# Popular Mathematics News and Current Events

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Measuring AI's ability to learn is difficult

Organizations looking to benefit from the artificial intelligence (AI) revolution should be cautious about putting all their eggs in one basket, a study from the University of Waterloo has found. (2019-01-17)

Scientist emphasizes importance of multi-level thinking

An unusual paper by Prof. Michael E. McIntyre from University of Cambridge touches on a range of deep questions, including insights into the nature of science itself, and of scientific understanding -- what it means to understand a scientific problem in depth -- and into the communication skills necessary to convey that understanding and to mediate collaboration across specialist disciplines. (2017-08-17)

Influence of technology acquisition on organizational performance studied in Iran

80 international companies from Iran were selected, and 320 respondents in key managerial positions were questioned. As the researchers found out, acquisition and use of technological innovations is a positive influence on organizational efficiency. (2018-05-08)

Diagonal methods for expensive global optimization developed by Russian scientists

Russian scientists from Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod have improved the method of global optimization by offering the so-called 'diagonal approach.' The goal of global optimization is essentially to search for optimal solutions in various areas of human activity. The principal advantage of the diagonal approach compared to other methods is its speed. (2017-11-10)

Mathematics pushes innovation in 4-D printing

New mathematical results will provide a potential breakthrough in the design and the fabrication of the next generation of morphable materials. (2018-02-07)

US educators awarded for exemplary teaching in mathematics

Janet Heine Barnett, Caren Diefenderfer, and Tevian Dray were named the 2017 Deborah and Franklin Tepper Haimo Award winners by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) for their teaching effectiveness and influence beyond their institutions. The three math professors were honored for their contributions to mathematics education on Jan. 5 in Atlanta at the Joint Mathematics Meetings, the world's largest gathering of mathematicians. (2017-01-05)

Authors of year's best books in mathematics honored

Prizes for the year's best books in mathematics were awarded to Ian Stewart and Tim Chartier by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) on Jan. 5 in Atlanta at the Joint Mathematics Meetings, the world's largest gathering of mathematicians. (2017-01-05)

Novel method for investigating pore geometry in rocks

In a fusion of mathematics and earth science, researchers in Japan proposed a novel method for characterizing pore geometry in rock, based on persistence diagram analysis and a newly proposed parameter, the distance parameter H. The method represents heterogeneity and differences in rock type more effectively than the conventional method based on velocity distribution, without requiring costly numerical flow simulations, and the results are relatively stable with small changes in pore space. (2018-06-15)

140-year-old math problem solved by researcher

A problem which has defeated mathematicians for almost 140 years has been solved by a researcher at Imperial College London. Professor Darren Crowdy, Chair in Applied Mathematics, has made the breakthrough in an area of mathematics known as conformal mapping, a key theoretical tool used by mathematicians, engineers and scientists to translate information from a complicated shape to a simpler circular shape so that it is easier to analyze. (2008-03-03)

Variations in seafloor create freak ocean waves

Florida State University researchers have found that abrupt variations in the seafloor can cause dangerous ocean waves known as rogue or freak waves -- waves so catastrophic that they were once thought to be the figments of seafarers' imaginations. (2019-02-01)

Countries with greater gender equality have lower percentage of female STEM graduates

Although women currently are well represented in life sciences, they continue to be underrepresented in inorganic sciences, such as computer science and physics. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri and Leeds Beckett University in the United Kingdom have found that as societies become wealthier and more gender equal, women are less likely to obtain degrees in STEM. The researchers call this a 'gender-equality paradox.' Researchers also discovered a near-universal sex difference in academic strengths and weaknesses that contributes to the STEM gap. (2018-02-15)

UQ study shines a light to understand the body's balance system

Finding out what's happening in the brains of people with balance disorders, such as vertigo, might be one step closer following new research on the vestibular system, which controls balance and movement. An interdisciplinary University of Queensland team of optical physicists and biologists has found a novel way, using optical tweezers, or focused beams of light, to understand the vestibular system while animals are still, not moving. (2017-10-05)

Changing students' attitudes to mathematics improves test scores

A new study finds a free 'massive, open, online course' (MOOC) led to students feeling more positive about math, more engaged during math class, and scoring significantly higher in mathematics assessments. This is the first of its kind to focus on changing students' mindsets and beliefs about their mathematics potential. (2018-05-10)

The secret behind a choice cuppa or a perfect pint -- a mathematician

Professor William Lee shows how the science of math can aid the profits of industry. (2018-04-13)

People can see beauty in complex mathematics, study shows

Ordinary people see beauty in complex mathematical arguments in the same way they can appreciate a beautiful landscape painting or a piano sonata. (2019-09-05)

Math shows how human behavior spreads infectious diseases

Mathematics can help public health workers better understand and influence human behaviors that lead to the spread of infectious disease, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. (2018-08-16)

Amazon rainforest may be more resilient to deforestation than previously thought

Taking a fresh look at evidence from satellite data, and using the latest theories from complexity science, researchers at the University of Bristol have provided new evidence to show that the Amazon rainforest is not as fragile as previously thought. The research is published today in Nature Communications. (2017-05-30)

Massive astrophysical objects governed by subatomic equation

Surprisingly, a quintessential equation of quantum mechanics emerges while studying astronomical disks of orbiting material. (2018-03-05)

Math can predict how cancer cells evolve

Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study from the University of Waterloo has found. (2018-01-16)

Applying artificial intelligence to science education

A new review published in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching highlights the potential of machine learning--a subset of artificial intelligence--in science education. (2020-10-07)

'Mirror game' test could secure early detection of schizophrenia, study shows

A pioneering new study, led by experts from the University of Exeter in collaboration with partners from the Alterego FP7 EU project, has developed a new, 'mirror game' test using computer avatars to accurately detect specific variations in how patients move and interact socially -- well-documented characteristics of the mental disorder. (2017-02-01)

Lobachevsky University scientists in search of fast algorithms for discrete optimization

Lobachevsky University scientists are implementing a research project (2017-12-01)

Standards for Engineering Education in K-12, new report

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics instruction is collectively referred to as (2010-09-29)

Even physicists are 'afraid' of mathematics

Physicists avoid highly mathematical work despite being trained in advanced mathematics, new research suggests. (2016-11-11)

Enrichment program boosts STEM for black students but leaves Latinos behind

In a new study that capitalizes on data from the National Center for Educational Statistics and methods that address causality, Cornell sociologists looked at an earlier portion of the pipeline -- in high school, when students' commitment to STEM fields tends to solidify. (2018-03-02)

Educational psychology: Finding the fun in maths

New work by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers on students' emotional attitudes to mathematics confirms that positive emotions and success at learning in math mutually reinforce each other. (2017-02-08)

Research rethinks the evolutionary importance of variability in a population

It's been long thought that variability within a population is key to population's growth and survival but new research questions that assumption. Harvard researchers found that variability can actually lower population growth in single-cell organisms. This insight is important for characterizing the fitness of a population, which is useful, for instance, in understanding how bacteria respond to antibiotics. (2017-10-04)

Older dogs better at learning new tricks

Older adolescents and adults can learn certain thinking skills including non-verbal reasoning more effectively than younger people, finds new UCL (University College London) research. The study, published in Psychological Science, also highlights the fact that non-verbal reasoning skills can be readily trained and do not represent an innate, fixed ability. (2016-11-04)

Mathematics and music: New perspectives on the connections between these ancient arts

World-leading experts on music and mathematics present insights on the connections between these two ancient arts, especially as they relate to composition and performance, as well as creativity, education, and geometry. (2016-10-11)

Teacher-to-student knowledge transfer studied in joint Russia-Us effort

The field of studies is essential for both the scientific research and teacher education. Current cross-cultural research examines and compares teacher's influence on students' academic attainments in Russia and the USA. That allows to trace the peculiarities of education processes in the two countries and to have a multi-faceted comprehensive view on the matter. (2017-11-09)

Indeterminist physics for an open world

Classical physics is characterized by the equations describing the world. Yet our day-to-day experience is struck by this deterministic vision of the world. A physicist (UNIGE) has been analyzing the classical mathematical language used in modern physics. He has thrown light on a contradiction between the equations that explained the phenomena and the finite world. He suggests making changes to the mathematical language to allow randomness and indeterminism to become part of classical physics. (2020-01-07)

Rare first moment of stellar explosion captured by amateur astronomer

An amateur astronomer testing his new camera captures the moment a supernova became visible in the night sky, which has helped an international team of researchers to test their theory about the beginning stages of a stellar explosion. (2018-02-22)

Statistical test relates pathogen mutation to infectious disease progression

Nucleic acid sequencing methods, which determine the order of nucleotides in DNA, are rapidly progressing. These processes yield large quantities of sequence data that helps researchers understand organism function. Sequencing also benefits epidemiological studies, such as the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of genetic and/or contagious diseases. In a paper published in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, Ryosuke Omori and Jianhong Wu develop an inductive algorithm to study nucleotide frequencies using a multi-strain SIR model. (2017-12-28)

Early numeracy performance of young kids linked to specific math activities at home

New research finds links between certain math skills in young children and specific numerical activities undertaken at home with parents. The study also finds that the more parents engage in mathematical activities with their children, the higher their early numeracy performance. (2018-03-22)

Researchers want to know how early life affects the adult brain

The study found the visual environment that zebrafish grew up in affected their spontaneous brain activity and, in turn, affected their behavior and ability to catch prey. (2017-08-03)

Surrey develops hepatitis C model that could help improve treatment

The University of Surrey has created a new mathematical model that details how the hepatitis C (HCV) infection develops and behaves more accurately than previous models. This new model has the potential to improve treatment for the infection that affects 215,000 people in the United Kingdom. (2018-05-29)

Problems in mechanics open the door to the orderly world of chaos

Despite the impression given in most mechanics texts, most non-trivial mechanics problems simply have no analytic solutions. When we try to solve them numerically the results show an odd combination of order and unpredictability that has come to be called chaos. This book embraces such problems and introduces students to the elegant body of theory that has grown up around them. (2016-08-22)

WSU mathematician breaks down how to defend against quantum computing attacks

WSU mathematician Nathan Hamlin is the author of a new paper that explains how a code he wrote for a doctoral thesis, the Generalized Knapsack Code, could thwart hackers armed with next generation quantum computers. (2017-02-28)

World's largest scientific society receives presidential honor

President Bush today presents the American Chemical Society with the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring. The Society is one of ten institutions receiving this prestigious award Wednesday, December 12 at the St. Regis Hotel. (2001-12-12)

Developing tools to screen traumatic brain injury therapies

University of Houston biologist Amy Sater will be developing a model for studying traumatic brain injury, thanks to a two-year, $386,000 grant from the Robert J. Kleberg Jr. and Helen C. Kleberg Foundation. This is the first Kleberg Foundation grant awarded to UH. The research could one day lead to treatments that facilitate recovery. Sater is professor and chair of the Department of Biology and Biochemistry at UH's College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. (2016-04-22)

Organizations looking to benefit from the artificial intelligence (AI) revolution should be cautious about putting all their eggs in one basket, a study from the University of Waterloo has found. (2019-01-17)

Scientist emphasizes importance of multi-level thinking

An unusual paper by Prof. Michael E. McIntyre from University of Cambridge touches on a range of deep questions, including insights into the nature of science itself, and of scientific understanding -- what it means to understand a scientific problem in depth -- and into the communication skills necessary to convey that understanding and to mediate collaboration across specialist disciplines. (2017-08-17)

Influence of technology acquisition on organizational performance studied in Iran

80 international companies from Iran were selected, and 320 respondents in key managerial positions were questioned. As the researchers found out, acquisition and use of technological innovations is a positive influence on organizational efficiency. (2018-05-08)

Diagonal methods for expensive global optimization developed by Russian scientists

Russian scientists from Lobachevsky State University of Nizhni Novgorod have improved the method of global optimization by offering the so-called 'diagonal approach.' The goal of global optimization is essentially to search for optimal solutions in various areas of human activity. The principal advantage of the diagonal approach compared to other methods is its speed. (2017-11-10)

Mathematics pushes innovation in 4-D printing

New mathematical results will provide a potential breakthrough in the design and the fabrication of the next generation of morphable materials. (2018-02-07)

US educators awarded for exemplary teaching in mathematics

Janet Heine Barnett, Caren Diefenderfer, and Tevian Dray were named the 2017 Deborah and Franklin Tepper Haimo Award winners by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) for their teaching effectiveness and influence beyond their institutions. The three math professors were honored for their contributions to mathematics education on Jan. 5 in Atlanta at the Joint Mathematics Meetings, the world's largest gathering of mathematicians. (2017-01-05)

Authors of year's best books in mathematics honored

Prizes for the year's best books in mathematics were awarded to Ian Stewart and Tim Chartier by the Mathematical Association of America (MAA) on Jan. 5 in Atlanta at the Joint Mathematics Meetings, the world's largest gathering of mathematicians. (2017-01-05)

Novel method for investigating pore geometry in rocks

In a fusion of mathematics and earth science, researchers in Japan proposed a novel method for characterizing pore geometry in rock, based on persistence diagram analysis and a newly proposed parameter, the distance parameter H. The method represents heterogeneity and differences in rock type more effectively than the conventional method based on velocity distribution, without requiring costly numerical flow simulations, and the results are relatively stable with small changes in pore space. (2018-06-15)

140-year-old math problem solved by researcher

A problem which has defeated mathematicians for almost 140 years has been solved by a researcher at Imperial College London. Professor Darren Crowdy, Chair in Applied Mathematics, has made the breakthrough in an area of mathematics known as conformal mapping, a key theoretical tool used by mathematicians, engineers and scientists to translate information from a complicated shape to a simpler circular shape so that it is easier to analyze. (2008-03-03)

Variations in seafloor create freak ocean waves

Florida State University researchers have found that abrupt variations in the seafloor can cause dangerous ocean waves known as rogue or freak waves -- waves so catastrophic that they were once thought to be the figments of seafarers' imaginations. (2019-02-01)

Countries with greater gender equality have lower percentage of female STEM graduates

Although women currently are well represented in life sciences, they continue to be underrepresented in inorganic sciences, such as computer science and physics. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri and Leeds Beckett University in the United Kingdom have found that as societies become wealthier and more gender equal, women are less likely to obtain degrees in STEM. The researchers call this a 'gender-equality paradox.' Researchers also discovered a near-universal sex difference in academic strengths and weaknesses that contributes to the STEM gap. (2018-02-15)

UQ study shines a light to understand the body's balance system

Finding out what's happening in the brains of people with balance disorders, such as vertigo, might be one step closer following new research on the vestibular system, which controls balance and movement. An interdisciplinary University of Queensland team of optical physicists and biologists has found a novel way, using optical tweezers, or focused beams of light, to understand the vestibular system while animals are still, not moving. (2017-10-05)

Changing students' attitudes to mathematics improves test scores

A new study finds a free 'massive, open, online course' (MOOC) led to students feeling more positive about math, more engaged during math class, and scoring significantly higher in mathematics assessments. This is the first of its kind to focus on changing students' mindsets and beliefs about their mathematics potential. (2018-05-10)

The secret behind a choice cuppa or a perfect pint -- a mathematician

Professor William Lee shows how the science of math can aid the profits of industry. (2018-04-13)

People can see beauty in complex mathematics, study shows

Ordinary people see beauty in complex mathematical arguments in the same way they can appreciate a beautiful landscape painting or a piano sonata. (2019-09-05)

Math shows how human behavior spreads infectious diseases

Mathematics can help public health workers better understand and influence human behaviors that lead to the spread of infectious disease, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. (2018-08-16)

Amazon rainforest may be more resilient to deforestation than previously thought

Taking a fresh look at evidence from satellite data, and using the latest theories from complexity science, researchers at the University of Bristol have provided new evidence to show that the Amazon rainforest is not as fragile as previously thought. The research is published today in Nature Communications. (2017-05-30)

Massive astrophysical objects governed by subatomic equation

Surprisingly, a quintessential equation of quantum mechanics emerges while studying astronomical disks of orbiting material. (2018-03-05)

Math can predict how cancer cells evolve

Applied mathematics can be a powerful tool in helping predict the genesis and evolution of different types of cancers, a study from the University of Waterloo has found. (2018-01-16)

Applying artificial intelligence to science education

A new review published in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching highlights the potential of machine learning--a subset of artificial intelligence--in science education. (2020-10-07)

'Mirror game' test could secure early detection of schizophrenia, study shows

A pioneering new study, led by experts from the University of Exeter in collaboration with partners from the Alterego FP7 EU project, has developed a new, 'mirror game' test using computer avatars to accurately detect specific variations in how patients move and interact socially -- well-documented characteristics of the mental disorder. (2017-02-01)

Lobachevsky University scientists in search of fast algorithms for discrete optimization

Lobachevsky University scientists are implementing a research project (2017-12-01)

Standards for Engineering Education in K-12, new report

Science, technology, engineering and mathematics instruction is collectively referred to as (2010-09-29)

Even physicists are 'afraid' of mathematics

Physicists avoid highly mathematical work despite being trained in advanced mathematics, new research suggests. (2016-11-11)

Enrichment program boosts STEM for black students but leaves Latinos behind

In a new study that capitalizes on data from the National Center for Educational Statistics and methods that address causality, Cornell sociologists looked at an earlier portion of the pipeline -- in high school, when students' commitment to STEM fields tends to solidify. (2018-03-02)

Educational psychology: Finding the fun in maths

New work by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich researchers on students' emotional attitudes to mathematics confirms that positive emotions and success at learning in math mutually reinforce each other. (2017-02-08)

Research rethinks the evolutionary importance of variability in a population

It's been long thought that variability within a population is key to population's growth and survival but new research questions that assumption. Harvard researchers found that variability can actually lower population growth in single-cell organisms. This insight is important for characterizing the fitness of a population, which is useful, for instance, in understanding how bacteria respond to antibiotics. (2017-10-04)

Older dogs better at learning new tricks

Older adolescents and adults can learn certain thinking skills including non-verbal reasoning more effectively than younger people, finds new UCL (University College London) research. The study, published in Psychological Science, also highlights the fact that non-verbal reasoning skills can be readily trained and do not represent an innate, fixed ability. (2016-11-04)

Mathematics and music: New perspectives on the connections between these ancient arts

World-leading experts on music and mathematics present insights on the connections between these two ancient arts, especially as they relate to composition and performance, as well as creativity, education, and geometry. (2016-10-11)

Teacher-to-student knowledge transfer studied in joint Russia-Us effort

The field of studies is essential for both the scientific research and teacher education. Current cross-cultural research examines and compares teacher's influence on students' academic attainments in Russia and the USA. That allows to trace the peculiarities of education processes in the two countries and to have a multi-faceted comprehensive view on the matter. (2017-11-09)

Indeterminist physics for an open world

Classical physics is characterized by the equations describing the world. Yet our day-to-day experience is struck by this deterministic vision of the world. A physicist (UNIGE) has been analyzing the classical mathematical language used in modern physics. He has thrown light on a contradiction between the equations that explained the phenomena and the finite world. He suggests making changes to the mathematical language to allow randomness and indeterminism to become part of classical physics. (2020-01-07)

Rare first moment of stellar explosion captured by amateur astronomer

An amateur astronomer testing his new camera captures the moment a supernova became visible in the night sky, which has helped an international team of researchers to test their theory about the beginning stages of a stellar explosion. (2018-02-22)

Statistical test relates pathogen mutation to infectious disease progression

Nucleic acid sequencing methods, which determine the order of nucleotides in DNA, are rapidly progressing. These processes yield large quantities of sequence data that helps researchers understand organism function. Sequencing also benefits epidemiological studies, such as the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of genetic and/or contagious diseases. In a paper published in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, Ryosuke Omori and Jianhong Wu develop an inductive algorithm to study nucleotide frequencies using a multi-strain SIR model. (2017-12-28)

Early numeracy performance of young kids linked to specific math activities at home

New research finds links between certain math skills in young children and specific numerical activities undertaken at home with parents. The study also finds that the more parents engage in mathematical activities with their children, the higher their early numeracy performance. (2018-03-22)

Researchers want to know how early life affects the adult brain

The study found the visual environment that zebrafish grew up in affected their spontaneous brain activity and, in turn, affected their behavior and ability to catch prey. (2017-08-03)

Surrey develops hepatitis C model that could help improve treatment

The University of Surrey has created a new mathematical model that details how the hepatitis C (HCV) infection develops and behaves more accurately than previous models. This new model has the potential to improve treatment for the infection that affects 215,000 people in the United Kingdom. (2018-05-29)

Problems in mechanics open the door to the orderly world of chaos

Despite the impression given in most mechanics texts, most non-trivial mechanics problems simply have no analytic solutions. When we try to solve them numerically the results show an odd combination of order and unpredictability that has come to be called chaos. This book embraces such problems and introduces students to the elegant body of theory that has grown up around them. (2016-08-22)

WSU mathematician breaks down how to defend against quantum computing attacks

WSU mathematician Nathan Hamlin is the author of a new paper that explains how a code he wrote for a doctoral thesis, the Generalized Knapsack Code, could thwart hackers armed with next generation quantum computers. (2017-02-28)

World's largest scientific society receives presidential honor

President Bush today presents the American Chemical Society with the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics and Engineering Mentoring. The Society is one of ten institutions receiving this prestigious award Wednesday, December 12 at the St. Regis Hotel. (2001-12-12)

Developing tools to screen traumatic brain injury therapies

University of Houston biologist Amy Sater will be developing a model for studying traumatic brain injury, thanks to a two-year, $386,000 grant from the Robert J. Kleberg Jr. and Helen C. Kleberg Foundation. This is the first Kleberg Foundation grant awarded to UH. The research could one day lead to treatments that facilitate recovery. Sater is professor and chair of the Department of Biology and Biochemistry at UH's College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. (2016-04-22)

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