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Popular Genetic Mutation News and Current Events

Popular Genetic Mutation News and Current Events, Genetic Mutation News Articles.
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Not silent at all
The so-called 'silent' or 'synonymous' genetic alterations do not result in altered proteins. (2019-06-12)
Fragmented turtles
Scientists looked at how fragmentation is affecting critically endangered Dahl's toad headed turtle (Mesoclemmys dahli) a forest-stream specialist found only in Colombia. (2019-05-09)
DNA exchange among species is major contributor to diversity in Heliconius butterflies
Exchange of genetic material among species played a major role in the wide diversity of Heliconius butterflies, according to a new study, results of which inform a centuries-long debate about the value of hybridization to species evolution. (2019-10-31)
New cause of diabetes
Although insulin-producing cells are found in the endocrine tissue of the pancreas, a new mouse study suggests that abnormalities in the exocrine tissue could cause cell non-autonomous effects that promotes diabetes-like symptoms. (2016-02-18)
University of Minnesota research discovers inhibitor to reverse toxic DUX4 effects
New University of Minnesota Medical School research identifies an inhibitor that protects cells from toxic effects associated with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy in cells and mice. (2019-09-11)
'Filter' hones GWAS results to help researchers avoid dead ends
A genetics research team at Johns Hopkins Medicine has solved a dilemma facing researchers who use genomewide association studies (GWAS) by developing a new approach that strategically 'filters' which genes are worth further study. (2018-03-05)
Saving Beethoven
An optimized version of the CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing system prevents hearing loss with no detectable off-target effects in so-called Beethoven mice, which carry a mutation that causes profound hearing loss in humans and mice alike. (2019-07-03)
CNIC scientists develop new methods for analyzing gene function
Scientists at the CNIC have developed new methods to produce and analyze genetic mosaics. (2017-08-10)
Enzyme may get key role in drug design for breast cancer and brain condition
In recent years, researchers have focused on the enzyme TLK2 suspecting it of playing a main role in several diseases. (2018-06-29)
Purest yet liver-like cells generated from induced pluripotent stem cells
A team of researchers from the Medical University of South Carolina and elsewhere has found a better way to purify liver cells made from induced pluripotent stem cells. (2016-08-29)
How well will the flu vaccine work this winter?
Scientists from UTMB and Biomed Protection predicted which H3N2 variants would become 'vaccine resistant', and this prediction has been confirmed during the 2017 Australian flu season. (2017-12-13)
A case where smoking helped
A mutation in the hemoglobin of a young woman in Germany was found to cause her mild anemia. (2017-02-16)
Mutation of the co-chaperone Tsc1 in bladder cancer diminishes Hsp90 acetylation and reduces drug sensitivity and selectivity
The researchers have recently identified the tumor suppressor tuberous sclerosis complex 1 as a new co-chaperone of Hsp90 that affects Hsp90 binding to its inhibitors. (2019-10-10)
Controlling bacteria's necessary evil
Until now, scientists have only had a murky understanding of how these relationships arise. (2017-05-10)
Rhino genome results
A study by San Diego Zoo Global reveals that the prospects for recovery of the critically endangered northern white rhinoceros -- of which only three individuals remain -- will reside with the genetic resources that have been banked at San Diego Zoo Global's Frozen Zoo®. (2017-01-25)
Impact of misunderstanding genetic tests for heart conditions
Patients who undergo genetic testing for inherited heart disease need to be better informed to know how to interpret the results and understand the impact the results will have on their life, a University of Sydney study has found. (2018-02-23)
Passenger pigeon case study: How even large, stable populations may be at risk for extinction
A new study on passenger pigeon (Ectopistes migratorius) genomics suggests that even species with large and stable populations can be at risk of extinction if there's a sudden environmental change. (2017-11-16)
A novel precision cancer model opens doors to personalized cancer treatment
Researchers from the Seve Ballesteros Foundation-CNIO Brain Tumour Group at the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO) have developed an extremely powerful and versatile mouse model that will improve cancer research and accelerate preclinical testing of novel targeted therapies. (2018-04-13)
Why are minorities underrepresented in genetic cancer studies?
Socio-cultural and clinical factors as well as healthcare processes were important drivers of a woman's willingness to provide saliva specimens for future cancer research. (2017-11-16)
How a genetic mutation can interfere with the powerhouses of cells
A Freiburg molecular medicine specialist's team discovers a new disease mechanism in the mitochondria. (2018-03-23)
Cells rank genes by importance to protect them, according to new research
Researchers at the University of Oxford have discovered that a cellular mechanism preferentially protects plant genes from the damaging effects of mutation. (2018-01-05)
Researchers find link between breast cancer and two gene mutations
Individuals with Lynch syndrome, a genetic condition that has long been known to carry dramatically increased risk of colorectal cancer and uterine cancer, now also have an increased risk of breast cancer. (2018-01-19)
Study finds hundreds of genes and genetic codes that regulate genes tied to alcoholism
Using rats carefully bred to either drink large amounts of alcohol or to spurn it, researchers at Indiana and Purdue universities have identified hundreds of genes that appear to play a role in increasing the desire to drink alcohol. (2016-08-04)
Mount Sinai study reveals new genetic link to heart disease
A collaboration involving the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, the German Heart Center Munich, AstraZeneca, and Karolinska Institutet in Sweden has demonstrated that more than 30 percent of heart disease risk stems from genetic factors, much more than was previously understood. (2019-06-18)
Sticky blood protein yields clues to autism
Many children with autism have elevated blood levels of serotonin -- a chemical with strong links to mood and anxiety. (2008-03-04)
Study finds genetic mutation causes 'vicious cycle' in most common form of ALS
University of Michigan-led research brings scientists one step closer to understanding the development of neurodegenerative disorders such as ALS. (2017-12-08)
10-fold life span extension reported in simple organism
Researchers achieve record longevity for ordinary baker's yeast through dietary and genetic changes. (2008-01-14)
Solution to 50-year-old mystery could lead to gene therapy for common blood disorders
In a landmark study that could lead to new therapies for sickle cell anemia and other blood disorders, UNSW Sydney-led researchers have used CRISPR gene editing to introduce beneficial natural mutations into blood cells to boost their production of fetal hemoglobin. (2018-04-02)
New disease gene will lead to better screening for pediatric heart disease
Cardiomyopathy, or a deterioration of the ability of the heart muscle to contract, generally leads to progressive heart failure. (2016-05-23)
CRISPR therapy preserves hearing in progressive deafness model
Researchers have developed a CRISPR-Cas9 genome-editing therapy to prevent hearing loss in a mouse model of human genetic progressive deafness. (2017-12-20)
In BRCA mutation carriers, obesity is linked with increased DNA damage
Being obese or having a higher body mass index (BMI) while carrying a BRCA (BReast CAncer gene) mutation is positively linked with higher levels of damage to the DNA in normal breast gland cells, new research suggests. (2018-03-18)
New colon cancer finding could lead to earlier diagnosis -- and better outcomes
For many years, physicians have puzzled over why people with 'clean' colonoscopies went on to develop colon cancer. (2018-03-28)
Genetic cause of deadly skin condition afflicting bull terriers discovered
In a new study published March 22, 2018 in PLOS Genetics, Anina Bauer of the University of Bern and a large international research team, report the discovery of a mutation that causes lethal acrodermatitis (LAD), a deadly condition that causes skin lesions on the paws and face of affected dogs. (2018-03-22)
Drug reverses mental retardation caused by genetic disorder
A new UCLA study shows that the FDA-approved drug rapamycin reverses mental retardation in mice with a genetic disease called tuberous sclerosis complex. (2008-06-22)
New form of autism found
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect around one percent of the world's population and are characterized by a range of difficulties in social interaction and communication. (2016-12-01)
For women with genetic risk, bi-annual MRI beats mammograms
Intensive surveillance including a dynamic contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) exam every six months was far more effective in detecting breast cancer in younger women with a high-risk genetic profile than an annual mammogram. (2017-12-08)
Early detection of highly pathogenic influenza viruses
Lack of appropriate drugs and vaccines during the influenza A virus pandemic in 2009, the recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa, as well as the ongoing Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus outbreak demonstrates that the world is only insufficiently prepared for global attacks of emerging infectious diseases and that the handling of such threats remains a great challenge. (2015-06-23)
Study: Exercise mitigates genetic effects of obesity later in life
A new study suggests, for the first time in women over age 70, that working up a sweat can reduce the influence one's genes have on obesity. (2018-06-04)
Estimating the effect of genetic mutations on neurodevelopmental disorders more accurately
A recent study, co-edited by Canadian researchers (CHU Sainte-Justine, the Université de Montréal) and French researchers (the Institut Pasteur and the university Paris-Diderot), presents a model that can predict the effect of a genetic variant on a person's cognitive traits and estimate the impact of genetic mutations on IQ. (2018-03-29)
New work from Ron Crystal's lab on treating hereditary adrenal disorders
A new study has definitively shown that a single treatment with gene therapy using adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector gene delivery to replace the defective gene responsible for congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH) will only temporarily alleviate the hereditary disorder. (2018-03-29)
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