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Popular Lung Function News and Current Events, Lung Function News Articles.
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Cells that die with a bang contribute to high death rate in bloodstream infections
Cells lining blood vessels in the lungs that are exposed to bacterial toxins don't die easy, according to a new study led by researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago College of Medicine. (2017-10-09)

Complex medication regimens are common & sometimes dangerous in patients with lung disease
Patients with interstitial lung disease -- a group of disorders causing progressive scarring of lung tissue -- are often prescribed various medications that specifically target their disease and others that treat their symptoms. A new Respirology study found that patients often experience significant burden associated with the treatment and management of their illness, and some are at risk of experiencing drug-disease interactions, or adverse outcomes that arise after receiving a drug that exacerbates their disease. (2019-02-21)

Non-invasive imaging technique valid for identifying small airway disease in lung
Landmark study confirms ability of non-invasive imaging technique to identify early signs of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). (2019-03-14)

Diagnostic strategy may help determine stage of lung cancer more accurately
A preoperative testing strategy combining two procedures may help improve the accuracy of determining the stage of lung cancer, according to an article in the August 24/31 issue of JAMA. (2005-08-23)

Reconstructed 1918 influenza virus induces immune response that fails to protect
An analysis of mice infected with the reconstructed 1918 influenza virus has revealed that although the infection triggered a very strong immune system response, the response failed to protect the animals from severe lung disease and death. The study which was published by Mount Sinai researchers, working in collaboration with scientists from the University of Washington School of Medicine in Seattle, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, appeared in the online edition of Nature on Sept. 27. (2006-09-27)

How does robotic video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery compare to VATS for treating lung cancer?
A new study shows that robotic video-assisted lung resection to remove a tumor achieves comparable outcomes with no significant differences in complications compared to conventional video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS), and robotic VATS (RVATS) may allow for preservation of more healthy lung tissue. The study, 'Robotic Versus Thoracoscopic Resection for Lung Cancer: Early Results of a New Robotic Program' is published in Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. (2016-05-10)

An Expedition Of Genetic Proportions Leads Duke Researcher To A New Culprit In Lung Cancer Metastasis
Mapping the human genome isn't his job, but Dr. Gerold Bepler, a researcher at Duke University Medical Center, has tackled part of it anyway. He sought an unknown gene on human chromosome 11 that might be involved in lung cancer, the leading cause of cancer death in both men and women. (1999-02-05)

Asthmatics less able to fight off flu
People with asthma are likely to have worse symptoms when they get the flu because they have weaker immune systems, new Southampton research has shown. (2017-03-09)

Mapping the destructive path from cigarette to emphysema
In a report online in the journal Science Translational Medicine, the scientists, including two from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, described the track the toxic smoke takes through the tissues and how they accomplish their destructive work. (2012-01-18)

Biosensor allows real-time oxygen monitoring for 'organs-on-a-chip'
A new biosensor allows researchers to track oxygen levels in real time in ''organ-on-a-chip'' systems, making it possible to ensure that such systems more closely mimic the function of real organs. This is essential if organs-on-a-chip hope to achieve their potential in applications such as drug and toxicity testing. (2018-08-20)

Concurrent chemo-radiotherapy should be a treatment option for elderly patients with LS-S
Elderly patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LS-SCLC) showed similar survival and toxicity compared to their younger counterparts when treated with concurrent chemo-radiotherapy. Concurrent chemo-radiotherapy should be a treatment option for fit patients aged 70 years or older. (2018-11-01)

Differences in nicotine metabolism may explain ethnic variations in lung cancer rates
Chinese-American smokers have a lower rate of lung cancer than smokers of other ethnic groups. A new study suggests that this may be because Chinese-American smokers take in significantly less nicotine per cigarette than smokers of other ethnicities. The findings appear in the Jan. 16 issue of the Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2002-01-15)

UGA researchers find potential treatment for fatal lung diseases
Researchers at the University of Georgia have discovered that the drug triciribine may reverse or halt the progression of pulmonary fibrosis and pulmonary hypertension, two respiratory diseases that are almost invariably fatal. They published their findings recently in the British Journal of Pharmacology. Pulmonary fibrosis occurs when lung tissue becomes scarred. Pulmonary hypertension involves an increase of blood pressure in the arteries of the lung that can lead to heart failure. (2015-06-12)

Study shows COPD is not independent risk factor for lung cancer
A recent study published in the January 2013 issue of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer's Journal of Thoracic Oncology, concludes that COPD is not an independent risk factor for lung cancer. (2012-12-15)

Smokers at higher risk of losing their teeth, research shows
A new study has confirmed that regular smokers have a significantly increased risk of tooth loss. Male smokers are up to 3.6 times more likely to lose their teeth than non-smokers, whereas female smokers were found to be 2.5 times more likely. (2015-09-14)

Researchers begin randomized double-blind trial of airway bypass treatment for emphysema
Broncus Technologies Inc., today announced the start of its EASE (Exhale Airway Stents for Emphysema) Trial to explore an investigational procedure that may offer a new, minimally-invasive treatment option for millions of emphysema sufferers. The study focuses on a procedure called airway bypass that uses drug-eluting stents to reinforce new pathways in the lung for trapped air to escape. This in turn, may relieve severe emphysema symptoms such as shortness of breath. (2007-05-17)

Living near a landfill could damage your health
According to research published today in the International Journal of Epidemiology, health is at risk for those who live within five kilometres of a landfill site. (2016-05-24)

Lung cancer patients with anxiety, depression die sooner: Study
Patients who experience anxiety and depression after being diagnosed with advanced lung cancer are more likely to die sooner, according to new research from the University of British Columbia and BC Cancer Agency. (2017-01-24)

To keep or not to keep a hookworm
Researchers in the School of Medicine at the University of California, Riverside have identified an immune protein in mice that is quickly triggered in the body following infection and serves to protect the body's tissues. Called 'RELMalpha,' this protein (homologue in humans is 'resistin') is responsible more for protecting the body than attacking the parasite -- important evidence that mammals have regulatory systems in place not to kill pathogens, but instead to dampen the immune response. (2016-03-29)

Getting cancer drugs to the brain is difficult -- but a new 'road map' might make it easie
Purdue University scientists have provided the first comprehensive characterization of both the blood-brain and blood-tumor barriers in brain metastases of lung cancer, which will serve as a road map for treatment development. The work was recently published in Oncotarget. (2019-11-12)

Imaging could improve treatment of people with COPD
Magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomography provide important information on the symptoms and exercise capabilities of people with mild-to-moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to a new study. (2015-07-07)

UI study finds residential radon exposure poses a significant lung cancer risk
Long-term exposure to radon in the home is associated with lung cancer risk and presents a significant environmental health hazard, according to a study by researchers at the University of Iowa. The results are published in the June 1 issue of the American Journal of Epidemiology. (2000-05-24)

UC researcher receives grant of almost $1.6 million to study rare lung disease
A team of University of Cincinnati researchers will use a grant of almost $1.6 million from the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health to study the rare lung disease pulmonary alveolar microlithiasis. (2015-04-15)

Nurses key in helping new cancer patients overcome fears
Often faced with overwhelming anxiety, patients newly diagnosed with lung cancer can find themselves in distress, and new research recommends nurses play a key role in alleviating concerns, leading to a better quality of life for patients. (2012-02-28)

Wheezy, allergic children are more prone to asthma
Children who become sensitive to allergens, such as cat hair, and suffer from wheezing in their first three years of life are prone to developing asthma, according to an article in this week's issue of the Lancet. (2006-08-24)

Lung cancer patients who quit smoking double their survival chances
People diagnosed with early stage lung cancer can double their chances of survival over five years if they stop smoking compared with those who continue to smoke, finds a study published on bmj.com today. (2010-01-21)

Smokers' brains biased against negative images of smoking
What if the use of a product influenced your perception of it, making you even more susceptible to its positive aspects and altering your understanding of its drawbacks? This is precisely what happens with cigarettes in chronic smokers, according to a recent study by the Institut universitaire en sante mentale de Montreal and the University of Montreal. (2014-03-10)

Doctor-patient discussions neglect potential harms of lung cancer screening, study finds
Although national guidelines advise doctors to discuss the benefits and harms of lung cancer screening with high-risk patients because of a high rate of false positives and other factors, those conversations aren't happening the way they should be, according to a study by researchers from the University of North Carolina Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center. (2018-08-13)

Carbon nanodots do an ultrafine job with in vitro lung tissue
Epidemiological studies have established a strong correlation between inhaling ultrafine particles from incomplete combustion and respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Still, relatively little is known about the mechanisms behind how air particulates affect human health. New work seeks to provide the first model of how ultrafine carbon-based particles interact with the lung tissues. Researchers created a 3D lung cell model system to investigate how carbon-based combustion byproducts behave as they interact with human epithelial tissue. (2018-09-11)

Lung neuropeptide exacerbates lethal influenza virus infection
Researchers found that lung immune cells (phagocytes) produce increased levels of neuropeptide Y (NPY) when mice are infected with severe influenza virus. NPY and its receptor form the NPY-Y1R axis. In mice with influenza, activation of this axis causes excess pulmonary inflammation and viral replication, leading to increased disease severity. Deactivation of NPY, Y1R or their downstream effects was found to mitigate disease severity. These pathways could be targets for novel anti-influenza medicines. (2019-01-10)

Manuka honey to kill drug-resistant bacteria found in cystic fibrosis infections
Manuka honey could provide the key to a breakthrough treatment for cystic fibrosis patients following preliminary work by experts at Swansea University. (2019-05-29)

We're all going to die; DNA strands on the end of our chromosomes hint when
BYU professor Jonathan Alder is currently studying the gene mutations that cause people to have unnaturally short telomeres. Recent research he coauthored with collaborators at Johns Hopkins University, published in the Journal of Clinical Investigation and Chest, finds those mutations are connected to both pulmonary fibrosis and emphysema. (2015-02-06)

GSG III Foundation pledges more than $1 million for Lung Research Program at UofL
A new research program at the University of Louisville will focus on developing better methods for studying lung inflammation and allow for new research into causes and potential therapies for lung diseases that affect millions of Americans. Thanks to a pledge of $1.05 million over five years from the GSG III Foundation, Inc., the UofL School of Medicine will create the Gibbs Lung Research Program. The program will develop improved methods for studying diseased lungs and to explore new treatments for inflammatory lung disease. (2017-01-26)

Research to improve treatment for millions of lung disease patients
New lung scanning technology developed at Monash University has the potential to transform treatment for millions of people with lung disease in Australia and around the world. (2016-08-05)

New lung cancer research finds half of advanced lung cancer patients receive chemotherapy
For the first time to date, research published in the October edition of the Journal of Thoracic Oncology sought to determine the use of chemotherapy in a contemporary, diverse non-small cell lung cancer population encompassing all patient ages. Prior population-based studies have shown that only 20 to 30 percent of advanced lung cancer patients receive chemotherapy treatment. (2010-10-01)

New study helps to explain why breast cancer often spreads to the lung
New research led by Alison Allan, Ph.D., a scientist at Western University and the Lawson Health Research Institute, shows why breast cancer often spreads or metastasizes to the lung. The breast cancer stem cell (CSC) has been shown to be responsible for metastasis in animal models, particularly to the lung. And this new research found CSCs have a particular propensity for migrating towards and growing in the lung because of certain proteins found there. (2014-04-24)

Schools environment associated with asthma symptoms
Do air-borne allergens in schools affect students' asthma symptoms? (2016-11-21)

Study finds cause of pulmonary fibrosis in failure of stem cells that repair lungs
Cedars-Sinai investigators have pinpointed a major cause of pulmonary fibrosis, a mysterious and deadly disease that scars the lungs and obstructs breathing. The disease, which has no known cure, appears to result from the failure of special lung stem cells that help airways recover from injury, the investigators reported in the journal Nature Medicine. (2016-11-22)

Study shows acetaminophen can be tolerated by young children with mild, persistent asthma
In a study of children with mild, persistent asthma, scientists found that acetaminophen was tolerated without the worsening of asthma, when compared with ibuprofen use. The study, funded by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's asthma network (AsthmaNet), appears in the Aug. 18, 2016, issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. (2016-08-18)

Women pregnant with girls experience more severe asthma symptoms
Women with asthma who are carrying a female fetus are more likely to experience worse asthma symptoms than asthmatic women carrying a male fetus, researchers at Yale School of Medicine report in the February issue of American Journal of Epidemiology. (2006-02-02)

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