Popular Diesel News and Current Events

Popular Diesel News and Current Events, Diesel News Articles.
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NUS-led study: Beltway to divert diesel trucks in Sao Paulo improved public health
A study by researchers from the National University of Singapore and the University of Sao Paulo revealed that a beltway constructed to divert heavy-duty diesel vehicles traffic in the Brazilian city of Sao Paulo has reduced public health damage associated with exposure to diesel. The positive health outcomes of the intervention could guide the formulation of similar transport polices in other cities, where humans and diesel vehicles reside and transit in close proximity. (2018-04-27)

'Green' taxes
A comparative analysis has shown that 'indirect' instruments, such as excise taxes on motor fuel and other energy taxes, did not yield any lesser impact than their 'direct' counterparts, and, over time, were even more effective. This is the conclusion drawn by Ilya Stepanov, researcher at the Higher School of Economics, in his article, 'Taxes in the Energy Sector and Their Role in Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions'. (2019-08-01)

Manure could heat your home
Farm manure could be a viable source of renewable energy to help reduce greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. (2018-03-08)

Orange, tea tree & eucalyptus oils sweeten diesel fumes
Waste oil from orange, tea tree and eucalyptus essential oil production mixed with diesel provides a sweet-smelling biofuel blend with comparable performance to diesel-only fuel. (2018-06-15)

Alaskan microgrids offer energy resilience and independence
The electrical grid in the contiguous United States is a behemoth of interconnected systems; if one section fails, millions could be without power. Remote villages in Alaska provide an example of how safeguards could build resilience into a larger electrical grid. These communities rely on microgrids -- small, local power stations that operate autonomously. Recent articles in the Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy provide reviews of energy technologies and costs for microgrids in Alaska. (2017-12-26)

Scientists discovered where black carbon comes from in the Arctic in winter and summer
Scientists from seven countries published an article on the study of the sources of black carbon (BC) emissions in the Arctic. BC aerosols are formed under incomplete fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning. Soot which is the main component of BC amplifies the melting of snow and ice cover, accelerating global warming. Based on the complex elemental and isotopic analysis the scientists revealed the seasonal contribution of various Arctic areas to BC emissions. (2019-02-15)

New type of fuel found in Patagonia fungus
A team led by a Montana State University professor has found a fungus that produces a new type of diesel fuel. Gary Strobel calls it (2008-11-03)

Biofuels: An advisable strategy?
Biofuels have been an increasingly hot topic on the discussion table in the last few years. The main argument behind the policies in favour of biofuels is based on the idea that biofuels would not increase the concentration of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. However, a more careful analysis of the life cycle of biodiesel reveals that the energy (and CO2) savings is not so high as it might even be negative. (2007-03-07)

Airborne particles can send our detox systems into overdrive
As the world gets more and more industrialized, the risk of developing respiratory diseases increases. Very small particles released from industry and vehicle fumes are harmful to our health but exactly how is still unclear. In a collaborative study, researchers in Japan, the US and Germany have uncovered one mechanism that can exaggerate inflammation in response to diesel fumes and worsen symptoms of respiratory diseases. (2019-07-25)

Researchers produce biofuel for conventional diesel engines
In accordance with an EU directive, conventional automotive diesel is supplemented with seven percent biodiesel. This proportion is set to rise to ten percent by 2020. However, this presents a significant technical challenge: biodiesel vaporises at higher temperatures, which can lead to problems with electronic fuel injection systems and particulate filters. Researchers from Kaiserslautern, Bochum, and Rostock have developed a method for producing a petroleum diesel-like fuel from conventional biodiesel at low temperatures. (2017-06-19)

New technologies to eliminate fossil fuel use in the sugar industry
QUT researchers are developing and testing new technologies as part of a $5.7 million three-year project with the potential to eliminate the use of fossil fuels in the sugar industry. The project, which aims to turn sugarcane trash into renewable fuels, has just received funding of $2.1 million from the Australian Renewable Energy Agency. (2016-04-27)

Polluted woods: Leaves contaminate soil with hydrocarbon
Researchers have identified natural hydrocarbons in woods and farmlands that had been fertilized with artificial fertilizer, compost or digestate in the past ten years. Soil samples showed high levels of hydrocarbons, especially for samples taken in the woods with concentrations that reached up to four times the legal limit (2017-12-20)

Bristol scientists turn beer into fuel
Chemists at the University of Bristol have made the first steps towards making sustainable petrol using beer as a key ingredient. (2017-12-06)

Researchers discover new chemical process that could reduce nitrogen oxides from diesel exhaust
Chemical engineers at the University of Notre Dame have discovered a catalytic process that could help curb emissions of nitrogen oxides from diesel-powered vehicles, a priority air pollutant that is a key ingredient in smog. (2017-08-18)

Black carbon pollution emerges as major player in global warming
Black carbon, a form of particulate air pollution most often produced from biomass burning, cooking with solid fuels and diesel exhaust, has a warming effect in the atmosphere three to four times greater than prevailing estimates, according to scientists in an upcoming review article in the journal Nature Geoscience. (2008-03-23)

Rapid pollution increases may be as harmful to the heart as absolute levels
Rapid increases in pollution may be as harmful to the heart as sustained high levels, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology,1 a European Society of Cardiology journal. The authors urgently call for confirmatory studies as even residents of clean air cities could be at risk. (2018-02-15)

Diesel pollution linked to heart damage
Diesel pollution is linked with heart damage, according to research presented today at EuroCMR 2017. (2017-05-26)

Diesel vehicles in oil sands operations contribute to regional pollution
Wildfires, cigarette smoking and vehicles all emit a potentially harmful compound called isocyanic acid. The substance has been linked to several health conditions, including heart disease and cataracts. Scientists investigating sources of the compound have now identified off-road diesel vehicles in oil sands production in Alberta, Canada, as a major contributor to regional levels of the pollutant. Their report appears in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology. (2017-12-06)

Light energy and biomass can be converted to diesel fuel and hydrogen
A research group led by Professor WANG Feng at the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences recently developed a method to produce diesel fuel and hydrogen by exploiting light energy (solar energy or artificial light energy) and biomass-derived feedstocks. (2019-06-10)

Taming biofuel-loving microbes
Most people are cautious around gasoline and diesel for good reason, but some microbes love the stuff -- especially biofuels that contain fatty acid derivatives. So, as the world tries to go 'green,' it also has to consider the slime that such microbes leave behind, clogging up equipment and killing engines. An article in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society explores the issue and what's being done about it. (2018-03-07)

Study uncovers link between air pollution and intellectual disabilities in children
British children with intellectual disabilities are more likely than their peers to live in areas with high outdoor air pollution, according to a new Journal of Intellectual Disability Research study funded by Public Health England. (2018-11-21)

Sandia develops optical diagnostic to help improve fuel economy while reducing emissions
A new optical device at Sandia National Laboratories that helps researchers image pollutants in combusting fuel sprays might lead to clearer skies in the future. An optical setup developed by researchers at Sandia's Combustion Research Facility and the Technical University of Denmark can now quantify the formation of soot -- particulate matter consisting primarily of carbon -- as a function of time and space for a variety of combustion processes. (2017-11-03)

London's low emission zone improved air quality but no major benefit to child lung health
Peer-reviewed / Observational study / People Low emission zones are now in place in 200 cities across Europe, but London findings suggest that interventions that deliver larger reductions in emissions may be needed (2018-11-14)

Use of dirty heating oil in NYC concentrated uptown
Residential buildings that continued to burn residual fuel oil were concentrated in Northern Manhattan and the Bronx, as of late 2015. Compared to cleaner heating sources such as natural gas, these dirty fuels produce high levels of particulate matter, exposure to which is linked to asthma, obesity, developmental delays, and other health problems. (2018-01-22)

Sandia's Direct Numerical Simulations enhance combustion efficiency, reduces pollution
Sandia researchers use Direct Numerical Simulations to enhance efficiency, reduce pollution in diesel engines. (2017-10-12)

Indigenous communities moving away from government utilities
Indigenous communities are rejecting non-indigenous energy projects in favour of community-led sustainable energy infrastructure. (2018-05-25)

The health effect of air pollution from traffic
What would happen if all petrol and diesel-powered vehicles were removed from a smaller European city? Up to 4% of all premature deaths could be prevented, according to a new study from Lund University in Sweden. The researchers used Malmö, Sweden, as a case study to calculate the health costs of inner city traffic. (2018-06-04)

Rutgers study uncovers cause of bone loss in joint implant patients
Rutgers researchers have discovered the long-sought reason that many people with joint replacements experience harmful inflammation and bone loss. Their finding, published in Nature Materials, may pave the way for new therapies to reduce pain and prevent the need for follow-up surgery. (2019-01-22)

Millions of tons of plastic waste could be turned into clean fuels, other products
A new chemical conversion process could transform the world's polyolefin waste, a form of plastic, into useful products, such as clean fuels and other items. The conversion process developed at Purdue University incorporates selective extraction and hydrothermal liquefaction. Once the plastic is converted into naphtha, it can be used as a feedstock for other chemicals or further separated into specialty solvents or other products. (2019-02-06)

A tale of two cities: Is air pollution improving in Paris and London?
For the first time, a joint air pollution study across two mega-cities -- London and Paris -- measures the impact of policies designed to reduce air pollution from urban traffic over the last 12 years. (2019-03-11)

Discovery could lead to new catalyst design to reduce nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust
Researchers have discovered a new reaction mechanism that could be used to improve catalyst designs for pollution control systems to further reduce emissions of smog-causing nitrogen oxides in diesel exhaust. (2017-08-17)

Air pollution linked to hair loss, new research reveals
The research was conducted by exposing cells from the human scalp at the base of hair follicles, known as human follicle dermal papilla cells, to various concentrations of PM10-like dust and diesel particulate. (2019-10-08)

Governments, researchers underestimate impact of inefficient land-use on climate change
Policymakers and researchers have underestimated the effect that changes in land management and people's diets would have on limiting greenhouse gas emissions and countering the effects of climate change, according to a study led by Princeton University. (2018-12-12)

New UK research links even low levels of air pollution with serious changes in the heart
Research from the UK has found that people exposed to even low levels of air pollution have heart remodelling, similar to that seen in the early stages of heart failure. (2018-08-03)

Air pollution leads to cardiovascular diseases
Scientists reviewed the mechanisms responsible for vascular damage from air pollution. (2018-08-22)

Turning algae into fuel
A team of University of Utah chemical engineers have developed a new kind of jet mixer for creating biomass from algae that extracts the lipids from the watery plants with much less energy than the older extraction method. This key discovery now puts this form of energy closer to becoming a viable, cost-effective alternative fuel. (2019-03-04)

Cleaning up oil using magnets
In the future, it could be possible to remove oil spills on the surface of the ocean by using magnets. An interdisciplinary group of researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg led by Professor Dr. Marcus Halik has developed functionalized iron oxide particles that can attract any types of hydrocarbons. The magnetic particles and their shells can then be removed from the water relatively simply and in an environmentally friendly manner and can even be reused after being cleaned. (2019-04-01)

Study suggests risk of ALS increases with more exposure to diesel exhaust
MINNEAPOLIS - People who are frequently exposed to diesel exhaust while on the job may have a higher risk of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), and that risk may increase with greater exposure, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 70th Annual Meeting in Los Angeles, April 21 to 27, 2018. (2018-02-27)

Diesel exhaust filtered of its tiny particles may worsen allergy-induced lung impairment
Air pollution from diesel engines may worsen allergy-induced lung impairment more when tiny particles are filtered from the exhaust than when they are not, according to new research published online in the American Thoracic Society's American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. (2019-04-12)

Rutgers study helps city ban large trucks
Researchers team up with residents to provide scientific evidence that heavy truck traffic impacted a neighborhood's air quality and compromised health. (2018-11-15)

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