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Popular Neighborhoods News and Current Events, Neighborhoods News Articles.
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Neighborhood socioeconomic status and diabetes
Researchers from Boston University's Slone Epidemiology Center have found a direct link between neighborhood socioeconomic status and risk for type 2 diabetes in African American women. The study, which appears in the online American Journal of Epidemiology, is the first prospective study to examine the relationship between neighborhood socioeconomic status and incidence of type 2 diabetes in a large, geographically diverse cohort of African-American women. (2010-02-08)

Marijuana dispensaries associated with rise, then decline in some neighborhood crime
A new study found an association between marijuana dispensaries and increases in rates of crime and disorder in neighborhoods in Denver, Colo., shortly after Colorado commenced legal retail sales of marijuana. (2019-02-19)

Strong family relationships may help with asthma outcomes for children
Positive family relationships might help youth to maintain good asthma management behaviors even in the face of difficult neighborhood conditions, according to a new Northwestern University study. (2019-07-18)

When Marriages Fail, The Home Is Often A Major Source Of Conflict
Home may be where the heart is, but when homes and hearts break apart, the family home is less a haven and more a source of stress and conflict, a University of Illinois professor reports (1997-06-03)

Limiting access to fast-food restaurants unlikely to reduce obesity
Living near fast-food restaurants and supermarkets has little impact on an individual's body mass index, according to new Indiana University research. The researchers, including Coady Wing from IU's School of Public and Environmental Affairs, used results from the largest national study ever conducted of the connection between residential environments and BMI. (2017-08-07)

Study finds racial disparities in hip replacement outcomes in impoverished communities
A combination of race and socioeconomic factors play a role in hip replacement outcomes, according to a study at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS). (2017-11-06)

Fewer cardiac arrest victims get bystander CPR in Latino neighborhoods
Bystander CPR is provided less frequently in Latino neighborhoods compared to other areas. Cardiac arrest victims in the most heavily Latino-populated neighborhoods were almost 40 percent less likely to survive until discharge from the hospital. (2018-11-05)

Greening vacant lots reduces feelings of depression in city dwellers, Penn study finds
Greening vacant urban land significantly reduces feelings of depression and improves overall mental health for the surrounding residents, researchers show in a new randomized, controlled study published in JAMA Network Open. The findings have implications for cities across the United States, where 15 percent of land is deemed ''vacant'' and often blighted or filled with trash and overgrown vegetation. (2018-07-20)

NYC's tobacco-free pharmacy law substantially reduces retailer density, yet impact unequal
New York City's tobacco-free free pharmacy law substantially reduces tobacco retailer density overall, but the policy's impact is not evenly distributed across neighborhoods. On average, retailer density will decrease by nearly 7 percent, with several 'Neighborhood Tabulation Areas' experiencing reductions greater than 15 percent after the policy takes full effect in 2019. (2018-08-29)

Proximity to books and adult support enhance children's learning opportunities
An innovative book distribution program that provides free children's books in low-income neighborhoods, combined with supportive adults who encourage reading, can boost children's literacy and learning opportunities, finds a new study by New York University's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development. (2018-04-30)

Cohesive neighborhoods, less spanking result in fewer child welfare visits
The child welfare system is more likely to intervene in households in 'less neighborly' neighborhoods and in which parents spank their kids, a new study shows. (2018-04-10)

A tool to improve the design of growing urban areas
Scientists interested in minimizing numbers of slums globally have reported a way to diagnose city spaces as slums and solve access problems inherent to these complex urban spaces. Their approach is designed to transform these informal neighborhoods, characterized by a lack of access to necessary urban services, into formal city blocks. (2018-08-29)

Research ties persistence of 'white flight' to race, not socioeconomic factors
Examining population trends in racially mixed suburbs, Indiana University sociologist Samuel Kye finds that white flight occurs when nonwhite residents move in, regardless of socioeconomic factors. (2018-04-09)

Study finds high rates of type 1 diabetes near food swamps
Hotspots of type 1 diabetes in New York City are found in food swamps, areas with a higher proportion of fast food restaurants, for children and adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D), according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of the Endocrine Society. (2018-04-17)

Study identifies risk and protective factors for depressive symptoms in African-American men
African-American men report an average of eight depressive symptoms in a month, with family support, mastery, self-esteem, chronic stressors and discrimination among the factors that are significant to their psychological health, according to a new study led by researchers at Georgia State University. (2017-10-25)

Study shows default choices matter, especially for poorer, less educated individuals
Researchers took advantage of a resulting federal lawsuit against a fraudulent company to test default choice architecture when the optimal choice was clear: end the subscriptions. (2017-12-13)

Is opioid treatment available to those who need it most?
The US opioid epidemic is still raging -- it's particularly pronounced in low-income areas and in those where people lack access to health care services, which includes cities in Michigan and across the Rust Belt. But the effectiveness of efforts to provide treatment and recovery options to those who need it most -- that is, in locations with the greatest number of deaths from opioid overdose -- has been unclear. (2019-11-14)

Planning processes for Chicago's 606 Trail spawned gentrification, study finds
In a paper published in the journal Cities, Alessandro Rigolon, a professor of recreation, sport and tourism at the University of Illinois, and University of Colorado urban and regional planning professor Jeremy Nemeth examined the planning processes associated with the 606 Trail and conclude that these processes may have made gentrification the most likely outcome. (2018-12-07)

Segregation's unexpected link with black health in history
Racial housing segregation had some unexpected relationships with how long both blacks and whites lived historically in the United States, a new study suggests. (2017-09-11)

Epileptics in high-crime neighborhoods have three times as many seizures
People with epilepsy living in high crime neighborhoods in Chicago had three times as many seizures as those living in neighborhoods with lower crime rates according to new research from the University of Illinois at Chicago presented at the American Epilepsy Society 2018 conference in New Orleans. (2018-12-02)

Greener neighborhoods may be good for children's brains
Children living in urban greener neighborhoods may have better spatial working memory, according to a British Journal of Educational Psychology study. Spatial working memory is responsible for recording information about one's environment and spatial orientation, and it is strongly inter-related with attentional control. (2018-09-06)

The long-term effects of alcohol demand on retail alcohol markets
As new study by the Prevention Research Center of the Pacific Institute for Research and Evaluation and the Emory University Rollins School of Public Health, Department of Biostatistics examined the determinants of the number of licensed bars, restaurants, and liquor stores across neighborhoods in 53 California cities from 2000 to 2013. (2018-10-29)

Simulation model finds Cure Violence program and targeted policing curb urban violence
When communities and police work together to deter urban violence, they can achieve better outcomes with fewer resources than when each works in isolation, a simulation model created by researchers at the UC Davis Violence Prevention Research Program, Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health and the University at Albany has found. (2017-12-14)

Neighborhood factors may predict heart failure
Neighborhood-level socioeconomic factors may significantly predict heart failure risk beyond individual cardiovascular risk factors, individual income and education level. Researchers found that almost 5 percent of the increased heart failure risk in 'deprived' areas was attributable to neighborhood factors. Improvements in community resources such as exercise facilities, healthy food outlets and medical facilities could benefit residents. (2018-01-09)

Youth consider mobile health units a safe place for sexual health services
Mobile health units bring important medical services to communities across the country. A new study indicates that mobile health units may provide a new approach for offering sexual health education and services to adolescents. (2018-02-07)

Immigrants and their children are more likely to be profiled for citizenship
Law enforcement official are most likely to ask first- or second-generation Latinos for papers proving their right to be in the US. This is according to a study published in Springer's journal Race and Social Problems. Lead author, Maria Cristina Morales of the University of Texas at El Paso in the US, says the findings are important given that US law enforcement officers are increasingly required to make distinctions between citizens and non-citizens living along the border with Mexico. (2018-07-17)

Polluted city neighborhoods are bad news for asthmatic children
Children with asthma who grow up in a New York City neighborhood where air pollution is prevalent need emergency medical treatment more often than asthmatics in less polluted areas. This is according to researchers from Columbia University in the US in a new study published in the Springer Nature-branded journal Pediatric Research. (2018-10-18)

Smartphone tracking shows fear affects where youth spend time
Youth spend less time in their neighborhoods if area residents have a high fear of crime, according to a new study that used smartphones to track kids' whereabouts. Researchers found that adolescents aged 11 to 17 spent over an hour less each day on average in their neighborhoods if residents there were very fearful, compared to kids from areas perceived as being safer. (2017-08-14)

Gentrification draws more whites to minority neighborhoods
A new national study indicates that the percentage of whites tends to increase among neighborhoods on the rise, indicating that minority neighborhoods experience racial change during gentrification. (2018-05-01)

Are hopes, plans for future associated with lower odds of perpetrating weapon-related violence?
Hopes and plans for the future were associated with lower odds of perpetrating weapon-related violence in a new study based on survey data from predominantly black/African-American male youths in low-resource neighborhoods in Pittsburgh who were enrolled in a violence prevention trial. (2018-07-02)

Elevated air pollution could diminish health benefits of living in walkable communities
The benefits of living in a walkable neighborhood could be diminished by increased exposure to traffic-related air pollution, suggests a study led by St. Michael's Hospital and ICES, a non-profit research institute that uses population-based health information to produce knowledge on a broad range of health care issues. (2019-06-25)

Why people reject city trees
Why did nearly one-quarter of eligible residents in Detroit turn down free street trees? That's the mystery UVM researcher Christine Carmichael solves in one of the first studies to explore opposition to city tree planting programs. As cities from New York to L.A. embark on tree planting initiatives, the research helps to explain why more than 1,800 of 7,425 eligible Detroit residents -- roughly 25 percent -- submitted 'no-tree requests' between 2011 and 2014 alone. (2019-01-07)

Do violent communities foster violent kids?
Children and adolescents regularly confronted with violence in their community have a greater tendency to show antisocial behavior. This finding was reported by researchers from the University of Basel and the University Psychiatric Hospital Basel. Their new study examined the link between exposure to community violence and antisocial behavior in over 1000 children and adolescents from seven European countries. The journal Frontiers of Behavioral Neuroscience Research has published the results. (2017-11-06)

Despite decline, distribution of air pollution highlights socioeconomic disparities
While the level of fine particulate air pollution has declined considerably over the last several decades, a new study finds that its distribution has remained largely unchanged. (2020-07-30)

Autism prevalence and socioeconomic status: What's the connection?
Children living in neighborhoods where incomes are low and fewer adults have bachelor's degrees are less likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder compared to kids from more affluent neighborhoods. (2017-10-11)

When green 'fixes' actually increase the carbon footprint
When tech companies move into a city, they often encourage a sustainability mindset. However, new research from the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Georgia, Southwestern University, and Portland State, shows that they can also lead to gentrification and emissions that stay the same or increase. (2019-03-11)

High social support associated with less violence among male teens in urban neighborhoods
UPMC Children's researchers find that the presence of adult social support is linked to less violence among at-risk teen boys. (2019-09-13)

Bystander CPR less likely for black kids in poorest neighborhoods
African-American kids from the most disadvantaged areas are about half as likely to receive emergency bystander CPR following an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest than white children in disadvantaged or more prosperous neighborhoods. Targeted CPR training for non-white majority, lower education and low-income neighborhoods may increase bystander CPR rates. (2019-07-10)

Reduce crime and gun violence and stabilize neighborhoods: A randomized controlled study
Residents who lived near vacant land that had been restored reported a significantly reduced perception of crime and vandalism as well as increased feelings of safety and use of outside spaces for socializing, according to a new study at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health. Police reports matched these perceptions showing significant reductions in overall crime, including gun violence, and nuisances. (2018-02-26)

Living in better neighborhood may protect health of kids in poverty
While poverty has long been linked with poor health, a study from UC San Francisco has found that simply living in a more desirable neighborhood may act as a health booster for low-income children. (2018-05-08)

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