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Popular Information Systems News and Current Events, Information Systems News Articles.
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Computer servers now able to retrieve data much faster
Computer scientists at the University of Waterloo have found a novel approach that significantly improves the storage efficiency and output speed of computer systems. (2020-01-30)

Greedy algorithms best for multiple targets
What algorithms should an air defense system work with? Particle swarm algorithms if there are ten targets to be hit. If there are more than ten targets, greedy algorithms work best. These findings are presented by researcher Fredrik Johansson at the Informatics Research Center, University of Skövde, in Sweden. (2010-12-09)

Controlled manipulation
Researchers around the world are looking at how they can manipulate the properties of carbon nanostructures to customise them for specific purposes; the idea is to make the promising mini-format materials commercially viable. A team at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) has now managed to selectively influence the properties of hybrid systems consisting of carbon nanostructures and a dye. (2017-08-08)

Autonomous machines edge towards greater independence
Cars that can drive autonomously have made recently made headlines. The secret to efficient learning for these machines is to define an iterative process to map out the evolution of how key aspects of these systems change over time. In a study published in EPJ B, Agustín Bilen and Pablo Kaluza from Universidad Nacional de Cuyo, Mendoza, Argentina show that these smart systems can evolve autonomously to perform a specific and well-defined task over time. (2017-06-08)

NIST-led forum helps industrial networks protect against cyber attacks
A 500-member forum of industry, government and academic technical experts, led by NIST, has released a new draft set of cyber security requirements for industrial control systems. These security requirements, developed by the Process Control Security Requirements Forum (PCSRF), are intended to be used in procurement documents for new industrial control systems or components. The implementation of these requirements will help protect the nation's critical industrial infrastructure from cyber attacks. (2004-10-14)

Discovering the secret code behind photosynthesis
Scientists from Queen Mary, University of London, have discovered that an ancient system of communication found in primitive bacteria, may also explain how plants and algae control the process of photosynthesis. (2009-02-24)

Binarisation system based on FPGA for OCR in electronic voting
Many vision systems require text recognition captured at very high speed: vehicle registration identification devices, scanners, etc. Current technology enables the use of complex image pre-processing systems to enhance reading characteristics. This PhD thesis puts forward two binarisation algorithms that are suitable for high-precision applications in optical character reading (OCR). (2005-10-10)

ECDC report shows strong potential of E-health to increase vaccination coverage in Europe
Twenty one EU/EEA countries have developed or are in the process of developing systems to digitally record information about vaccination, according to a new 'ECDC survey report on immunization information systems implementation and system characteristics'. Fourteen of these countries already have a system in place, whereas innovative systems are being piloted in 7 countries. (2017-04-27)

Avoiding environmental losses in quantum information systems
New research published in EPJ D has revealed how robust initial states can be prepared in quantum information systems, minimising any unwanted transitions which lead to losses in quantum information. (2020-09-28)

Bacterial defense systems have numerous clinical and research applications
A new review highlights the diverse ways in which genetic-based defense systems found in bacteria can be harnessed to manipulate the microbes for various clinical and research applications. The systems, called CRISPR-Cas systems, naturally protect bacteria by recognizing and cutting genetic elements from potential invaders. (2015-11-11)

Penn State named collaborator in first DoD-funded Systems Engineering Research Center
Penn State will serve as a designated research collaborator in a first-of-its-kind center funded by the US Department of Defense, to focus on systems engineering issues facing the DoD and related defense industries. (2009-01-21)

Cyber resilience metrics needed to meet increased threats
In a recent special issue of Springer's journal Environment Systems & Decisions, Dr. Igor Linkov and colleagues describe a framework for understanding the concept of cyber resilience, and lay out a systematic method by which to generate resilience metrics for cyber systems. (2013-11-25)

Embedded Systems Design Group hosts colloquium
Embedded computers are used in growing numbers of applications, from cars and traffic lights, to climate control systems and household appliances. Some experts estimate that each individual in a developed nation may unknowingly use more than 100 embedded computers daily. Virginia Tech researchers have formed a group to coordinate research and scheduled a colloquium with leaders in the field. (2003-10-22)

Laser loop couples quantum systems over a distance
For the first time, researchers have succeeded in creating strong coupling between quantum systems over a greater distance. They accomplished this with a novel method in which a laser loop connects the systems, enabling nearly lossless exchange of information and strong interaction between them. In the scientific journal Science, the physicists from the University of Basel and University of Hanover reported that the new method opens up new possibilities in quantum networks and quantum sensor technology. (2020-05-07)

Eftekharnejad secures grant to protect power systems from cyberattacks
Professor Sara Eftekharnejad has been awarded a National Science Foundation grant to investigate securing the smart grid from cyber threats. The findings of this research will establish the foundations for protecting the most critical assets in power grids. (2016-01-11)

RIT researcher gets NIST award to develop security measures for deeply-embedded systems
Mehran Mozaffari Kermani, a faculty member at Rochester Institute of Technology, recently received a grant to design security measures for computing systems that will protect wearable and implanted medical devices such as pacemakers from cyberattacks. It is work that could improve both patient safety and data integrity of deeply-embedded systems. (2017-02-09)

New research program at the interface of solid state physics and quantum physics
Ferdinand Schmidt-Kaler and Ron Folman initiate a research program looking at quantum phenomena. (2015-02-12)

Integrated crop-livestock systems in paddy fields: New strategies for flooded rice nutrition
Integrated crop-livestock system brings more sustainability to flooded rice. (2020-04-09)

Syndromic surveillance for bioterrorism following World Trade Center attack
This report describes the operational and maintenance aspects of conducting syndromic surveillance for bioterrorism and demonstrates the limitations of drop-in systems that rely on manual data collection. (2003-02-27)

Massive investment in future autonomous systems for industry and society
The Kempe Foundations have granted two years of funding for eight postdoctoral researchers in autonomous systems in a major investment at Umeå University in Sweden. Autonomous systems consist of software and infrastructure that together with humans provide increased functionality, sustainability, and efficiency for society, such as self-driving cars, industry robots, and socially intelligent computer systems that can help people in their everyday life. (2016-11-21)

Making a case for organic Rankine cycles in waste heat recovery
In a recent research paper, published in the Energy journal, City, University of London's Dr Martin White says cascaded organic Rankine cycle systems could improve the way in which environmentally-friendly power is generated from waste heat. (2020-11-11)

Making life simpler for control freaks
Two brothers, Professors Justin and Derek Ruths, from Singapore University of Technology and Design and McGill University respectively, have suggested, in an article published in Science, that all complex systems, whether they are found in the body, in international finance, or in social situations, actually fall into just three basic categories, in terms of how they can be controlled. (2014-03-20)

Focused efforts needed to help health IT reach its promise
Most health systems have adopted electronic health records and other health information technology over the past decade, yet the performance of health systems across the US continues to lag. A new study finds that leveraging the technology to improve the quality of health care will require significant and sustained effort by health systems. (2020-10-27)

Marital conflict causes stress in children, may affect cognitive development
Marital conflict is a significant source of environmental stress for children. Witnessing such conflict may harm their stress response systems, affecting their mental and intellectual development. Research findings suggest that stress from marital conflict can hinder children's development of cognitive ability. (2013-03-28)

Carnegie Mellon cybersecurity expert says patches won't work for attacked companies
The nation's (2000-02-09)

NASA's Webb telescope's systems engineering evolves
As the James Webb Space Telescope enters its next critical phase of development NASA and Northrop Grumman Corporation have forged an integrated, consolidated and (2010-10-18)

Gauging safety in the electronic age
Engineers at the University of Leicester are taking the unusual step of learning from architecture in order to design safer electrical systems. (2010-06-18)

Systems medicine roadmap update published by the CASyM consortium
The development of a strategic roadmap represents a core objective of the CASyM project. Clinical needs are the main driver of this roadmap, that functions as an overarching conceptual framework and guide for citizens, policy-makers, funders, scientists, clinicians and industry. The underlying foundation of the CASyM roadmap is a framework of research priorities for developing and structuring systems medicine in Europe. (2017-07-31)

New SafeNet System Lets Individual Safety Devices Actually Talk To Each Other
Safety systems have long preferred to stay in splendid paranoid isolation. Now a new integrated approach to safety systems has been devised called SafeNet which allows a manufacturing plant, or other system operator, to integrate all their safety systems in a single network. (1999-01-28)

Innovation and development of a new lock with built-in electronics
Tecnalia, together with the CVL and DORLET brands, has developed a new lock with built-in electronics that is going to be marketed under the CVL brand within the INDECO range. (2012-12-20)

Coming to a smartphone near you: Personalized experiences
Online and mobile technologies are delivering increasingly personalized services to their users. Face-to-face conversations may no longer be essential for personalized service, according to a new report in the Journal of Service Research. (2013-02-19)

Study questions effectiveness of computerized clinical decision support systems
An analysis of the use of computerized clinical decision support systems regarding orders for advanced diagnostic imaging found that the systems failed to identify relevant appropriateness criteria for the majority of orders, according to a study in the June 2 issue of JAMA. (2015-06-02)

Nobel prize winner Dr. Anthony Leggett merges quantum computing theory and application in new book
Kluwer Academic Publishers today announced the anticipated release of 2003 Nobel Prize winner Dr. Anthony Leggett's book Quantum Computing and Quantum Bits in Mesoscopic Systems. Co-edited with Dr. Berardo Ruggiero of the Instituto di Cibernetica del CNR in Italy and Dr. Paolo Silverstini of the Seconda Universita degli Studi di Napoli in Aversa, Italy, the book is heralded as a comprehensive work on theoretical quantum physics and a significant leap forward in its practical implementation. (2004-01-14)

Clinical decision support systems help control inappropriate medical imaging, study suggests
Researchers from Virginia Mason Medical Center in Seattle, Wash., have found that clinical decision support systems can help reduce inappropriate medical imaging, including unnecessary computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans, according to a study in the January issue of the Journal of the American College of Radiology. (2011-01-04)

Quantum simulation with light: Frustrations between photon pairs
Researchers of the University of Vienna used a quantum mechanical system in the laboratory to simulate complex many-body systems. This experiment promises future quantum simulators enormous potential insights into unknown quantum phenomena. (2011-05-05)

Systems that make decisions
In the modern information era, managers must recognize the competitive opportunities represented by decision-support tools. Adaptive business intelligence systems combine prediction and optimization techniques to assist decision makers in complex, rapidly changing environments. These systems address the fundamental questions: What is likely to happen in the future? And what is the best decision right now? (2007-02-09)

NIST helps ensure reliability of trace explosive detectors
In an effort to enhance homeland security, NIST chemists are developing new ways to (2003-05-28)

New software tools for railway signaling and energy distribution
New tools to improve the design of embedded software systems in automated railway signaling and smart energy distribution are being developed as part of a multi-million Euro project lead by researchers at the University of Southampton. (2011-09-30)

New EMBL/CRG Research Unit for Systems Biology launched today
Today the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL), the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG) and the Spanish Ministry for Education and Science (MEC) officially launch their new joint EMBL/CRG Research Unit in Systems Biology on the campus of the Barcelona Biomedical Research Park. The Spanish Ministry for Education and Science will fund the new unit with 12.7 million Euros over the next 9 years. (2006-09-07)

Are organic crops as productive as conventional?
Scientists investigated yield differences between organic and conventional cash grain and forage crops in the Upper Midwest to compare the productivity of the two cropping systems. The researchers found that: organic forage crops yielded as much or more dry matter as their conventional counterparts with quality sufficient to produce as much milk as the conventional systems; and organic grain crops: corn, soybean, and winter wheat produced 90 percent as well as their conventionally managed counterparts. (2008-03-25)

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