Popular Friction News and Current Events | Page 15

Popular Friction News and Current Events, Friction News Articles.
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NJIT professor to speak about discovery to Physical Society
Even if you are not a cook, you might have wondered why a pinch of flour (or any small particles) thrown into a bowl of water will disperse in a dramatic fashion, radiating outward as if it was exploding. Pushpendra Singh, Ph.D., a mechanical engineering professor at NJIT who has studied and written about the phenomenon, has not only thought about it, but can explain why. (2009-11-16)

Scientific explanation for success of klapskate
As part of a project funded by the NWO's Netherlands Technology Foundation (STW), researchers at Amsterdam Vrije Universiteit (VU) have demonstrated why the so-called klapskate produces better speedskating performance. The klapskate is constructed in such a way that the shoe part can hinge up away from the blade to free the heel. (2001-05-07)

Turbulences on the rise
IST Austria professor Björn Hof and colleagues explain for the first time the rise of a fully turbulent flow. (2015-10-22)

Bobsled runs -- fast and yet safe
They should prove a challenge for the athletes, but not put them in danger: bobsled runs have to be simulated before being built. This simulation is based on the friction levels of the runners on the ice. Now it has become possible to measure these levels accurately. These results will help build the run for the 2014 Olympic Winter Games. (2011-12-01)

Fast toothpaste check
There are various types of toothpaste available on the market. They come as pastes and gels, there are some that guard against tooth decay or protect teeth from acid attack, others that are designed for sensitive teeth. But which toothpastes clean well? Which preserve the tooth enamel? A new evaluation method sheds light on the subject. (2012-10-09)

Saving energy & reducing air pollution by using hardened magnesium alloys
The use of magnesium alloys in engineering applications is becoming increasingly important as a relatively low density allows savings in energy consumption and therefore reduction in air pollution. (2005-10-12)

Researchers pioneer techniques to lubricate microdevices
Motor oil keeps car engines running smoothly, but what will grease tiny motors for high-tech microdevices of the future? Researchers may have the answer. Previously, scientists couldn't measure the friction within miniature motors, pumps, and gears -- mechanisms that could one day move inside microscopic medical implants in the body. (2001-03-26)

Cartilage damage could be repaired
A team of EPFL scientists has developed a smart hydrogel material that could promote cartilage regeneration. Their method consists in releasing medication at the right place and at the right time. In the future, damage to cartilage following injuries may no longer have to be irreversible. (2013-10-10)

Cooking oils boost low sulfur diesel fuel and engine lubricant performance
Penn State engineers have shown that adding specially treated cooking oils, such as soybean, canola or sunflower oil, to mandated low sulfur diesel fuels and engine lubricants reduces friction and wear. (2002-10-15)

Heads-up study of hair dynamics may lead to better hair-care products
From frizzy perms to over-bleached waves, (2008-08-17)

Doppler on wheels deployed at Hurricane Ike
The only scientific team to successfully brave Hurricane Ike's knock-down winds and swells in Galveston was the DOW, the Doppler on Wheels mobile weather radar operated by the Center for Severe Weather Research in Boulder, Colo. (2008-09-18)

'Tiger stripes' underneath Antarctic glaciers slow the flow
Researchers at Princeton University and the British Antarctic Survey have discovered that most resistance to the movement of glaciers over the underlying bedrock comes from narrow, high-friction stripes that lie within large, extremely slippery areas underneath the glacier. These stripes are thought to govern the speed at which Antarctic glaciers are moving. (2013-11-07)

Indy 500 track continues to foster better technology for everyday driving
The pavement recipe for the Indianapolis Motor Speedway, home of the Indianapolis 500, could be used to improve the smoothness, durability and safety of some of the two million miles of paved roads and streets where people move at ordinary speeds, scientists said here today at the 246th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, being held here this week. (2013-09-09)

Osteoarthritis finding sheds new light on HA injection controversy
A discovery by Cornell University bioengineers is shedding new light on the controversy surrounding a common treatment for osteoarthritis that has divided the medical community over its effectiveness. (2015-11-25)

Research identifies precise measurement of radiation damage
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have for the first time simulated and quantified the early stages of radiation damage that will occur in a given material. (2012-06-05)

Nanocoatings boost industrial energy efficiency
Reducing friction in industrial machinery can save substantial amounts of energy and researchers at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are working to develop nanoscale coatings for machine parts that not only reduce friction but extend tool life as well. Estimated energy savings from the innovation could reach 31 trillion BTUs annually by the year 2030. (2008-11-18)

In The Air And On The Ground: Scientists Seek Clues To Better Weather Forecasting
Low-flying planes and an array of new surface gauges in the Walnut River watershed east of Wichita, Kansas, are gathering data from the lowest few thousand feet of the atmosphere to improve weather forecasting. Scientists from the National Center for Atmospheric Research and the University of Colorado coordinate the experiment (1997-05-13)

Bionic coating could help ships to economize on fuel
The hairs on the surface of water ferns could allow ships to have a 10 percent decrease in fuel consumption. The plant has the rare ability to put on a gauzy skirt of air under water. Researchers at the University of Bonn, Rostock and Karlsruhe now show in the journal Advanced Materials how the fern does this. Their results can possibly be used for the construction of new kinds of hulls with reduced friction. (2010-05-04)

Carnegie Mellon researcher wins prestigious career award for NSF
Carnegie Mellon University's C. Fred Higgs III has received the National Science Foundation's most prestigious award for new faculty members, the Faculty Early Career Development award. (2007-04-03)

Lasers take the lead
Conserving energy is a top priority for auto manufacturers today. Laser technology can help. Lasers can be used to process thin light-weight components made of fiber-composite materials, as well as to manufacture more efficient engines and more powerful batteries. At the Laser 2011 trade fair May 23-26, Fraunhofer scientists will be presenting new production technologies in Hall C2, Stand 330 and Hall B2, Stand 417. (2011-05-13)

Seismic doubleheader: Seismologist shows deep earthquakes come in pairs
Seismologists now know that deep earthquakes like to do just like baseball immortal Ernie Banks liked to : (2001-08-23)

Metamaterials could reduce friction in nanomachines
Nanoscale machines expected to have wide application in industry, energy, medicine and other fields may someday operate far more efficiently thanks to important theoretical discoveries concerning the manipulation of famous Casimir forces that took place at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory. (2009-12-07)

Runaway process drives intermediate-depth earthquakes, Stanford scientists find
Stanford researchers have uncovered a vital clue about the mechanism behind a type of earthquake that originates deep within the Earth and accounts for a quarter of all temblors worldwide, some of which are strong enough to pose a safety hazard. (2013-12-10)

Quantitative approach to forensic fingerprint comparison studied
There is no quantitative standard used by the worldwide fingerprint community to determine the quantity and quality of information in an image or for the number of points of comparison required for identification. The National Institute of Justice has awarded researchers at Virginia Tech a two-year, $854,907 grant to develop a quantitative approach to measuring and establishing a standard for (2009-11-30)

Nanotech control device developed
In the science of the small, precision and accuracy really count. Won-jong Kim, an assistant professor of mechanical engineering at Texas A&M University, is developing a device that can be used to precisely position objects in nanotechnology and even telesurgery. Positioning devices, such as the one Kim is developing, are used in nanotechnology to move an object being studied or worked on into the precise position needed for study. (2002-04-26)

Save the date: American Chemical Society National Meeting, Sept. 8-12, 2013, in Indianapolis
The American Chemical Society, the world's largest scientific society, invites news media coverage of its 246th National Meeting & Exposition, September 8-12, 2013, in Indianapolis, Ind. It will take place at the Indiana Convention Center and at area hotels. (2013-05-21)

Proving Da Vinci right at the atomic level
Renaissance painter, inventer, and scientist Leonardo Da Vinci theorized that friction was related to the surface structure of the opposing surfaces. Now, 500 years later, a group of researchers from Ames Laboratory and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have used unique materials called quasicrystals to prove the theory holds even at the atomic level. (2005-08-26)

Electromagnetic phantom exorcises specters of metal detector tests
While not as dashing or exciting as its costumed namesake, an electromagnetic (2008-12-23)

From bubbles to capsules
Researchers from Japan have developed a clever new technique for the production of silicon dioxide nanocapsules: they start with tiny bubbles of carbon dioxide in a silicon copolymer. (2006-09-07)

NJIT engineer discovers why particles disperse on liquids
Even if you are not a cook, you might have wondered why a pinch of flour (or any small particles) thrown into a bowl of water will disperse in a dramatic fashion, radiating outward as if it was exploding. Pushpendra Singh, Ph.D., a mechanical engineering professor at NJIT who has studied and written about the phenomenon, has not only thought about it, but can explain why. (2009-11-17)

DOE, ORNL helping industry use less energy
Four Oak Ridge National Laboratory technologies to improve energy efficiency in industry have won funding from the Department of Energy's Industrial Technologies Program. The projects, ranging from a heat-free heat treatment for industrial steels to less expensive better welds for large oil and gas pipelines, will bring $7.5 million to ORNL and another $3 million to industry partners. (2008-10-23)

APS physics tip sheet #49
Highlights in this issue include a better time machine design; shaking to reduce friction; crack propagation in thin sheets; and the horizontal Brazil nut effect. (2005-07-08)

Nanotech in space: Rensselaer experiment to weather the trials of orbit
Novel nanomaterials developed at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute are scheduled to blast off into orbit on Nov. 16 aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis. The project, funded by the US Air Force Multi University Research Initiative, seeks to test the performance of the new nanocomposites in orbit. The materials will be mounted to the International Space Station's outer hull and exposed to the rigors of space. (2009-11-12)

Discovery could help bring down price of DNA sequencing
One promising method for speeding up DNA sequencing is nanopore sequencing. Using a theory based on classical hydrodynamics, a Northwestern University researcher now has explained the nature of the resistive force that determines the speed of the DNA as it moves through the nanopore, which is just five to 10 nanometers wide. This understanding could help scientists figure out how to slow the DNA down enough to make it readable and usable -- for medical and biotechnology applications, in particular. (2007-06-29)

New Hebrew University frictional motion study could provide tool for earthquake prediction
A new study on (2004-09-26)

'Ay, there's the rub'
Researchers strive to identify the atomic origins of wear. (2011-10-31)

Nanotechnology confronts the 'bad hair day,' tests new conditioner
Ohio State University researchers have just completed the first comprehensive study of human hair on the nanometer level. Special equipment enabled Bharat Bhushan and his colleagues to get an unprecedented close-up look at a rogue's gallery of bad hair days - from chemically overprocessed locks to curls kinked up by humidity. (2005-09-07)

New device to revolutionize gaming in virtual realities
Engineers at TU Vienna have developed a device which allows users to glide on a low friction surface while the motion is picked up by sensors. That way, natural walks through computer generated 3-D landscapes become possible. (2013-09-24)

If the shoe fits
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering are exploring new techniques to better predict the wear rate of shoes in order to improve shoe design and replacement policies to reduce slip and fall accidents. (2015-12-10)

Heavier hydrogen on the atomic scale reduces friction
Scientists may be one step closer to understanding the atomic forces that cause friction, thanks to a recently published study by researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Houston and the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory. (2007-11-02)

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