient management, through clinical decision support technologies. (2018-01-24)
Sustainability criteria for transport biofuels need improvements
In its Renewable Energy Directive, the European Union has set a 10 percent goal for the use of renewable energy in transport by 2020. (2016-06-14)
Management of mitral regurgitation in a patient contemplating pregnancy
In the current issue of Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (Volume 2, Number 4, 2018, pp 439-446(8); DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2017.0027, researchers Yee-Ping Sun and Patrick T. (2018-04-18)
Fish step up to lead when predators are near
Researchers from the University of Bristol have discovered that some fish within a shoal take on the responsibilities of leader when they are under threat from predators. (2017-05-03)
Reports of shared decision making increase in the united states, but disparities exist
Between 2002 and 2014, reports of shared decision making increased significantly among adult Americans. (2017-11-20)
The evolution of industry-sponsored patient registries
This important commentary provides insights into the past and future of registries and the critical and unique role that the life-sciences industry can play in supporting the proliferation of these objective research programs, particularly within the context of the importance of accommodating patient perspectives through advanced technology. (2018-01-29)
Video plus brochure helps patients make lung cancer scan decision
A short video describing the potential benefits and risks of low-dose CT screening for lung cancer in addition to an informational brochure increased patients' knowledge and reduced conflicted feelings about whether to undergo the scan more than the informational brochure alone, according to a randomized, controlled trial published online in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society. (2019-04-19)
Securing access to optimal cancer care through innovation, integration and sustainability
Securing access to optimal cancer care for all patients can only be achieved through integrated, sustainable translation of today's scientific advances into tomorrow's treatments, reinforced by a clear understanding of the magnitude of clinical effects and accurate identification of patients most likely to benefit. (2018-10-19)
Research could improve management of conflict between wildlife and farmers across the globe
A new study led by the University of Stirling highlights improvements in the way conflicts between wildlife conservation and farming are managed worldwide. (2018-03-12)
Mayors' political leanings strongly influence thoughts on city health policy effectiveness
A new Drexel University study found that cities' lead decision-makers view how effective municipal policies are at reducing health disparities differently based on their social ideologies. (2018-03-23)
No increase in shared decision-making for PSA testing but discussions have broadened
Although health care organizations differ in their recommendations for use of prostate-specific antigen testing for prostate cancer screening, they agree that the decision to undergo PSA testing should be shared by patients and clinicians. (2018-03-13)
FDA independence in an age of partisan politics
Unlike other federal agencies, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) -- the oldest federal consumer protection agency -- has been increasingly subjected to creeping politicization and a progressive loss of independence under the glare of partisan politics. (2019-05-16)
UVA aims to help patients with cancer make complex care decisions
UVA is developing a tool to help patients with prostate cancer better understand the potential risks and rewards of their treatment options. (2017-11-22)
March Madness mentality: Faced with chance to win, most coaches go for tie
When faced with a choice between a 'fast' option that offers a greater chance of ultimate victory but also a significant chance of immediate defeat, and a 'slow' option with both a lower chance of winning and a lesser chance of immediate defeat, people often opt for the 'slow' option because of their aversion to sudden death. (2018-02-13)
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