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Nano-sized gold particles have been shaped to behave as clones in biomedicine
A special laser system is able to induce billions of gold nanoparticles to behave as one. The research, published in Science and carried out at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid, exploits this unique feature for applications in biomedicine and photonics, from tumor treatments to energy production, thanks to the ability of these particles to absorb or reflect light of a certain color, depending on their geometry. (2017-11-03)

Artificial intelligence and robots to make offshore windfarms safer and cheaper
The University of Manchester is leading a consortium to investigate advanced technologies, including robotics and artificial intelligence, for the operation and maintenance of offshore windfarms. (2017-03-09)

Carbon nanotube measurements: latest in NIST 'how-to' series
NIST, in collaboration with NASA, has published detailed guidelines for making essential measurements on samples of single-walled carbon nanotubes. The new guide constitutes the current (2008-04-15)

Infrared lasers reveal unprecedented details in surface scattering of methane
EPFL scientists have developed a novel method to study methane/surface scattering in unprecedented detail, elucidating important aspects of natural gas catalysis for clean energy. The study is published in Physical Review Letters. (2018-02-01)

Zooming-in on protein teamwork
The surface of every cell contains receptors that react to external signals similar to a 'gate'. In this way, the cells of the innate immune system can differentiate between friend and foe partly through their 'toll-like receptors' (TLRs). Two parts of this gate often work together here, as researchers at Goethe University Frankfurt and their British colleagues have now found out with the help of a new super-resolution optical microscopy technique. (2017-11-03)

Fewer laboratory animals thanks to secondary nanobodies
Max Planck researchers develop sustainable alternative to the most widely used antibodies and their controversial production in animals. (2017-12-21)

CUHK Faculty of Engineering develops novel imaging approach
By combining a compressive sensing algorithm with a digital holographic microscope, Prof. Shih-Chi CHEN of the Department of Mechanical and Automation Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, The Chinese University of Hong Kong (CUHK) and his research team have developed a high-speed imaging method. The new approach is able to produce two-photon microscopy images of a 3D sample in one second, which is at a speed three to five times that of the conventional point-scanning method. (2019-11-21)

Spin current detection in quantum materials unlocks potential for alternative electronics
A new method that precisely measures the mysterious behavior and magnetic properties of electrons flowing across the surface of quantum materials could open a path to next-generation electronics. A team of scientists has developed an innovative microscopy technique to detect the spin of electrons in topological insulators, a new kind of quantum material that could be used in applications such as spintronics and quantum computing. (2017-10-13)

Nanoscale alloys from elements thought to be incapable of mixing
A multi-institutional team of scientists describes a new technique that can meld ions from up to eight different elements to form what are known as high entropy alloyed nanoparticles. The atoms of the elements that make up these particles are distributed evenly throughout and form a single, solid-state crystalline structure -- a feat that has never been achieved before with more than three elements. The nanoparticles could have broad applications as catalysts. (2018-03-29)

New microscope reveals biological life as you've never seen it before
Astronomers developed a 'guide star' adaptive optics technique to obtain the most crystal-clear and precise telescopic images of distant galaxies, stars and planets. Now a team of scientists are borrowing the very same trick. They've combined it with lattice light-sheet to create a new microscope to capture unprecedented images of biology. The work -- a collaboration between researchers at Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Boston Children's Hospital and Harvard Medical School -- is detailed in a new paper in Science. (2018-04-20)

Not an illusion: Clever use of mirrors boosts performance of light-sheet microscope
Using a simple 'mirror trick' and not-so-simple computational analysis, scientists affiliated with the Marine Biological Laboratory (MBL) have considerably improved the speed, efficiency, and resolution of a light-sheet microscope, with broad applications for enhanced imaging of live cells and embryos. (2017-11-17)

Robust and inexpensive catalysts for hydrogen production
Teams of scientists from the Ruhr University Bochum (RUB) and the University of Warwick were able to observe the smallest details of hydrogen production with the synthetic mineral pentlandite. This makes it possible to develop strategies for the design of robust and cost-effective catalysts for hydrogen production. (2018-04-10)

How nerve cells control misfolded proteins
Researchers have identified a protein complex that marks misfolded proteins, stops them from interacting with other proteins in the cell and directs them towards disposal. They have identified the so-called Linear Ubiquitin Chain Assembly Complex, Lubac for short, as a crucial player in controlling misfolded proteins in cells. The group is hoping to find a new therapeutic approach to treat neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer's, Parkinson's or Huntington's chorea, all of which are associated with misfolded proteins. (2019-03-27)

Applying hand rub with three steps for 15 seconds as effective at reducing bacteria as WHO-recommended 6 steps for 30 seconds
A shortened 15-second application time and a simpler three-step technique for use of alcohol-based hand rub is as effective in reducing bacteria as the 30-second application and six-step technique recommended by WHO, and could improve hand hygiene compliance. (2019-04-14)

'Nanobulb' helps see subwavelength-size objects with ordinary microscope
Scientists from ITMO University have proven that a silicon-gold nanoparticle can act as an effective source of white light when agitated by a pulse laser in IR band. One such (2018-01-25)

MSU biliogists: Bryozoans, brachiopods, and phoronida originate from the common ancestor
An associate of the Faculty of Biology of Lomonosov Moscow State University studied the nervous system of adult phoronida using modern methods and presented new facts in the long-lasting discussion about the taxonomy of invertebrates proving that phoronids, barchiopods, and bryozoans are relatives despite earlier arguments. The results of the work were published in Scientific Reports. The study was carried out within the framework of the 'Noah's Ark' project supported with a grant of Russian Science Foundation (RSF). (2018-01-30)

A new way to image solar cells in 3-D
Berkeley Lab scientists have developed a way to use optical microscopy to map thin-film solar cells in 3-D as they absorb photons. (2016-11-15)

Sensing interactions between molecules
An experimental approach to visualize structures of organic molecules with exceptional resolution is reported by physicists and chemists from the University of M√ľnster, Germany. The study is published in the scientific journal (2018-04-11)

Deep learning transforms smartphone microscopes into laboratory-grade devices
Researchers at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering have demonstrated that deep learning, a powerful form of artificial intelligence, can discern and enhance microscopic details in photos taken by smartphones. The technique improves the resolution and color details of smartphone images so much that they approach the quality of images from laboratory-grade microscopes. (2018-04-12)

'Frequency combs' ID chemicals within the mid-infrared spectral region
Chemical compounds carry distinctive absorption (2018-03-15)

Could eating moss be good for your gut?
An international team of scientists including the University of Adelaide has discovered a new complex carbohydrate in moss that could possibly be exploited for health or other uses. (2018-04-23)

New imaging technique peers inside living cells
Called Ultrasound Bioprobe, the non-invasive approach developed at Northwestern University allows researchers to view sub-cellular structures and their mechanical behavior at nanoscale resolution. (2017-11-16)

A revolutionary technique allows to image all the cells in a region of the brain
An interdisciplinary group of physicists and biologists working on research into brain cells have come up with a new, revolutionary microscopy technique which for the first time allows images to be obtained of all the cells within a specified area of living brain tissue. (2018-03-12)

Spying on the virus: Development to increase effectiveness of viral cancer therapy
Scientists have learned how to observe the processes of oncolytic viruses in cancer cells in real time. For the first time ever, a group of scientists from NUST MISIS and the University of Calgary (Canada) has managed to apply the technique of intravital microscopy to study the interaction of oncolytic viruses with both tumor and healthy cells of the body. (2018-09-07)

Men may contribute to infertility through newly discovered part of sperm
The research identifies a new structure in human sperm that functions in the zygote and may provide new avenues for addressing male infertility and insights into early embryo developmental defects. (2018-06-07)

Sunscreen for dancing molecules
This study is the first to use heavy water (D2O) - a form of water that contains deuterium (D) instead of hydrogen - in the field of transmission electron microscopy (TEM). This approach significantly delays sample damage, which is one of the major impediments for broader application of liquid-phase TEM to fragile biological samples. (2018-08-01)

Testing cells for cancer drug resistance
Biophysicists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have demonstrated that Raman microscopy can be used to detect the resistance of tumour cells to cancer drugs. Unlike conventional approaches, this method does not require any antibodies or markers. It detects the response of cells to administered drugs and therefore could determine the effect of drugs in preclinical studies. (2018-10-26)

Atomic force imaging used to study nematodes
In a new study, researchers report for the first time the effective imaging of the nanoscale structure of C. elegans nematodes' cuticle using atomic force microscopy operating in PeakForce Tapping mode. (2017-02-17)

Lyosomes and mitochondria chat each other up in cell
Northwestern Medicine scientists have discovered that two key cellular structures, called mitochondria and lysosomes, come into direct contact with each other in the cell to regulate their respective functions. This rare discovery has implications for the research of many diseases, including Parkinson's and cancer, as well as for the understanding of normal aging. (2018-01-24)

Novel electron microscopy offers nanoscale, damage-free isotope tracking in amino acids
A new electron microscopy technique that detects the subtle changes in the weight of proteins at the nanoscale -- while keeping the sample intact -- could open a new pathway for deeper, more comprehensive studies of the basic building blocks of life. Scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory described in the journal Science the first use of an electron microscope to directly identify isotopes in amino acids at the nanoscale without damaging the samples. (2019-01-31)

200-million-year-old insect color revealed by fossil scales
Researchers from the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology (NIGP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and their colleagues from Germany and the UK reported scale architectures from Jurassic Lepidoptera from the UK, Germany, Kazakhstan and China and Tarachoptera (a stem group of Amphiesmenoptera) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. (2018-04-11)

A micro-thermometer to record tiny temperature changes
Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology (Tokyo Tech) and their collaborators have developed a micrometer-wide thermometer that is sensitive to heat generated by optical and electron beams, and can measure small and rapid temperature changes in real time. This new device can be used to explore heat transport on the micro- and nano-scales, and in optical microscopy and synchrotron radiation experiments. (2018-05-14)

Permian carbo-loading: How starchy treats helped build an ancient world
Everyone loves a nice plate of pasta. After all, starch is the ultimate energy food. Now, we have proof that carbo-loading has been a thing for at least 280 million years. (2018-03-01)

Complex bacterium writes new evolutionary story
A University of Queensland-led international study has discovered a new type of bacterial structure which has previously only been seen in more complex cells. Research team leader UQ School of Chemistry and Molecular Biosciences microbiologist Emeritus Professor John Fuerst said the study had found pore-like structures in a bacterium called Gemmata obscuriglobus. (2017-02-01)

New microscopy method for quick and reliable 3-D imaging of curvilinear nanostructures
EPFL scientists have developed a scanning transmission electron microscopy method that can quickly and efficiently generate 3-D representations of curvilinear nanostructures. (2017-09-06)

In-cell NMR: A new application
The structure of biological macromolecules is critical to understanding their function, mode of interaction and relationship with their neighbours, and how physiological processes are altered by mutations or changes in the molecular environment. (2017-03-08)

Scientists study neutron scattering for researching magnetic materials
Physicists from the University of Luxembourg and their research partners have demonstrated for the first time in a comprehensive study how different magnetic materials can be examined using neutron scattering techniques. The scientists have published their insights in 'Reviews of Modern Physics,' the renowned science journal of the American Physical Society. (2019-03-05)

Virtual lens improves X-ray microscopy
Researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI have developed a new method that makes X-ray images even better: The resolution is higher and allows more precise inferences about the properties of materials. They moved the lens of an X-ray microscope and recorded a number of individual images to generate, with the help of computer algorithms, the actual picture. They have, for the first time ever, transferred the principle of so-called Fourier ptychography to X-ray measurements. (2019-02-01)

Majority of Anna's hummingbirds may have feather mites on their tail feathers
The majority of Californian Anna's Hummingbirds appear to have P. huitzilopochtlii feather mites on their tail flight feathers, according to a study published Feb. 14, 2018, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Youki Yamasaki from Washington State University, US, and colleagues. (2018-02-14)

It's not only size, but scales that matter in some male moth antennae
Male moths have evolved intricate scale arrangements on their antennae to enhance detection of female sex pheromones, which allows them to keep their antennae small enough to maximize flying, new research suggests. (2018-03-13)

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