Popular Incarceration News and Current Events

Popular Incarceration News and Current Events, Incarceration News Articles.
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BU: Police shootings reflect structural racism
The deaths of Trayvon Martin, Tamir Rice, Sandra Bland, Michael Brown, and other unarmed black victims at the hands of police sparked a national conversation about racism and policing, from the Black Lives Matter movement to kneeling NFL players. But a new study led by Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) researchers finds states with a greater degree of structural racism, particularly residential segregation, have higher racial disparities in fatal police shootings of unarmed victims. (2018-02-05)

African-Americans still disproportionately affected by HIV
African-Americans are still much more likely to be diagnosed with HIV than white Americans. A new paper on the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the African-American community shows that despite recent drops in HIV diagnoses across every population in the US, there are still great disparities between ethnic groups. The paper was led by Cato T. Laurencin of the University of Connecticut in the US and is published in Springer's Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities. (2018-06-05)

Opioid addiction treatment behind bars reduced post-incarceration overdose deaths in RI
A new study in JAMA Psychiatry suggests that treating people for opioid addiction in jails and prisons is a promising strategy to address high rates of overdose and opioid use disorder. (2018-02-14)

Social determinants of health linked to HIV mortality rates
People who are living with HIV in Ontario have access to good health care and medications, yet they are still dying younger and at substantially higher rates than the rest of the population, according to a new study published today. (2018-03-19)

Prisoner HIV program leads to continuum of medical care after release
By linking HIV positive prisoners to community-based medical care prior to release through an innovative program called Project Bridge, 95 percent of ex-offenders were retained in health care for a year after being released from incarceration, according to researchers from the Miriam Hospital. (2008-05-07)

Examination of postincarceration fatal overdoses after addiction treatment medications in correctional system
There were fewer postincarceration deaths from overdose among recently released inmates after a program was started to provide medications for addiction treatment (including methadone, buprenorphine or naltrexone) in a state correctional system. (2018-02-14)

Study finds opportunity to increase opioid dependence treatment in Ontario jails
The study included completion of an online survey by 27 physicians, who reported working in 15 of 26 provincial correctional facilities for adults in Ontario. This included 10 of the 13 facilities with a population of more than 200. The study identified that about half of the physicians prescribed methadone and half prescribed buprenorphine/naloxone to treat opioid dependence. (2018-02-15)

How does prison time affect relationships?
A new study highlights the complicated spillover effects of incarceration on the quality of relationships. (2015-03-16)

Risk assessment tools may increase incarcerations rates
New research from a Rice University sociologist suggests risk assessment tools may contribute to expanding the number of people caught up in the criminal justice system. (2018-06-06)

Prop. 47 lessened racial disparities in drug arrests
In 2014, California voters approved Proposition 47, which reclassified drug possession offenses from felonies to misdemeanors, and in the process reduced the state's prison and jail populations. Now, a study out of UC San Francisco has quantified the effects of the ballot measure, which was at the leading edge of a national movement to reduce incarceration rates and change the criminal justice approach to substance use disorders. (2018-06-21)

Minorities' homicide victimization rates fall significantly compared to whites'
A new study reveals that while homicide victimization rates declined for whites, blacks, and Hispanics in the United States from 1990-2010, the drop was much more precipitous for the two minority groups. (2016-03-31)

New study finds Transcendental Meditation reduces trauma in female prisoners
The first study to specifically focus on reducing stress in female prisoners has found that Transcendental Meditation significantly reduces trauma symptoms. Women have become the fastest growing prison population in the US, and research shows they suffer from higher rates of mental and emotional trauma, and higher rates of sexual abuse than men. This randomized controlled trial, published in The Permanente Journal, follows a recent study on reduced trauma in male inmates through Transcendental Meditation. (2017-01-17)

People with traumatic brain injury approximately 2.5 times more likely to be incarcerated
People who have suffered a traumatic brain injury are approximately 2.5 times more likely to be incarcerated in a federal correctional facility in Canada than people who have not, a new study has found. (2016-12-08)

Research predicts likelihood of HIV testing based on race, sex/gender & sexual orientation
A new study has identified factors that lead to increased HIV testing among young adults, specifically how a person's race, sex/gender, and sexual orientation is connected to their likelihood of getting tested for HIV. (2018-04-05)

Can prison visitation reduce recidivism?
A study funded by the National Science Foundation will explore if prison visitation can help reduce recidivism rates and whether there are gender, racial, and ethnic differences in these patterns. (2016-01-27)

Check offenders for history of head injuries, experts say
Offenders should be routinely checked for signs of past head injuries, researchers say. (2018-02-26)

High rates of Indigenous people in jail is a health crisis
The overincarceration of Indigenous people in Canada is a health crisis, causing more years of life to be lost than premature death from heart disease, injuries and cancer, argues a commentary in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-05-06)

Study shows voting does not reduce crime
A randomized controlled experiment of 550,000 potential voters in the United States shows that voting does not make people less likely to subsequently commit a crime. (2017-10-31)

Heroin's use rising, costing society more than $51 billion
Heroin use in the United States was estimated to cost society more than $51 billion in 2015, according to new research at the University of Illinois at Chicago. (2017-06-08)

Lifetime sentence: Incarcerated parents impact youth behavior
Young adults who had parents incarcerated during childhood do not receive timely healthcare and have more unhealthy behaviors, Lurie Children's researchers find. (2018-07-09)

Social workers should reclaim role in juvenile corrections system, MU researcher says
A University of Missouri expert on juvenile justice and child welfare says social workers should return to the juvenile corrections system and reclaim their role as rehabilitators. (2012-02-17)

Europe: Don't adopt Australian style immigration system, warn ethicists
European countries should not adopt Australia's immigration system, with its emphasis on deterrence, warn ethicists in a special issue of the Journal of Medical Ethics, dedicated to global medical ethics. (2016-06-27)

Recommendations to reduce recidivism in transgender women
Previously incarcerated transgender women can find themselves caught in a cycle that leads to repeat jail time. A new analysis of Allegheny County by University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers identifies potential solutions that could lead to transgender women being more successfully reintegrated into society. (2018-11-14)

Opioid crisis: Criminal justice referrals miss treatment opportunities, study suggests
A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that under 5 percent of those referred for opioid treatment from the criminal justice system were directed to medication-assisted programs to treat their disorder (2017-12-04)

Solitary confinement puts brains at risk
Some 80,000 Americans are incarcerated in solitary confinement on any given day, a practice that was deemed cruel and unusual punishment by the United Nations Committee on Torture. This extreme isolation can be damaging and may cause or worsen depression, anxiety, and other mental illness. A roundtable of scientists, a physician, a lawyer, and an individual held in solitary for 29 years will explore the psychological and neurobiological burdens of solitary confinement at Neuroscience 2018. (2018-11-04)

The Lancet: Structural racism, mass incarceration, and health care system fuel growing health inequalities in the USA
Structural racism, mass incarceration, and the widening income gap between rich and poor all feed growing health inequalities in the USA, which the health care system -- by its very design and financing -- only helps exacerbate, according to a new five paper Series published in The Lancet. (2017-04-06)

Contact with the criminal justice system may be associated with suicide risk
Men and women who have had contact with the criminal justice system -- even if they have never received a jail or prison sentence or a guilty verdict -- appear to have a significantly higher rate of suicide than the general population, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the June print issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2011-02-07)

Children whose mothers use marijuana may try it at a younger age
Children whose mothers use marijuana are more likely to start their own marijuana use an average of two years earlier than children whose mothers don't use the drug, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. (2018-09-24)

Study finds US prison system falls short in treating drug addiction
More than 200,000 individuals addicted to heroin, an opiate, are incarcerated in the US each year. Opiate replacement therapy is effective, yet is only available in half of US prison systems, usually in limited circumstances. Few prison systems provide referrals to inmates for treatment programs after release. (2009-09-08)

Former inmates need social supports to maintain mental health, Rutgers study says
Men released from prison who receive social, community and spiritual support have better mental health, according to a study by researchers at Rutgers School of Public Health. (2019-03-19)

New research shows indigenous peoples are much more likely to be infected by hepatitis B and/or C
A new meta-analysis of global hepatitis data -- presented at this year's World Indigenous Peoples' Conference on Viral Hepatitis in Anchorage, Alaska, USA -- shows that indigenous peoples are up to 10 times more likely to be infected by viral hepatitis than the general population in their respective countries. (2017-08-08)

Incarceration of parents impacts health of their children into adulthood
A new study published in Pediatrics found that young adults who had a parent incarcerated during their childhood are more likely to skip needed healthcare, smoke cigarettes, engage in risky sexual behaviors, and abuse alcohol, prescription and illicit drugs. These findings have a potentially broad impact, as more than five million US children have had a parent in jail or prison. (2018-07-17)

Novel healthcare program for former prisoners reduces recidivism
A healthcare program tailored to the needs of recently released prisoners can significantly reduce recidivism, according to a new study led by a Yale researcher. The findings show how an approach that provides community-based primary care can play a role in the nationwide effort to decrease prison populations. (2019-05-02)

Drugs of abuse: Identifying the addiction circuit
What happens in the brain of a compulsive drug user? Neurobiologists at UNIGE have discovered that the brain circuit connecting the decision-making region to the reward system is stronger in compulsive animals. The researchers also found that by decreasing the activity of this circuit, compulsive mice were able to regain control and that conversely, by stimulating the connection a mouse that initially remained in control became addicted. (2018-12-19)

Study provides first estimate of total US population with felony convictions
New research led by a University of Georgia sociologist on the growth in the scope and scale of felony convictions finds that, as of 2010, 3 percent of the total US population and 15 percent of the African-American male population have served time in prison. People with felony convictions more broadly account for 8 percent of the overall population and 33 percent of the African-American male population. (2017-09-28)

History of incarceration linked to subsequent homelessness, study finds
People reporting a history of incarceration in the past 12 months were less likely to be housed during the subsequent year compared with those who hadn't (24.7 percent vs. 75.3 percent, respectively), according to the report, published online today in the Canadian Journal of Public Health. (2017-03-01)

Lynchings of the past affect health today
Counties with higher rates of lynching between 1877 and 1950 showed higher mortality rates between 2010 and 2014. A new study by researchers from the University of South Carolina in the US, led by Janice Probst and Saundra Glover, looks into the relationship between past occurrence of lynching -- unpunished, racially motivated murder -- and recent death rates. (2018-07-26)

Study: Spend more on housing, teens in foster care are less likely to be homeless, jailed
New research: Spend more on transitional housing and teens in foster care are less likely to be homeless, jailed. (2019-09-18)

Future generations could inherit drug and alcohol use
Parents who use alcohol, marijuana, and drugs have higher frequencies of children who pick up their habits, according to a study from Sam Houston State University. (2014-03-20)

Previously jailed vets at increased risk of suicide
Researchers are now looking at the healthcare services used by people who attempted suicide to find patterns that could help identify who is most at risk before an attempt is made. (2018-10-31)

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