Popular Moth News and Current Events

Popular Moth News and Current Events, Moth News Articles.
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Species on the move
A total of 55 animal species in the UK have been displaced from their natural ranges or enabled to arrive for the first time on UK shores because of climate change over the last 10 years (2008-2018) -- as revealed in a new study published today by scientists at international conservation charity ZSL (Zoological Society of London). (2019-07-18)

Light touch keeps a grip on delicate nanoparticles
Using a refined technique for trapping and manipulating nanoparticles, NIST researchers have extended the trapped particles' useful life more than tenfold. This new approach, which one researcher likens to (2012-05-03)

Flip side of innovation: What causes doctors to scale back on the use of medical practices
To better understand the process of 'exnovation,' or the scaling-back of expensive medical treatments for certain medical practices, researchers at The Dartmouth Institute for Health Policy and Clinical Practice studied nearly 10,000 physicians who performed carotid revascularization -- a surgical procedure used to reduce the risk of stroke by correcting narrowing in the carotid artery -- on elderly Medicare patients between 2006-2013. (2017-11-27)

Gehry's Biodiversity Museum -- favorite attraction for the butterflies and moths in Panama
Ahead of Gehry's Biodiversity Museum's opening in October 2014, Ph.D. candidate Patricia Esther Corro Chang studied the butterflies and moths which had been attracted by the bright colors of the walls and which were visiting the grounds of the tourist site. The resulting checklist, published in the open-access journal Biodiversity Data Journal, aims to encourage the preservation and development of the Amador Causeway and the four Causeway Islands. (2017-03-06)

Earliest fossil evidence of butterflies and moths
Researchers working in Germany have unearthed the earliest known fossil evidence of insects from the order Lepidoptera, which includes butterflies and moths. The fossils, mostly wing scales, provide important insights into lepidopterans' evolutionary history, which has been murky to date. To make their discoveries, T.J.B. van Eldijk and colleagues analyzed about 70 wing scales and scale fragments from a drilled core in northern Germany, which dates to the Triassic-Jurassic. (2018-01-10)

Moths in mud can uncover prehistoric secrets
A groundbreaking new technique for examining moth scales in forest lake sediments allows prehistoric outbreaks of these insects to be identified. The technique -- which could prove as revolutionary as fossil pollen and charcoal markers -- can provide information on the frequency and intensity of past and future insect epidemics, their impact on the forest environment and how they are linked to climate change. (2018-02-22)

First report in decades of a forgotten crop pathogen calls for critical close monitoring
Scientists, breeders, farmers and conservation groups must continue to work in close collaboration to prepare for the potential re-emergence of a forgotten crop pathogen, a new study advises today. (2018-02-08)

Synthetic material acts like an insect cloaking device
Synthetic microspheres with nanoscale holes can absorb light from all directions across a wide range of frequencies, making them a candidate for antireflective coatings, according to a team of Penn State engineers. The synthetic spheres also explain how the leaf hopper insect uses similar particles to hide from predators in its environment. (2017-11-03)

An overlooked and rare new gall-inducing micromoth from Brazil
A new species and genus of primitive micromoth from the Brazilian Pampa biome induces hardly noticeable galls on the stems of the Uruguayan pepper tree. In their turn, these galls attract various parasitoids and inquiline wasps. While free-living gall moths are generally rare, the studied genus pupates on the ground, resulting in its being overlooked for over a century. Now, it is formally described in the open-access journal ZooKeys. (2017-09-05)

Moths with a nose for learning
Researchers at the National Institutes of Health, the Chinese University of Hong Kong and NIST have discovered that when training insects, the process of building associations is not a simple matter of strengthening connections through reinforcement. Understanding how associations are built between stimuli and behavior gives insight into the nature of learning and could inform the design of artificial (2008-10-02)

Comes naturally? Using stick insects, scientists explore natural selection, predictability
Predicting evolution remains difficult. Scientists from Utah State University, University of Sheffield, University of Connecticut, University of Notre Dame and Simon Frasier University studied evolution of cryptic body coloration and pattern in stick insects for insights. (2018-02-15)

It's not only size, but scales that matter in some male moth antennae
Male moths have evolved intricate scale arrangements on their antennae to enhance detection of female sex pheromones, which allows them to keep their antennae small enough to maximize flying, new research suggests. (2018-03-13)

Double trouble: Invasive insect species overlooked as a result of a shared name
An invasive leaf-mining moth, feeding on cornelian cherry, has been gradually expanding into northern Europe under the cover of a taxonomic confusion for a period likely longer than 60 years. It has been sharing a name with another species. For the first time, a recent paper in the open access journal Nota Lepidopterologica properly distinguishes between the two insects and tries to reconstruct the invasion of the 'true' moth behind the name of Antispila treitschkiella. (2018-02-08)

Study tracks what moths think when they smell with their antennae
researchers have created a functional map of how the hawkmoth smells, tracing the process from the antennae to specific areas in the hawkmoth brain. Using a wind tunnel, calcium imaging, and 80 different odor compounds found in the hawkmoth's natural environment, researchers mapped how the hawkmoth distinguishes between odors to find a safe place to eat or to lay eggs, according to the study published Feb. 27 in the journal Cell Reports. (2018-02-27)

From plant odorant detection to sex pheromone communication
Biologists at Lund University in Sweden are now able to show that the receptors enabling the primitive moth species, Eriocrania semipurpurella, find an individual of the opposite sex, probably evolved from receptors which help the moth perceive the fragrances of plants. (2017-08-25)

German scientists question study about plastic-eating caterpillars
Do the larvae of the wax moth really solve the world's plastic problem? Sensational report of biochemical degradation of polyethylene by caterpillars not confirmed. (2017-09-15)

Night-flyers or day-trippers? Study sheds light on when moths, butterflies are active
Butterflies fly during the day while moths travel at night - or so you might think. In reality, their behavior is much more complicated. A new Florida Museum of Natural History study offers the first comprehensive overview of the surprisingly complex question of when butterflies and moths are active. (2017-12-12)

Coating copies microscopic biological surfaces
Someday, your car might have the metallic finish of some insects or the deep black of a butterfly's wing, and the reflectors might be patterned on the nanostructure of a fly's eyes, according to Penn State researchers who have developed a method to rapidly and inexpensively copy biological surface structures. (2008-09-17)

Mixed signals from poisonous moths
Poisonous moths use bright red spots to warn predators to avoid them -- but natural variation in these wing markings doesn't provide clear indications of how toxic individual moths might be -- new research shows. (2018-06-04)

Deaf moth evolves sound-production as a warning to outwit its predator
A genus of deaf moth has evolved to develop an extraordinary sound-producing structure in its wings to evade its primary predator the bat. The finding, made by researchers from the University of Bristol and Natural History Museum, is described in Scientific Reports today. (2019-02-05)

Researchers mimic comet moth's silk fibers to make 'air-conditioned' fabric
In exploring the optical properties of the Madagascar comet moth's cocoon fibers, Columbia Engineering team discovers the fibers' exceptional capabilities to reflect sunlight and to transmit optical signals and images, and develops methods to spin artificial fibers mimicking the natural fibers' nanostructures and optical properties. (2018-05-17)

Invasive insects cost the world billions per year
Ecologists have estimated that invasive (non-native) insects cost humanity tens of billions of dollars a year -- and are likely to increase under climate change and growing international trade. (2016-10-04)

1976 drought revealed as worst on record for British butterflies and moths
Scientists at the University of York have revealed that the 1976 drought is the worst extreme event to affect butterflies and moths in the 50 years since detailed records began. (2017-05-31)

Parasites trigger healthy eating in caterpillars
When infested with parasites, tiger moth caterpillars develop a preferred taste for plant chemicals that are toxic to the parasites, researchers at the University of Arizona and Wesleyan University report in Nature. The change in feeding habits is the first known example of a parasite altering its host's behavior to its own detriment. (2005-07-28)

Moths survive bat predation through acoustic camouflage fur
Moths are a mainstay food source for bats, which use echolocation to hunt their prey. Scientists are studying how moths have evolved passive defenses over millions of years to resist their primary predators. While some moths have evolved ears that detect the ultrasonic calls of bats, many types of moths remain deaf. In those moths, researchers have found that the insects developed types of 'stealth coating' that serve as acoustic camouflage to evade hungry bats. (2018-11-06)

Tiny moth from Asia spreading fast on Siberian elms in eastern North America
Since 2010, a tiny moth originating from East Asia has been spreading over eastern North America. Its green larvae, or caterpillars, make narrow tunnels in the leaves of Siberian elms. Sometimes very abundant, they can be seen to descend en masse from the trees when they are done feeding. The moth species was described independently from Russia as Stigmella multispicata in 2014. (2018-09-17)

Scientists forecast where is the highly invasive fall armyworm to strike next
Known to be feeding on many economically important crops, including maize, sugarcane, beet, tomato, potato and cotton, the larvae of the native to the Americas fall armyworm moth already seem to present a huge threat to the world's yield. Moreover, it only took 2 years for the pest to establish throughout sub-Saharan Africa. A study in the open-access journal NeoBiota looks into the factors and likelihood for it to spread to other regions and continents. (2019-01-09)

Newly discovered Xenomorph wasp has alien-like lifecycle
A University of Adelaide PhD student has discovered a new species of wasp, named Xenomorph because of its gruesome parasitic lifecycle that echoes the predatory behaviour of the Alien movie franchise monster. (2018-06-27)

Scientists identify specialized brain areas for feeding and egg-laying in hawkmoths
The search for food is linked to other areas in the olfactory center of female tobacco hawkmoths (Manduca sexta) than the search for plants to best lay eggs, researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology in Jena, Germany, found. The study confirmed that activity in specific areas in the antennal lobe of the insects correlates with feeding behavior, whereas activity in other areas is related to egg-laying. (2018-02-27)

Anti-Bat-Signal: Moths with larger hindwings and longer tails are best at deflecting bats
Each night, dramatic aerial battles are waged above our heads, complete with barrel rolls, razor-sharp turns, sonar jamming, cloaking devices and life-or-death consequences. (2018-07-04)

Reformulation of Markowitz theorem
By combining concepts from landscape ecology and Markowitz's portfolio theory, researchers from South Africa and the United States developed a unified 'landscape portfolio platform' to quantify and predict the behaviour of multiple stochastic populations across spatial scales. The landscape portfolio platform, however, is applicable to any situation where subsystems fluctuate with a certain level of synchrony, from trade analysis in stock market to sudden outbreaks of pathogens and invasive species. (2017-11-07)

Bogong moths first insect known to use magnetic sense in long-distance nocturnal migration
Researchers reporting in Current Biology on June 21 have found that nocturnal Bogong moths, like migratory birds, depend on the Earth's magnetic field to guide them on their way. The discovery offers the first reliable evidence that nocturnal insects can use the Earth's magnetic field to steer flight during migration, the researchers say. (2018-06-21)

The value of nutrition and exercise, according to a moth
How can animals that feed mostly on sugar embark on migrations spanning continents? What looked like flawed scientific data led to an unexpected discovery, thanks to the tenacity of a group of biologists in the UA's Department of Entomology. (2017-02-22)

A colorful yet little known snout moth genus from China with 5 new species
A group of beautiful snout moths from China has been revised by three scientists. In their study, recently published in the open-access journal Zookeys, they describe five new species and two newly recorded for the country. (2017-01-05)

Moths cloaked in color
In a new Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, James Miller revises the taxonomy of the Dioptinae, a subfamily of moths that have conquered the day in the tropical Americas. The roughly 500 described dioptines have a wide diversity of wing types -- from blue to yellow-stripes to clear -- and converge with another group of diurnal insects that probably evolved from a nocturnal, brown moth, the butterflies. (2009-08-31)

Ecological benefits of part-night lighting revealed
Study shows there is no difference in pollination success between part-night lighting and full darkness, highlighting the ecological benefit of switching off our street lights even for short periods in the night. (2019-01-20)

New to science New Zealand moths link mythological deities to James Cameron's films
In an unexpected discovery, two species of macro-moths were described as new species endemic to the South Island, New Zealand. Each is restricted to only a couple of subalpine/alpine localities, which makes them particularly vulnerable to extinction, point out the scientists. Described in the open-access journal Alpine Entomology, the insects were named A. titanica and A. avatar simultaneously in reference to mythological deities and the top-grossing blockbusters by James Cameron: Titanic and Avatar. (2019-06-11)

New moth in Europe: A southern hemisphere species now resident in Portugal
As travelling in the 21st century is easier than ever, so is for species to make their way to new areas, sometimes increasing their distributional range, or even establishing whole new habitats. Such is the case of a small, darkish brown moth from the southern hemisphere that is now resident in central Portugal. The discovery is published in the open access journal Nota Lepidopterologica. (2017-01-25)

Watch: Insects also migrate using the Earth's magnetic field
A major international study led by researchers from Lund University in Sweden has proven for the first time that certain nocturnally migrating insects can explore and navigate using the Earth's magnetic field. Until now, the ability to steer flight using an internal magnetic compass was only known in nocturnally migrating birds. (2018-06-21)

Rare footage of a new clearwing moth species from Malaysia reveals its behavior
Unique footage of a shiny blue, elusive new species of clearwing moth has been recorded in a primeval rainforest in Peninsular Malaysia. Entomologist Marta Skowron Volponi from the University of Gdansk, Poland and nature filmmaker Paolo Volponi, associated with ClearWing Foundation for Biodiversity, teamed up to study and film this remarkable wasp-imitating moth and reveal its unknown behavior. The study was published in the open-access journal ZooKeys. (2017-09-05)

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