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Popular Microorganisms News and Current Events, Microorganisms News Articles.
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New treatment appears effective for rosacea
Application of a new formulation of azelaic acid gel to the face reduces the redness and lesions associated with rosacea better than a commonly used treatment (metronidazole gel), according to an article in the November issue of The Archives of Dermatology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2003-11-17)

The microbiome of a woman's reproductive tract may predict preterm birth
Investigators found that microbial communities in the reproductive tracts of women who delivered their babies too soon were different from those of women who delivered full term. Those differences were found early in the pregnancies and tended to persist throughout the pregnancies. They also found that the patterns of women's microbiomes changed immediately after they delivered their babies, and did not revert back to pre-pregnancy patterns in some cases until at least a year later. (2015-08-17)

New Discovery Beneath Antarctic Ice Means Life On Other Planets Plausible
Some 15 feet under windswept lake ice in Antarctica -- the world's most inhospitable landscape -- scientists have discovered teeming microbe colonies that use sunlight filtering through the ice to activate and sustain life when the South Pole tilts toward the sun each year. Previously, most investigators thought little or no biological activity could occur within the ice itself. (1998-06-25)

Grant to UA makes Kartchner Caverns a Microbial Observatory
University of Arizona researchers will investigate the lives of Kartchner Caverns State Park's tiniest inhabitants with the help of a $1.6 million grant from the National Science Foundation. The five-year grant to the UA will add Kartchner Caverns, part of the Arizona State Parks system, to the National Science Foundation's worldwide network of Microbial Observatories. Kartchner Caverns is the only cave in the network. (2006-10-19)

National Science Foundation supports UCR study of polar lake life forms
University of California, Riverside researchers will soon be analyzing microorganisms from a vast Antarctic lake in an effort to unlock the mystery of how life adapts to extremely harsh environments. (2007-01-12)

Decoding the microbial signature of aggressive form of breast cancer
Researchers have identified, for the first time, an association between two microbial signatures and triple negative breast cancer, the most aggressive form of the disease. (2015-10-15)

Report recommends renewed focus on food and agriculture research
Despite the ever-present threats to the food supply posed by disease, spoilage and the specter of agroterrorism, commitment to and research in food and agricultural microbiology is on the decline, according to a report by the American Academy of Microbiology entitled Research Opportunities in Food and Agriculture Microbiology. (2005-08-03)

Use of bacteriophages as a substitute for antibiotics to eliminate bacteria
The presence of pathogenic microorganisms, in other words, those that cause diseases, is one of the main problems fish farms are facing. To look for a solution that does not affect the health of the fish or of consumers, Azti-Tecnalia is coordinating a project to identify bacteriophages, organisms that infect and destroy bacteria; this move is designed to put an end to these pathogens without affecting the communities of environmental and intestinal bacteria in aquaculture. (2015-12-10)

Oxford's Dr. Rosalind Rickaby receives 2009 Rosenstiel Award
The University of Miami's Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science announced today that it has selected Rosalind E.M. Rickaby, Ph.D., as recipient of the 2009 Rosenstiel Award. A university lecturer in Biogeochemistry and a Tutorial Fellow of Wolfson College, Rickaby works in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Oxford. The Rosenstiel Award honors scientists who are already making outstanding scientific contributions in their early to mid-career stages. (2009-03-11)

10 to 1: Bugs win in NASA study
Bugs are winning out, and that's a good thing according to NASA's Human Research Program. As part of NASA's One-Year Mission, researchers are studying how microbes living on astronauts' skin, inside their bodies and on the International Space Station impact their health. To prepare for a journey to Mars, it is important to understand how long-duration spaceflight affects microorganisms because changes to this complex ecosystem could be detrimental to future missions. (2015-09-22)

Coenzyme rare to bacteria critical to Mycobacterium tuberculosis survival
Coenzyme F420 is common in archaea, some of which thrive in extreme environments, but rare in bacteria. However, it also helps the bacterium that causes tuberculosis to survive the defenses of the human immune system. Scientists have now discovered at least one way F420 helps to arm the pathogen. (2009-03-23)

Clues To Possible Life On Europa May Lie Buried In Antarctic Ice
This week at the NASA/Marshall Space Flight Center, Russian and American scientists are examining ice-cores from Antarctica for life forms that may live deep beneath the polar ice. The nature of these life forms may yield important clues regarding what kinds of organisms may be living in similar environmental conditions on Europa. (1998-03-05)

Beetle tree of life reveals the evolutionary history of Earth's most diverse group of animals
New research reconstructs the beetle family tree and shows how this important group of insects diversified and otherwise flourished over the last nearly 300 million years. (2015-07-06)

Tiny marine microbes exert influence on global climate
New research indicates that the interactions of microscopic organisms around a particular organic material may alter the chemical properties of the ocean and ultimately influence global climate by affecting cloud formation in the atmosphere. (2010-07-15)

Microorganisms are cleaning up Boston Harbor, UMass study finds
Microorganisms are cleaning up contaminants in the mud beneath Boston Harbor, and if humans prevent future fuel spills, the harbor could potentially cleanse itself within 10 to 20 years, according to research conducted at the University of Massachusetts Amherst. (2002-11-13)

Microbes in basalt thrive on mixed diet of toxic waste
Berkeley Lab scientists have shown that underground microbes can transform toxic pollutants into less toxic compounds. What's more, the process may be accelerated by the presence of volatile organic wastes, compounds often found at contaminated sites. These findings point the way toward benign new techniques for cleaning up mixed waste sites. (1999-08-30)

Gastroenterologists explore relationship between bacteria in the gut and breast cancer
Gastroenterologists at Rush University Medical Center are working on a new research study funded by the US Department of Defense to chart the presence of microorganisms found within the gut and to explore how microbial imbalances may impact diseases like breast cancer. (2009-10-28)

UI study advances understanding of antimicrobials and cystic fibrosis-related infection
Human airway secretions include antimicrobial agents that normally protect the lungs from infection caused by inhaled bacteria and other microorganisms. A recent University of Iowa Health Care study suggests that high salt concentrations in the airways of people with cystic fibrosis prevent these antimicrobial factors from working effectively. (1999-09-08)

A friendly foe -- Bacteria residing in the gut boost immune response to tumors
Total body irradiation (TBI), which depletes the body of lymphocytes, improves the ability of tumor-specific T cells to cause tumor regression. In a new JCI study researchers show that, in mice, lymphodepletion does not fully account for the tumor regression observed following TBI. They show that disruption of the population of bacteria that normally reside in the gut without causing disease also plays a role in the effectiveness of this therapeutic approach against cancer. (2007-07-26)

Newly developed medium may be useful for human health, biofuel production, more
Texas A&M University System scientists from the departments of nutrition and food science and poultry science have developed a new medium for the cultivation of beneficial microorganisms called lactobacilli. (2013-07-03)

It's electric: Cows show promise as powerplants
A new study suggests that some of the microorganisms found in cow waste may provide a reliable source of electricity. Results showed that the microbes in about a half a liter of rumen fluid - fermented, liquefied feed extracted from the rumen, the largest chamber of a cow's stomach - produced about 600 millivolts of electricity. That's about half the voltage needed to run one rechargeable AA-sized battery. (2005-08-31)

How safe is our drinking water?
When we turn on the tap to get a glass of water, we assume it is safe to drink. But is it really safe? And, what is (2013-04-09)

Guardian angels for seeds
The seeds that you plant in your backyard garden next spring -- and farmers sow in their fields -- may have a guardian angel that helps them sprout and grow to yield bountiful harvests. It's a thin coating of chemicals termed a (2010-11-10)

Breakthrough in hydrogen fuel production could revolutionize alternative energy market
A team of Virginia Tech researchers has discovered a way to extract large quantities of hydrogen from any plant, a breakthrough that has the potential to bring a low-cost, environmentally friendly fuel source to the world. Virginia Tech Professor Percival Zhang and his team used xylose, the most abundant simple plant sugar, to produce a large quantity of hydrogen that previously was attainable only in theory. (2013-04-04)

Monitoring the microbiome in leukemia patients could reduce infections during chemotherapy
Researchers report that a patient's microbial diversity, even before they start cancer treatment, can be linked to risk of infection during induction chemotherapy. This research is presented at ASM's Interscience Conference of Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC/ICC). (2015-09-20)

Eco-friendly replacement for surfactants researched at Kazan University
New types of biological agents can become essential in more efficiently streamlining oil recovery processes. (2016-11-09)

Bacterial biofilms in hospital water pipes may show pathogenic properties
The human microbiome, a diverse collection of microorganisms living inside us and on our skin, has attracted considerable attention for its role in a broad range of human health issues. Now, researchers are discovering that the built environment also has a microbiome, which includes a community of potentially-pathogenic bacteria living inside water supply pipes. (2016-03-14)

Unusual Phosphorus Compound Discovered For First Time In Extreme Heat-Loving Bacteria Found On Ocean Floor
Biochemists at the University of Georgia have discovered an unusual phosphorus-containing compound in an extreme heat-loving bacterium -- a discovery that will advance thinking about how life exists near the boiling point in underwater volcanic vents (1997-02-11)

International research group led by UMass scientist sequences genome of ubiquitous microbe
A team of scientists at the University of Massachusetts has completed the genome sequence of Halobacterium species NRC-1, an (2000-10-01)

EARTH: Great Lakes geologic sunken treasure
Shipwreck enthusiasts find a bounty of nautical relics preserved in the chilly depths of the Great Lakes. But only within the last decade have explorers and scientists begun to reveal the secrets of a much different -- and much more ancient -- sunken treasure in Lake Huron: sinkholes. (2011-07-18)

Unexplored microbes hold incredible potential for science and industry
Despite the powerful and pervasive role of microbes in sustaining life, most of the microbial world remains a mystery. This is the subject of (2008-02-15)

Flies could help to monitor disease outbreaks by acting as 'autonomous bionic drones'
An international research team led by NTU Singapore have proposed that swarms of flies can be used to help monitor disease outbreaks. (2017-11-24)

High-angle helix helps bacteria swim
It's counterintuitive but true: Some microorganisms that use flagella for locomotion are able to swim faster in gel-like fluids such as mucus. Research engineers at Brown University have figured out why. It's the angle of the coil that matters. Findings are reported in Physical Review Letters. (2013-08-13)

New way of removing excess nitrogen from the environment
Excess nitrogen from agricultural and urban lands is contaminating groundwater, streams, lakes and estuaries, where it causes harmful algal blooms and contributes to fish kills. Cost-effective approaches to removing this nitrogen from croplands and urban stormwater runoff before it reaches sensitive water bodies have been elusive. But simple and inexpensive technologies are on the horizon. A recent scientific workshop on denitrification brought together ecologists, engineers and policy experts to find answers. (2010-11-01)

Researchers discover biological basis of 'bacterial immune system'
A team of scientists led by researchers at the University of Georgia has discovered how the bacterial immune system works, and the finding could lead to new classes of targeted antibiotics, new tools to study gene function in microorganisms and more stable bacterial cultures used by food and biotechnology industries to make products such as yogurt and cheese. (2009-11-25)

Edible coatings able to extend the shelf-life of fish and seafood products
Ximena CarriĆ³n Granda, a Food Engineering graduate from Ecuador, has developed edible coatings containing natural substances with antimicrobial properties in order to extend the shelf-life of fish and seafood products by two to four days due to the reduction of the growth rate of the spoilage microorganisms. This work was developed at the Department of Food Technology of the Public University of Navarre as part of her doctoral thesis. (2016-04-21)

Microbes active in Colorado snows fuel tundra ecosystem
Populations of fungi blanketed by Colorado's snows are more active and diverse than previously thought, and are likely responsible for the productivity of the tundra ecosystem they are a part of, according to findings by scientists funded through the National Science Foundation (NSF)'s Long-Term Ecological Research (LTER) and Microbial Observatories programs. The researchers have published their results in this week's issue of the journal Science. (2003-09-04)

Energy from the interior of the Earth supports life in a global ecosystem
The Earth's oceanic crust covers an enormous expanse, and is mostly buried beneath a thick layer of mud that cuts it off from the surface world. Scientists now document life deep within the oceanic crust that appears to be sustained by energy released from chemical reactions of rocks with water. (2013-03-14)

Nanoparticle scientist speaks on new discoveries at Goldschmidt Conference
Scientists make discoveries on the thermodynamic properties of transition metal oxides such as insulators and superconductors. (2010-06-16)

Pickle spoilage bacteria may help environment
Spoilage bacteria that can cause red coloration of pickles' skin during fermentation may actually help clean up dyes in textile industry wastewater, according to a US Department of Agriculture study. (2010-09-17)

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