Popular Prisoners News and Current Events

Popular Prisoners News and Current Events, Prisoners News Articles.
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Nature imagery calms prisoners
Sweeping shots of majestic landscapes. Glaciers, forests and waterfalls. Research published today shows that these images, shown to people deprived of access to nature, can reduce tension, help defuse anger and make some of the harshest environments, like a solitary confinement cellblock in a maximum-security prison, a little easier to bear. (2017-09-01)

Study finds opportunity to increase opioid dependence treatment in Ontario jails
The study included completion of an online survey by 27 physicians, who reported working in 15 of 26 provincial correctional facilities for adults in Ontario. This included 10 of the 13 facilities with a population of more than 200. The study identified that about half of the physicians prescribed methadone and half prescribed buprenorphine/naloxone to treat opioid dependence. (2018-02-15)

Comprehensive AIDS prevention programs in prisons: A review study
In the current issue of Family Medicine and Community Health (Volume 6, Number 4, 2018; DOI: https://doi.org/10.15212/FMCH.2018.0118: , Somayeh Zare et al. discuss how studies show that suitable design of educational programs can affect prisoners' awareness of AIDS. (2019-01-04)

Psychosocial factors, psychological disorders and violent crime
A low level of education is the variable that can most accurately predict this, according to a study carried out among inmates of Andalusian prisons. On the other hand, other classic factors, like alcoholism or personality disorders, do not appear in the equation that best predicts violent crimes. (2017-10-03)

Can prison visitation reduce recidivism?
A study funded by the National Science Foundation will explore if prison visitation can help reduce recidivism rates and whether there are gender, racial, and ethnic differences in these patterns. (2016-01-27)

The crime of mental illness
Canada needs to change its approach to mentally ill prisoners as correctional facilities worldwide contain a higher percentage of people with mental illness than the general population, states an editorial in Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2010-05-31)

Study finds US prison system falls short in treating drug addiction
More than 200,000 individuals addicted to heroin, an opiate, are incarcerated in the US each year. Opiate replacement therapy is effective, yet is only available in half of US prison systems, usually in limited circumstances. Few prison systems provide referrals to inmates for treatment programs after release. (2009-09-08)

Contact with the criminal justice system may be associated with suicide risk
Men and women who have had contact with the criminal justice system -- even if they have never received a jail or prison sentence or a guilty verdict -- appear to have a significantly higher rate of suicide than the general population, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the June print issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2011-02-07)

People can die from giving up the fight
People can die simply because they've given up, life has beaten them and they feel defeat is inescapable, according to new research. (2018-09-27)

Overcrowding in prisons negatively affects health
Overcrowding in prisons -- an issue in most prisons in Canada and other parts of the world -- negatively impacts the mental and physical health of prisoners, states an article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2012-11-05)

Wild geese in China are 'prisoners' in their own wetlands
In many places in the world, goose populations are booming as the birds have moved out of their wetland habitats to exploit an abundance of food on farmland. But, new evidence reported in Current Biology on May 22 confirms, that's not working so well for migratory waterbirds that overwinter in China. The findings help to explain why China's waterbirds are in decline, researchers say. (2017-05-22)

Novel healthcare program for former prisoners reduces recidivism
A healthcare program tailored to the needs of recently released prisoners can significantly reduce recidivism, according to a new study led by a Yale researcher. The findings show how an approach that provides community-based primary care can play a role in the nationwide effort to decrease prison populations. (2019-05-02)

How to cure more hepatitis C patients
The cost of cures for hepatitis C have been prohibitive, but experts who served on an NAS panel have a solution that will save more patients and incentivize drug innovation. (2018-05-14)

Combating prison recidivism with plants
The United States currently incarcerates the greatest percentage of its population compared with any other nation in the world. The results and information gathered in this study support the notion that horticultural activities can play an important role in influencing an offender's successful reentry into society. (2019-09-06)

Previously jailed vets at increased risk of suicide
Researchers are now looking at the healthcare services used by people who attempted suicide to find patterns that could help identify who is most at risk before an attempt is made. (2018-10-31)

The friendly extortioner takes it all
People who cunningly use cooperation and egoism are unbeatable. (2019-02-15)

Prescription of psychotropic medication after prison release linked to lower rate of violent reoffending
Among released prisoners in Sweden, rates of violent reoffending were lower during periods when individuals were dispensed antipsychotics, psychostimulants, and drugs for addictive disorders, compared with periods in which they were not dispensed these medications, according to a study appearing in the Nov. 1 issue of JAMA. (2016-11-01)

Reading between the lines: Are we as savvy as we'd like to think when it comes to reviews?
New research suggests we are willing to blindly trust hotel reviews when they conform to our preconceived ideas. (2018-10-23)

Insomniac prisoners sleeping better after one-hour therapy session
Three-quarters of prisoners struggling to sleep have reported major improvements after receiving cognitive behavioural therapy to treat their insomnia. In the first study of its kind in the world, experts from Northumbria University have found that a single one-hour session of cognitive behavioural therapy was effective in preventing the development of chronic insomnia in 73% of prisoners. Inmates also reported that the therapy made notable improvements to their anxiety and depression. (2018-11-15)

Forensic science on trial
The key player in a movement challenging improper use of DNA testing and other elements of forensic science is the topic of a compelling cover story in this week's edition of Chemical & Engineering News. The story in the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society -- the world's largest scientific society -- features the Innocence Project, which, in the last two decades, has helped free nearly 300 wrongfully convicted prisoners. (2012-09-12)

Private prisons have a political role in corrections issues in the US, researcher finds
Private prisons play a political role in immigration and incarceration issues in the United States and the industry may face obstacles as well as opportunities in the current political landscape, a new paper from an Oregon State University researcher suggests. (2019-06-25)

Evolution of cooperation through longer memory
When we make a decision about whether or not to cooperate with someone, we usually base our decision on past experiences. However, when analyzing strategies for repeated dilemmas, modeling long-term memory in cooperative strategies quickly becomes computationally intractable. To overcome this challenge, scientists have distilled a set of axioms that every robust cooperative strategy should have. In this way, they reduce the computation necessary for an open-ended search of all possible strategies. (2017-04-19)

Care of mentally ill prisoners well below NHS standards
The care of mentally ill prisoners in prison healthcare centres falls well below that provided for mentally ill patients in the NHS, finds research in this week's BMJ. (2000-04-13)

How people want to feel determines whether others can influence their emotions
New Stanford research on emotions shows that people's motivations are a driving factor behind how much they allow others to influence their feelings, such as anger. (2019-06-25)

Transcendental Meditation reduces stress and trauma in prisoners, fosters transformation
A randomized controlled study of 181 male inmates at two Oregon prisons found that after four months, prisoners practicing the Transcendental Meditation technique had significantly reduced trauma symptoms, including anxiety, depression, dissociation, sleep disturbance, and a significant decrease in perceived stress compared to non-meditating controls. Published today in The Permanente Journal, the study used the Trauma Symptoms Checklist and Perceived Stress Scale and found a 47 percent reduction in total trauma symptoms in the TM group. (2016-10-07)

Palliative care important for prison population, too
With an increasingly aging prison population, end-of-life care for inmates is becoming a more prominent issue, according to Penn State nursing researchers. End-of-life -- EOL -- care can be complicated, no matter who the patient is, but can be especially challenging for those behind bars. (2016-02-26)

Parole violations, not new crimes, help drive prison's revolving door
Failing a drug test, associating with felons and other technical parole violations are among the key drivers of prison's 'revolving door,' according to new UC Berkeley research. (2017-10-04)

Better procedures needed on care of prisoners in hospitals
Better procedures and training are needed to improve the care of prisoners in general hospitals, argue doctors in a letter to this week's BMJ. (2006-03-02)

Prison tobacco ban significantly reduces secondhand smoke
Levels of secondhand smoke in Scotland's prisons fell by more than 80% in the week after smoking was banned, according to new University of Stirling research. (2019-05-06)

Researchers challenge myth of the relationship between mental illness and incarceration
Researchers examined the relationship between psychiatric diagnoses and future incarceration by merging data from psychiatric interviews that took place in the 1980s with 30 years of follow-up data. Among other things, they found that diagnoses of substance use and antisocial personality were predictors of future incarceration but that other psychiatric diagnoses (i.e., schizophrenia, affective disorders, anxiety disorders, as well as some other psychiatric disorders) were not independent predictors. (2019-11-07)

Psychologists offer ways to improve prison environment, reduce violent crime
US prisons are too punitive, and often fail to rehabilitate, but targeting prisoners' behavior, reducing prison populations and offering job skills could reduce prisoner aggression and prevent recidivism, a researcher told the American Psychological Association on Saturday. (2009-08-08)

Monarchs ride west coast winds: Proof of butterfly migration gathered
After five years and nearly 15,000 tagged butterflies, scientists now have proof that Monarch butterflies migrate from the Pacific Northwest to California in late summer and fall, a journey averaging nearly 500 miles. (2018-06-25)

New Internet technology could aid police, courts and prisons
Technology that can improve criminal databases, remotely conducted criminal trials and help police officers stop autonomous cars can all aid the criminal justice system in the future. But a key to making full use of such emerging Internet-based tools will be resolving civil rights, privacy rights and cybersecurity issues. (2015-08-17)

US prison camps demonstrate the fragile nature of rights, says author
The US has been a leading voice for human rights. It's also run prison camps, now and in the past, that denied people those rights. A. Naomi Paik wanted to explore that contradiction -- finding out why these camps were organized, how they were justified, how prisoners have been treated and their response to that treatment. The result is her book 'Rightlessness: Testimony and Redress in US Prison Camps since World War II.' (2016-05-24)

Filling the gap: The importance of Medicaid continuity for former inmates
It is time for states to suspend, rather than terminate, the Medicaid benefits of inmates while they are incarcerated, say correctional health care experts from the Miriam Hospital in a commentary published online by the Journal of General Internal Medicine. (2009-05-18)

UI examines issues related to research involving prisoners
Over the years, valid concerns have been raised whether research should be allowed in prison settings, based on ethical problems in the past and the fact that prisoners inherently have less free will while incarcerated. However, a University of Iowa study indicates that even prisoners with mental illness, compared to non-prisoners without mental illness, generally are competent to decide to be in a study and do not feel coerced. (2004-01-02)

Prisoners worldwide bear higher burdens of HIV and other infections
Prisoners and detainees worldwide have higher burdens of HIV, viral hepatitis and tuberculosis than the communities from which they come, and the regular cycling of infected people in and out of incarceration is worsening the epidemics both inside and outside of prison, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health-led research suggests. (2016-07-14)

New HIV statistics indicate increasing toll of AIDS on African American community
The country's leading African American lawmakers, civil rights leaders and medical experts today called on the federal government to adopt and implement a new blueprint to address the HIV/AIDS crisis in the African American community. The plan is outlined in a new report, (2006-11-16)

Call for randomised criminal-justice trials
A scientific approach to test the validity of criminal-justice interventions before they become implemented is proposed by the author of a Viewpoint in this week's issue of The Lancet. The article provides details of how court-based randomisation could be put into practice. (2004-10-14)

Isotope analysis points to prisoners of war
Maya archaeologists from the University of Bonn found the bones of about 20 people at a water reservoir in the former Maya city of Uxul (Mexico). They had apparently been killed and dismembered about 1,400 years ago. Did these victims come from Uxul or other regions of the Maya Area? Dr. Nicolaus Seefeld, who heads the project that is funded by the Gerda Henkel Foundation at the University of Bonn, is now one step further. (2019-12-11)

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