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Popular Mathematics News and Current Events, Mathematics News Articles.
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Developing tools to screen traumatic brain injury therapies
University of Houston biologist Amy Sater will be developing a model for studying traumatic brain injury, thanks to a two-year, $386,000 grant from the Robert J. Kleberg Jr. and Helen C. Kleberg Foundation. This is the first Kleberg Foundation grant awarded to UH. The research could one day lead to treatments that facilitate recovery. Sater is professor and chair of the Department of Biology and Biochemistry at UH's College of Natural Sciences and Mathematics. (2016-04-22)

National Science Board To Solicit Input On K-12 Science & Mathematics Education Reform
The National Science Board (NSB) will hold a public hearing in Chicago on July 20, hosted by the Chicago Public Schools, to investigate the effectiveness of various school-based reform strategies to improve the nation's teaching and learning of mathematics and science. (1998-07-01)

Prediction of large earthquakes probability improved
As part of the 'Research in Collaborative Mathematics' project run by the Obra Social 'la Caixa', researchers of the Mathematics Research Centre (CRM) and the UAB have developed a mathematical law to explain the size distribution of earthquakes, even in the cases of large-scale earthquakes such as those which occurred in Sumatra (2004) and in Japan (2011). (2017-01-30)

CU-Boulder graduate school awarded $2.5 million National Science Foundation grant
The University of Colorado at Boulder has received a five- year, $2.5 million grant from the National Science Foundation Alliances for Graduate Education and the Professoriate, according to Chancellor Richard L. Byyny. (2000-10-19)

The mathematics of coffee extraction: Searching for the ideal brew
Composed of over 1,800 chemical components, coffee is one of the most widely-consumed drinks in the world. Understanding the mathematics of coffee extraction can help identify the influence of various parameters on the final product. In a paper publishing in the SIAM Journal on Applied Mathematics, authors present and analyze a new multiscale model of coffee extraction from a coffee bed. (2016-11-15)

Kindergarteners' mathematics success hinges on preschool skills
In a study funded by the National Science Foundation, researchers at the University of Missouri discovered that preschoolers who better process words associated with numbers and understand the quantities associated with these words are more likely to have success with math when they enter kindergarten. Findings also reveal that children who have a basic understanding that addition increases quantity and subtraction decreases it are much better prepared for math in school. (2016-08-04)

New mathematical model can improve radiation therapy of brain tumours
Researchers have developed a new model to optimize radiation therapy and significantly increase the number of tumor cells killed during treatment. The new mathematical model, outlined in a recent study led by a University of Waterloo student, can use information about where the majority of the cells in a tumor are located allowing for radiation treatment to be administered to the densest area. (2019-09-04)

Scientists reconstruct ancient lost plates under Andes mountains
In a paper published in the journal Nature, geologists from the University of Houston demonstrate the reconstruction of the subduction of the Nazca Ocean plate, the remnants of which are currently found down to 1,500 kilometers, or about 900 miles, below the Earth's surface. Their results show that the formation of the Andean mountain range was more complicated than previous models suggested. (2019-01-23)

Diversity In Science & Engineering: Progress And Problems
Amid a few signs of recent progress towards more diversity in education and the workplace, underrepresentation persist. For example, women and minorities continue to take fewer high- level mathematics and science courses in high school; they still earn fewer bachelor's, master's and doctoral degrees in science and engineering (S&E); and they remain less likely to be employed in S&E jobs than are white males (1996-12-10)

Math sheds light on how living cells 'think'
How does the 'brain' of a living cell work, allowing an organism to function and thrive in changing and unfavorable environments? Researcher Dr. Robyn Araujo, from the Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, has developed new mathematics to solve a longstanding mystery of how the incredibly complex biological networks within cells can adapt and reset themselves after exposure to a new stimulus. Her findings are published in Nature Communications. (2018-05-02)

Report examines origins and nature of 'math anxiety'
A report out today examines the factors that influence 'math anxiety' among primary and secondary school students, showing that teachers and parents may inadvertently play a role in a child's development of the condition, and that girls tend to be more affected than boys. (2019-03-13)

UM announces creation of the Frost Institutes for Science and Engineering
The University of Miami announced Monday that it is creating the Frost Institutes for Science and Engineering to achieve those milestones by elevating science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to help solve some of the world's most pressing problems. (2017-01-23)

What atoms do when liquids and gases meet
From the crest of a wave in the sea to the surface of a glass of water, there are always small fluctuations in density at the point where the air comes in contact with a liquid. Until now, it was thought that the atoms in these regions behaved as if they were in a 'drum skin', based on the assumption that the surface tension between the two elements caused the water to be drawn taut like a drum and to act as such when disturbed. (2019-01-24)

White math teachers treat students differently in predominantly black schools
White math teachers in predominantly black middle schools are more likely to respond negatively to students' behavioral or academic issues - and this may have long-term negative consequences for student performance, according to a Rutgers-led study that highlights the need to recruit more black teachers. The study, published recently in Harvard Educational Review, observed video data collected from 2009-2011 of 25 mathematics classrooms in middle schools that were either predominantly white or black. (2019-01-24)

Think pink for a better view of climate change
A new study says pink noise may be the key to separating out natural climate variability from climate change that is influenced by human activity. (2018-09-04)

The Fields Medal fallacy: Why this math prize should return to its roots
The Fields Medal, whose origins date back to the 1930s, will be issued again this year in August to up to four of the world's most accomplished mathematicians under the age of 40. In a commentary for Nature, Michael Barany, a Society of Fellows post-doctoral fellow in history at Dartmouth, proposes that the Fields Medal return to its roots as a tool intended to shape the future of mathematics, rather than recognizing those who have already found the spotlight. (2018-01-15)

Cells decide when to divide based on their internal clocks
The time of day, determined by a cell's internal clock, has a stronger influence on cell division than previously thought, reveals a new study. (2018-11-16)

New technique developed to detect autism in children
Researchers have developed a new technique to help doctors more quickly and accurately detect autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in children. In a study led by the University of Waterloo, researchers characterized how children with ASD scan a person's face differently than a neuro-typical child. Based on the findings, the researchers were able to develop a technique that considers how a child with ASD gaze transitions from one part of a person's face to another. (2019-07-09)

An ethical eye on AI
Researchers from the University of Warwick, Imperial College London, EPFL (Lausanne) and Sciteb Ltd have found a mathematical means of helping regulators and business manage and police Artificial Intelligence systems' biases towards making unethical, and potentially very costly and damaging commercial choices - an ethical eye on AI. (2020-06-29)

Morehouse College Department of Mathematics honored for achievements
The Department of Mathematics at Morehouse College has been chosen to receive the 2016 American Mathematical Society (AMS) Mathematics Programs that Make a Difference Award. The department at Morehouse is honored 'for its significant efforts to encourage students from underrepresented groups to continue in the study of mathematics.' (2016-04-06)

A better understanding of soft artificial muscles
Artificial muscles will power the soft robots and wearable devices of the future. But more needs to be understood about the underlying mechanics of these powerful structures in order to design and build new devices. Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have uncovered some of the fundamental physical properties of artificial muscle fibers. (2019-11-15)

Game theory: Army of agents to tackle corrupt officials, tax evaders, terrorists
Game theory has long been used to apply mathematical models of conflict and cooperation between intelligent rational decision-makers. Our world of lone wolf terrorists to corrupt officials has evolved, and game theory has evolved with it, thanks to research by the University of Warwick. (2016-10-20)

Social media privacy is in the hands of a few friends
New research has revealed that people's behavior is predictable from the social media data of as few as eight or nine of their friends. (2019-01-21)

Math model predicts cancer behavior
A team of Vanderbilt and University of Dundee scientists envisions a future when computer simulations will be used to predict a tumor's clinical progression and formulate individualized treatment plans. The group has developed a mathematical model for cancer invasion powerful enough for this purpose. The result was published as an entirely theoretical paper in the journal Cell and represents a (2006-12-01)

UT mathematician develops model to control spread of aquatic invasive species
Adjusting the water flow rate in a river can prevent invasive species from moving upstream and expanding their range. An applied mathematician at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, has developed a partial differential equation model to find the desired flow rate to reduce invasive populations. (2019-11-21)

Real-time foot-and-mouth strategy to better fight disease
Future outbreaks of foot-and-mouth (FMD) disease can be combatted quickly and efficiently from early on -- when authorities have minimal information -- thanks to a new real-time strategy, developed by researchers at the University of Warwick. (2018-07-31)

Russian and German physicists developed a mathematical model of trapped atoms and ions
Physicists from RUDN, JINR (Dubna), and the University of Hamburg (Germany) developed a mathematical model for describing physical processes in hybrid systems that consists of atoms and ions cooled down to temperatures close to absolute zero. Such systems might be used in the quantum computer -- a device with exceptional calculation speed. The results of the study were presented at the 22nd International Conference on Few-Body Systems in Physics in Caen (France) in July 9-13, 2018. (2018-09-13)

Good home learning in early years boosts your secondary school achievements
The positive effects of a rich home learning environment during a child's early years continue into adolescence and help improve test scores later in life, according to a new study published in School Effectiveness and School Improvement. (2019-07-07)

Physicists with green fingers estimate tree spanning rate in random networks
In a new study published in EPJ B, Fei Ma from Northwest Normal University in Lanzhou, Gansu Province, China, and colleagues calculate the total number of spanning trees in randomly expanding networks. This method can be applied to modelling scale-free network models, which, as it turns out, are characterised by small-world properties. (2018-05-22)

Biophysicists modelled the effect of antiseptics on bacterial membranes
A team of biophysics from leading Russian research and educational institutions (MSU, RUDN University, and the Federal Research and Clinical Center of the Federal Medical-Biological Agency of Russia) developed a computer model that shows the effect of antiseptics on bacterial membranes. The common concepts regarding the mode of action of antiseptics turned out to be incorrect: instead of destroying bacterial membranes, they cause changes in their structure. These changes make the bacteria weaker and more susceptible to adverse external factors. (2020-10-28)

Slicing optical beams: Cryptographic algorithms for quantum networks
The mathematical models can be used not only for quantum networks and authentication but also for full-scale quantum computing. Quantum hashing can help protect quantum algorithms against mistakes. Relevant research is currently in progress at Kazan Federal University. (2018-12-13)

Merging mathematical and physical models toward building a more perfect flying vehicle
When designing flying vehicles, there are many aspects of which we can be certain but there are also many uncertainties. Most are random, and others are just not well understood. University of Illinois Professor Harry Hilton brought together several mathematical and physical theories to help look at problems in more unified ways and solve physical engineering problems. (2018-10-19)

New DOE program funds $20 million for multiscale mathematics research
Researchers will use mathematics to help solve problems such as the production of clean energy, pollution cleanup, manufacturing ever smaller computer chips, and making new (2005-08-04)

American Mathematical Society awards 2006 prizes
The American Mathematical Society (AMS) will present several major prizes on Friday, January 13, 2006, at the Joint Mathematics Meetings in San Antonio, Texas. These prizes, some of which are presented jointly with other mathematics organizations, are among the highest distinctions given in the field of mathematics. (2006-01-13)

BRICS countries catching up with EU and US in publication activity, according to Scopus
Experts from the Higher Schoolf of Ecohomics reviewed the BRICS countries' research landscape using the 2000-2015 data from the Scopus citation database and found academic activity in BRICS to be growing at a fast pace and catching up with that of the EU countries and the US. (2018-09-05)

Scientists develop machine-learning method to predict the behavior of molecules
A team of scientists has come up with a machine-learning method that predicts molecular behavior, a breakthrough that can aid in the development of pharmaceuticals and the design of new molecules that can be used to enhance the performance of emerging battery technologies, solar cells, and digital displays. (2017-10-11)

Unravelling the reasons why mass extinctions occur
University of Leicester research could help to predict approaching ecological catastrophes. (2018-09-06)

University of Leicester mathematicians provide solution to 78 year old mystery
University of Leicester research brings old problem of adaptation energy to light. (2016-03-22)

Exploring the mathematical universe
A team of more than 80 mathematicians from 12 countries has begun charting the terrain of rich, new mathematical worlds, and sharing their discoveries on the Web. The mathematical universe is filled with both familiar and exotic items, many of which are being made available for the first time. The project provides a new tool for several branches of mathematics, physics, and computer science. (2016-05-10)

Researchers develop first mathematical proof for key law of turbulence in fluid mechanics
Turbulence is one of the least understood phenomena of the physical world. Long considered too hard to understand and predict mathematically, turbulence is the reason the Navier-Stokes equations, which describe how fluids flow, are so hard to solve that there is a million-dollar reward for anyone who can prove them mathematically. But now, University of Maryland mathematicians have broken through the barrier and developed the first rigorous mathematical proof for a fundamental law of turbulence. (2019-12-11)

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