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Popular Microorganisms News and Current Events, Microorganisms News Articles.
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Researchers close in on natural solution to PCB contamination
A research team has identified one of the key stumbling blocks that prevent microorganisms from decomposing PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls). The discovery could eventually show researchers how to teach microorganisms to break down PCBs into ecologically safe molecules, a process known as bioremediation. (2002-11-04)

GSA Today science: Biofilms, MISS, and stromatolites
In the Sept. issue of GSA Today, Nora Noffke of Old Dominion University and Stan Awramik of the University of California, Santa Barbara, describe the interaction of carpet-like communities of benthic microorganisms (biofilms) with sediment dynamics at the sediment-water interface to form distinctive sedimentary structures called microbialites. (2013-08-28)

Maternal obesity modulates offspring microflora composition and gastrointestinal functions
Research to be presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Study of Ingestive Behavior, the foremost society for research into all aspects of eating and drinking behavior, finds that maternal obesity leads to marked changes in the offspring's gastrointestinal microflora composition and gastrointestinal function. (2014-07-29)

Paints and coatings containing bactericidal agent nanoparticles combat marine fouling
Scientists at Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz in Germany have discovered that tiny vanadium pentoxide nanoparticles can inhibit the growth of barnacles, bacteria, and algae on surfaces in contact with water, such as ship hulls, sea buoys, or offshore platforms. Their experiments showed that steel plates to which a coating containing dispersed vanadium pentoxide particles had been applied could be exposed to seawater for weeks without the formation of deposits of barnacles, bacteria, and algae. (2012-07-02)

Unexplored microbes hold incredible potential for science and industry
Despite the powerful and pervasive role of microbes in sustaining life, most of the microbial world remains a mystery. This is the subject of (2008-02-15)

Kazan microbiologists on how to fight antibiotic-resistant pathogens
The Department of Microbiology at Kazan Federal University is investigating factors which allow bacteria to persist in human body when exposed to high-strength antibiotics. The team is focused on Proteus, Morganella, Providencia, and Serratia genera, which all are identified as opportunistic microbes and thus are dangerous to individuals with weakened immune system. (2015-08-24)

Earth's extremes point the way to extraterrestrial life
Washington State University astrobiologist Schulze-Makuch draws upon what is known about Earth's most extreme lifeforms and the environments of Mars and Titan, Saturn's moon, to paint a clearer picture of what life on other planets could be like. (2015-08-26)

Biodiversity depends on historical plant and animal relationships
Scientists at Rutgers' Cook College and the University of Tennessee have discovered that how plant and animal communities originally assemble is a predictor of future biodiversity and ecosystem productivity. (2003-07-24)

Pickle spoilage bacteria may help environment
Spoilage bacteria that can cause red coloration of pickles' skin during fermentation may actually help clean up dyes in textile industry wastewater, according to a US Department of Agriculture study. (2010-09-17)

Kefir may bolster lactose tolerance in intolerant people
For lactose intolerant adults, drinking fermented milk either eliminated or drastically reduced symptoms related to lactose intolerance. Researchers think that microbes in this fermented milk - called kefir - possess the enzyme that is necessary to digest lactose. Kefir is a little known, and slightly more expensive, alternative to milk. It contains a multitude of bacteria that are thought to break down lactose in the digestive tract. (2003-05-29)

Scientists identify methane-consuming microbes from ocean depths
Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute (MBARI) microbiologists report in the 20 July 2001 issue of the journal Science on new techniques that combine the identification of microorganisms with their biogeochemical activity. In the study, the researchers used the new approach to identify marine microbes that consume methane, an important greenhouse gas. (2001-07-19)

How Archaea might find their food
The microorganism Methanosarcina acetivorans lives off everything it can metabolize into methane. How it finds its sources of energy, is not yet clear. Scientists at the Ruhr-Universit├Ąt Bochum together with colleagues from Dresden, Frankfurt, Muelheim and the USA have identified a protein that might act as a (2013-06-10)

Genome of bacteria responsible for tuberculosis of olive tree sequenced
Researchers at the Public University of Navarra, the Polytechnic University of Madrid, the University of Malaga, the University of Wisconsin and the Valencian Institute of Agricultural Research have managed to sequence the genome of the bacteria responsible for tuberculosis in the olive tree. (2010-06-01)

New research technology to target human gut bacteria
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a three-year, $1.1 million grant to a team of scientists at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory to develop a technology for studying the link between human health and disease and the microorganisms that reside in or on the human body. (2010-09-14)

KSU microbiologist uses microwave, acid treatments to kill pathogens, maintain color in meat
Meat processing plants can try washing, steaming, or other ways to sanitize a carcass, yet the meat consumers purchase in the supermarket can still have the potentially deadly E. coli bacteria because when the carcass is sliced into smaller portions the meat can be recontaminated. (1999-07-15)

New imagining technique could lead to better antibiotics and cancer drugs
A recently devised method of imaging the chemical communication and warfare between microorganisms could lead to new antibiotics, antifungal, antiviral and anti-cancer drugs, said a Texas AgriLife Research scientist. (2009-11-09)

Rutgers scientists preserve and protect foods naturally
Chemists and food scientists at Rutgers joined forces to develop natural approaches to the prevention of food contamination and spoilage. They employed natural antimicrobial agents derived from sources such as cloves, oregano, thyme and paprika to create novel biodegradable polymers or plastics to potentially block the formation of bacterial biofilms on food surfaces and packaging. Biofilms may harbor multiple versions of infectious, disease-causing bacteria, such as Salmonella and E. coli. (2007-08-20)

Mutant lifestyles
Researchers uncover a potent genetic element in Earth's smallest life forms. (2017-04-03)

New study supports Darwin's hypothesis on competition between species
A new study provides support for Darwin's hypothesis that the struggle for existence is stronger between more closely related species. While ecologists generally accept the premise, this new study contains the strongest direct experimental evidence yet to support its validity. (2011-06-14)

Rivers are carbon processors, not inert pipelines
Microorganisms in rivers and streams play a crucial role in the global carbon cycle that has not previously been considered. Freshwater ecologist Dr. Tom Battin, of the University of Vienna, told a COST ESF Frontiers of Science conference in October that our understanding of how rivers and streams deal with organic carbon has changed radically. (2008-12-01)

Can microorganisms be a solution to the world's energy problems?
Microorganisms once reigned supreme on the Earth, thriving by filling every nook and cranny of the environment billions of years before humans first arrived on the scene. Now, this ability of microorganisms to grow from an almost infinite variety of food sources may play a significant role in bailing out society from its current energy crisis, according to the Biodesign Institute's Bruce Rittmann, Rosa Krajmalnik-Brown, and Rolf Halden. (2008-07-09)

New study: Gut bacteria cooperate when life gets tough
Researchers of the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine of the University of Luxembourg have discovered with the help of computer models how gut bacteria respond to changes in their environment -- such as a decrease in oxygen levels or nutrient availability. Microorganisms that normally compete or overthrow one another can switch to a cooperative lifestyle when their living conditions change: They even start producing substances to make life easier for the other species, helping them to survive. (2015-06-02)

Scientists discover hazardous waste-eating bacteria
Tiny single-cell organisms discovered living underground could help with the problem of nuclear waste disposal, say researchers involved in a study at The University of Manchester. (2014-09-09)

NREL teams with Navy, private industry to make jet fuel from switchgrass
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory is partnering with Cobalt Technologies, U.S. Navy, and Show Me Energy Cooperative to demonstrate that jet fuel can be made economically and in large quantities from a renewable biomass feedstock such as switch grass. (2013-06-11)

Chain reaction in the human immune system trapped in crystals
A research team from Aarhus University has revealed details of how a chain reaction in the human immune system starts. With these results, the researchers hope to promote the development of strategies aimed at alleviating suffering caused by unintentional activation of the immune system. (2012-09-11)

Researchers present a microbial strain capable of massive succinic acid production
A research team led by Distinguished Professor Sang-Yup Lee reported the production of a microbial strain capable of the massive production of succinic acid with the highest production efficiency to date. This strategy of integrating systems metabolic engineering with enzyme engineering will be useful for the production of industrially competitive bio-based chemicals. (2020-05-06)

Kansas State University research shows iron's importance in infection, suggests new therapies
A Kansas State University research team has resolved a 40-year-old debate on the role of iron acquisition in bacterial invasion of animal tissues. The findings suggest new approaches against bacterial disease and new strategies for antibiotic development. (2012-12-03)

Spanish researchers sequence the genome of global deep ocean
A team of Spanish researchers, coordinated by the Spanish National Research Council, has started to sequence the genome of the global deep ocean. They are using more than 2,000 samples of microorganisms collected in the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans during the Malaspina Expedition. This collection of marine microbial genomic, the first in the world on a global scale, will provide new clues about a reservoir of biodiversity yet to explore. (2013-06-12)

Production of chemicals without petroleum
In a paper published online in Nature Chemical Biology on May 17, professor Sang Yup Lee and his colleagues at the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon, Korea, present new general strategies of systems metabolic engineering for developing microorganisms for the production of natural and non-natural chemicals from renewable biomass. (2012-05-18)

Extracting energy from bacteria
Microbial electrode catalysts that turn wastewater into watts presented at AVS Meeting in Long Beach, Calif. (2013-10-29)

Global warming favors proliferation of toxic cyanobacteria
Cyanobacteria populations, primitive aquatic microorganisms, are frequently encountered in water bodies, especially in summer. Their numbers have increased in recent decades and scientists suspect that global warming may be behind the phenomenon, and are particularly concerned by the increase in toxic cyanobacteria, which affect human and animal health. (2012-07-03)

Researchers develop technique for bacteria crowd control
A surprising technique to concentrate, manipulate and separate a wide class of swimming bacteria has been identified through a collaboration between researchers at Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois Institute of technology, University of Arizona at Tucson and Cambridge University, UK. This device could have enormous applications in biotechnology and biomedical engineering including use in miniaturized medical diagnostic kits and bioanalysis. (2007-04-17)

CO2 bonds in sea ice: Small living creatures with major impact
Due to the presence of salts, the freezing point of sea water is below zero. During freezing, channels in which the salt accumulates, so-called (2011-11-11)

Cellular telephones to expand knowledge of health behaviors and microorganisms in adolescent males
A $4.15 million, four-year NIH grant will enable researchers at the Indiana University School of Medicine to conduct the first health study of teenage boys using cellular telephones. The objective of the study is to identify and characterize changes in the microorganisms in the urethra of the adolescent male. (2009-06-17)

CU-Boulder, Colorado Town Wrapping Up Pilot Drinking Water Treatment Project
The University of Colorado at Boulder and the town of Wiggins, Colo., are wrapping up a pilot project which shows a novel drinking-water treatment process that removes nitrates from groundwater is both efficient and cost effective. (1997-08-29)

How bacteria get from catheter to patient
Patients in hospitals can develop infections as a result of contamination of indwelling medical devices such as catheters with bacteria that are normal inhabitants of the skin of the patient or health care personnel. The bacterium Staphylococcus epidermidis is a major cause of such infections. Researchers have now identified the bacterial products that enable Staphylococcus epidermidis to get from catheter to patient, providing potential new targets for preventing such infections. (2010-12-06)

Measuring microbes makes wetland health monitoring more affordable, says MU researcher
Tiny, unseen wetland creatures provided crucial indicators of the ecosystems' health in a study by University of Missouri Associate Professor of Engineering Zhiqiang Hu and his team. Using analysis of the microbiological health of wetlands is cheaper and faster than traditional assessments, and could lead to improvements in harnessing natural processes to filter human's wastewater. (2013-04-09)

Too Hot To Handle
Metal-munching bacteria have been discovered in the ponds where spent nuclear fuel rods are stored at the Savannah River nuclear repository in South Carolina. Safety experts fear that the microorganisms could cause leaks in the metal cladding around the fuel rods. (1998-05-28)

Derek R. Lovley receives 2004 Proctor & Gamble Award from American Society for Microbiology
Derek R. Lovley, Ph.D., Distinguished University Professor and Department Head, Department of Microbiology, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, has won the Proctor & Gamble Award in Applied and Environmental Microbiology from the American Society for Microbiology (ASM). (2004-04-30)

Locked in glaciers, ancient ice may return to life as glaciers melt
The DNA of ancient microorganisms, long frozen in glaciers, may return to life as the glaciers melt, according to a paper published online this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences by scientists at Rutgers, the State University of New Jersey, and Boston University. The article is scheduled to appear in the print edition on Tuesday, Aug. 14. (2007-08-06)

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