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Popular Opioids News and Current Events, Opioids News Articles.
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Study estimates misuse of prescribed opioids in the United States
A new Pharmacoepidemiology & Drug Safety study estimates the prevalence and risk factors for self-reported misuse of prescribed opioids in the general adult population. (2019-02-06)

Early access to palliative care associated with better quality of life
Patients with advanced cancer have a significantly better quality of life in the weeks before they die if they receive early access to palliative care, according to research published today. (2018-01-31)

Mayo Clinic study: 20% of patients are prescribed opioids after cardiac device implantation surgery
One in five patients is prescribed opioids after having a pacemaker or similar device implanted, according to a large US study conducted at Mayo Clinic published in HeartRhythm. Eighty percent of patients who were prescribed opioids had never taken them before. Investigators stress the importance of improving postoperative pain management following cardiac device procedures to reduce use of prescription opioids. (2019-10-21)

Duration of treatment rather than dose more strongly associated with opioid misuse after surgery
Prescribing higher opioid doses for shorter durations may be a more effective way to treat pain after surgery, while minimizing the risk of longer term misuse and addiction, suggest US researchers in The BMJ today. (2018-01-17)

Penn's 'enhanced recovery' protocol reduces opioid use in spinal surgery patients
A novel 'Enhanced Recovery After Surgery' (ERAS) protocol developed by Penn Medicine for patients undergoing spinal and peripheral nerve surgery significantly reduced opioid use. The new study published in the Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine showed that when an ERAS protocol was employed, fewer patients needed pain medications one month after surgery. (2019-01-25)

Why don't painkillers work for people with fibromyalgia?
New research shows that people with fibromyalgia were found to have reduced binding ability of a type of receptor in the brain that is the target of opioid painkiller drugs such as morphine. (2007-09-27)

Few patients maximize opioid-sparing medications after orthopaedic surgery, study finds
A new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers adds to growing evidence that patients underuse nonopioid pain relievers to supplement opioid pain management after spine and joint surgery. (2018-04-30)

Length of opioid prescription spell highest risk for misuse after surgery
With opioid overdoses now a leading cause of nonintentional death in the United States, data show most of these deaths can be traced back to an initial prescription opioid. A new study led by investigators at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) and Harvard Medical School (HMS) sheds light on the possible link between physicians' opioid prescription patterns and subsequent abuse. (2018-01-19)

Rapid increase of synthetic opioids involved in drug overdose deaths
Synthetic opioids (such as illicit fentanyl) overtook prescription opioids in 2016 as the most common drug class involved in overdose deaths in the United States. (2018-05-01)

Study suggests failed osteoarthritis drug could help treat opioid addiction
A study from Indiana University suggests that a drug proven safe for use in people may prevent opioid tolerance and physical dependence when used with opioid-based pain medications. (2018-02-27)

Increasing number of children arrive at emergency departments addicted to opioids
Showing the opioid epidemic knows no age limits, new research suggests more than 100 children test positive for opioid addiction or dependency each day in US emergency departments. The study abstract, 'Opioid abuse in children: An emerging public health crisis,' will be presented during the American Academy of Pediatrics 2017 National Conference & Exhibition. (2017-09-15)

Surgery patients in enhanced recovery program leave hospital sooner, take fewer opioids
Colorectal and bariatric surgery patients benefited from an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program, leaving the hospital sooner and requiring fewer opioids to control pain, according to new research presented at the American Society of Anesthesiologists PRACTICE MANAGEMENT 2018 meeting. (2018-01-26)

Brain opioids help us to relate with others
A new Finnish research reveals how brain's opioids modulate responses towards other people's pain. (2017-05-30)

Post-surgical opioids can, paradoxically, lead to chronic pain
Giving opioids to animals to quell pain after surgery prolongs pain for three weeks and primes specialized immune cells in the spinal cord to be more reactive to pain, according to a new study by the University of Colorado Boulder. The authors say the paradoxical findings could add a new wrinkle to the conversation about the national opioid epidemic. (2018-04-16)

Less is more when it comes to prescription opioids for hospital patients, study finds
In a pilot study published in JAMA Internal Medicine, Yale researchers significantly reduced doses of opioid painkillers given to hospital patients. By delivering the opioids with a shot under the skin or with a pill instead of an IV, the research team found they could decrease patient exposure to the medications while also maintaining or improving pain relief, they said. (2018-05-14)

Health insurer policies may discourage use of non-opioid alternatives for lower back pain
Public and private health insurance policies in the US are missing important opportunities to encourage the use of physical therapy, psychological counseling and other non-drug alternatives to opioid medication for treating lower back pain, a study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health has found. (2018-10-05)

Breast cancer patients on opioids less likely to stick to vital treatment
A new study has found a troubling lack of adherence to a potentially lifesaving treatment regimen among breast cancer patients who take opioids to manage their pain. (2017-09-01)

Study tracks impact of neonatal abstinence syndrome on state Medicaid programs?
In the United States, one infant is born every 15 minutes with withdrawal symptoms after being exposed to opioids before birth, according to a new study published in the journal Pediatrics. (2018-03-26)

Frequent, public drug users may be good candidates for overdose-treatment training
The most frequent and public opioid users may be the best available candidates for naloxone training, according to a new study from scientists at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (2018-03-26)

Opioids before surgery means higher costs, more problems afterward, U-M study finds
Surgery patients often go home from the hospital with a prescription for painkillers to take as they recover. But a new study suggests that doctors should also focus on patients who were taking such medicines before their operations. People who received prescriptions for opioid painkillers in the months before elective abdominal operations had longer hospital stays, and a higher chance of needing follow-up care, than patients who weren't taking such medications before surgery. (2017-03-09)

HSS orthopedic surgeons address opioid epidemic head on
Orthopedic surgeons at Hospital for Special Surgery (HSS) have developed a pain management pathway designed to reduce the use of opioid analgesics after joint replacement surgery. (2019-03-12)

Opioid epidemic is increasing rates of some infectious diseases
The US faces a public health crisis as the opioid epidemic fuels growing rates of certain infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, hepatitis, heart infections, and skin and soft tissue infections. Infectious disease and substance use disorder professionals must work together to stem this public health threat, according to an article co-authored by officials from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases and the Institute of Human Virology at the University of Maryland School of Medicine. (2019-04-03)

Surgery before pregnancy linked to increased risk of opioid withdrawal in babies
Babies whose mothers underwent surgery before pregnancy had an increased risk of opioid withdrawal symptoms at birth, found a new study in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2019-07-15)

Given the choice, zebrafish willingly dose themselves with opioids
Researchers at University of Utah Health devised a system that allowed zebrafish to self-administer doses of hydrocodone, an opioid commonly prescribed to people for pain, to study drug dependency behavior. (2017-08-25)

Stigma continues to hamper response to opioid epidemic
Efforts to reverse the nation's opioid epidemic remain beset by the stigma associated with drug use, a group of OHSU researchers write in a year-end review. The researchers emphasize the need for the American health care system to embrace medications such as methadone to treat opioid use disorder, provide addiction treatment in primary care clinics and develop non-addictive alternatives for chronic pain. (2018-01-10)

After hip-replacement surgery, medication use decreases
A new study in the journal PAIN® provides information on the trajectories of prescription drug use before and after hip-replacement surgery -- total hip arthroplasty (THA), one of the most common types of joint replacement surgery. Hip-replacement surgery is commonly followed by long-term reductions in the use of prescription drugs for pain and insomnia. But use of these medications increases during the year before hip replacement -- and jumps even higher in the period immediately after surgery. (2015-12-01)

Rutgers study finds rise in overdoses from opioids in diarrhea drug
A Rutgers study has uncovered a new threat in the opiate epidemic: overdoses of loperamide, an over-the-counter diarrhea medication, have been steadily increasing in number and severity nationwide over five years. (2019-02-04)

Researchers identify information gaps about opioid antidote naloxone
A new systematic review of evidence by clinicians and researchers at OHSU in Portland, Oregon, reveals important gaps in knowledge about the safety and effectiveness of widespread off-label use of naloxone among patients, families, friends and emergency responders. Naloxone rapidly reverses the effects of opioid overdose. (2017-11-27)

Many patients continue using opioids months after joint replacement
Many patients undergoing hip or knee replacement are still taking prescription opioid pain medications up to six months after surgery, reports a study in PAIN®, the official publication of the International Association for the Study of Pain® (IASP). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. (2016-05-31)

Opioid abuse can be treated successfully in primary care settings, study finds
While many medical strategies have been shown helpful in treating opioid and alcohol abuse, the approaches are often most available in specialized treatment centers that are costly and limited in number. A new study finds that combining substance abuse treatment with regular medical care can successfully treat people with opioid or alcohol addiction, providing an option that might expand access to treatment and lower costs. (2017-09-05)

Range of opioid prescribers play important role in epidemic, study finds
A cross-section of opioid prescribers that typically do not prescribe large volumes of opioids, including primary care physicians, surgeons and non-physician health care providers, frequently prescribe opioids to high-risk patients, according to a new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. (2017-11-29)

UTA researchers focus on pain management in older adults
Researchers at The University of Texas at Arlington are focusing their attention on pain management in older adults, a segment of the population which presents a specific series of challenges to health providers. (2017-12-20)

Women who focus negatively, magnify chronic pain, more likely to be taking prescribed opioids
Female chronic pain sufferers who catastrophize, a psychological condition in which pain is exaggerated or irrationally focused on, not only report greater pain intensity, but are more likely to be taking prescribed opioids than men with the same condition, according to a study published Online First in Anesthesiology, the peer-reviewed medical journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). (2017-06-15)

Opioid use prevalent among electronic dance music partygoers
One in 10 electronic dance music (EDM) party attendees have misused opioids in the past year, exceeding the national average, finds a study by the Center for Drug Use and HIV/HCV Research (CDUHR) at NYU Meyers College of Nursing. (2018-03-29)

Opioid-related adverse drug events common after surgery, associated with worse outcomes
Opioid-related adverse drug events were common among patients undergoing surgery  and endoscopy procedures in the hospital and they were associated with worse patient outcomes. (2018-05-23)

Speeding up the drug discovery process to help patients
An international research team is perfecting a method to predict the potential clinical implications of new drugs before clinical trials even start. (2019-09-13)

Parents worried about risks, still think opioids are best for kids' pain relief
News of opioid abuse, overdoses and reports that 90 percent of addictions start in the teen years could make any parent worry. Yet parents remain conflicted about opioids: while more than half express concern their child may be at risk for opioid addiction, nearly two-thirds believe opioids are more effective at managing their child's pain after surgery than non-prescription medication or other alternatives, according to a survey commissioned by the American Society of Anesthesiologists. (2019-01-27)

Study provides insights on marijuana and opioid use in people with cancer
A new study reveals that many people with cancer use marijuana, and rates of use in the US have increased over time. Published early online in CANCER, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study also found that patients with cancer are more likely to use prescription opioids than adults without cancer. (2019-04-22)

Opioid cessation may be more successful when depression is treated
Opioid cessation in non-cancer pain may be more successful when depression is treated to remission, a Saint Louis University study shows. (2018-02-05)

Reducing opioids not associated with lower patient satisfaction scores
A Kaiser Permanente study of nearly 2,500 patients who used high doses of opioids for at least six months showed that reducing their opioid use did not lower their satisfaction with care. The study, 'Satisfaction With Care After Reducing Opioids for Chronic Pain,' was published today in The American Journal of Managed Care. (2018-06-08)

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