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Voters using smartphones made fewer errors in mock election
Voters who cast their ballots via smartphones made fewer errors than they did when voting via traditional methods in a mock election, according to new research from psychologists at Rice University. (2014-03-03)

Does early voting affect political campaigns and election outcomes?
A study of early voting patterns in states that have adopted an extended voting period shows several important trends related to voter age and partisanship (voters with strong party affiliations versus independents). The study results and their policy implications are discussed in an article in Election Law Journal. (2016-08-19)

Political scientists' models predict Democratic takeover of House of Representatives
Election forecasting models completed by political scientists months before recent events predict significant Democratic gains in the 2006 midterm elections, including a likely 22 seats in the U.S. House of Representatives and 2-3 seats in the U.S. Senate. The predictions appear in the October 2006 issue of PS: Political Science and Politics, a journal of the American Political Science Association, and are available online. (2006-10-17)

Women quotas in politics have unintended consequences
Women continue to be scarce in the halls of power. To rectify this inequality, many countries have imposed female electoral quota systems, or rules designed to increase the representation of women. The catch? Boosting gender may well curtail representation in other respects. (2020-05-21)

Study: Parenthood makes moms more liberal, dads more conservative
Parenthood is pushing mothers and fathers in opposite directions on political issues associated with social welfare, from health care to education, according to new research from North Carolina State University. (2009-09-08)

Recycled Haitian concrete can be safe, strong and less expensive, says Georgia Tech group
Nearly one year after a 7.0-magnitude earthquake rocked the Republic of Haiti, engineering and concrete experts at Georgia Tech report that concrete and other debris in Port-au-Prince could be safely and inexpensively recycled into strong new construction material. The information is contained in a paper by researchers Reginald DesRoches, Kimberly E. Kurtis and Joshua J. Gresham published today in the Bulletin of the American Ceramic Society. (2011-01-04)

BAME parliamentary candidates not picked to fight 'winnable seats' in areas with less tolerance towa
Political parties are increasingly likely to avoid selecting ethnic minority candidates for 'winnable' constituencies at General Elections in areas where there are less tolerant attitudes toward diversity, research suggests. (2021-01-11)

Distance patients must travel illustrates growing inaccessibility of abortion
Abortion fund recipients who have to travel out of state for an abortion travel roughly 10 times farther for their procedures than patients able to get care in their homes states. (2017-06-09)

Does your name match your face?
People tend to associate round names such as 'Bob' and 'Lou' with round-faced individuals, and they have an inherent preference for names and faces that go well together. This is according to David Barton and Jamin Halberstadt of the University of Otago in New Zealand. In the journal Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, published by Springer, they investigated the so-called 'bouba/kiki effect.' (2017-06-08)

Study: Most partisans treat politics like sports rivalries, instead of focusing on issues
The researchers analyzed the attitudes of voters nationwide in survey data from the 2010 Cooperative Congressional Election Study. They found that many average voters with strong party commitments -- both Democrats and Republicans -- care more about their parties simply winning the election than they do either ideology or issues. Unlike previous research, the study found that loyalty to the party itself was the source of partisan rivalry and incivility, instead of a fundamental disagreement over issues. (2015-04-15)

Study: People can tell if they are voting on a secure system
'Rigged' election rhetoric in the headlines aims to cast doubt about the security of the American voting system; however, people have a sense of whether a voting system is secure, according to new research from Rice University. (2016-10-24)

We can't (and shouldn't) expect clinicians without PPE to treat COVID-19 patients
We can't, and shouldn't, expect healthcare professionals without adequate personal protective equipment (PPE) to risk their lives to care for patients with COVID-19 infection, contends an expert in a stinging rebuke, published in the Journal of Medical Ethics. (2020-05-21)

Rice team sets sights on better voting machine
At the urging of county election officials in Austin, Texas, a group of Rice University engineers and social scientists has pulled together a team of US experts to head off a little-known yet looming crisis facing elections officials nationwide. (2014-10-27)

Don't abandon national referendums, but smaller groups often make wiser choices
New research suggests that larger crowds do not always produce wiser decisions. Moderately-sized crowds are likely to outperform larger ones when faced with combinations of easy and difficult qualitative decisions. (2016-06-28)

Electrons caught in the act
Tsukuba University scientists create movies of the ultrafast motion of electrons traveling through an organic semiconductor with atomic-level resolution. This work may lead to more powerful and miniaturized smart devices. (2021-01-21)

How hard is it to vote in your state?
A new analysis identifies U.S. states that make it easiest, and those that make it more challenging, to register and vote. (2020-10-28)

2016 MPSA conference to feature return of empire series and breaking election year research
The Midwest Political Science Association conference, held April 7-10, 2016 at the Palmer House Hilton in Chicago is one of the largest in the discipline, with over 5,500 presenters in more than 1,000 sessions with presenters from around the United States and sixty-eight countries. (2016-03-24)

Do campaign finance reforms truly help make elections more competitive?
A new study by two social scientists at the University of Missouri finds state campaign finance reforms actually have no beneficial effect on the competitiveness of state legislative elections. Instead, some reforms, such as limits on corporate political spending and public financing of elections, advantage incumbents. (2020-07-15)

Voters unlikely to blame politicians for their handling of the pandemic at next election
Politicians are unlikely to be punished or rewarded for their failures or successes in managing the coronavirus pandemic at the next election, suggests an analysis of survey data from the US, the UK and India, published in the online journal BMJ Global Health. (2020-10-22)

New study: Mexican political polarization limited to elites despite contested 2006 election
New research by political scientists challenges the belief, widespread following the hotly contested 2006 presidential election, that Mexican society is divided by deep political divisions. The findings conclude that claims of such divisions are unsupported by recent field research and that a better understanding of the state of Mexican democracy depends on improved observation of politics among Mexico's political elite -- which are more polarized now than at any time since 1988. (2007-01-24)

When good governments go bad
When anthropologists examined a broad, global sample of 30 pre-modern societies, they found that when 'good' governments -- ones that provided goods and services for their people and did not starkly concentrate wealth and power -- fell apart, they broke down more intensely than collapsing despotic regimes. And the researchers found a common thread in the collapse of good governments: leaders who undermined and broke from upholding core societal principles, morals, and ideals. It's... relevant. (2020-10-16)

What are the biggest challenges to global democracy?
In the new fall issue of the World Policy Journal, the editors liken today's period of politics to an (2012-10-09)

Turnout for mayoral elections abysmally low
Across the country, it is now common that 15 percent or less of eligible citizens vote in elections for mayor, city council and important civic issues, researchers find. (2016-10-27)

New study examines the price of democracy when foreign investors 'vote' with their dollars
A new study by University of Minnesota Carlson School of Management professor Paul Vaaler indicates that when emerging-market countries hold elections they may be determining more than their new government. Vaaler's research concludes that other foreign constituencies, or multinational corporations considering multi-million dollar investments, respond quite predictably to shifting partisan political tides during election years in emerging-market countries. The study is featured in the February issue of the Academy of Management Journal. (2008-02-28)

The brains of nonpartisans are different from those who register to vote with a party
The brains of people with no political allegiance are different from those who strongly support one party, major new research shows. (2020-08-10)

No kids in public school? You still benefit
Quality public schools benefit everyone - including those without school-aged children - and therefore everyone should play a role in maintaining them, according to a study by two Michigan State University scholars. (2012-02-17)

House Incumbents Use Large Campaign Funds To Deter Challengers
U.S. House members prevent high-quality challengers from opposing them in elections by raising large campaign war chests. Every $100,000 an incumbent collects decreases by 16 percent the chance that a high-quality challenger will enter the race. This is the first academic study showing that an incumbentâs fundraising can discourage challengers (1996-07-12)

Technology has improved voting procedures
Thanks to better voting technology over the last decade, the country's election process has seen much improvement, according to a new report released today by researchers at Caltech and MIT. However, the report notes, despite this progress, some problems remain. (2012-10-18)

Joint committee of the DFG reprimands Professor Rolf-Hermann Ringert
At its meeting on 5 July 2005, the Joint Committee of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (German Research Foundation) issued a reprimand against the head of the Institute of Urology at the University Hospital of Göttingen, Professor Rolf-Hermann Ringert, after he was found to have violated the rules of good scientific practice. (2005-07-11)

Americans favor women politicians over men, says Stevens study
As midterm elections approach with an unprecedented number of women candidates running for Congress, researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology reveal that both women and men prefer female politicians, with men rating women politicians significantly higher than men in politics. (2018-10-01)

CEOs who look the part earn more
There were no evening gowns, swimsuits or artistic talents on display, but a corporate beauty contest staged by Duke University researchers nevertheless revealed strong ties between appearance and success in the business world. (2010-04-26)

Brain structure best explains our dwindling tolerance of risk
Our brain's changing structure, not simply getting older and wiser, most affects our attitudes to risk, research published in Nature Communications shows. (2016-12-13)

A rebranding of 'freedom'?
According to recent Gallup polls, socialism is now more popular than capitalism among Democrats and young people, and support for ''some form of socialism'' among all Americans is at 43% (compared to 25% in 1942). Policies that went unmentioned or were declared out-of-bounds in elections four years ago -- a federal jobs guarantee, single-payer health care, free college, massive tax hikes on the rich, and the Green New Deal--are commonplace in Democrats' 2020 campaigns. (2020-07-31)

Why does it matter if most Republican voters still think Biden lost?
As President-elect Joe Biden and his administrative team officially begin the transition process, only about 20 percent of Republican voters consider him the true winner of the election. Nearly half of all respondents--48 percent--still expect President Donald Trump to be inaugurated for a second term on January 20, despite plenty of indicators to the contrary. Those are among the findings of the latest Bright Line Watch (November) survey--conducted by political science faculty at the University of Rochester, Chicago, and Dartmouth. (2020-12-02)

The protest vote prevails when a landslide victory is expected
Researchers at the Juan March foundation and the Duke University have analyzed the reason for casting a protest vote as a way of expressing unhappiness with a party during elections. Moderate voters are more likely to vote in this way than those at the extreme left or extreme right of the political spectrum. (2011-11-18)

Same votes, different voting districts would alter election results in NC
Researchers have developed a mathematical model that shows how changes in congressional voting districts affect election outcomes. Focusing on the last election, they show the outcome of the 2012 US House of Representatives elections in North Carolina would have been very different had the state's congressional districts been drawn with only the legal requirements of redistricting in mind. The researchers hope the study will bolster calls for redistricting reform in 2016. (2014-10-29)

Political Islamophobia may look differently online than in person
Islamophobia was rampant on social media during the midterm elections, but researchers say future Muslim candidates running for office should know that the hatred they see online may be different than what they experience on the campaign trail. (2020-01-27)

Targeted campaigns provoke judges to cater to majority sentiment on the death penalty
While it may seem that judges in nonpartisan elections would be less influenced by popular majority opinion, a Princeton University-led report finds the opposite is true. On hot-button issues like the death penalty, state supreme court justices in the United States are more likely to side with the public majority sentiment, the researchers report in the American Political Science Review. However, this occurs only after moneyed interest groups begin pushing for or against specific judicial stances. (2014-02-17)

Computer scientists deploy first practical, Web-based, secure, verifiable voting system
Computer scientists affiliated with the Center for Research on Computation and Society, based at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, in collaboration with scientists at the Catholic University of Leuven in Belgium, deployed the first practical, Web-based implementation of a secure, verifiable voting system for the presidential election held at UCL earlier this week. (2009-03-05)

Study: Divided parties rarely win presidential elections
New research shows that a divided party could mean a difference of 4 to 5 percent of the vote in the general election -- enough to have a significant impact on the outcome. (2016-03-17)

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