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Popular Fruit Fly News and Current Events, Fruit Fly News Articles.
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Many a mickle makes a muckle: How changes in animals' size and shape arise
How does nature's great diversity in the shape and size of organisms evolve? The group of David Stern at Princeton University has managed to show how in fruit flies a gene enhancer can change its function through stepwise changes in DNA sequence to give rise to differences in animals' appearance. Alistair McGregor of the University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, contributed to the work, which is published as an article in the current issue of Nature. (2011-06-30)

Surprising exotic flies in the backyard: New gnat species from Museum Koenig's garden
Little did the scientists expect to discover a new species in Germany's Alexander Koenig Museum's garden upon placing a malaise trap for testing purposes. However, not only did an unknown and strikingly colored gnat get caught, but it turned out to be a species, which showed to have much more in common with its relatives from New Zealand than with any known from Europe. Their study is published in the open access Biodiversity Data Journal. (2016-04-04)

For females, a little semen may go a long way
For most guys in the animal kingdom, sex is a once-and-done event. Females from species like rabbits and cows get sperm from their mates and not much else. But in a Forum article published March 3 in Trends in Ecology & Evolution, researchers suggest that these limited encounters can supply resources to females in seminal fluid, and females might have evolved to seek out such seminal resources, even when the amount of fluid is small. (2016-03-03)

How mantis shrimp make sense of the world
A new study provides insight into how the small brains of mantis shrimp - fierce predators with keen vision that are among the fastest strikers in the animal kingdom - are able to make sense of a breathtaking amount of visual input. (2019-11-25)

Drones effective tools for fruit farmers
Unmanned aerial vehicles provide reliable, accurate data to growers. (2020-01-08)

Scientists short-circuit maturity in insects, opening new paths to disease prevention
New research from UC Riverside shows, contrary to previous scientific belief, a hormone required for sexual maturity in insects cannot travel across the blood-brain barrier unless aided by a transporter protein. The finding may soon allow scientists to prevent disease-spreading mosquitoes from maturing, or to boost reproduction in beneficial bumblebees. (2020-01-28)

Fly larvae extract will replace antibiotics in fighting plant pathogens
Biotechnologists from MIPT have developed a method for extracting the active constituents from the fat of black soldier fly larvae. These compounds possess unique antimicrobial properties and can destroy bacteria that cause farm crop diseases and are resistant to antibiotics. (2020-10-05)

Wake-up call for neural stem cells
A brain enzyme activates dormant neural stem cells, revealing how defects in its gene could lead to neurodevelopmental disorders. (2021-02-11)

IFT Announces 1998 Food Science Journalism Award Winners
Three journalists will be honored for excellence in food science reporting at the Institute of Food Technologists' (IFT's) 1998 Annual Meeting & FOOD EXPO in Atlanta June 20. One winning story in each category (newspaper, consumer magazine, and television) was selected by a panel of judges based on compelling interest, sound science, effective communication, and good balance. (1998-06-01)

Hopkins Researchers Identify Saethre-Chotzen Disease Gene
Johns Hopkins Children's Center scientists have identified TWIST as the disease gene causing Saethre-Chotzen syndrome, one of the most common genetic conditions with craniosynostosis, the early closure of the cranial sutures. Their findings, which also include the mapping of TWIST in the human genome, appear in the January issue of Nature Genetics. (1997-01-09)

Flower power: Marking winners and losers
A new study reveals how conflict resolution works on the microscopic scale -- a protein called Flower marks the weaker cells for elimination in favor of their fitter neighbors. The research, published by Cell Press in the June 15 issue of the journal Developmental Cell, furthers our understanding of a developmental process of (2010-06-14)

Drosophila effectively models human genes responsible for genetic kidney diseases
The majority of genes associated with nephrotic syndrome (NS) in humans also play pivotal roles in Drosophila renal function, a conservation of function across species that validates transgenic flies as ideal pre-clinical models to improve understanding of human disease, a Children's National Health System research team reports in a recent issue of Human Molecular Genetics. (2017-03-17)

Taste sensors in fly legs control feeding
Scientists at Tohoku University have uncovered the role of taste sensors in fly legs to control feeding. This insight into insect choice behavior and feeding could lead to the development of more effective pest control. (2016-02-21)

High cost of fruits, vegetables linked to higher body fat in young children
High prices for fresh fruits and vegetables are associated with higher body mass index in young children in low- and middle-income households, according to American University researchers in the journal Pediatrics. (2014-02-20)

Scientists win $6.4 million to probe smell navigation
A team of scientists, including a UC Berkeley pioneer in odor mapping, has received a $6.4 million grant from the National Science Foundation to dig deeper into how humans and animals navigate by using their sense of smell and converting odors into spatial information. (2015-09-24)

Mango effective in preventing, stopping certain colon, breast cancer cells
Mango. If you know little about this fruit, understand this: It's been found to prevent or stop certain colon and breast cancer cells in the lab. That's according to a new study by Texas AgriLife Research food scientists, who examined the five varieties most common in the US: Kent, Francine, Ataulfo, Tommy/Atkins and Haden. (2010-01-11)

Widespread connections among neurons help the brain distinguish smells
Organization--or lack of it--in brain's piriform cortex allows us to differentiate one smell from another. (2018-07-24)

Five-minute chats in the waiting room may prompt families to eat more fruits and vegetables
Low-income families were more likely to use their federal food assistance on nutritious food after learning that their dollars can be doubled for more fruits and vegetables, a new study finds. (2017-01-18)

Eating more than five portions of fruit & vegetables a day can substantially reduce risk of stroke
Encouraging people to consume more than five portions of fruit and vegetables a day should result in a major reduction in stroke, according to a meta-analysis in this week's issue of The Lancet. (2006-01-26)

New insect imaging technique may help victims of sleeping sickness
Researchers have employed near infrared still photographs and time-lapse video to observe the pupa of the living tsetse fly. The imaging technique may allow lab workers to identify male and female tsetse flies before they emerge as adults, which could make it easier to control them by using the Sterile Insect Technique. (2016-07-11)

Letting go -- how dying cells detach from their neighbors
Researchers from the Mechanobiology Institute, Singapore at the National University of Singapore have described how dying cells detach and are expelled from a tissue, and how tissue tension in the region surrounding a dying cell is remodeled. (2017-02-01)

Seek and you shall find -- bees remain excellent searchers even when ill
Honeybees are hardwired to efficiently search the landscape enabling them to continue working for the greater good of their hives even when they are sick, according to new research. (2016-10-03)

New Packaging Sweetens Grapefruit Juice
The bitter taste commonly associated with packaged grapefruit juice has long soured many potential consumers. But now Cornell University food scientists say they have developed a special type of (1998-06-24)

Researchers dig up new molecular details on 'the other type' of stem cells
Scientists at IRB Barcelona and CSIC reveal that the combination of two molecular signals determines which cells that have already differentiated can regain their stem cell properties. Their studies on fruit flies allow for advancements in the field of regenerative medicine and a better understanding of processes involved in cancer. (2016-03-11)

Why 'platonic' flies don't copulate and what that could mean for humans
By studying the sexual behavior of a mutant strain of fruit fly called 'platonic,' researchers at the Tohoku University Graduate School of Life Sciences have found parallels between humans and flies in the neural control of copulation. (2017-01-17)

The sexual tug-of-war -- a genomic view
The genes that are most beneficial to males are the most disadvantageous for females, and vice versa. However, this genetic conflict between the sexes is important in maintaining genetic variation within a species, researchers at Uppsala University have shown in a study on fruit-flies published in the open access journal PLoS Biology. (2010-03-15)

Spending more on food is associated with a healthier diet and weight
According to an epidemiological study carried out by researchers at the Hospital del Mar Medical Research Institute, increasing the money you spend on food is linked to a better quality diet, particularly increased consumption of fruit and vegetables, leading to a healthier weight and decreased risk of cardiometabolic diseases like obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular problems. (2016-01-27)

Insecticide-resistant flies 'rubbish' at courting females
Insecticide resistance sounds like a superpower for the average male fruit fly -- but there's a catch. Scientists have found that the single genetic change which protects the flies from the pesticide DDT also makes males smaller, less aggressive and 'rubbish' at courting females. (2017-05-08)

Powerful new approach helps understand molecular alterations in neurological disease
Scientists have developed a high-throughput, multi-pronged approach that integrates laboratory experiments, data from published literature and network analysis of large datasets to identify genes that drive disease. (2018-06-20)

Large, long-term study suggests link between eating mushrooms and a lower risk of prostate cancer
Results from the first long-term cohort study of more than 36,000 Japanese men over decades suggest an association between eating mushrooms and a lower risk of prostate cancer. (2019-10-07)

Daily exposure to blue light may accelerate aging, even if it doesn't reach your eyes
Prolonged exposure to blue light, such as that which emanates from your phone, computer and household fixtures, could be affecting your longevity, even if it's not shining in your eyes. (2019-10-17)

Sounds of mosquito mating rituals could lead to quieter drones
Mosquitoes flap their wings not just to stay aloft but for two other critical purposes: to generate sound and to point that buzz in the direction of a potential mate, researchers at Johns Hopkins University have discovered. Their findings about the aerodynamics of mosquito wings could have implications for building quieter drones and for devising nontoxic methods to trap and exterminate the pests. (2019-11-07)

What can you learn by peering into a fruit fly's gut? It turns out a lot!
They say a picture is worth 1,000 words. But what about a real-time window into the complexity of the gastrointestinal system? A new research tool allowed biologists to watch in real time the cell renewal process that keeps gut tissue healthy, as well as the interactions between bacterial species that make up the microbiome. (2020-03-02)

Thoughts on plant genomes
The growing world population and the challenges posed by climate change make the control of these natural resources one of the most crucial issues for all humanity in the future. In this regard, genome sequence information is of fundamental importance for understanding natural diversity and evolution of living organisms as well as for the design of breeding strategies aimed to produce new varieties with suitable traits. (2021-02-03)

Vineyard cover crops reduce expense, save environment
Cornell University researchers have advice for vineyard managers in cool and humid climates like the Northeast: cover up. Their findings showed that growing cover crops beneath grape vines reduced nitrogen leaching through the soil compared to the herbicide plots and has economic ramifications for vineyards as well. (2016-07-26)

100 percent juice not associated with overweight in children
Using the same database that the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention uses to confirm the rise in obesity rates, researchers have concluded that 100 percent juice is not associated with young children being overweight or at risk for becoming overweight. (2007-05-08)

Titan's atmosphere even more Earth-like than previously thought
Scientists at UCL have observed how a widespread polar wind is driving gas from the atmosphere of Saturn's moon Titan. The team analysed data gathered over seven years by the international Cassini probe, and found that the interactions between Titan's atmosphere, and the solar magnetic field and radiation, create a wind of hydrocarbons and nitriles being blown away from its polar regions into space. This is very similar to the wind observed coming from the Earth's polar regions. (2015-06-18)

Duda, where'd my spines go?
Charles Darwin spent eight years studying barnacles and their genitalia. In much less time than that, University of Cincinnati evolutionary biologist Michal Polak (and co-author Arash Rashed now at the University of California, Berkeley) have confirmed one of Darwin's theories: that genitalia complexities in some male species have developed because they assist the male in (2010-01-07)

Bats use touch receptors on wings to fly, catch prey, study finds
Bats have an (2005-12-15)

When these flies want to sniff out food and mates, they wing it
Fruit flies don't appear to use their tiny, translucent wings for optimal flight, as one might expect. The speedy appendages seem to be doing double duty, helping the insect sniff out food, mates and other important scents, according to new research from The Ohio State University. (2018-08-13)

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