Popular Gastroenterology News and Current Events

Popular Gastroenterology News and Current Events, Gastroenterology News Articles.
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Does Helicobacter pylori eradication therapy prevent gastric cancer?
A research team from Japan investigated whether eradication of H. pylori in peptic ulcer patients prevented gastric cancer. They found that eradication did not significantly reduce the incidence of cancer in their patients, who had a mean age of 52.9 years at registration, after a mean follow-up period of 5.6 years. (2009-09-25)

Gut microbiome in digestive health: a new frontier in research
Research on the gut microbiome is one of the most promising areas of science today. In a new special issue of Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has taken the deep-dive into the gut microbiome that both scientists and the public are looking for to help them better understand the effects of the microbiome on health and disease. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology is the clinical practice journal of the AGA. (2019-01-04)

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease increases risk of liver, colorectal, and breast cancers
Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the more common chronic liver diseases worldwide. It is associated with metabolic syndrome (i.e. insulin resistance and diabetes) and predisposes to cardiovascular disease. In a new study published in the Journal of Hepatology, researchers identified links not only between NAFLD and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), which have been well established, but also to cancers outside the liver, including colorectal and breast cancer. (2017-11-13)

How to select anti-hepatitis B virus agents for drug-resistance patients?
Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a global public health problem. Nucleoside analogs play an important role in antiviral therapy for chronic hepatitis B patients. However, many patients with a certain nucleoside analogs therapy for a period of time may be resistant to this antiviral agent. This article described a useful strategy to select anti-HBV agents for drug-resistance patients. (2008-09-24)

Gastric cancer with 3 pathological features
The authors described a patient with adenocarcinoma of the stomach combined with choriocarcinoma and neuroendocrine cell carcinoma. This is the first reported case of gastric cancer with these three pathological features. (2008-09-18)

TAU and Ichilov researchers develop treatment for familial adenomatous polyposis
Researchers from Tel Aviv University and Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center (Ichilov Hospital) have developed an innovative drug treatment for familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), a rare, inherited condition that affects adolescents and young adults and often leads to colorectal cancer. (2019-10-03)

Insurance linked to black-white survival disparities in colorectal cancer
Health insurance coverage differences account for nearly one-half of the black-white survival disparity in colorectal cancer patients, according to a new study. (2017-11-14)

Early treatment decisions can alter the course of care for acute pancreatitis patients
Management and treatment decisions made within the first 48 to 72 hours of hospital admission for acute pancreatitis patients can significantly alter the course of disease and duration of hospitalization. A new clinical guideline from the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA), published in Gastroenterology, the official journal of AGA, focuses on the critical decisions made during initial management of acute pancreatitis. (2018-02-09)

Vitamin D deficiency common in patients with IBD, chronic liver disease
The 73rd Annual Scientific Meeting of the American College of Gastroenterology in Orlando found patients with inflammatory bowel disease or chronic liver disease were at increased risk of developing Vitamin D deficiencies. Two separate studies highlight the importance of regular Vitamin D checkups in the evaluation of patients with certain digestive diseases. (2008-10-06)

Report raises C. diff concerns; yeast-based probiotic shown to help significantly reduce recurrence
C. diff-associated disease, a severe intestinal disease, is the subject of heightened concern in the medical community with the release of a new report by the federal Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, which revealed a 200 percent increase in potentially fatal diarrheal infections in US hospitals between 2000 and 2005. Studies show that adding the yeast-based probiotic Saccharomyces boulardii (sold under the brand name Florastor) can cut the rate of recurrence by about half. (2008-04-30)

An epidemiologic study of microscopic colitis in Turkey
Microscopic colitis is a chronic diarrheal disease with normal colonoscopic but abnormal histopathologic features. It is a disease with two subtypes of similar clinical but different histological features: Lymphocytic colitis, which is characterized by pronounced colonic mucosal lymphocyte infiltration. Collagenous colitis, which is characterized by increased subepithelial collagenous band thickness. A group from Turkey investigated the prevalence and demography of microscopic colitis in patients with diarrhea of unknown etiology and normal colonoscopy in Turkey. (2008-10-07)

New strategies to improve the quality of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) care
1.6 million Americans suffer. As with many chronic conditions, IBD patients often require frequent hospital visits due to rapid changes in their illness and can struggle with finding the balance between their health and their work/social life. Doctors and researchers will come together at the Crohn's & Colitis Congress™ to explore new strategies to improve the care provided to IBD patients, which will ultimately improve patients' quality of life. (2018-01-19)

A strange case of upper obstructive syndrome
Aorto-duodenal fistulae constitute 80 percent of aorto-enteric fistulae, presenting with upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Rarely do they present with a history of persistent occlusive syndrome: This is the case of a 59-year-old man who underwent an aortic-bi-femoral bypass five years ago, presenting with dyspepsia and biliary vomiting. (2008-02-22)

A new method of pancreaticojejunostomy?
A team led by Dr. Kenichi Hakamada from Hirosaki University, Japan, has developed a new method of pancreaticojejunostomy with a fast-absorbable suture material, irradiated polyglactin 910, and a temporary stent tube to overcome the technical difficulties of performing a pancreaticoenterostomy of a soft pancreas with a narrow pancreatic duct. The authors also stated the good early and late surgical outcomes according to the recent internationally established criteria. (2008-03-18)

Combined stenting and photodynamic therapy improves survival in late stage liver cancer patients
A combined therapeutic approach of stenting and photodynamic therapy may improve survival rates for patients suffering from advanced liver bile duct cancer, according to a study published this month in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology. (2008-03-11)

Probiotics and breastfeeding reduces potential antibiotic resistance in children
Targeted probiotic supplementation in breastfed infants can significantly reduce the potential for antibiotic resistance, new research presented today at the 51st ESPGHAN Annual Meeting shows. (2018-05-09)

High doses of ibuprofen cause significant GI bleeding, despite safety profile
People who take high doses of ibuprofen on a regular basis are three times more likely to experience gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding than those who do not take painkillers. Results of a small, retrospective analysis published today in the American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) journal Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology show that significant GI bleeding can be observed as early as three days after starting an ibuprofen regimen in otherwise healthy people. (2005-11-01)

Swallowed button batteries add to safety concerns about 'fidget spinners'
A report of two young children with burns of the esophagus caused by swallowed button batteries from 'fidget spinners' highlights a risk of severe injuries involving these popular toys, according to a series of reports in the January/February Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (JPGN). Official journal of the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (NASPGHAN) and the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, JPGN is published by Wolters Kluwer. (2018-01-26)

New guidelines update recommendations on colorectal cancer screening
A new guideline on colorectal cancer screening released March 5, 2008 by an expert group representing a broad spectrum of health care organizations, including the American College of Gastroenterology, the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy and the American Cancer Society, offers recommendations for various alternatives for colorectal cancer detection and states a strong preference for screening tests that can prevent colorectal cancer. (2008-03-06)

The risk factors of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in HCV patients
A group from Toranomon Hospital of Japan investigated the cumulative development incidence and predictive factors for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in HCV positive patients. They found that age, smoking and liver cirrhosis enhance the development of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in HCV positive patients. (2008-10-23)

Health groups issue updated colorectal cancer screening guidelines
The American Cancer Society, the American College of Radiology, and the US Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer (a group that comprises representatives from the American College of Gastroenterology, American Gastroenterological Association, and American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy) have released the first-ever joint consensus guidelines for colorectal cancer screening. (2008-03-05)

Do bacterial combinations result in enhanced cytokine production? No!
A comparative study of six different probiotic bacteria strains that induce cytokine production has found that the probiotic S. thermophilus and Leuconostoc strains are more potent inducers of Th1 type cytokines IL-12 and IFN-ƒ× than the probiotic Lactobacillus strains. Bacterial combinations do not result in enhanced cytokine production. (2008-03-18)

Who found some new mechanisms of HBV virulence?
Despite the existence of safe and efficient vaccines, hepatitis B virus is one of the most deadly viruses in the world, killing about 1.2 million people every year. To better understand the direct liver disease induced by hepatitis B virus, recent research led by Dr. Kremsdorf from the French National Institute of Health and Medical Research brought us one step closer to an effective treatment for HBV infection. (2008-02-22)

Probiotic bacteria can induce monocyte-derived dendritic cells maturation?
Probiotic bacteria are defined as living microorganisms that have beneficial effects on human health. The mechanisms behind these actions are not yet fully characterized. A group in Finland investigated the capacity of nine probiotic bacteria to induce the maturation and the production of cytokines in human dendritic cells. The ability to induce cytokine production in leukocytes may exemplify one of the health promoting effects of probiotic bacteria. (2008-09-24)

Portal vein thrombosis is common in extraportal vein obstruction
The etiology and pathogenesis of portal vein thrombosis is unclear. A two-year study led by Dr. Pankaj Jain and Dr. Sandeep Nijhawan from Sawai Man Singh Hospital investigated 118 patients with portal vein thrombosis. Among the 118 patients with portal vein thrombosis, 42.4 percent had liver malignancy (primary or metastatic), 15.3 percent had cirrhosis, 6 percent pancreatitis (acute or chronic), 5 percent had hypercoagulable state and 31.3 percent were idiopathic. (2007-10-12)

Study prompts new ideas on cancers' origins
Cancer therapies often target cells that grow and divide rapidly, such as stem cells, but in studying how stomach cancers occur, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis found that even when the stomach isn't able to make stem cells, other cells in the stomach can begin to divide and contribute to precancerous lesions. (2017-12-15)

Model predicting colorectal cancer screening suggests higher mortality for virtual colonoscopy
A model predicting complications for colorectal screening options found a greater risk of cancer deaths and procedure-related deaths in virtual colonoscopy as compared to traditional colonoscopy. (2004-11-01)

Colorectal cancer patients need colonoscopy after cancer resection
It is critically important that colorectal cancer patients undergo colonoscopy after surgery to ensure that they do not have a second colon cancer, and to find and remove any additional polyps. According to new recommendations from the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force on Colorectal Cancer, the evidence shows that post-operative colonoscopy is associated with improved overall survival for colorectal cancer patients. Between 0.7 and 7 percent of colorectal cancer patients have a second, concurrent cancer. (2016-02-16)

New evidence on the role of the gut microbiome in improving human health
The gut microbiome is one of the fastest moving areas of science today. Twenty-three new abstracts highlighting the most cutting-edge advances in gut microbiome research will be presented at the eighth annual Gut Microbiota for Health World Summit, March 23-24, 2019, in Miami, Fla. (2019-03-23)

Cellular mechanism for severe viral hepatitis identified
KAIST medical scientists identified a cellular mechanism causing inflammatory changes in regulatory T cells that can lead to severe viral hepatitis. Research on this mechanism will help further understand the nature of various inflammatory diseases and lead to the development of relevant clinical treatments. (2018-01-18)

New screening technologies improve detection of polyps during colonoscopy
Two studies presented at the American College of Gastroenterology's 73rd Annual Scientific Meeting in Orlando highlight new technologies with the potential to improve the detection of colorectal polyps and flat lesions during colonoscopy. The American College of Gastroenterology endorses colonoscopy as the preferred strategy for colorectal cancer screening because of its remarkable sensitivity in detecting and removing polyps before they become cancerous. (2008-10-06)

Is different approach needed for acute diverticulitis in younger patients?
A research team from Portugal compared the natural history and course of acute diverticulitis in a younger age group with an older population to evaluate whether younger patients should be managed differently. They recommended that diverticulitis management should be based on the severity of the disease and not on the age of the patient. (2011-01-25)

Baylor Scott & White gastroenterology researchers share key takeaways from DDW 2019
Dr. Stuart J. Spechler among researchers from Baylor Scott & White Research Institute available to provide key takeaways from Digestive Disease Week 2019. (2019-05-20)

New study finds ginger proven to treat vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis
Researchers presenting at the 51st ESPGHAN Annual Meeting have today revealed the results of a new study which proves the efficacy and effectiveness of using ginger to treat vomiting in children with acute gastroenteritis -- one of the most common conditions resulting in admission to pediatric emergency departments. (2018-05-10)

A long-term survival offered by resection of solid-pseudopapillary tumor of the pancreas?
Although uncommon, aggressive solid-pseudopapillary tumors of the pancreas have been reported in the literature. Due to their rarity, however, appropriate management and prognosis remain unclear. This article discusses clinical presentation, multimodality treatment and follow-up by reviewing the present case and other literature. (2008-03-13)

A new genetic marker accounts for up to 1.4 percent of cases of hereditary colon cancer
IDIBELL-ICO scientists identify a new genetic marker accounts for up to 1.4 percent of cases of hereditary colon cancer. Patients with mutations in this gene, if identified, could follow a clinical approach much more consistent with their genetics. (2017-10-10)

A new breakthrough in timing of urgent endoscopy for gastrointestinal bleeding patients
Endoscopy plays a major role in the diagnosis and therapy of upper gastrointestinal bleeding. An endoscopic group in Italy investigated whether a simple clinical score prior to endoscopy was efficient in selecting those patients. Their study showed that such an endoscopic triage is strongly associated with the detection of endoscopic signs of recent hemorrhage. (2008-09-10)

Bariatric surgery can benefit some obese children and teens, reports Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Bariatric surgery -- as a last resort when conservative interventions have failed -- can improve liver disease and other obesity-related health problems in severely obese children and adolescents, according to a position paper in the Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, official journal of the European Society for Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition and the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition. The journal is published by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, a part of Wolters Kluwer Health. (2015-02-05)

Frequent Digestion Complaints May Mean Calling In Psychiatrist
Patients who repeatedly seek treatment for digestive tract symptoms but show no evidence of organic disorder should be identified early on so the psychiatric aspects of their conditions can be examined and treated, say British researchers. They say this would result in better health prospects for the patients and better use of limited health care resources. (1999-01-08)

Genome offers clues to esophageal cancer disparity
A change in the genome of Caucasians could explain much-higher rates of the most common type of esophageal cancer in this population, a new study finds. It suggests a possible target for prevention strategies, which preliminary work suggests could involve flavonoids derived from cranberries. (2018-12-20)

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