Popular Lung Function News and Current Events | Page 25

Popular Lung Function News and Current Events, Lung Function News Articles.
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Vitamin D benefits breathing in tuberculosis patients
Maintaining adequate levels of vitamin D can help people breathe better and may even protect against tuberculosis, according to a recent study accepted for publication in The Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. The study of more than 10,000 Korean adults found that lung function improved when people had absorbed more vitamin D into their bodies. (2013-03-26)

Anxious, moody older adults are vulnerable to worse cognitive function
Some older adults with the neuropathology that causes dementia have more cognitive resilience than others, reports a new study. The reason: their personalities. Individuals with higher neuroticism -- a greater tendency towards anxiety, worry, moodiness and impulsivity -- were more likely to have worse cognitive function. Individuals who were self-disciplined, organized, high achievers and motivated -- known as higher conscientiousness -- had better cognitive function and memory. (2020-09-25)

Heart Laser Surgery: An Alternative To Transplantation
Heart laser surgery replaces transplantation in patients with severe coronary artery disease. Patients receiving Transmyocardial Revascularization (TMR) experienced survival rates of 85% which compares favorably with survival at 1 year post transplant. TMR offers an alternative to transplant patients without the side effects of immunosuppression therapy and mortality associated with waiting for a transplant. (1998-04-17)

Mediterranean diet halves risk of progressive lung disease
A Mediterranean diet halves the chances of developing progressive inflammatory lung disease (COPD), reveals a large study, published ahead of print in Thorax. (2007-05-14)

University of Pittsburgh-led team finds biological reason for women's increased risk of smoking-related lung cancer
A gene for a protein that fuels lung cancer growth is more active in women than in men, and nicotine induces activity of this gene, according to a University of Pittsburgh-led team whose report is published in the Jan. 5 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2000-01-03)

New methods for quantifying antisense drug delivery to target cells and tissues
Powerful antisense drugs that target disease-associated genes to block their expression can be used to treat a broad range of diseases. Though antisense therapy has been proven effective, challenges remain in ensuring that the drugs reach their intended targets. (2013-02-01)

Three hits to fight lung cancer
A new study in mice has shown that cancers with KRAS-related gene mutations might benefit from a triple therapy with two experimental drugs plus radiation therapy. (2016-01-01)

Low level cadmium exposure linked to lung disease
New research suggests that cadmium is one of the critical ingredients causing emphysema, and even low-level exposure attained through second-hand smoke and other means may also increase the chance of developing lung disease. (2008-08-19)

Some lung cancer patients benefit from immunotherapy even after disease progression
Some advanced lung cancer patients benefit from immunotherapy even after the disease has progressed as evaluated by standard criteria, according to research presented at the European Lung Cancer Conference (ELCC). The findings pave the way for certain patients to continue treatment if the disease is not progressing according to new, more specific, criteria. (2017-05-04)

COVID-19 causes 'hyperactivity' in blood-clotting cells
Changes in blood platelets triggered by COVID-19 could contribute to the onset of heart attacks, strokes, and other serious complications in some patients who have the disease, according to University of Utah Health scientists. The researchers found that inflammatory proteins produced during infection significantly alter the function of platelets, making them ''hyperactive'' and more prone to form dangerous and potentially deadly blood clots. (2020-06-30)

Mayo Clinic reports its first lung transplantation by donation after cardiac death
Lung transplantation is a well-known therapy for patients with end-stage lung disease, but, as with other patients waiting for organs for transplantation, there are more recipients waiting than donors available. (2010-02-18)

Metabolic phenotyping of blood plasma allows for the detection of lung cancer
Metabolic phenotyping of blood plasma by proton nuclear magnetic resonance identified unique metabolic biomarkers specific to lung cancer patients and allowed for the accurate identification of a cohort of patients with early and late-stage lung cancer. (2016-02-29)

Lung cancer screening guidelines inadequate for high-risk minorities
Data from a Chicago-based lung cancer screening program provides evidence that national lung cancer screening guidelines may be insufficient for individuals in underrepresented communities. (2018-08-02)

Chemists discover new signatures to identify cystic fibrosis in infants sooner
Scientists at McMaster University have discovered several new biomarkers from a single drop of blood that could allow earlier and more definitive detection of cystic fibrosis (CF), a genetic disease which strikes both children and adults, causing chronic problems with the digestive system and the lungs. (2018-12-20)

Researchers use radiomics to predict who will benefit from chemotherapy
Using data from computed tomography (CT) images, researchers may be able to predict which lung cancer patients will respond to chemotherapy, according to a new study. (2019-03-20)

Reconfigurable electronics show promise for wearable, implantable devices
Medical implants of the future may feature reconfigurable electronic platforms that can morph in shape and size dynamically as bodies change or transform to relocate from one area to monitor another within our bodies. In Applied Physics Letters, a group of researchers reports a silicon honeycomb-serpentine reconfigurable electronic platform that can dynamically morph into three different shapes: quatrefoils (four lobes), stars and irregular ones. (2019-09-10)

New treatment kills off infection that can be deadly to cystic fibrosis patients
The findings, which are published in the journal Scientific Reports, show that scientists from Aston University, Mycobacterial Research Group, combined doses of three antibiotics -- amoxicillin and imipenem-relebactam and found it was 100% effective in killing off the infection which is usually extremely difficult to treat in patients with cystic fibrosis. The infection results in severe decline in lung function and sometimes death. (2020-01-27)

Lung development may explain why some non-smokers get COPD and some heavy smokers do not
According to a new study, people with small airways relative to the size of their lungs may have a lower breathing capacity and, consequently, an increased risk for COPD -- even if they don't smoke or have any other risk factors. The study, funded in part by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), part of the National Institutes of Health, will publish in the June 9 issue of JAMA. (2020-06-09)

Pulmonary artery thrombosis a complication of radiation therapy
According to ARRS' American Journal of Roentgenology, the imaging findings of in situ pulmonary artery thrombosis (PAT) associated with radiation therapy (RT) are different from those of acute pulmonary emboli and do not appear to embolize. Due to the differences in clinical prognosis and subsequent management strategies, in situ PAT associated with RT -- which has not previously been described in the English literature -- must be distinguished from pulmonary embolism. (2020-10-09)

Understanding lung infections in patients with cystic fibrosis
For young people with cystic fibrosis, lung infection with Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, is common and is treated with antibiotics in the hope that this will prevent a decline in lung function. However there has recently been debate over the role S. aureus plays in CF lung disease. Researchers from the University of Warwick have used a new model of CF lungs which could be used to make better decisions about future use of antibiotics. (2020-11-19)

More stringent evaluation on the use of generic medications in thoracic transplantation
The current approval process for generic medication should be examined, suggests an educational advisory in the Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation. (2009-06-02)

FASEB Science Research Conference: Rapid Signaling and Genomic Steroid Hormone
Steroid hormone action impacts many aspects of physiology and disease states. Although scientists in the field traditionally focused on how nuclear steroid receptors mediate gene transcription, it is now established that these same receptors exist and function at various cellular locations including the cell membrane and mitochondria. (2017-02-28)

Schools environment associated with asthma symptoms
Do air-borne allergens in schools affect students' asthma symptoms? (2016-11-21)

Mapping the destructive path from cigarette to emphysema
In a report online in the journal Science Translational Medicine, the scientists, including two from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, described the track the toxic smoke takes through the tissues and how they accomplish their destructive work. (2012-01-18)

BUSM researchers uncover liver's role in preventing dissemination of lung infection
Researchers at Boston University School of Medicine have discovered the regulation and functional significance of the acute phase response during a lung infection. (2012-04-02)

Study: Kidney cancer patients preserve kidney function with robot-assisted partial nephrectomy
Patients with chronic kidney disease who received robot-assisted partial nephrectomy to treat kidney cancer have minimal loss of kidney function -- a smaller amount even than patients with normal kidney function, according to researchers at Henry Ford Hospital's Vattikuti Urology Institute. (2014-01-13)

Scientists unearth cell 'checkpoint' that stops allergic diseases
Scientists from Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, have made a significant breakthrough in understanding the regulation of immune cells that play a pivotal role in allergic diseases such as asthma and eczema. They have identified a 'checkpoint' manned by these immune cells that, if barred, can halt the development of the lung inflammation associated with allergies. (2017-08-09)

IASLC issues statement paper on liquid biopsy for lung cancer
The lungs can be a difficult organ to biopsy with a needle, so identifying lung cancer through a blood-based biopsy has lung cancer experts and patients optimistic. Knowing how and when to use a liquid biopsy is critically important and led global experts at the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC) to issue 'The IASLC Statement Paper: Liquid Biopsy for Advanced Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC),' available in the Journal of Thoracic Oncology. (2018-06-20)

Up to 45 percent of SARS-CoV-2 infections may be asymptomatic
Asymptomatic infections may have played a significant role in the early and ongoing spread of COVID-19 and highlight the need for expansive testing and contact tracing to mitigate the pandemic. (2020-06-12)

CBD helps reduce lung damage from COVID by increasing levels of protective peptide
One way CBD appears to reduce the 'cytokine storm' that damages the lungs and kills many patients with COVID-19 is by enabling an increase in levels of a natural peptide called apelin, which is known to reduce inflammation and whose levels are dramatically reduced in the face of this storm. (2020-10-19)

Researchers discover critical molecule in fight against lung infection
A Montana State University graduate student who wants to reduce the number of people dying from lung infections has discovered a molecule that's critical for immunity. (2015-02-06)

Racial differences found in emphysema onset
Although African Americans smoke fewer cigarettes and inhale them less deeply than Caucasians, they contract emphysema at an earlier age, according to a study by Temple University researchers in the journal Chest. (2006-07-10)

Adding cetuximab to chemotherapy reduces advanced lung cancer death risk by 13 percent
Patients with advanced nonsmall cell lung cancer who are given cetuximab (Erbitux) in addition to chemotherapy are 13 percent less likely to die than those who receive chemotherapy alone, regardless of which chemotherapy drug cocktail is used. (2009-09-21)

Passive smoking in childhood may increase risk of lung cancer in later life
Children who are exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (passive smoking) are at a higher risk of developing lung cancer as adults, says a paper in this week's BMJ. (2005-01-27)

To keep or not to keep a hookworm
Researchers in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside have identified an immune protein in mice that is quickly triggered in the body following infection and serves to protect the body's tissues. Called 'RELMalpha,' this protein (homologue in humans is 'resistin') is responsible more for protecting the body than attacking the parasite -- important evidence that mammals have regulatory systems in place not to kill pathogens, but instead to dampen the immune response. (2016-03-29)

First breath shapes the lung's immune system
With the first breath, the lungs require to develop immunological defense mechanisms while maintaining the gas exchange. The postnatal immunological development of the lungs remained largely unknown until a group of scientists at CeMM and the Medical University of Vienna shed light at a complex immune program that starts right after birth: the study published in Cell Reports reveals how first breath-induced interleukin-33 signaling shapes the performance of pulmonary immune cells and influences anti-bacterial defenses. (2017-02-21)

Immune system prioritizes distinct immune responses in infants with flu
St. Jude Children's Research Hospital scientists detail how the immune system strives to protect the lungs of the youngest flu patients. Researchers reported evidence that unconventional T cells play a pivotal role in protecting infants from serious, possibly fatal, flu complications. Rather than fueling inflammation, the unconventional T cells triggered a biochemical cascade that increased levels of a growth hormone essential for repair of lung cells damaged by the infection. (2018-08-28)

Poor lung function in shorter people linked to increased risk of heart disease
Results from a study led by researchers from Queen Mary University of London has found that an association between shorter stature and higher risk of heart disease is mainly attributed to our lungs. (2019-03-29)

Disruption of glucose transport to rods and cones shown to cause vision loss in RP
Ophthalmology researchers at the University of Louisville have discovered the loss of vision in RP is the result of a disruption in the flow of nourishing glucose to the rods and cones. This disruption leads to the starvation of the photoreceptors. In addition, the failure in glucose metabolism in RP is similar to changes seen in lung cancer. (2019-07-30)

Undersized airways may explain why nonsmokers get COPD
A mismatch between airway and lung size may explain why some nonsmokers get COPD and some heavy smokers do not, according to a new study from Columbia University Irving Medical Center. (2020-06-09)

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