Popular Dendrites News and Current Events

Popular Dendrites News and Current Events, Dendrites News Articles.
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Next-gen batteries possible with new engineering approach
Dramatically longer-lasting, faster-charging and safer lithium metal batteries may be possible, according to Penn State research, recently published in Nature Energy. (2018-11-14)

'Workhorse' lithium battery could be more powerful thanks to new design
Cornell University chemical engineering professor Lynden Archer believes there needs to be a battery technology 'revolution' -- and thinks that his lab has fired one of the first shots. (2018-06-25)

Why is ketamine an antidepressant?
Delving deep inside the neural circuitry of 'depressed' mice, researchers have revealed how ketamine works in cells to achieve its fast-acting antidepressant effect. (2019-04-11)

Graphene oxide nanosheets could help bring lithium-metal batteries to market
A nanosheet helps prevent formation of lithium dendrites in lithium-metal batteries. (2018-03-15)

The brain learns completely differently than we've assumed since the 20th century
Based on experimental evidence physicists publish revolutionary new theory on brain learning that contradicts the most common assumption in neuroscience, will transform our understanding of brain function, and open new horizons for advanced deep learning algorithms. (2018-03-23)

Protein shown to play a key role in normal development of nervous system
A protein that enables nerve cells to communicate with each other plays a key role in controlling the developing nervous system. Research into how that protein helps precise connections to form among nerve cells may provide a basis for eventual treatments for patients who suffer injuries to their nervous system, including spinal cord injury. (2008-10-07)

Brain cell powerhouses appear good treatment target for stroke, TBI recovery
Cell powerhouses are typically long and lean, but with brain injury such as stroke or trauma, they can quickly become bloated and dysfunctional, say scientists who documented the phenomena in real time for the first time in a living brain. (2017-01-09)

Cartilage could be key to safe 'structural batteries'
Your knees and your smartphone battery have some surprisingly similar needs, a University of Michigan professor has discovered, and that new insight has led to a 'structural battery' prototype that incorporates a cartilage-like material to make the batteries highly durable and easy to shape. (2019-01-10)

Alzheimer's drug repairs brain damage after alcohol binges in rodents
A drug used to slow cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease could offer clues on how drugs might one day be able to reverse brain changes that affect learning and memory in teens and young adults who binge drink. (2018-02-15)

Scientists take step toward safer batteries by trimming lithium branches
A collaborative team of researchers from Shinshu University in Japan have found a new way to curb some of the potential dangers posed by lithium ion batteries. Repeated lithium deposition/dissolution during charge/discharge can cause serious accidents due to the deposition of lithium dendrites that penetrate the separator and induce internal short-circuiting. The researchers hope to solve the issues with a plating technology and eventually achieve a compact and high-capacity battery. (2018-02-23)

Stabilizing molecule could pave way for lithium-air fuel cell
Lithium-oxygen fuel cells boast energy density levels comparable to fossil fuels and are thus seen as a promising candidate for future transportation-related energy needs. Several roadblocks stand in the way of realizing that vision. A Cornell University engineering lab has focused on one of those roadblocks -- the loss of battery power, also known as capacity fade. (2017-04-26)

Neurobiology -- sushi for synapses
Synapses between nerve cells in the brain undergo constant remodeling, which is the basis of learning. An Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich team has now traced the molecules that direct remodeling and shown that they circulate in the living cell like running sushi. (2019-07-25)

Lean electrolyte design is a game-changer for magnesium batteries
Researchers from the University of Houston and the Toyota Research Institute of America have discovered a promising new version of high-energy magnesium batteries, with potential applications ranging from electric vehicles to battery storage for renewable energy systems. (2018-12-21)

Abnormalities in a protein affecting how nerve cells change shape
Amsterdam, NL, April 3, 2019 - Since 1993, when the gene that causes Huntington's disease (HD) was identified, there has been intense focus on understanding how this genetic mutation causes the disease's severe progressive neural deterioration. (2019-04-03)

Graphene-nanotube hybrid boosts lithium metal batteries
Rice University scientists build high-capacity lithium metal batteries with anodes made of a graphene-carbon nanotube hybrid. The anodes quench the formation of damaging dendrites. (2017-05-18)

Autism-linked gene stunts developing dendrites
Increased expression of a gene linked to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) leads to a remodeling of dendrites during brain development, according to a new study conducted in cultured neurons and an ASD mouse model published in JNeurosci. The research identifies a series of cellular and molecular events that may contribute to differences in neuronal connectivity that underlie the social and communication deficits observed in autism. (2017-12-04)

New polymer material may help batteries become self-healing, recyclable
Lithium-ion batteries are notorious for developing internal electrical shorts that can ignite a battery's liquid electrolytes, leading to explosions and fires. Engineers at the University of Illinois have developed a solid polymer-based electrolyte that can self-heal after damage -- and the material can also be recycled without the use of harsh chemicals or high temperatures. (2019-12-23)

A magnetometer in the upper beak of birds?
Frankfurt neurobiologists show similar structural candidates for a magnetoreceptor in different bird species -- a cooperation with physicists of the Hamburg DESY. (2010-02-23)

Thorny life of new-born neurons
The hippocampus is a critical region in the brain for learning and memory. For the first time, scientists have observed how stimulation causes the spines on its neuronal dendrites to enlarge. (2018-06-08)

Receptors key to strong memories
When we create a memory, a pattern of connections forms between neurons in the brain. New work from UC Davis shows how these connections can be strengthened or weakened at a molecular level. The study is published Feb. 27 in the journal Cell Reports. (2018-02-27)

How the brain enables us to rapidly focus attention
University of Queensland researchers have discovered a key mechanism in the brain that may underlie our ability to rapidly focus attention. Our brains are continuously bombarded with information from the senses, yet our level of vigilance to such input varies, allowing us to selectively focus on one conversation and not another. (2018-12-26)

New mouse model replicates an underlying cause of intellectual disability
Researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine have developed the first mice that lack the Upf3b gene, providing a new model for studying its underlying role in intellectual disabilities and neurodevelopmental disorders. (2017-09-29)

Stanford researchers identify genetic suspects in sporadic Lou Gehrig's disease
Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have identified mutations in several new genes that might be associated with the development of spontaneously occurring cases of the neurodegenerative disease known as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, or ALS. (2013-05-26)

Traditional eutectic alloy brings new hope for high energy density metal-O2 batteries
A research team led by ZHANG Xinbo from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (CIAC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, YAN Junmin from Jilin University, ZHANG Yu from Beihang University Beijing developed a long-life AM-O2 battery using Li-Na eutectic alloy as novel metal anode for the first time. (2018-11-12)

Nanotubes may give the world better batteries
Rice University scientists use thin films of multiwalled carbon nanotubes to keep lithium metal from sprouting dendrites, tentacle-like growths that can cause batteries to fail. The strategy could be key to developing batteries that hold more energy and charge faster than current, ubiquitous lithium-ion batteries. (2018-10-25)

New insights into pruning
When an organism develops, non-specific connections between nerve cells degenerate. Researchers at the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence (University of M√ľnster, Germany) have now discovered that the spatial organization of a nerve cell influences the degeneration of its cell processes. The study has been published in Development. (2018-06-26)

Using crumpled graphene balls to make better batteries
The paper ball-like graphene particles stack into a porous scaffold to suppress filament growth of lithium metal that degrades the battery. (2018-01-18)

New insights into how sleep helps the brain to reorganize itself
A new study has given new insights into how sleep contributes to brain plasticity -- the ability for our brain to change and reorganise itself -- and could pave the way for new ways to help people with learning and memory disorders. (2017-10-02)

New batteries with better performance and improved safety
Currently the most important technology for batteries is the lithium-ion battery technology: but the technology is expensive and contains a flammable liquid. To satisfy the growing demand from emerging markets, researchers from Empa and UNIGE have devised a new battery prototype: known as (2017-11-23)

New battery coating could improve smart phones and electric vehicles
High performing lithium-ion batteries are a key component of laptops, smart phones, and electric vehicles. Currently, the anodes, or negative charged side of lithium ion batteries, are generally made with graphite or other carbon-based materials. (2017-04-17)

RNA-associated introns guide nerve-cell channel production
Researchers have discovered that introns, or junk DNA to some, associated with RNA are an important molecular guide to making nerve-cell electrical channels. They hope to relate this knowledge to understanding the molecular underpinnings of memory and learning, as well as components of cognitive dysfunction resulting from neurological disease. (2008-02-05)

Marathon-running molecule could speed up the race for new neurological treatments
Scientists at the University of Warwick have discovered a new process that sets the fastest molecular motor on its marathon-like runs through our neurons. (2019-07-12)

Radiation breaks connections in the brain
One of the potentially life-altering side effects that patients experience after cranial radiotherapy for brain cancer is cognitive impairment. Researchers now believe that they have pinpointed why this occurs and these findings could point the way for new therapies to protect the brain from the damage caused by radiation. (2019-12-16)

Ultra-powerful batteries made safer, more efficient
An international team of researchers is laying the foundation for more widespread use of lithium metal batteries. They developed a method to mitigate the formation of dendrites -- crystal-like masses -- that damage the batteries' performance. (2018-04-09)

Better red than dread: Barrier keeps batteries safe
A layer of red phosphorus in rechargeable lithium metal batteries can signal when damaging dendrites threaten to create a short circuit. The strategy, which does not require a third electrode, could help bring more powerful lithium metal batteries to market. (2019-02-14)

Overcoming a battery's fatal flaw
Electric vehicles, wind turbines or smart grids require batteries with far greater energy capacity than currently available. A leading contender is the lithium-metal battery. However, dendrite, or sharp needles, made of clumps of lithium atoms can cause the batteries to heat up, lose efficiency and occasionally short-circuit. Using supercomputers at the Texas Advanced Computing Center, researchers from Texas A&M University simulated the behavior of graphene oxide nanosheets that can limit the formation of dendrites. (2018-03-28)

Nobel Laureate Prof. John B. Goodenough discusses lithium-ion batteries in Science China Chemistry
Prof. Goodenough recently published a perspective article entitled 'A Perspective on the Li-Ion Batteries' in Science China Chemistry and discussed the history, current challenges, and promising research directions of lithium-ion batteries, the ubiquitous energy-storage devices in electronics. (2019-10-18)

Treatment window for fragile x likely doesn't close after childhood
A Drexel University-led study looked into human and rat brain samples and found that the biological structures potentially contributing to Fragile X syndrome are present in adult brains -- something that mouse samples did not show. (2017-03-20)

Sniffing out a mate with precision
Male cockroaches can 'see' the spatial distribution of female pheromones to locate a sexual mate, according to researchers from Hokkaido University and the University of Konstanz. (2018-02-08)

Lithium-related discovery could extend battery life and improve safety
New research from Arizona State University shows using a 3-dimensional layer of Polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) as the substrate of lithium metal anode has been found to mitigate dendrite formation and stands to both dramatically extend battery life and diminish safety risks. (2018-03-06)

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