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Popular Peripheral Neuropathy News and Current Events, Peripheral Neuropathy News Articles.
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High blood pressure reasons differ by gender in teens; young adults
Gender matters when it comes to what's most likely to elevate blood pressure in young to middle-aged adults. The volume of blood pumped from the left ventricle during heartbeats, i.e., stroke volume, is the main determinant of blood pressure levels in women, while blood pressure in men is more likely to be determined by the amount of resistance in the body's blood vessels. (2017-09-15)

Measuring pain: SLU scientist tests possible biomarkers
A Saint Louis University researcher will leverage her discovery of a pain pathway to determine if either of two key molecules can be used as biomarkers for pain associated with four debilitating health conditions: chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), endometriosis, interstitial cystitis and vulvodynia. (2017-02-17)

Study of multiple sclerosis patients shows 18 percent misdiagnosed
A recent study found that nearly 18 percent of patients diagnosed with multiple sclerosis before being referred to two major Los Angeles medical centers for treatment actually had been misdiagnosed with the autoimmune disease. The investigators found that many patients who came to the medical centers with a previous diagnosis of MS did not fulfill the criteria for that diagnosis, and spent an average of four years being treated for MS before receiving a correct diagnosis. (2019-04-08)

Scientists find RNA with special role in nerve healing process
The discovery in lab mice that an 'anti-sense' RNA is expressed after nerve injury to regulate the repair of damage to the nerve's myelin coating could lead to a treatment that improves healing in people. (2017-08-22)

Smoking linked to higher risk of peripheral artery disease in African-Americans
African-Americans who smoke appear to be at greater risk for peripheral artery disease, or PAD, new research has found. Additionally, the findings suggest that smoking intensity -- how many cigarettes a day and for how many years -- also affects the likelihood of getting the disease. (2019-01-23)

Light-induced hormone surge points to benefits of light therapy
A report in the November Cell Metabolism reveals powerful effects of light on the adrenal glands, a finding that might explain the broad benefits of bright light therapy for a variety of conditions, including sleep and depressive disorders, according to researchers. The body's two adrenal glands sit atop each kidney, where they secrete hormones that regulate stress response and metabolism. (2005-11-08)

Migraine linked to increased risk of cardiovascular problems
Migraine is associated with increased risks of cardiovascular problems (conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels) including heart attacks, stroke, blood clots and an irregular heart rate, say researchers in a study published by The BMJ today. (2018-01-31)

The cause of all hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type II cases has been established
A major discovery that details the existence of a neuronal specific form of the WNK1 gene, henceforth referred to as the WNK1/HSN2 isoform, was recently completed by the research group of Dr. Guy A. Rouleau and published in the scientific journal the Journal of Clinical Investigation. (2008-06-10)

A blueprint for future blood-nerve barrier and peripheral nerve disease research
Researchers have detailed, for the first time, the normal human transcriptome of the blood-nerve barrier. This barrier -- a tight covering of endothelial cells -- maintains the microenvironment of peripheral nerves. Knowledge of the transcriptome will aid research in peripheral nerve disease. (2018-02-06)

Nerve damage in type 2 diabetes can be detected in the eye
By examining the cornea of the eye with a special microscope it may be possible within ten minutes to diagnose if a person with type 2 diabetes has nerve damage. This according to a study among diabetics in Skelleftea, north Sweden. (2018-03-01)

Statins have low risk of side effects
Cholesterol-lowering statin drugs are associated with a low risk of side effects. The benefits of statin therapy for most people outweigh the risks. (2018-12-10)

SCAI releases consensus guidelines for PVD device selection
SCAI released new guidelines to address the selection of specific categories of devices when endovascular therapy (EVT) is indicated. The purpose of this document, which is the first of its kind, is to provide a review of comparative effectiveness data, including safety and efficacy of femoral-popliteal (FP) devices, and to provide clinicians with guidance and recommendations for device selection when these devices are intended as the definitive or adjunctive therapy. (2018-04-25)

Excess weight and body fat cause cardiovascular disease
In the first Mendelian randomization study to look at this, researchers have found evidence that excess weight and body fat cause a range of heart and blood vessel diseases (rather than just being associated with it). The study is published in the European Heart Journal. (2019-06-13)

What primary care providers should know about diabetic neuropathy
Researchers at Michigan Medicine led a group of internationally recognized endocrinologists and neurologists from both sides of the Atlantic and teamed up with the American Diabetes Association to craft a new position statement on the prevention, treatment and management of diabetic neuropathy. (2017-01-30)

Regulation of feeding behavior and energy metabolism by galanin-like peptide (GALP)
Galanin-like peptide (GALP) is composed of 60 amino acid residues and its sequence is highly homologous across species. GALP is produced in the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus and has diverse physiological effects such as the regulation of feeding, energy metabolism, and reproductive behavior. In this review article, the researchers summarize their recent research focusing on the mechanism whereby GALP regulates feeding and energy metabolism. (2018-12-24)

Gene therapy blocks peripheral nerve damage in mice
Scientists at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have developed a gene therapy that blocks axonal degeneration, preventing axon destruction in mice and suggesting a therapeutic strategy that could help prevent the loss of peripheral nerves in multiple conditions. (2019-01-17)

Study suggests way to attack deadly, untreatable nerve tumors
Genomic profiling of mostly untreatable and deadly nerve sheath tumors led scientists to test a possible therapeutic strategy that inhibited tumor growth in lab tests on human tumor cells and mouse models, according to research in the journal Cancer Cell. When the international team of researchers analyzed complete screens of genes and genetic material in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNSTs), it revealed previously unknown genetic information about the disease. (2018-02-12)

Saving aging nerves from 'big eater' immune cells
Immune cells may contribute to weakness and mobility issues in the elderly by driving nerve degeneration, according to a study of aging mice and biopsies of human nerves published in JNeurosci. In mice, blocking a receptor necessary for the survival of these cells improved the structure of nerves and increased muscle strength. (2018-04-30)

One in six patients with PAD who undergo revascularization readmitted within 30 days
Study finds that more than one in six patients with PAD (a painful condition preventing blood flow to the extremities and vessels outside the heart) who undergo revascularization procedures to restore blood flow to blocked leg arteries and other arteries outside of the heart are readmitted to the hospital within 30 days. (2017-12-04)

Deep in the fly brain, a clue to how evolution changes minds
A new study sheds light on the mystery of how evolution tweaks the brain to shape behavior. It started with a close look at two Drosophila species and their mating maneuvers. (2018-07-11)

Plant-based or vegan diet may be best for keeping type 2 diabetes in check
A predominantly plant-based or vegan diet may be best for keeping type 2 diabetes in check, not least because of its potential impact on mood, suggests a systematic review of the available evidence, published in the journal BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care. (2018-10-30)

Pulse wave analysis provides reliable information on heart health in young people
Arterial stiffness is one of the early signs of cardiovascular disease, and arterial stiffening has been observed in children. A recent study suggests that an easy-to-use, non-invasive method can produce reproducible estimates of arterial stiffness in adolescents aged 16-19 years. The results of the study, conducted at the University of Jyväskylä, were published in the journal Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging. (2018-06-28)

Nanomedicine opens the way for nerve cell regeneration
The ability to regenerate nerve cells in the body could reduce the effects of trauma and disease in a dramatic way. In two presentations at the NSTI Nanotech 2007 Conference, researchers describe the use of nanotechnology to enhance the regeneration of nerve cells. (2007-05-20)

Music can be a viable alternative to medications in reducing anxiety before anesthesia
Music is a viable alternative to sedative medications in reducing patient anxiety prior to a peripheral nerve block procedure, according to a new Penn Medicine study. Patients commonly take sedative medications, like midazolam, prior to the procedure to reduce anxiety. In this study, researchers found a track of relaxing music to be similarly effective to the intravenous form of midazolam in reducing a patient's anxiety prior to the procedure. (2019-07-19)

Protein may predict response to immunotherapy in patients with metastatic melanoma
A protein called Bim may hold the clue to which patients may be successful on immunotherapy for metastatic melanoma, according to the results of a study by Mayo Clinic researchers led by senior author Haidong Dong, M.D., Ph.D., and published online in the May 5 edition of JCI Insight. (2016-05-05)

Spinal cord gives bio-bots walking rhythm
Miniature biological robots are making greater strides than ever, thanks to the spinal cord directing their steps. University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign researchers developed the tiny walking 'spinobots,' powered by rat muscle and spinal cord tissue on a soft, 3D-printed hydrogel skeleton. While previous generations of biological robots, or bio-bots, could move forward by simple muscle contraction, the integration of the spinal cord gives them a more natural walking rhythm. (2020-04-28)

Blindness study shows how gene causes middle-age sight loss
Chemical changes in the eye that can lead to blindness have been identified by scientists, a conference has heard. (2017-09-06)

Study identifies new approach to repairing damaged peripheral nervous system
A new understanding of cell migration may eventually help in the treatment of neurodegenerative diseases -- and even allow children to 'get out of their wheelchairs and live an enhanced quality of life.' (2019-04-02)

Scallop eyes mirror reflecting telescopes, with sophisticated optical properties
Researchers have obtained a detailed view of a scallop's visual system -- a sophisticated arrangement of up to 200 eyes they say is strikingly similar to a reflecting telescope. (2017-11-30)

PET scans show cigarette smoke affects peripheral organs
Smoking cigarettes can directly and often fatally damage the lungs. But new research shows that cigarette smoke also decreases levels of a critical enzyme (MAO B) in the kidneys, heart, lungs, and spleen. (2003-09-08)

Brain training video games help low-vision kids see better
A new study by vision scientists at the University of Rochester and Vanderbilt University found that children with poor vision see vast improvement in their peripheral vision after only eight hours of training on kid-friendly video games. (2016-11-30)

Could medical marijuana help grandma and grandpa with their ailments?
Medical marijuana may bring relief to older people who have symptoms like pain, sleep disorders or anxiety due to chronic conditions including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Parkinson's disease, neuropathy, spinal cord damage and multiple sclerosis, according to a preliminary study released today that will be presented at the American Academy of Neurology's 71st Annual Meeting in Philadelphia, May 4-10, 2019. (2019-02-28)

Healthy fats improve nerve function in obese mice
Swapping dietary saturated fats for monounsaturated fats reverses nerve damage and restores nerve function in male mice, finds new preclinical research published in JNeurosci. These data support further investigation of diets rich in healthy fats as a potential treatment for the nerve damage that occurs with diabetes, known as diabetic neuropathy. (2019-03-18)

Treatment to a T? Taking a 'BiTE' out of lung cancer
An Osaka University-led research team assayed T cell cytotoxicity in tumor tissue in lung cancer, along with normal lung tissue and peripheral blood. They found associations of tumor T-cell cytotoxicity with smoking and cytokine levels. They also revealed that T-cell cytotoxicity in peripheral blood correlated with that in tumors, and also with the effectiveness of nivolumab in cancer immunotherapy. These findings provide a simple tool for predicting immune checkpoint inhibitor efficacy in individual lung cancer patients. (2019-02-22)

Scientists track brain tumor turncoats with advanced imaging
To better understand the cells that brain tumors recruit, scientists developed advanced imaging techniques to visualize macrophages. (2019-06-25)

Rivaroxaban plus aspirin reduces adverse events (COMPASS)
Rivaroxaban plus aspirin reduces major adverse cardiovascular and limb events by nearly one-third in patients with peripheral artery disease, according to late-breaking results from the COMPASS trial presented today in a Hot Line -- LBCT Session at ESC Congress. (2017-08-27)

The pancreas provides a potential drug candidate for brain disease
Osaka University researchers show FGF21, a factor secreted by the pancreas, promotes remyelination in the central nervous system after injury. (2017-08-24)

Lupus linked with increased risk of dementia
A new International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry study indicates that the risk of dementia may be elevated in individuals with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), an autoimmune disease affecting a range of systems including the peripheral and central nervous system. (2017-11-08)

Researchers uncover the source of diabetic pain
A new King's College London study reveals the molecular basis of chronic nerve pain in diabetes. The findings in mice, published today in Science Translational Medicine, could one day lead to treatments which target the source of the pain. (2017-09-27)

Dual energy computed tomography angiography in the peripheral arterial imaging
This is a systematic review of 9 studies on the diagnostic applications of dual-energy computed tomography (DECT) in peripheral arterial disease. The systematic analysis of these studies represent the first summary of studies using DECT with regard to its diagnostic value, radiation dose and contrast medium dose. (2017-01-26)

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