Popular Europa News and Current Events

Popular Europa News and Current Events, Europa News Articles.
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Last-line antibiotics are failing
The ECDC's latest data on antimicrobial resistance and consumption shows that in 2015, antibiotic resistance continued to increase for most bacteria and antibiotics under surveillance. Antibiotic consumption in hospitals significantly increased in several EU Member States however, antibiotic consumption in the community decreased in six EU Member States. It is worrying that we see increased resistance to last-line antibiotics, but we still have time to turn the tide and ensure that antibiotics remain effective. (2016-11-18)

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Ava fizzling south of Madagascar
NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite passed over the Southern Indian Ocean and captured a visible image of Tropical Cyclone Ava as it continued to move away from southeastern Madagascar and weaken. (2018-01-09)

New instrument lets doctors view the entire eye with unprecedented level of detail
Researchers have developed the first instrument that can provide a detailed image of the entire eye that can produce higher quality images than currently available. (2018-01-18)

Penis development needs more than just testes and testosterone
Proper development of the fetal penis requires not just testosterone from the testes, but a second hormone produced by other tissues, including the placenta, according to a new study publishing Feb. 14 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology from Paul Fowler of the University of Aberdeen, Michelle Bellingham of the University of Glasgow, and colleagues in the UK, France and Sweden. The results reveal a previously unknown pathway of masculinization of the external genitals. (2019-02-14)

Powerful new tool for looking for life beyond Earth
NASA has developed an innovative new spectroscopy instrument to aid the search for extraterrestrial life. The new instrument is designed to detect compounds and minerals associated with biological activity more quickly and with greater sensitivity than previous instruments. (2017-12-20)

Hot spot on Enceladus causes plumes
Enceladus, the tiny satellite of Saturn, is colder than ice, but data gathered by the Cassini-Huygens Mission to Saturn and Titan has detected a hot spot that could mean there is life in the old moon after all. In fact, for researchers of the outer planets, Enceladus is so hot intellectually hot, it's smokin'. The hot spot is causing plumes of ice and vapor to arise above Enceladus, says Washington University's William B. McKinnon. (2007-12-17)

Poor oral health linked to a 75% increase in liver cancer risk, new study finds
Poor oral health is associated with a 75% increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common form of liver cancer, new research published in UEG Journal has found. (2019-06-17)

Biofuels from algae: A budding technology yet to become viable
Despite high expectations and extensive research and investment in the last decade, technological options are still in developing stages and key resources for algal growth are still too onerous for economically viable production of algal biofuels, according to a JRC literature review. No large-scale, commercial algae-to-biofuels facilities have been implemented up until the end of 2015. (2016-02-29)

The brain's imperfect execution of mathematically optimal perception
Human perception is based on mathematically optimal principles, but the brain implements those principles imperfectly, suggests new research by Elina Stengård and Ronald van den Berg of the University of Uppsala, Sweden. They present their findings in PLOS Computational Biology. (2019-04-18)

ASU astronomers to build space telescope to explore nearby stars
A new ASU-led mission will launch a small satellite telescope into space to study the environment in other solar systems around the Galaxy's most common type of star. (2018-01-10)

Model based on hydrothermal sources evaluate possibility of life Jupiter's icy moon
Brazilian scientists compare primitive Earth scenario with satellite Europa's conditions; the jupiterian moon could host microorganisms at the bottom of a huge warm ocean located underneath its frozen crust. (2018-02-23)

Researchers map clonorchiasis risk across China
Clonorchiasis, a neglected tropical disease usually acquired by eating undercooked freshwater fish, affects an estimated 15 million people around the globe. More than 85 percent of cases are concentrated in China. Now, researchers have produced high-resolution risk maps for clonorchiasis in China. Their results, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, identified provinces with the highest risk and important predictors for clonorchiasis. Moreover, the risk of the disease has been profiled for areas without survey data. (2017-03-07)

Historical migrations left genetic footprints on the Irish genome
A genome-wide study of the people of Ireland reveals a previously hidden genetic landscape, shaped through geography and historical migrations. Ross Byrne and Russell McLaughlin of Trinity College Dublin in Ireland report their findings Jan. 25, 2018, in PLOS Genetics. (2018-01-25)

Invasive freshwater species in Europe's lakes and rivers: How do they come in?
A JRC-led article has identified escape from aquaculture facilities, releases in the wild due to pet/aquarium trade and stocking activities as the main pathways of alien species introduction in European lakes and rivers. Germany, the UK and Italy are the main entry gateways. The authors recommend tightened controls, and improved prevention and management measures in order to halt the increasing trend of freshwater alien species introductions in Europe. (2015-11-13)

Global change, ecosystem services and human well being: An assessment for Europe
Highly dependent on the different aspects of global change, variations in ecosystem services supply can also have direct impacts on human well being. A new article published in the open access journal One Ecosystem assesses the relationships between climate and land use change and ecosystem services supply in Europe, to pave the way on research connecting them to adaptation and human well being in a changing world. (2016-11-02)

First real-world studies report glecaprevir/pibrentasvir to be effective and well tolerated in chronic HCV infection
Studies conducted in Italy and Germany confirm the effectiveness and safety of glecaprevir/pibrentasvir in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus infection, with viral suppression rates similar to those observed in clinical trials. (2018-04-12)

Nanotechnology could redefine oral surgery
A trip to the dentist or orthodontist usually instills a sense of dread in most patients, and that's before the exam even begins. Add to that the fear of oral surgery with a painful recovery, and many people will avoid these visits at all costs. Now, one group reports a pre-clinical study in ACS Nano showing that they could potentially reduce pain and recovery time with the aid of specialized nanotechnology. (2018-02-14)

Tropical Cyclone Ava moving away from Madagascar
NASA's Terra satellite passed over Tropical Cyclone Ava as it continued moving away from the island nation of Madagascar. Ava was located in the Southern Indian Ocean, off the southeastern coast of the country. (2018-01-08)

Is there a risk to human health from microplastics?
The Austrian Federal Environment Agency and the Medical University of Vienna have presented the first preliminary results of a pilot study on microplastics (microplastic particles) in humans. They have detected microplastic particles in stool of eight volunteers. The German Federal Institute for Risk Assessment (BfR) summarizes its findings on possible health risks of microplastic particles for humans. (2018-10-31)

Women much less likely to ask questions in academic seminars than men
A new study reveals a stark disparity between male and female participation in departmental seminars which helps to explain the 'leaky pipeline' of female representation in academic careers. The observational study of 250 events at 35 institutions found that women are 2.5 times less likely to ask a question in seminars than men. The researchers argue this reflects significant differences in self-reported feelings towards speaking up and offers recommendations to ensure all voices are heard. (2018-09-27)

Beating kidney disease together
Chronic kidney disease is a frequently encountered disorder: more than 10% of the population suffer from such problems. In a large proportion of these cases, the kidney damage is diabetes-induced. Universitätsklinikum Erlangen of Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) has joined forces with around 30 international partners in a consortium which aims to improve therapeutic options. (2017-03-03)

New computational tool predicts progression of metabolic syndrome in mice
Scientists have developed a new computational model that accurately predicts the gradual, long-term progression of metabolic syndrome in mice. The model, created by Yvonne Rozendaal of Eindhoven University of Technology in the Netherlands and colleagues, is presented in PLOS Computational Biology. (2018-06-07)

New technique for finding life on Mars
Miniaturized scientific instruments and new microbiology techniques successfully identified and characterized microorganisms living in Arctic permafrost -- one of the closest analogs to Mars on Earth. By avoiding delays that come with having to return samples to a laboratory for analysis, the methodology could also be used on Earth to detect and identify pathogens during epidemics in remote areas. (2018-01-18)

NASA's Webb Telescope will study our solar system's 'ocean worlds'
NASA's James Webb Space Telescope will use its infrared capabilities to study the (2017-08-24)

Micro-grippers may be able to navigate unstructured environments
Micro-grippers may be able to navigate unstructured environments and could help reduce risk during surgeries, according to a study published Dec. 13, 2017, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Federico Ongaro from the University of Twente, The Netherlands and colleagues. (2017-12-13)

Listeria monocytogenes multi-country outbreak: 47 cases including 9 deaths
Frozen corn and possibly other frozen vegetables produced in a company in Hungary are the likely source of an outbreak of Listeria monocytogenes that has been affecting Austria, Denmark, Finland, Sweden and the United Kingdom. Despite the product recall ordered by the Hungarian Food Chain Safety Office, new cases may still emerge, says the updated risk assessment published by ECDC and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). (2018-07-06)

NASA gets a last look at Tropical Depression Enawo's final bow
Ex-tropical Cyclone Enawo moved off the southern coast of Madagascar and strengthened back into a tropical storm for a brief period before weakening to a depression. NASA's Terra satellite captured a look at the storm as wind shear continued to batter the storm weakening it further. (2017-03-10)

Lymph node structural cells rein in human immune responses
New research published in PLOS Biology by Anne Fletcher and Konstantin Knoblich and colleagues, from Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI), has veered away from traditional immunology by turning the spotlight on the structural cells that build and support the immune-rich environment of lymph nodes. Their research shows that the so-called Fibroblastic Reticular Cells (FRCs) that form the inner structure of human tonsils and lymph nodes exert control over T cells and their response to infection. (2018-09-05)

Hawking's last paper co-authored with ERC grantee posits new cosmology
Professor Stephen Hawking's final theory on the origin of the universe, which he worked on in collaboration with Professor Thomas Hertog from KU Leuven, has been published this week in the Journal of High-Energy Physics. (2018-05-02)

Data shows migration more strongly linked to aspiration than desperation
The Joint Research Centre, the European Commission's science and knowledge service, analyze global survey data which sheds light on the motivations of people who decide to migrate. (2018-04-17)

Detailed Images From Jupiter Moon Europa Point To Slush Below Surface
The latest, most detailed pictures of the Jupiter moon Europa lend more support to the theory that slush or even liquid water lurks beneath the moon's surface. Those pictures were presented and discussed by scientists from Brown University and NASA during a press briefing today on the Brown campus. (1998-03-02)

Guidance to report on land use, land-use change and forestry emissions
A recent JRC report finds that EU Member States will face some challenges in meeting the new reporting and accounting requirements for greenhouse gas emissions and removals from the land use, land-use change and forestry sector, both under the Kyoto Protocol and under recent EU legislation. (2015-02-09)

A new ecosystem approach to fight antibiotic resistance
The World Health Organization has deemed antibiotic resistance to be one of the greatest threats to human health, as bacteria become increasingly resistant and too few treatments are being developed to combat them. The research project DRIVE-AB, a consortium managed by the University of Geneva and AstraZeneca, has determined that a market entry reward of $1 billion per antibiotic globally could significantly increase the number of new antibiotics coming to the market. (2018-01-24)

Ceres takes life an ice volcano at a time
In new study by University of Arizona planetary scientists, observations prove that ice volcanoes on the dwarf planet Ceres generate enough material to fill one movie theater each year. (2018-09-17)

Hepatitis E virus infections can be life threatening and transmitted through blood products
ILC 2018: Hepatitis E virus infections are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in both immunocompromised and immune-competent individuals - blood products are confirmed as an important source of infection. (2018-04-12)

Study co-authored by UCLA scientists shows evidence of water vapor plumes on Jupiter moon
A combination of new modeling techniques and data from the Galileo spacecraft's flyby of Jupiter's icy moon Europa back in 1997 have revealed additional evidence of eruptions of water vapor, or plumes, venting from the moon. (2018-05-17)

33,000 people die every year due to infections with antibiotic-resistant bacteria
An ECDC study estimates the burden of five types of infections caused by antibiotic-resistant bacteria of public health concern in the European Union and in the European Economic Area (EU/EEA). The burden of disease is measured in number of cases, attributable deaths and disability-adjusted life years (DALYs). These estimates are based on data from the European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net) data from 2015. (2018-11-06)

IIASA researchers help EU states assess forestry's role in achieving climate commitments
IIASA researchers have led the development of new guidance for EU member states estimating greenhouse gas emissions and removals from their forests and developing plans to show how they will account for these emissions and removals in the future. (2018-07-26)

Elimination of viral hepatitis by 2030: What's needed and how do we get there?
This first European Action Plan provides an important driver to aid countries in their fight against viral hepatitis, to which ECDC had the opportunity to contribute directly. Currently, the available surveillance data show ongoing transmission of hepatitis in Europe and in order to interrupt this chain and to prevent further infections, European countries need to strengthen local prevention and control practices as outlined in the plan. (2016-10-03)

New study: Estimated burden of healthcare-associated infections
A study published today by PLOS Medicine, estimates the combined burden of six healthcare-associated infections as being higher than that of diseases such as influenza, HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis together. More than 2.5 million cases of healthcare-associated infections occurring each year in the EU/EEA are estimated to result in a burden of approximately 2.5 million disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), a commonly used metric for measuring the impact of diseases on the health of a population. (2016-10-18)

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