Popular Elections News and Current Events

Popular Elections News and Current Events, Elections News Articles.
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Who did voters pick on Nov. 2? In some cases, we'll never know
A study found that the outcome of 10 major races in the Nov. 2 election fell within the margin of error, meaning the majority's true intent cannot be known with certainty. (2004-12-09)

Think political spending got 'reformed?' Just try running for Senate
The minimum price tag for most US Senate seats has risen to $10 million, according to political researchers. (2005-12-05)

Algorithm can create a bridge between Clinton and Trump supporters
The article that received the best student-paper award in the Tenth International Conference on Web Search and Data Mining (WSDM 2017) builds algorithmic techniques to mitigate the rising polarization by connecting people with opposing views -- and evaluates them on Twitter. (2017-02-16)

More democracy through mathematics
For democratic elections to be fair, voting districts must have similar sizes. When populations shift, districts need to be redistributed -- a complex and, in many countries, controversial task when political parties attempt to influence redistricting. Mathematicians at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now developed a method that allows the efficient calculation of optimally sized voting districts. (2017-06-23)

Tea Party movement has paved the way for racialized language in US politics
Overtly racially motivated rhetoric is becoming increasingly acceptable in Republican politics in the US. Two Italian researchers argue that this can partly be traced back to the conservative Tea Party movement which has reshaped the Republican party's identity away from its traditional conservative axioms to one that is more nativist and racially tinged. Luigi Leone and Fabio Presaghi from the Sapienza University of Rome have published their findings in Springer's journal Race and Social Problems. (2018-02-08)

Arrival of refugees in Eastern German communities has no effect on voting behavior, attitudes on immigration
The arrival of refugees in eastern German communities has had no effect on local residents' voting behavior or on their attitudes toward immigration, finds a new study of citizens in more than 200 regional municipalities. (2019-08-31)

Are bots a danger for political election campaigns?
Normally, autonomous computer programs known as bots are used to trawl the Internet. However, there are also programs known as social bots which interfere in social media, automatically generating replies or sharing content. They are currently suspected of being used to spread political propaganda. Scientists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have investigated the extent to which autonomous programs such as these were used on the platform Twitter during the general elections in Japan in 2014. (2018-02-20)

Regional levels of fear associated with Trump and Brexit votes, psychology study shows
Unlike previous elections, fear and worry played a heavy hand in both the 2016 Donald Trump and Brexit elections, changing the script on how personality shapes political behavior, according to an international psychological study on voting behavior. (2018-03-08)

False news spreads widely and easily
Three MIT researchers, Soroush Vosoughi and Deb Roy of the Media Lab and Sinan Aral of the Sloan School of Management, investigated all the true and false news stories verified by six independent fact checking organizations that were distributed on Twitter from 2006 to 2017. The researchers found that false news travels farther, faster, deeper and more broadly than the truth online in all categories. (2018-03-08)

Are you happy you voted -- or didn't?
An analysis of 22 election-period surveys in five countries shows that people who cast a ballot are much more glad they did than people who abstain. (2017-09-22)

Study suggests that fear and anger had different effects on conservatives and liberals
The emotional underpinnings of political ideology motivated how the electorate sought and processed information about the 2016 presidential election and the major issue of climate change. ''This has important implications for how political dialogue is shaped,'' said Janet Yang, an expert in the communication of risk information related to science, health and the environment. ''It's not just what the candidates are saying; it's also how we communicate with one another.'' (2019-01-09)

Candidate voice pitch influences voters, but does not lead to better leaders
Voters may prefer voting for candidates with lower sounding voices but they are not necessarily better leaders, a paper recently published in the journal Evolution and Human Behavior by University of Miami Professor Casey Klofstad and Professor Rindy Anderson from Florida Atlantic University has revealed. (2018-03-14)

'Institution shocks' spotlight effects of changing economic institutions
Researchers analyzed new data on the Chilean elections of the 1970s to understand how economies react to institutional change. (2018-05-01)

APA Stress in America: generation z stressed about issues in the news but least likely to vote
Headline issues, from immigration to sexual assault, are causing significant stress among members of Generation Z -- those between ages 15 and 21- - with mass shootings topping the list of stressful current events, according to the American Psychological Association's report Stress in America™: Generation Z released today. (2018-10-30)

Study: Commitment to democratic values predict climate change concern
Commitment to democratic values is the strongest predictor of climate change concern globally, Georgia State University faculty have found in a new study comparing climate change attitudes across 36 countries, including the US. (2018-09-20)

How great is the influence and risk of social and political 'bots?'
The role and risks of bots, such as automated Twitter accounts, in influencing public opinion and political elections continues to provoke intense international debate and controversy. (2017-12-19)

Support for democracy linked to income inequality
Voter satisfaction with democracy may have less to do with who actually wins an election and more to do with income inequality, or the gap between rich and poor, indicates a new study by Michigan State University political scientists. (2016-11-17)

Democracy linked to global health gains in low-, middle-income countries
A new study led by Stanford Medicine and the Council on Foreign Relations suggests that a better way to measure the role of democracy in public health is to examine the causes of adult mortality, such as noncommunicable diseases, HIV, cardiovascular disease and transportation injuries. Little international assistance targets these noncommunicable diseases. (2019-03-13)

How do your friends plan to vote?
Most election polls take the political pulse of a state or nation by reaching out to citizens about their voting plans. Santa Fe Institute Professor Mirta Galesic says pollsters might also ask: how do your friends plan to vote? (2018-02-26)

A study shows that electoral outcomes affect the way we treat other people
After the unexpected results of the 2016 US Presidential election, the way Americans treat each other changed as a function of their party affiliation, a new study by Celia Moore (Bocconi University) and colleagues, published in PLOS ONE, documents. (2018-05-25)

Why do people in new democracies stop voting?
An exhaustive study of legislative elections in all 91 democracies that were born around the world from 1939 to 2015 finds that in half of them, there was a substantial decline in voter turnout. But what actually caused people to stay home depended on what country they lived in and how democratization had happened there. (2017-09-22)

Urban planning policy contributes to political polarization
Urban planning decisions from decades past are likely a contributing factor to the rise of right-wing populism, a study from the University of Waterloo has found. (2018-11-12)

Political competition is hurting our charitable giving
As the midterm election heats up and the fallout of the Supreme Court nomination rings across the political divide, a new study presents a unique angle of American politics: how party affiliation affects charitable donations. Researchers representing four institutions found voters who live in counties where political competition is high give less to charity. (2018-10-24)

New study improves 'crowd wisdom' estimates
In a new study published in the Journal of the Royal Society Interface, researchers Albert Kao (Harvard University), Andrew Berdahl (Santa Fe Institute), and their colleagues examined just how accurate our collective intelligence is and how individual bias and information sharing skew aggregate estimates. Using their findings, they developed a mathematical correction that takes into account bias and social information to generate an improved crowd estimate. (2018-04-18)

Did death rate affect the 2016 US presidential elections?
A slightly different death rate in the swing states of Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin could have resulted in a different outcome to the 2016 US presidential elections. This is according to a study led by Lee Goldman and other researchers at Columbia University in the US published in the Springer-branded Journal of General Internal Medicine. (2018-09-05)

Voters make choices based on looks -- but this doesn't help them pick the best politicians
New research, thought to be the the first of its kind, measures the impact of appearance and personality on voting and political performance. (2018-04-30)

Study: On Facebook and Twitter your privacy is at risk -- even if you don't have an account
New research shows that on social media, like Facebook, privacy can be at risk, even if a person doesn't have an account. Scientists at the University of Vermont demonstrated that a person's identity and actions can be predicted from their friend's posts and writings online. (2019-01-21)

First-of-its-kind study finds loss of local media worsens political polarization
Changes to the media environment have increased polarized voting in America through both addition and subtraction. We argue that the decline of local newspapers has contributed to the nationalization of American politics: as local newspapers close, Americans rely more heavily on available national news or partisan heuristics to make political decisions. (2018-11-20)

Princeton-led team finds new method to improve predictions
Researchers at Princeton, Columbia and Harvard have created a new method to analyze big data that better predicts outcomes in health care, politics and other fields. (2016-11-30)

Fear of losing status, not economic hardship, drove voters in 2016 presidential election
Data gathered in 2012 and 2016 from a nationally representative panel found that many American voters -- especially whites, males, and Christians -- felt their status threatened by growing diversity and perceived loss of US global dominance. This led America's socially dominant groups to increase their support in 2016 for the candidate who most emphasized reestablishing status hierarchies of the past: Donald Trump. Economic grievances were not found to influence voting behavior. (2018-04-23)

When politics affects demography: How erdogan has brought 10% more children to turkey
Politics, and in particular the Islamist AKP party, played a decisive role in the reversal of demographic decline in Turkey since the early 2000s, through the provision of local welfare policies directed to families. The effects of the Turkish policies are surprisingly similar to Swedish welfare, but in a completely different setting. The study rules out alternative explanations based on an increase in religiosity. (2018-04-26)

New model for predicting presidential election results based on television viewership
A comparative study on predicting presidential election outcomes using models built on watch data for thousands of television shows has found that simple 'single-show models' can have high predictive accuracy. Given the recent performance of poll-data-driven models in predicting the 2016 US presidential election and the Brexit vote outcomes, models based on television viewership offer an accurate predictive tool, as reported in Big Data. (2017-05-01)

UK MP Twitter abuse increased between 2015 and 2017 general elections
Abuse of politicians online increased substantially in the snap 2017 general election compared to the 2015 general election, according to new research by the University of Sheffield. (2018-08-30)

Politicization and prioritization in the judiciary
In ''The Politics of Selecting the Bench from the Bar: The Legal Profession and Partisan Incentives to Introduce Ideology into Judicial Selection,'' published in the Journal of Law and Economics, Adam Bonica and Maya Sen analyze how and why American courts become politicized. The authors present a theory of strategic selection in which politicians appoint judges with specific ideological backgrounds in order to advance political agendas. (2018-08-01)

Three out of four Spanish residents buy the Lotería de Navidad (Spanish Christmas Lottery)
A total of 75.9 percent of Spanish residents buy Lotería de Navidad, representing more than 24 million people. That is some of the data highlighted in the 'Anuario del juego en España' (Annual report on gaming in Spain), presented recently by Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) and the Fundación CODERE. (2017-12-18)

OHIO study: Information literacy can combat 'fake news'
It's not difficult to verify whether a new piece of information is accurate; however, most people don't take that step before sharing it on social media, regardless of age, social class or gender, a new Ohio University study has found. (2019-03-11)

Women's basic rights under threat from Trump gag rule, warn experts
The Trump administration is mounting a ferocious attack on abortion rights with plans for a domestic gag rule on abortion counselling and provision, warn experts in The BMJ today. (2018-06-13)

Study: Vulnerable young women of color most likely to need abortion financial assistance
Abortion fund patients who get aid to help pay for abortions are younger and more likely to be African American when compared to general abortion patients in the US, according to the findings of a study just published online in the journal Social Work in Health Care. (2017-01-12)

States with expanded Medicaid program saw higher voter turnout
In a new study, Jake Haselswerdt, assistant professor of political science and public affairs at the University of Missouri, found a correlation between voter turnout and Medicaid expansion, a key component of the ACA. He says that increases in Medicaid enrollment are related to considerably higher voter turnout in states that expanded Medicaid. The effect is likely due to both an increase in turnout for new Medicaid beneficiaries and a backlash effect among constituents opposed to the law and its implementation. (2017-03-15)

Does negative political advertising actually work?
While many may dread campaign season because of pervasiveness of negative political advertising, a new study in the INFORMS journal Marketing Science has found that negative political advertising actually works, but perhaps not in the way that many may assume. (2018-06-04)

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