Popular Information Systems News and Current Events

Popular Information Systems News and Current Events, Information Systems News Articles.
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New Pd-based initiating systems for C1 polymerization of diazoacetates
Two new Pd-based initiating systems for C1 polymerization of diazoacetates were reported: Pd(nq)2/borate (nq = naphthoquinone, borate = NaBPh4) and [Pd(cod)(Cl-nq)Cl/borate] [cod = 1,5-cyclooctadiene, Cl-nq = 2,3-dichloro-1,4-naphthoquinone]. The former exhibited high activity, affording poly(alkoxycarbonylmethylene)s with high molecular weights in high yields. The latter was effective for controlling the stereostructure of the resulting polymers. (2019-10-23)

A systems biology perspective on molecular cytogenetics
Professor Henry Heng's team, from the medical school at Wayne State University, has published a perspective article titled A Systems Biology Perspective on Molecular Cytogenetics to address the issue. In this article, they applied the genome theory to explain why cytogenetics/cytogenomics needs a systems biology perspective, while systems biology itself needs a cytogenetic/cytogenomic based platform, since genome context (karyotype) represents a new type of genomic coding. Such 'systems inheritance,' differing from gene defined 'parts inheritance,' is the genetic blueprint. (2017-01-27)

Systems approaches to optimizing deep brain stimulation therapies in Parkinson's disease
Systems biologists, physicists, and engineers have intensively worked at computational tools to analyze, predict, and optimize the effects of deep brain stimulation (DBS) to treat chronic neurological diseases. (2018-03-21)

Researchers develop data bus for quantum computer
The quantum world is fragile; error correction codes are needed to protect the information stored in a quantum object from the deteriorating effects of noise. Quantum physicists in Innsbruck have developed a protocol to pass quantum information between differently encoded building blocks of a future quantum computer, such as processors and memories. Scientists may use this protocol in the future to build a data bus for quantum computers. The researchers have published their work in the journal Nature Communications. (2017-11-06)

What's the best way to accelerate: Muscles or springs?
A new study has pinpointed principles that are common in the mechanical systems that animals, plants, fungi and machines use to maximize kinetic energy delivery. (2018-04-26)

Distributed cooperative anti-disturbance control of multi-agent systems: An overview
Recently, a review paper concerned on recent progress in distributed cooperative anti-disturbance control (DCADC) of multi-agent systems is published by journal SCIENCE CHINA Information Sciences. Some future research topics regarding DCADC methods are also pointed out. (2017-11-13)

NIST standard adopted for across-the-road radar
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have developed a new performance standard for (2004-07-15)

A pair of RNA scissors with many functions
Arming CRISPR/Cas systems with an enzyme that also controls the translation of genetic information into protein. (2018-02-07)

SUTD uncovers the power of dynamically rewiring swarm robotic systems
Studies on the collective behavior of a swarm of land robots showed that a specific number of interactions among units is required to produce an optimal collective response. (2019-04-05)

Physician burnout: Resilience training is only part of the solution
Although many health systems have turned to resilience training as a solution to physician burnout, quality/safety researcher Alan Card, Ph.D., MPH, argues that such training alone is not enough. (2018-05-14)

How small does your rice pudding need to get when stirring jam into it?
Have you ever tried turning the spoon back after stirring jam into a rice pudding? It never brings the jam back into the spoon. This ever-increasing disorder is linked to the notion of entropy. In a study published in EPJ Plus, Loris Ferrari from the University of Bologna, Italy, demystifies the clash between two theories of entropy by analysing the practical consequences in two well-defined size systems, with a view to confirming them experimentally. (2017-12-22)

Quantifying how much quantum information can be eavesdropped
Summary The most basic type of quantum information processing is quantum entanglement. In a new study published in EPJ B, Zhaonan Zhang from Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, China, and colleagues have provided a much finer characterisation of the distributions of entanglement in multi-qubit systems than previously available. These findings can be used in quantum cryptography to estimate the quantity of information an eavesdropper can capture regarding the secret encryption key. (2019-01-28)

Particulate vaccine delivery systems may help
Most traditional vaccines have safety and efficacy issues, whereas particulate vaccine delivery systems -- which utilize nano- or micro-particulate carriers to protect and deliver antigens--are efficient, stable, include molecules to bolster immune responses, and minimize adverse reactions due to the use of biocompatible biomaterials. A new review summarizes the current status of research efforts to develop particulate vaccine delivery systems against bioterrorism agents and emerging infectious pathogens. (2016-04-06)

Black holes sometimes behave like conventional quantum systems
A group of Skoltech researchers led by Professor Anatoly Dymarsky have studied the emergence of generalized thermal ensembles in quantum systems with additional symmetries. As a result they found that black holes thermalize the same way ordinary matter does. The results of their study were published in Physical Review Letters (2019-11-05)

The Second Conference on the History and Heritage of Scientific and Technical Information Systems
Emphasis for this conference will be on scientific and technical information systems in the period from the Second World War up through the early 1990s. Forty historians of science and technology, information scientists and scientists in other fields will be delivering papers on a wide range of topics: informatics in chemistry, biology and medicine; information developments in multi-national, industrial and military settings; biographical studies of pioneering individuals; and the transformation of information systems. (2002-10-16)

Study identifies shortcomings young patients with type 2 diabetes transition to adult care
Youth-onset type 2 diabetes is increasing globally as a result of pediatric obesity. (2018-03-12)

Using 'minutiae' to match fingerprints can be accurate
A study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) shows that computerized systems that match fingerprints using interoperable minutiae templates -- mathematical representations of a fingerprint image -- can be highly accurate as an alternative to the full fingerprint image. NIST conducted the study, called the Minutiae Interoperability Exchange Test (MINEX), to determine whether fingerprint system vendors could successfully use a recently approved standard* for minutiae data rather than images of actual prints as the medium for exchanging data between different fingerprint matching systems. (2006-03-20)

Exposing flaws in metrics for user login systems
How good is the research on the success or failure of the system that verifies your identity when you log into a computer, smartphone or other device? Chances are it's not good, and that's a major security and privacy issue that should be fixed, according to a Rutgers University-New Brunswick study that proposes a novel solution. (2019-02-26)

New technique uses power anomalies to ID malware in embedded systems
Researchers have developed a technique for detecting types of malware that use a system's architecture to thwart traditional security measures. The new detection approach works by tracking power fluctuations in embedded systems. (2019-04-25)

How old does your computer think you are?
Computerised face recognition is an important part of initiatives to develop security systems, in building social networks, in curating photographs, and many other applications. Systems that allow a computer to estimate with precision a person's age based on an analysis of their face are discussed in the International Journal of Applied Pattern Recognition. (2017-09-27)

Conference program: Energy systems and energy technologies for the next century
The next international energy conference takes place at Risoe DTU from May 10-12, 2011. (2011-01-07)

Why forgetting at work can be a good thing
Psychologists and information scientists at the University of M√ľnster have looked at how digital information systems support daily work and why it can be a good for us to forget certain things. The results of their study have been published in the Ergonomics journal. (2019-02-07)

Better weather information
The Office of Naval Research, under a cost-shared cooperative agreement with Lockheed Martin, will begin a month-long demonstration of a weather radar capability that uses the Navy's SPY-1 phased array radar. (1999-08-09)

Study: Involving the public in water policies is key to successful municipal water systems
Informing residents about local water issues and involving them in local water policies are the keys to building healthy and resilient city water systems, according to a Portland State University study. (2018-02-19)

Theoreticians show which quantum systems are suitable for quantum simulations
A joint research group led by Prof. Jens Eisert of Freie Universität Berlin and Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) has shown a way to simulate the quantum physical properties of complex solid state systems. This is done with the help of complex solid state systems that can be studied experimentally. The study was published in the renowned journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America (PNAS). (2020-10-27)

Biomimetic optics: Effective substitute for eyes
Scientists at University of Tyumen (UTMN) have presented a large-scale study of biomimetic optics, liquid elements that effectively imitate eye functions for use in various fields of industry and medicine, as well as in biochemical and biometric analysis. (2020-02-06)

More changes in health care needed to fulfill promise of health information technology
Despite wide investments nationally in electronic medical records and related tools, the cost-saving promise of health information technology has not been reached because the systems deployed are neither interconnected nor easy to use. (2013-01-07)

Just seven photons can act like billions
A system made of just a handful of particles acts just like larger systems, allowing scientists to study quantum behaviour more easily. (2018-09-10)

New way to write magnetic info could pave the way for hardware neural networks
Researchers have shown how to write any magnetic pattern desired onto nanowires, which could help computers mimic how the brain processes information. (2017-11-20)

Norhealth leads the way for public health information systems
Norhealth is an interactive web-based health information system that has created a knowledge base for health promotion and prevention strategies in Norway. An article about Norhealth has been published in the September issue of Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. (2008-10-22)

Priorities for health systems strengthening efforts from the US CDC
In this week's PLoS Medicine, Peter Bloland and colleagues from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lay out the agency's priorities for health systems strengthening efforts. (2012-04-03)

New software spots, isolates cyber-attacks to protect networked control systems
Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a software algorithm that detects and isolates cyber-attacks on networked control systems -- which are used to coordinate transportation, power and other infrastructure across the United States. (2013-05-14)

New research explores the thermodynamics of off-equilibrium systems
Arguably, almost all truly intriguing systems are ones that are far away from equilibrium -- such as stars, planetary atmospheres, and even digital circuits. But, until now, systems far from thermal equilibrium couldn't be analyzed with conventional thermodynamics and statistical physics. In a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters, physicist David Wolpert of the Santa Fe Institute presents a new hybrid formalism to overcome these limitations. (2020-11-11)

Patients at risk because NHS hospitals using different record-keeping systems
A major survey of medical record keeping in the NHS has revealed critical deficiencies that could risk patients' safety. (2019-12-05)

Chief of naval research to speak at robotics conference
The chief of naval research will speak about autonomy and other robotics challenges and opportunities during a presentation at the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International's Unmanned Systems Program Review 2012 on Feb. 9. Rear Adm. Matthew Klunder, who heads the Office of Naval Research, will give his remarks at 9 a.m. at the Omni Shoreham Hotel, Washington, D.C. Klunder will update conference attendees about ongoing efforts and discuss opportunities for engagement in various programs. (2012-02-08)

Model driverless car regulations after drug approval process, AI ethics experts argue
Autonomous systems -- like driverless cars -- perform tasks that previously could only be performed by humans. In a new IEEE Intelligent Systems Expert Opinion piece, Carnegie Mellon University artificial intelligence ethics experts David Danks and Alex John London argue that current safety regulations do not plan for these systems and are therefore ill-equipped to ensure that autonomous systems will perform safely and reliably. (2017-01-26)

Latest volume of Crime and Justice series brings role of prosecutors into focus
The latest volume in the Crime and Justice series presents research that critically examines the role of prosecutors within the United States and cross-nationally, asking the question: Can policy makers look across national boundaries to find ways to improve their own national systems? (2012-11-30)

Carnegie Mellon CASOS Conference June 21-23
This conference explores advances in computational social and organizational science. Of particular interest is recent work in any of the following areas: computational theorizing about complex social systems; computational or network based analysis tools for studying complex social or organizational systems, social-psychological, social, organizational, political and technological systems; empirical tests of computational, mathematical, or logical models; formal complex systems models; computational models of impact of new technologies and multi-agent network models. (2002-03-12)

Systems microbiology has great scientific promise in health and environment
Systems microbiology treats microorganisms or microbial communities as a whole, integrating fundamental biological knowledge with genomics and other data to create an integrated picture of how a microbial cell or community operates. According to a new report, (2005-01-06)

New support tools point way to better health policymaking
A comprehensive review of evidence-informed health policymaking was recently launched in BioMed Central's open access journal Health Research Policy and Systems. This free supplement, titled (2009-12-18)

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